at the loin and falling again at the joining of the tail to the same height as the shoulders.

“ Legs—Must be quite straight, set on well under the dog, and of fair length.

“Feet—More inclined to be cat than hare footed. '

“Tail—Moderate length, and set on where the arch of the back ends, thick where it joins the body, tapering to a point, and not carried higher than the back.

“ Coat.—Close, smooth, short and glossy.

“Colonic—Jet black, and rich mahogany tan, distributed over the body as follows: On the head the muzzle is tanned to the nose, which with the nasal bone is jet black; there is also a bright spot on each cheek, and above each eye, the under jaw and throat are tanned, and the hair inside the ear is of the same colour. The fore legs tanned up to the knee with black lines (pencil marks) up each toe, and a black mark (thumb mark) above the foot. Inside the hind legs tanned, but divided with black at the hock joint, and under the tail also tanned, and so is the vent, but only sufficiently to be easily covered by the tail; also slightly tanned on each side of chest. Tan outside of hind legs, commonly called breeching, a serious defect. In all cases the black should not run into the tan, or


vice verso”, but the division between the two colours should be well defined.

“ General Appearance.—A terrier calculated to take his own part in the rat pit, and not of the Whippet type.

“ VVeighL—For Toys not exceeding 71b. For the large breed from 16lb. to zolb. is most desirable.”


Value. Value. Head ...................... .. 20 Tail ............... .. 5 Eyes Io Colour and markings 15 Ears ...................... .. ' 5 General appearance I Legs ...................... .. IO (including terrier Feet . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . .. IO quality) . . . . . . . . .. I 5 Body ..................... .. IO

65 35

Grand Total, 100.

It may be interesting to compare the above with what Mr. Henry Lacy suggested more than a dozen years earlier, and what was considered good when he wrote would undoubtedly be considered so now.

Of late I have noticed that there is a tendency to breed the black and tan terrier too much of the Whippet and Italian greyhound stamp, with tucked


up loins, arched back, and long feet. With such defects have come round, full, glaring eyes, instead of those smart, piercing, and almond - shaped which ought to be part and parcel of every terrier, whether kept as a companion or as a vermin destroyer. Breeders should check this tendency, which can easily be done by refusing to use such dogs and bitches in their kennels as are likely to perpetuate such glaring and mischievous defects.

Our dog-loving cousins in America do not appear to have shown any great affection for the black and tan terrier, nor have the few imported, chiefly by Dr. Foote, of New York, attracted any particular attention when they were benched. Perhaps on theother side of the Atlantic the natives do not possess sufficient knowledge of the breed to fully appreciate the rich colour and correct markings of this, to say the least, peculiar variety of the dog, and one so difficult to produce in perfection.

Before closing the chapter, allusion must be madeto the “blue” or slate-coloured terriers which are occasionally obtained from this variety, though the parents may be correctly marked themselves. Such “sports” are in reality as well bred as the real article, and are found of all sizes, perhaps more commonly amongst the “toys” and the small-sized specimens, than amongst the larger ones. Some are entirely “blue” or slate coloured, others have tan markings. In certain Lancashire towns they are far from uncommon, and have little value set upon them, nor are they acknowledged on the show bench in the usual way. Still, at two or three of the earlier canine exhibitions special classes were provided for these “blue terriers,” and once or twice in London a fair entry was obtained. From what I have recently seen of these blue and blue and tan, sometimes altogether chocolate or tan coloured, smooth-coated terriers— and I knew a strain of them which bred pretty true to type and colour—they appear, at some time or other, to have been croseed with the Italian greyhound. Their shape shows it, as do the heads and expressions of some of them, and their high action and gait likewise.


The late Mr. Thomson Gray, in his “Dogs of Scotland,” mentions a dog called the Blue Paul, and earlier writers had also drawn attention to the same animal. I certainly refuse to acknowledge him as a variety, and consider him identical with the “blue terrier” bred from “black and tans.” Some specimens described may have been larger and generally coarser than a perfect black and tan terrier ought to be, but such variations were not sufficient



to make them a distinctive breed. There are many well bred black and tan terriers up to golb. weight and. over, and I have seen more than one “ blue ” dog bred from such, and what Mr. Thomson Gray would no doubt have considered “a find” as one of the last of the race of the so-called Blue Paul. Some time or other a fancier had a terrier called Paul, and it being a celebrity in its line, which was to kill rats and fight, and being “ blue ” in colour was called “Blue Paul” to distinguish it from other eminent dogs likewise called “Paul.” At least, such is my idea of its origin, notwithstanding how I may upset local historians and others who have said it was named after Paul Jones, who had brought a specimen home on his return from one of his piratical expeditions.

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