black nose and open nostrils. Eyes small and very black, almond shape preferred. The lips should meet as tightly as possible, without a fold. The teeth should be regular in shape, and should meet exactly; any deviation, such as a 'pig jaw,' or being 'under-hung,' is a great fault.

Ears.—The ears when cropped for the show bench should be done scientifically and according to fashion. Cropped dogs cannot win a prize at shows heldunder Kennel Club Rules if born after 31st March, 1895. The ear to breed for as settled by this club is a small semi-erect ear, but other ears do not disqualify.

Neck.—The neck should be long and slightly arched, nicely set into the shoulders, tapering to the head without

any loose skin, as found in the bulldog. Shoulders.—The shoulders should be strong, muscular, and slanting; the chest wide and deep, with ribs well rounded.

" Back.—The back short and muscular, but not out of proportion to the general contour of the animal.

Legs.—The fore legs should be perfectly straight, with well-developed muscles ; not 'out at shoulder,' but set on the racing lines, and very strong at the pastern joints. The hind legs are long and, in proportion to the forelegs, muscular, with good, strong, straight hocks, well let down near the ground.

Feet.-The feet more resemble those of a cat than a hare.

Colour.-Should be white.

Coat.-Short, close, and stiff to the touch, with a fine gloss.

Tail.—The tail should be short in proportion to the size of the dog, set on very low down, thick where it joins the body, and tapering to a fine point. It should be carried at an angle of about 45 deg. without curl, and never over the back.

Weight.—From 15lb. to 6olb.” “The points and descriptions of the toy bull terrier exactly the same as those of the large bull terriers. Weight under 151b.”

As a matter of fact, I do not think very much of the above description, because of its meagreness and incompleteness, and am almost afraid that when it was drawn up (it was re-adopted in 1902) sundry dogs that had not totally black noses and were somewhat uneven in mouth were occasionally winning prizes. “Over-shot” or “under-shot” mouths, that is where the upper teeth extend over the lower ones, or the lower teeth protrude in front of the upper ones, should be absolute disqualification. This was the creed upon which I was brought up so far as all terriers are concerned, and in bull terriers not the slightest blemish in this particular

should be allowed. Then the allusion as to cropping dogs is quite superfluous.

However, I am not writing this article as a criticism on the work of the Bull Terrier Club, an acknowledged body of responsible admirers of the variety, who ought to know what they are doing. Perhaps on some other occasion the former may improve and modify their code, and be a little more explicit as to what disqualifications are, and how far a “patched dog" is handicapped. I also think something might have been said as to the fawn and fallow and brindled dogs, for such are quite as much bull terriers as the white specimens, though they may not be so fashionable. As already stated, our bull terrier has been insulted by being classified by the Kennel Club as a non-sporting dog.

The Club does not issue a scale of points, but for the sake of uniformity, and because I do not wish to insult the bull terrier by omitting to do to him what I have done to other dogs, I give him the following tabulation :

SCALE OF Points.

Value. Head, including skull,

Neck, shoulders, and muzzle, hips, jaw, teeth


20 Eyes

15 Ears (rose, button, or

Legs and feet

15 semi-erect)...

Coat and Stern



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Colour, pure white for show purposes; but for ordinary purposes a patched dog, i.e., one with fawn or brindled marks, need not be discarded, nor need fawn or fallow or brindled dogs. The latter are even hardier than the white specimens, which, whether on account of their colour, or because they are cropped, are often quite deaf. In buying a bull terrier always take care that its sense of hearing is acute. A dog that cannot hear until you pull its tail is no use. One or two very highclass bull terriers in other respects have been almost totally deaf. A notable instance of this was to be found in the dog White Wonder, originally sold

deaf dog” to a fancier in America for £80. Evidently not passing muster there he came back to this country, and, shown by Mr. Pegg at Curzon Hall in 1893, was absolutely disqualified by the judge, Mr. Hartley. Later White Wonder was “passed” as all right by the Kennel Club, won under Mr. Shirley, its president, as judge at the Crystal Palace Show in 1894, and finally closed his chequered career by dying shortly afterwards. Barring his deafness, White Wonder was certainly one of our best bull terriers of the period during which he was shown.

A very dark hazel almond-shaped eye is particularly required, and the small pig-like eyes, with

as a

flesh-coloured eye-lids, are to be guarded against. Cherry-coloured or flesh-coloured noses, or particoloured noses, likewise should be a severe handicap, if not actual disqualification. The weights ought to be divided—dogs and bitches under 16lb. ; dogs and bitches under 30lb.; and dogs and bitches over 30lb. in weight.

Some bull terriers go up to 45lb., or even holb. in the scale, but such animals are in reality too big, and as a rule when of such a size they lack symmetry, and have more than an inclination to be coarse and heavy in the head. One of the most difficult points to attain in breeding bull terriers is to produce them clean and pleasant in the muzzle, i.e., free from anything approaching hanging lips or jowl. Throatiness, too, must be guarded against; indeed, a perfect bull terrier ought to be as cleanly chiselled or cut in the muzzle, mouth, and neck as a black and tan terrier or as an English white terrier.

Although many good bull terriers have been sent to America, where they have a special club and many admirers, a successful attempt has been made to introduce a so-called new variety — the Boston terrier-named after the “hub of the universe.'' This animal is, from a description I have been given and from illustrations forwarded me, little

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