should be allowed. Then the allusion as to cropping dogs is quite superfluous.

However, I am not writing this article as a criticism on the work of the Bull Terrier Club, an acknowledged body of responsible admirers of the variety, who ought to know what they are doing. Perhaps on some other occasion the former may improve and modify their code, and be a little more explicit as to what disquali~ fications are, and how far a “patched dog” is handicapped. I also think something might have been said as to the fawn and fallow and brindled dogs, for such are quite as much bull terriers as the white specimens, though they may not be so fashionable. As already stated, our bull terrier has been insulted by being classified by the Kennel Club as a non-sporting dog.

The Club does not issue a scale of points, but for the sake of uniformity, and because I do not wish to insult the bull terrier by omitting to do to him what I have

done to other dogs, I give him the' following tabulation: SCALE or POINTS.

Value. Value. Head, including skull, Neck, shoulders, and “mum hips, law’ teeth 20 Body ................ .. 20 Eyes ...................... .. I5 Ears (rose, button, or Legs and feet .......... .. I5 semi-erect) ............. .. I5 Coat and Stern 15 50 50

Grand Total, 100.


Colour, pure white for show purposes; but for ordinary purposes a patched dog, i.e., one with fawn or brindled marks, need not be discarded, nor need fawn or fallow or brindled dogs. The latter are even hardier than the white specimens, which, Whether on account of their colour. or because they are cropped, are often quite deaf. In buying a bull terrier always take care that its sense of hearing is acute. A dog that cannot hear until you pull its tail is no use. One or two very highclass bull terriers in other respects have been almost totally deaf. A notable instance of this was to befound in the dog White Wonder, originally sold as a “deaf dog” to a fancier in America for £80. Evidently not passing muster there he came back to this country, and, shown by Mr. Pegg at Curzon Hall in 1893, was absolutely disqualified by the judge, Mr. Hartley. Later White Wonder was “passed” as all right by the Kennel Club, won under Mr. Shirley, its president, as judge at the Crystal Palace Show in 1894, and finally closed his chequered career by dying shortly afterwards. Barring his deafness, White Wonder was certainly one of our best bull terriers of the period during which he was shown.

A very dark hazel almond-shaped eye is particularly required, and the small pig-like eyes, with


flesh-coloured eye-lids, are to be guarded againstCherry-coloured or flesh-coloured noses, or parti-coloured noses, likewise should be a severe handicap, if not actual disqualification. The weights ought to be divided—dogs and bitches under I6lb.; dogs and bitches under 3olb.; and dogs and bitches over golb. in weight.

Some bull terriers go up to 45lb., or even 6olb. in the scale, but such animals are in reality too big, and as a rule when of such a size they lack symmetry, and have more than an inclination to be coarse and heavy in the head. One of the most difficult points to attain in breeding bull terriers is to produce them clean and pleasant in the muzzle, i.e., free from anything approaching hanging lips or jowl. Throatiness, too, must be guarded against,indeed, a perfect bull terrier ought to be as cleanly' chiselled or cut in the muzzle, mouth, and neck as a black and tan terrier or as an English white terrier.

Although many good bull terriers have been sent to America, where they have a special club and many admirers, a successful attempt has been made to introduce a so-called new variety—the Boston terrier—named after the “hub of the universe.” This animal is, from a description I have been given and from illustrations forwarded me, little more than a strain of the old-fashioned, fighting bull terrier. He is being “boomed” in America, and at the leading shows special classes are provided for him. As was once the case with our bull terrier, it is the fashion to have his ears cut, and up to the time of writing this, the illegal operation still prevails on the other side of the Atlantic, where the cruel custom is likely to die hard. The Bull Terrier Club and some other clubs there expressed themselves strongly in favour of cropping, and at a recent meeting of the American Kennel Club the well considered and deserving attempt to suppress it was quite unsuccessful. At the shows of the Westminster Kennel Club the classes of Boston terriers are extremely well filled, and from the number of portraits of the variety which appear in the New York papers, the attempt to popularise them has proved quite successful. Two of the prize winners at one of the recent shows there were sold for J6400, rather a fancy price for a couple of terriers which many good judges consider little more than mongrels. However, the Boston terrier is very fashionable with the ladies of New York, and so long as this continues to be the case his price will be high.

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