former terrier as the finest and oldest variety. In the first-named publication, there is an engraving, said to be of a Scotch terrier, which, so far as shape, style, and character are concerned, would make a very good cropped Irish terrier of the present day. However, about this period and earlier, different localities were producing terriers of many varieties, and we hear for the first time of one which answers the description of the modern black and tan or Manchester terrier. 4

The first writer to give any reliable particulars as to many of the now increasing varieties of the terrier was “Stonehenge,” who, in 1855, published his “British Rural Sports.” In the early edition of that valuable work, he mentions bull terriers, smooth English terriers, both white and black and tan; a Skye terrier, a Dandie Dinmont, a roughhaired terrier, and a toy terrier, whilst at the same time he conveys the impression that there are other varieties, as there no doubt were, of less general interest and importance. How these varieties have increased, or at any rate how they have been defined and distinguished, since that time is in evidence wherever we turn, and, forming an opinion from what has taken place during the past ten years, there may be more so-called varieties of the terrier yet to come.

Since the publication, in 1867, of “Stonehenge’sH “Dogs of the British Isles,” which included the same ’varieties he had given eight years earlier in his “Rural Sports,” great strides have been made in the improvement and classification of our terriers, and the volumes of the Stud Book of the Kennel Club contain varieties which, by careful selection, no doubt originally came from one stock, with the additions of various crosses. Our newest strains have become popularised, as it were individualised—including the Welsh terrier, the Airedale terrier, the Clydesdale or Paisley terrier, and perhaps the Scottish and Irish terriers (though both these varieties are actually much older as such than they are usually considered to be); whilst the bull terrier, Bedlington terrier, Skye terrier, fox terriers (rough and smooth), black and tan terrier, white English terriers (including English and other smooth-haired terriers), brokenhaired Scotch and Yorkshire terriers, with the toy terriers, rough and smooth, had places given them in the first volume of the “ Kennel Club Stud Book,” published in 1874. More recently we are told of an Australian terrier which seems to be a cross between a Yorkshire terrier and another breed, and America gives us a Boston terrier which is neither more nor less than an old-fashioned bull terrier C

re-crossed with the bulldog. Then from Belgium has arisen the Griffon Bruxellois, a tiny toy terrier with certain characteristics of its own, which at the time of writing seems to have attained a certain amount of popularity in this country; and a white variety of the Scottish terrier has been introduced to the shows.

It is, perhaps, interesting to state that the first two dog shows held, which took place in 1859 at Newcastle-on~Tyne and in Birmingham, did not offer prizes for terriers; but at the latter show the following year classes were provided for black and tan terriers, white and other English terriers, Scotch terriers (both winners being Skye terriers) and for toy terriers (the four classes having twenty-three entries, seven of which were f‘toys,” ten Scottish (Skyes), four white English, and two were black and tan terriers). Now, more than forty years later, we can hold a show of terriers that will produce over a thousand entries, and at an exhibition at the Agricultural Hall, Islington, in February, 1893, there were 162 classes provided for terriers, and they attracted something like 880 competitors. Such figures as these prove the extraordinary popularity terriers have attained during the present generation, and, whilst years ago a ten-pound note was considered a high price for one of the best


of them, twenty times that sum, and even more, will be given for a perfect specimen at the present day. No doubt the appearance of the terrier all round has generally improved, though whether this is at the expense of his ability to do the work for which nature originally intended him is an open question. A word or two as to the size of our modern terriers may not be amiss, for they vary greatly; a toy terrier may weigh not more than 31b. to 51b. in weight, whilst an Airedale terrier is not out Of place if he pulls the scale down at 451b. to Solb. Some persons have an impression that in time the weight of a terrier may be restricted to zolb. at most. This is, however, not likely to be the case, for few of the varieties are now required to go underground after the fox, or badger, or otter, a majority of them being used for purely fancy purposes, as'companions and house dogs, or as casual assistants in the shooting field. As a matter of fact, those best adapted for hard work, either with foxhounds or otterhounds, are cross-bred, hardy dogs, specially trained for the purpose, although many of the “pedigree” animals will do similar duty to the best of their ability, but doubtless their inbreeding has, to a certain extent, made them constitutionally and generally weaker than their less blue-blooded “ Some terriers have long bodies and short legs,” says an old writer, and so they have at the present time. Dr. Walsh (“ Stonehenge”) ascribed those long-bodied, crooked-legged terriers to the fact of a cross with the dachshund. Personally, I consider that this deformity—and crooked fore legs are a great deformity, and one that should not he allowed in any terrier, Scottish, Dandie Dinmont, or Skye any more than it is allowed in an Irish terrier or a fox terrier—arises from the dogs having been bred for length of body. This long, unnaturally long, body, heavy too, has gradually forced down the legs until they have become bandy or crooked through sheer weakness—an “inherited deformity” which unfortunately many breeders have come to look upon as correct and natural. All these unduly long-bodied terriers have more or less “crook” in their fore legs, like that seen on the basset hound and dachshund. The latter would be better with straight legs, so would the terriers. The Dandie Dinmont is perhaps the most crooked legged of any of our terriers; he is not an active dog, and is of little use for work in a “ stone wall country,” nor is his “crook” the slightest advantage in any way. His admirers are now trying to produce him with legs as straight as possible, and this can be done if length of body is to an extent sacrificed.


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