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58.

The Murder of the Innocents : of which conception and execution, so closely

there is a copy in reverse without the to his partner's, as to render discriengraver's name. (Ægidius Sadeler.) mination nugatory. Their composi10s.

tions, executed in chiaroscuro, once The Archbishop of Spalatro. (Skelton.) decorated the outside walls of every

10s. 6d. The Origin of the Galaxy, from the Palais palazzo in Rome, now, alas, des Royale; a very sublime conception,

stroyed, or defaced by Time, and whose vigour of design nearly equals ruder hands; and we are obliged to that of the tone and colour. T. Phillips, glean our knowledge of their merit Esq. RA. possesses a repetition of this from the prints of Cherubino Alberti subject, with an additional group of (a painter himself), the small etchfigures placed under the line of clouds ings of Gallestruzzi; and, what is which support the couch of the startled still worse, from the exaggerations Juno. It ought to be well engraved on a of Goltzius and Sanredam, and the larger scale. (Jaunay.) 58. The Miracle of the Slave; a mannered ly-unfaithful mannerist, Sante-Bar

wiry meagreness of that impudentprint, deficient in tone; but, it is this toli. In no painter, except D'Urbino, or none.' (Matham, the pupil of Golt- do we find such unaffected simplicity,

zius.) 88. St. Jerome, the Virgin, and Angels; a

such an unobtrusion of the artist; fine rich thing. (Agos. Carracci.) 158. and this it is which renders them, on or, 17. 18.

the first sight, so little remarkable. The Marriage at Cana, in the Schola Ita. There is no manner to hook the raw lica. (Volpato.) 5s.

eye; the student fancies, with ParThe Descent from the Cross. (Sadeler.) tridge, that he could easily do as

well himself; and it is not till failure In the south room we have two has taught him wisdom, that he disa pictures, by Polidoro di Caldara covers this very circumstance to (Cupids and Swans, and Cupids constitute Caldara's inviolability from dragging Nets, both in chiaroscuro); imitation. If his conceptions seldom and, I declare, I never felt so much or never rise to the sublime, they pleasure as I did on reading his Ma- are always dignified. His attitudes, jesty's name as the possessor of sufficiently contrasted without posthese graceful productions, of that turing, are earnest, yet noble; anivaluable and scarce artist.–Polidoro, mated, without bombast; and proa Milanese, surnamed from his na- bable, without vulgarity. His gusto tive town, Carravaggio, became a in design, is completely of a piece painter from viewing, in the charac- with his conception; correct, but not ter of hod-man, the execution of stiff, or hard ; learned, yet not anaRaffaëllo's and Udino's works, in the tomically pedantic; full and broad, Vatican. Just at this time great without heaviness; vigorous and discoveries of antiques were taking masculine, without losing delicacy; place in Italy, besides the casts and uniting precision with grace. Though drawings which Raffaëllo caused to he never, like my favourite Parmebe procured from Greece; and Poli- giano, is contented with affectation, doro fell so heartily to studying and when in search after elegance, yet his investigating the principles of the an- lines are flowing and sweepy; and in cients, as displayed in their basso and their emanation from, and connexion alto relievos, friezes, vases, &c. that with, each other, uniformly harmoin a short time he succeeded in esta- nious. The beauty and nature of blishing a style, which, totally free his flying draperies have never been from servile imitation of their husks, excelled. His chiaroscuro is forciis more in the spirit of his models ble and well-conducted ; giving to than either that of Raffaëllo, Giulio, single figures and groups prodigia Primaticcio, or N. Poussin himself. ous roundness; and his composition, Luckily for Rome, his talents were compact, yet distinct, is, considerappreciated; and the number of his ing the fetters of the monumental commissions so much exceeded his style, extremely varied and approa ability to satisfy them, that he was priate. forced to call in the aid of Maturino, Such are the high characteristhe Florentine, an honoured name; tics of a painter, neglected and unwho linked his own style, both in known (except to a few) in these

days, when sordid vulgarity, and man will have folly enough to study accidental deformity, assume the deeply the principles of the blazing names of nature and truth ;-when luminaries of Florence, Rome, and a bad copy from a spurious Ti- Parma, for the purpose of embodytian, or retouched Rembrandt, con- ing the patriarchs of Genesis, the stitutes any given Roggins or Spil- heroes and fair women of Homer, kins a critic on Fine Art ; and when Hesiod, Sophocles, Herodotus, Aria blasphemous use of the names of osto, and Spenser, or the mystic and Raffaëllo and Phidias erects an ela- picturesque situations of La Mort borate trifler, an industrious congre- d'Arthur, and of Undine, * in order gator of mean, imbecile, and ugly to be insulted by the preference given physiognomies and actions, into an to “ Crossing a Brook," The Dog historic painter.

