Taxation of Women in Massachusetts
Press of J. Wilson and son, 1875 - 71 sider
This pamphlet examines the legal and political status of women in Massachusetts from 1780 to 1871. It includes a brief appendix tabulating the amount women have paid in taxes while being denied the right to vote.
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allowed to vote amendment assessed assessors Boston Brookline census of 1870 Church of England churches civil purposes Colonies colonists Commonwealth Congress consent Const Constitution constitutionally taxed Court Declaration of Rights deprived disfranchised Dracut duty ecclesiastical purposes Edgartown election exempted female citizens guardianship Harvard College Indians inhabitants Josiah Quincy Judges June 30 justice lature Legislature levied liable Lord North male citizens minister number of males number of women opinion paid a poll-tax Parliament places plantations polls pretext whatsoever principles protected public worship religious society Report of 1871 repre Representatives resided right of suffrage right to tax right to vote standing laws Stat Statutes taxation of women taxation without representation taxed for civil taxed for ecclesiastical tion town and parish tyranny vote for Governor voters whole number woman women of Massachusetts women paid women tax-payers women were taxed
Side 3 - The body politic is formed by a voluntary association of indi[viduals: it is a social compact, by which the whole people cove'nants with each citizen, and each citizen with the whole people, that all shall be governed by certain laws for the common good.
Side 61 - ... no part of the property of any individual can, with justice, be taken from him, or applied to public uses, without his own consent, or that of the representative body of the people.
Side 35 - No subsidy, charge, tax, impost, or duties ought to be established, fixed, laid, or levied, under any pretext whatsoever, without the consent of the people or their representatives in the legislature.
Side 6 - And no subject shall be hurt, molested, or restrained, in his person, liberty, or estate, for worshipping GOD in the manner and season most agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience; or for his religious profession or sentiments; provided he doth not disturb the public peace, or obstruct others in their religious worship.
Side 4 - The people, inhabiting the territory formerly called the Province of Massachusetts Bay, do hereby solemnly and mutually agree with each other, to form themselves into a free, sovereign, and independent body politic or state, by the name of THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS.
Side 60 - Each individual of the society has a right to be protected by it in the enjoyment of his life, liberty, and property, according to standing laws.
Side 33 - ... to impose and levy proportional and reasonable assessments, rates, and taxes, upon all the inhabitants of, and persons resident, and estates lying, within the said Commonwealth; and also to impose and levy reasonable duties and excises, upon any produce, goods, wares, merchandise, and commodities whatsoever, brought into, produced, manufactured, or being within the same...
Side 35 - It is essential to the preservation of the rights of every individual, his life, liberty, property and character, that there be an impartial interpretation of the laws, and administration of justice. It is the right of every citizen to be tried by judges as free, impartial and independent as the lot of humanity will admit.
Side 4 - In order to prevent those who are vested with authority from becoming oppressors, the people have a right, at such periods and in such manner as they shall establish by their frame of government, to cause their public officers to return to private life; and to fill up vacant places by certain and regular elections and appointments.