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PREFACE.

SINCE the first edition of this volume was published in 1894, several changes have been made in the general appearance of our favourite Terriers, although the popular varieties well retain a leading place in the estimation of their admirers.

Early in 1895 a prosecution for cruelty to dogs was successfully carried out, the cruelty in question being the “cropping” or cutting the ears of a certain terrier. Two defendants in the case were, in default of the payment of a heavy fine, sentenced to imprisonment. Following the conviction, the Kennel Club decided that in future this mutilation must be abolished, and passed a rule to the effect that no dog, of whatever breed or variety, if cropped after March 31$t, 1895, can win a prize at any show held under Kennel Club Rules. So far as Irish Terriers were concerned, a similar rule had been in force since 1889.

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The varieties affected by this new regulation were Bull Terriers, English White Terriers, Black and Tan Terriers, and Toy Terriers. Thus it became necessary to replace the original sketches, so far as these dogs were concerned, and in their stead are given drawings in which the ears are shown in their natural state.

The chapters have been thoroughly revised and brought up to date; improvements have been made in some of the reproductions, and new ones are added. The latter include “White Scottish” terriers and “ Roseneath” terriers, with the Grifion,‘ Bruxellois, a variety of toy dog of terrier characteristics recently naturalised in this country ; and an excellent vignette of the old time fox terrier, Grove Nettle, published by permission of the London Stereoscopic Company.

On page 131 allusion is made to the cost of registering the name of a dog at the Kennel Club; since that chapter was printed the fee has been increased from one shilling to halfI-a-crown.

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PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

THIS, I believe, is the first occasion upon which a volume has been published dealing entirely 'With the Terriers. Of late years these little dogs have come very much to the front, and, if no new varieties have recently been established, many of the older ones are much more popular at the present time than has previously been the case since the first history of the canine race was written.

As in. my preceding volumes, the illustrations must be taken as typical of what they represent, and not as portraits, although the drawings are from living specimens, or from the best photographs of such to be obtained. The illustrations are from the pencil of Arthur Wardle, who has done so well for me on previous occasions. Included are groups of Terriers of avariety, or varieties, which are at presen

viii Preface to the First Edition.

not recognised as quite distinct, though possibly they may be so in the near future. The one group represents the “Border Terrier"—a dog used in Northumberland and on the Borders in conjunction with hounds, and for other purposes. The other group includes an extraordinary type of short-legged wire-haired Fox Terrier, which Mr. W. H. B. Cowley has taken pains to perpetuate in Hertfordshire; a specimen of the Sealy Ham Terrier, of which something has already been written; and of an old— fashioned terrier once common in many parts of

England.

In describing the Terriers in all their varieties, I have endeavoured to give particulars as to their working qualifications and their general character, as well as their so-called “show points”; an desire to prevent, if possible, a useful race of dog from degenerating into a ladies’ pet and a pampered creature, only able to earn his owner gold on the show bench, is my reason for treating so fully of him as he is concerned in that sphere which Nature intended him to occupy.

The specialist clubs are recognised, and their descriptions are printed at length; and to give uniformity to my work I have compiled scales of“ points where the clubs have failed to do so, although I do not believe figures are of the slightest use in arriving at the excellence, or otherwise, of any dog.

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The assistance received from various friends, who are authorities in their own especial line, has been considerable, and to them I am, in a great measure, indebted for much useful information to be found in the following chapters. I thank them accordingly, and, as some Slight return for their kindness, dedicate to them this book on the Terriers.

RAWDON B. LEE.

Brixton, March, 1894.

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