Stealer," The Cock Fight,“ The His Majesty's example may do approach to Mr. Pummock's Grot,” much towards calling people from « Officers of the *** Lancers," or their grovelling love for those pro- a pack of paltry prints, published for ducts of dull patience, and want of the inexpressed purpose of deforming imaginations, the pictures of Netscher, the beauteous pages of John BallanDenner, Douw, old Mieris, &c. while tyne, and Thomas Davison ? + Here, the elegance of taste, and the penetra- for the present, we stop, begging partion shown in the choice of the two don for our digression, and recomPolidoros and the Schiavone (Briseäs mending the amateur, and especially ravished from Achilles), though no the young practitioner, to study caremore than was to be expected from fully the few and imperfect prints afthe First Gentleman in the empire, ter the inventions of this solid master. may, paradventure, shame some of I am not able to describe all those our wealthy self-dubbed connoisseurs put forth by Alberti, as I possess but out of their itch for Brouwers, and few, and cannot here call on the into the purchase of such pictures as assistance of M. Bartsch (le Peintregrace the invaluable collection of J. graveur); but the desiderante will Julius Angerstein, Esq. Till this find little trouble in selecting, if he is done, and till faithful artist-like inquires (using our name) at Messrs. prints, from the leading masters, are Colnaghi's, or Molteno's, for a portpublished at such prices as may al- folio of Cherubino Alberti, or' Polow, and, indeed, invite an exten- lidoro. He will find them, I besive sale, it is all foolishness for Mr. lieve, extremely reasonable, notwithThis, or Mr. T'other, to write “plans standing their comparative scarcity. for advancing the fine arts,” &c. When people, from having the best Polidoro's finest work, which still exists models constantly before their eyes,

in ruins, is the long frieze of the “ Fable begin to comprehend the capabilities

of Niobe," engraved on eight plates, of separate styles, and know what is

very valuable, though caricatured by to be expected from the powers of the the false taste of Sanredam, the pupil art; where and when it is to work and relation of Goltzius. ll. 4s. or, with the simple materials of history; 21. 28. where to change and transmute them The Rape of the Sabines ; a very extensive to fit better its own peculiar pur

composition, full of fine action. (Cher. poses; and at what crisis, and in

Alberti.) 12s. what emergency, it is permitted the Brennus casting his Sword into the Scale. use of vision, symbol, or double ap- A Roman Triumph. (c. Alberti.) 5s.

(Sanredam.) 78. or, 108. position; then only will their patron- The Story of Perseus and Atlas ; one part age acquire the permanent weight of this long plate contains some nymphs of utility. At present, it evidently, gathering fruit in a river-watered grove. does more harm than good : for what (C. Alberti.) 78.

* Why will not the translator of Sintram favour us with the Summer and Autumn Romances; or the Magic King, or the Sigfried and Brunhild?

+ I trust Messrs. Stothard, Westall, and Richard Cook, (why do we see you so seldom, good Mr. Cook ?) will not put on caps intended for a very different set of people. It is a sinall crime to illustrate the novels of Sir W. S.; but, Lord preserve us! the dead (witness Shakspeare) are not safe.

The Wine Vat; a small circle. (C. Ab Correggio,' Baroccio, Andrea del berti.) 38. 6d.

Sarto, Parmegiano, Giulio, Polidoro, The Twelve Gods of Antiquity, on twelve Titiano, Tintoretto, Paolo Veronese, plates. (Goltzius.) 12 4s. or, 1. 108. Bassano, Palma Guido, Dominichino,

These are sufficient to begin with. M. A. de Carravaggio, Albano, Gum Good b’ye.

ercino, Lanfranco, and the Carracci.

