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what is rather more extraordinary, the latter not much deficient in courage to the former, but the rough breed must be acknowledged the most severe and invincible biter of the two.

Four and five guineas is no great price for a handsome and well-bred terrier."

Here we have a description of the terrier very much as he still remains. There are the red or fawn in colour, which may be represented to-day by the Irish variety; the black with tan faces of the so-called Welsh terrier, or the black and tan terrier; and the white, and white and pied of the ordinary fox terrier.

In Bingley's “Memoir of British Quadrupeds” (1809), two terriers are beautifully etched by Howitt. The


in my library has coloured plates, and special mention may be made of the drawing which delineates two terriers, one with a rather heavy coat, apparently dark blue and tan in hue, with semi-erect ears and an uncut tail. The other dog is smooth-coated, with erect ears, black and tan in colour ; each would be about 20lb. in weight. In his description Bingley says, terrier is a fierce, keen, and hardy animal some are rough and others smooth-haired; are generally reddish brown or black, of a long form, short-legged and strongly bristled about the muzzlı."

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Daniel, in his “Rural Sports” (1801), fails to tell us anything particularly new about the terrier, nor does he attempt to throw any light upon its origin, but the “Sportsman's Cabinet," published two years later, gives an engraving from a picture by Reinagle, of two terriers, which are more or less white and patched, the other darker in colour, with a white collar and white on his muzzle; their ears are erect, their coats fairly dense or hard, and they are engaged at a fox-earth, or something of the kind. These terriers of Reinagle's were a noted strain in their day, and fetched from one pound to twenty pounds apiece. They were undoubtedly fox terriers.

The Dandie Dinmont terrier does not appear to have been noticed by any writer about this time, but that it is one of the old varieties of terriers I believe, and, although it did not receive its distinctive name until about 1814, when Sir Walter Scott wrote Guy Mannering,” similar dogs were

doubt fairly numerous on the Border long before that time.

Between 1830 and 1840, authorities tell us of the “Scotch," now Scottish," terrier and the smooth-haired English terrier, a contributor to the

Sportsman (1833), and Brown, in his “ Field Book” (the same date), giving the palm to the


former terrier as the finest and oldest variety. In the first-named publication, there is an engraving, said to be of a Scotch terrier, which, so far as shape, style, and character are concerned, would make a very good cropped Irish terrier of the present day. However, about this period and earlier, different localities were producing terriers of many varieties,

, and we hear for the first time of one which answers the description of the modern black and tan or Manchester terrier.

The first writer to give any reliable particulars as to many of the now increasing varieties of the terrier was “Stonehenge,” who, in 1855, published his “British Rural Sports." In the early edition of that valuable work, he mentions bull terriers, smooth English terriers, both white and black and tan; a Skye terrier, a Dandie Dinmont, a roughhaired terrier, and a toy terrier, whilst at the same time he conveys the impression that there are other varieties, as there no doubt were, of less general interest and importance. How these varieties have increased, or at any rate how they have been defined and distinguished, since that time is in evidence wherever we turn, and, forming an opinion from what has taken place during the past ten years, there may be more so-called varieties of the terrier yet to come.

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Since the publication, in 1867, of “Stonehenge's” Dogs of the British Isles," which included the same 'varieties he had given eight years earlier in his Rural Sports," great strides have been made in the improvement and

classification of our terriers, and the volumes of the Stud Book of the Kennel Club contain varieties which, by careful selection, no doubt originally came from one stock, with the additions of various crosses. Our newest strains have become popularised, as it individualised—including the Welsh terrier, the Airedale terrier, the Clydesdale or Paisley terrier, and perhaps the Scottish and Irish terriers (though both these varieties are actually much older as such than they are usually considered to be); whilst the bull terrier, Bedlington terrier, Skye terrier, fox terriers (rough and smooth), black and tan terrier, white English terriers (including English and other smooth-haired terriers), brokenhaired Scotch and Yorkshire terriers, with the toy terriers, rough and smooth, had places given them in the first volume of the “ Kennel Club Stud Book," published in 1874. More recently we are told of an Australian terrier which seems to be a cross between a Yorkshire terrier and another breed, and America gives us a Boston terrier which is neither more nor less than an old-fashioned bull terrier


re-crossed with the bulldog. Then from Belgium has arisen the Griffon Bruxellois, a tiny toy terrier with certain characteristics of its own, which at the time of writing seems to have attained a certain amount of popularity in this country; and a white variety of the Scottish terrier has been introduced to the shows.

It is, perhaps, interesting to state that the first two dog shows held, which took place in 1859 at Newcastle-on-Tyne and in Birmingham, did not offer prizes for terriers; but at the latter show the following year classes were provided for black and tan terriers, white and other English terriers, Scotch terriers (both winners being Skye terriers) and for toy terriers (the four classes having twenty-three entries, seven of which were "toys,” ten Scottish (Skyes), four white English, and two were black and tan terriers). Now, more than forty years later, we can hold a show of terriers that will produce over a thousand entries, and at an exhibition at the Agricultural Hall, Islington, in February, 1893, there were 162 classes provided for terriers, and they attracted something like 880 competitors. Such figures as these prove the extraordinary popularity terriers have attained during the present generation, and, whilst years ago a ten-pound note was considered a high price for one of the best

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