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mastiff and the beagle,” his weight might be nearer 4olb. than 151b, the latter no doubt the most useful size for underground purposes.

Old pictures of terriers dating back 300 years illustrate cross-bred looking creatures, some of them bearing more or less the distinctive characteristic of the turn-spit. Others indicate a considerable trace of bound blood, but not one, so far as the writer has come across, is hound marked, or bears any more white than is usually found on the chest or feet of any dog.

The Earl of Monteith over two centuries ago had an excellent strain of terriers, good at vermin of all kinds, but especially useful as fox killers. It has been said that James I. possessed some of these little dogs. That this sometimes called "most unkingly of monarchs” kept hounds is a matter of history, but whether he worked the terriers to assist them we are not told. Long before James’s time, dogs had been found useful in conjunction with nets for the purpose of catching foxes, also to kill them as vermin. The wardrobe accounts Of Edward I. show the following entries: “Anno 1299 and I300. Paid to William de Foxhunte, the King’s huntsman of foxes in divers forests and parks for his own wages, and the wages of his two boys to take care of the dogs, £9 3s.” “Paid to the same for the keep of twelve dogs belonging to the King,” &c. “Paid to the same for the expense of a horse to carry the nets.”

Perhaps more to the purpose than this extract is the copy of an old engraving which lies before me at the present time entitled “James I. Hawking.” Fawning at the feet of the monarch are four dogs, evidently terriers, though some persons might consider them beagles. They are certainly terrier-shaped in heads and stems, though the dog most distinctly shown is hound marked, and possesses larger ears than the others. One in the corner, evidently almost or quite white, possesses what at the present time would be called a “well-shaped, terrier-like head,” and, although one ear is carried rather wide from the skull, the other drops nicely.

With the commencement of the past century, and towards the close of 1700, more was written about terriers, and, as useful little dogs, they were gradually becoming appreciated. Beckford alludes to two black or white terriers, and from these two varieties white ones with black marks could easily be produced. The same author mentions a strain of terriers so like a fox (in colour that Hawkward people frequently mistake the one for the other.”

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There were in the possession of the late Captain Keene two paintings by F. Sartorius, dated 1796, the one “ Viper,” a White terrier with black or black and tan marks on his body. It is gazing at a fox in a tree. The other represents two terriers, one of which is entirely white, the second has a black and tan patch on the right eye, and a black mark on the right side. The terriers in these pictures are unlike those Reinagle drew three or four years later, and which are alluded to on another page, but they certainly indicate that there were terriers at that period marked like our modern fox terriers, although it is generally understood, and I believe correctly, that the common fox terrier of a hundred years since and earlier was black and tan in colour, such as De Wilde had engraved in 1806, and alluded to in the chapter on the fox terrier. i

Between the years 1800 and 1815, an unusually large number of sporting books and works on hunting and dogs were published, all of which dealt more or less with terriers. “The Sporting Dictionary,” 1803, says, “Terriers of even the best blood are now bred of all colours—red, black with tan faces, flanks, feet, and legs; brindled, sandy, some few brown pied, white pied, and pure white; as well as one sort of each colour rough and white-haired, the other soft and smooth; and, what is rather more extraordinary, the latter not much deficient in courage to the former, but the rough breed must be acknowledged the most severe and invincible biter of the two. . . . Four and five guineas is no great price for a handsome and well-bred terrier.”

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Here we have a description of the terrier very much as he still remains. There are the red or 'fawn in colour, which may be represented to-day by the Irish variety; the black with tan faces of the so-called Welsh terrier, or the black and tan terrier; and the white, and white and pied of the ordinary fox terrier.

In Bingley’s “Memoir of British Quadrupeds” (1809), two terriers are beautifully etched by Howitt. The copy in my library has coloured plates, and special mention may be made of the drawing which delineates two terriers, one with a rather heavy coat, apparently dark blue and tan in hue, with semi-erect ears and an uncut tail. The other dog is smooth-coated, with erect ears, black and tan in colour; each would be about zolb. in weight. In his description Bingley says, “The terrier is a fierce, keen, and hardy animal some are rough and others smooth-haired; are generally reddish brown or black, of a long form, short-legged and strongly bristled about the muzzl:.” Daniel, in his “Rural Sports” (1801), fails to tell us anything particularly new about the terrier, nor does he attempt to throw any light upon its origin, but the “Sportsman’s Cabinet,” published two years later, gives an engraving from a picture by Reinagle, of two terriers, which are more or less white and patched, the other darker in colour, with a white collar and white on his muzzle; their ears are erect, their coats fairly dense or hard, and they are engaged at a fox-earth, or something of the kind. These terriers of Reinagle’s were a noted strain in their day, and fetched from one pound to twenty pounds apiece. They were undoubtedly fox terriers.

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The Dandie Dinmont terrier does not appear to have been noticed by any writer about this time, but that it is one of the old varieties of terriers I believe, and, although it did not receive its distinctive name until about 1814, when Sir Walter Scott wrote “Guy Mannering,” similar dogs were no doubt fairly numerous on the Border long before that time.

Between 1830 and 1840, authorities tell us of the “Scotch,” now “Scottish,” terrier and the smooth-haired English terrier, a contributor to the “Sportsman” (1833), and Brown, in his “Field Book” (the same date), giving the palm to the

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