This book is of itself a Gallery to a · C****d, Hampshire, Aug. 7.

young artist, or amateur ; but when

you have your hand in your pocket, PS. Before I have the pleasure of it may not be amiss to add the set seeing you again, my dear Sir, let of plates called Raffaëlle's Bible, me counsel you to acquire, in some published in oblong fol. 1790, by way or other, a choice old copy of Montagnani of Rome: if you should Gaven Hamilton's Schola Italica Pic- light on a good copy of Maurer's turæ, large fol. Romæ, 1773, price Emblems, or Stimmer's Huntings, about five or six guineas, which con or, indeed, any of his works, except tains forty-one specimens, in general his Bible (small 4to. Basle, 1576), admirably engraved hy Cunego and secure them immediately; and if Volpato, from the best pictures (both you don't like 'em, send them to 93, fresco and oil) of M. Angelo, Raf- Fleet-street, and you shall receive faëllo, Da Vinci, Fra. Bartolomeo, their value, and my hearty thanks.

CONFESSIONS OF AN ENGLISH OPIUM-EATER:

BEING AN EXTRACT FROM THE LIFE OF A SCHOLAR.

To The Reader.-I here present alive to reproach of this tendency, you, courteous reader, with the re- that I have for many months hesicord of a remarkable period in my tated about the propriety of allowing life: according to my application of this, or any part of my narrative, to it, I trust that it will prove, not come before the public eye, until merely an interesting record, but, in after my death (when, for many reaa considerable degree, useful and in- sons, the whole will be published): structive. In that hope it is, that I and it is not without an anxious rehave drawn it up: and that must be view of the reasons, for and against my apology for breaking through this step, that I have, at last, concludthat delicate and honourable reserve, ed on taking it. which, for the most part, restrains Guilt and misery shrink, by a naus from the public exposure of our tural instinct, from public notice: own errors and infirmities. Nothing, they court privacy and solitude : and, indeed, is more revolting to English even in their choice of a grave, will feelings, than the spectacle of a hu sometimes sequester themselves from man being obtruding on our notice the general population of the churchhis moral ulcers or scars, and tear- yard, as if declining to claim fellowing away that decent drapery,' ship with the great family of man, which time, or indulgence to human and wishing in the affecting lanfrailty, may have drawn over them: guage of Mr. Wordsworth) accordingly, the greater part of our confessions (that is, spontaneous and

Humbly to express

A penitential loneliness. extra-judicial confessions) proceed from demireps, adventurers, or It is well, upon the whole, and swindlers: and for any such acts of for the interest of us all, that it gratuitous self-humiliation from those should be so: nor would I willingly, who can be supposed in sympathy in my own person, manifest a diswith the decent and self-respecting regard of such salutary feelings; nor part of society, we must look to in act or word do anything to weaken French literature, or to that part of them. But, on the one hand, as the German, which is tainted with my self-accusation does not amount the spurious and defective sensibi- to a confession of guilt, so, on the lity of the French. All this I feel other, it is possible that, if it did, so forcibly, and so nervously am I the benefit resulting to others, from

; Mr.

the record of an experience pur English society (the class of men chased at so heavy a price, might distinguished for talents, or of emicompensate, by a vast overbalance, nent station), who were known to for any violence done to the feelings me, directly or indirectly, as opiumI have noticed, and justify a breach eaters; such for instance, as the of the general rule. Infirmity and mi- eloquent and benevolent the sery do not, of necessity, imply guilt. late dean of —; Lord They approach, or recede from, the the philosopher; a late undershades of that dark alliance, in pro secretary of state (who described to portion to the probable motives and me the sensation which first drove prospects of the offender, and the him to the use of opium, in the very palliations, known 'or secret, of the same words as the dean of viz. offence: in proportion as the tempta « that he felt as though rats were tions to it were potent from the first, gnawing and abrading the coats of and the resistance to it, in act or in his stomach"); Mr. —; and many effort, was earnest to the last. For others, hardly less known, whom it. my own part, without breach of would be tedious to mention. Now, truth or modesty, I may affirm, that if one class, comparatively so limitmy life has been, on the whole, the ed, could furnish so many scores of life of a philosopher : from my birth cases (and that within the knowledge I was made an intellectual crea. of one single inquirer), it was a nature: and intellectual in the highest tural inference, that the entire posense my pursuits and pleasures have pulation of England would furnish a been, even from my school-boy days. proportionable number. The soundIf opium-eating be a sensual plea- ness of this inference, however, I sure, and if I am bound to confess doubted, until some facts became that I have indulged in it to an ex- known to me, which satisfied me, cess, not yet recorded * of any other that it was not incorrect. I will man, it is no less true, that I have mention two: 1. Three respectable struggled against this fascinating en London druggists, in widely remote thralment with a religious zeal, and quarters of London, from whom I have, at length, accomplished what happened lately to be purchasing I never yet heard attributed to any small quantities of opium, assured other man—have untwisted, almost me,' that the number of amateur to its final links, the accursed chain opium-eaters (as I may term them) which fettered me. Such a self- was, at this time, immense; and conquest may reasonably be set off that the difficulty of distinguishing in counterbalance to any kind or de- these persons, to whom habit had gree of self-indulgence. Not to in- rendered opium necessary, from such sist, that in my case, the self-con- as were purchasing it with a view quest was unquestionable, the self- to suicide, occasioned them daily indulgence open to doubts of casuis- trouble and disputes. This evidence try, according as that name shall be respected London only. But, 2. extended to acts aiming at the bare (which will possibly surprise the relief of pain, or shall be restricted reader more,) some years ago, on to such as aim at the excitement of passing through Manchester, I was positive pleasure.

