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badger earth, and, either owing to a fall of soil or to the badgers digging, she got fastened up, and though the place was visited and examined daily no traces of her could be discovered. On the 24th, exactly fourteen days after her incarceration, on the earth being revisited she was discovered in one of the workings and dragged out more dead than alive, a' perfect skeleton, having lost 71b. in weight, her toenails were worn to the quick, and several of her teeth were missing. The badger, a huge specimen of 35lb. weight, was found dead.
I have no doubt that the so-called Welsh terrier will retain his popularity, because he is a nice little dog of a handy size, and, having usually been reared away from the kennels, that is, brought up in the; house, is affectionate, kindly, and desirable as a companion, nor is he fond of fighting, and his colour is pleasing. Judges, however, should not lay too much stress upon the rich tan and deep black to the sacrifice of more useful qualities. It is in the matter of colour in dogs where trouble has been caused, and an easy path found for dishonest practices. I am' certain that had not so much been thought of the blue colour in the Bedlington terrier, he would have been a more popular dog to-day, the same with the black and tan English terrier likewise. Colour was required in both, and when nature did not give it, such was produced artificially. Now that the Welsh terrier is well established, let his admirers keep to one type and one type alone. Discountenance all trimming and plucking; show the dog naturally and he will be far better than when trimmed, plucked, and singed. To actually prove how he has so far prospered, I need only draw attention to the Stud .Book, where in 1886 there were but half a dozen entries registered. In 1893 there were fifty-One; in 1895 there were forty-five entered; in 1901 the numbers were thirty-nine, whilst in 1902 they had fallen to twenty-six, which was, in a degree, owing to changes in the Stud Book arrangements. Notwithstanding this, it cannot be said that the Welsh terrier is quite so popular as was the case say five years ago.
The Welsh Terrier Club is a powerful and representative body, and it has issued the following description of the dog it has under its wing:
“Head—The skull should be 'flat, and rather wider between the ears than the wire-haired fox terrier. The jaw should be powerful, clean cut, rather deeper, and more punishing—giving the head a more masculine appearance than that usually seen on a fox terrier. Stop not too defined, fair length from stop to end of nose, the latter being of a black colour.
“ Ears—The ear should be V-shaped, small, not too thin, set on fairly high, carried forward and close to the cheek. '
“Eyes—The eye should be small, not being too deeply set in or protruding out of skull, of a dark hazel colour, expressive, and indicating abundant pluck. ’
“ Neck—The neck should be of moderate length and thickness, slightly arched, and sloping gracefully into the shoulders.
“Body—The back should be short, and well ribbed up, the loin strong, good depth, and moderate width of chest. The shoulders should be long, sloping, and well set back. The hind quartersshould be strong, thighs muscular, and of good length, with the hooks moderately straight, well let down, and fair amount of bone. The stern should be set on moderately high, but not too gaily carried.
“Legs aha' Feet—The legs-should be straight and muscular, possessing fair amount of bone, with upright and powerful pasterns. The feet should be small, round, and cat-like.
“Coat—The coat should be wiry, hard, very close, and abundant.
“ Column—The colour should be black and tan, 'or black grizzle and tan, free from black pencilling on toes.
“ Size—The height at shoulder should be 15in. for dogs, bitches proportionately less. Twenty pOunds shall be considered a fair average weight in working condition, but this may vary a pound or so
either way.” Numerical points, not issued by the club : Value. I Value.
Head, ears, eyes, jaw . . . . .. 20 Coat ................... .. 15 Neck and shoulders .... .. 10 Colour ................ .. 10 Body ...................... . . 10 General appearance Loins and hind quarters 10 and Character .... .. 10 Legs and feet . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 15
Grand Total, 100,
White in patches on the body, or on breast, or elsewhere to any great extent, and teeth not level, either undershot or overshot, should be disqualifications.
The secretary of the Welsh Terrier Club takes a somewhat more roseate view of his favourites than does the writer of this volume, but Mr. Herbert deals perhaps more individually with the different dogs than I have done. In a recent summary for 1902 he says, “Taking the breed as a whole, I think great progress has been made, especially as regards head properties, which are now of good length, and more uniform in type than they were a few years ago. There has been improvement also in legs and feet, but there still remains something to be done in this respect before we attain perfection. The three points which I think call for the attention of the breeder just now are size, ears, and colour—the first more especially. I do not think that there can be any doubt about it, that many of our presentday winners of both sexes are a very long way above the club’s standard. Let us then beware that we do not sacrifice our zolb. terrier for a 251b. one, however good he may be in other respects. ‘
“ As regards colour, I fancy the light tan or fawn colours, once not uncommon, are gradually disappearing, but they are yet to be found. Let us get rid of them if we can. The texture of coat one generally sees is decidedly good. I am somewhat surprised that the breed is not more generally taken up, as from any point of view the Welsh terrier is hard to beat, and although he does not find the same amount of favour as do some other varieties of terrier, yet his owner need not be afraid to take his dog into the ring to do battle for special prizes against any other breeds, as instanced by the Welsh dogs’ recent victories at the two most recent Birmingham shows.”