informed by several cotton-manufacGuilt, therefore, I do not acknow- turers, that their work-people were ledge : and, if I did, it is possible rapidly getting into the practice of that I might still resolve on the pre- opium-eating ; so much so, that on sent act of confession, in considera- a Saturday afternoon the counters of tion of the service which I may the druggists were strewed with thereby render to the whole class of pills of one, two, or three grains, in opium-eaters. But who are they? preparation for the known demand Reader, I am sorry to say, a very of the evening. The immediate ocnumerous class indeed. Of this s casion of this practice was the lowbecame convinced some years ago, ness of wages, which, at that time, by computing, at that time, the num- would not allow them to indulge in ber of those in one small class of ale or spirits : and, wages rising, it

* Not yet recorded,' I say: for there is one celebrated man of the present day, who, if all be true which is reported of him, has greatly exceeded me in quantity.

more.

a

may be thought that this practice which else would painfully obtrude would cease: but, as I do not readi- itself in the course of the Opiumly believe that any man, having once Confessions" How came any reatasted the divine luxuries of opium, sonable being to subject himself to will afterwards descend to the gross such a yoke of misery, voluntarily to and mortal enjoyments of alcohol, incur a captivity so servile, and I take it for granted,

knowingly to fetter himself with such

a seven-fold chain ?”—a question That those eat now, who never ate before ; And those who always ate, now eat the which, if not somewhere plausibly

resolved, could hardly fail, by the Indeed the fascinating powers of raise as against an act of wanton

indignation which it would be apt to opium are admitted, even by medi- folly, to interfere with that degree of cal writers, who are its greatest ene- sympathy which is necessary in any mies: thus, for instance, Awsiter,

case to an author's purposes. apothecary to Greenwich-hospital,

2. As furnishing a key to some. in his “ Essay on the Effects of

parts of that tremendous scenery Opium” (published in the year 1763), which afterwards peopled the dreams when attempting to explain, why of the Opium-eater. Mead had not been sufficiently expli

3. As creating some previous intecit on the properties, counteragents, rest of a personal sort in the confess&c. of this drug, expresses himself

ing subject, apart from the matter of in the following mysterious terms the confessions, which cannot fail to (Pwovla OUVETO.Ci): “ perhaps he thought render the confessions themselves the subject of too delicate a nature

more interesting. If man to be made common; and as many people might then indiscriminately come an Opium-eater, the probabi

“ whose talk is of oxen,” should beuse it, it would take from that ne- lity is, that (if he is not too dull to cessary

fear and caution, which dream at all) he will dream about should prevent their experiencing the

oxen: whereas, in the case before extensive power of this drug; for him, the reader will find that the there are many properties in it, if uni- Opium-eater boasteth himself to be versally known, that would habituate a philosopher ; and accordingly, that the use, and make it more in request the phantasmagoria of his dreams with us than the Turks themselves : (waking or sleeping, day-dreams or the result of which knowledge,” he night-dreams) is suitable to one who adds, “must prove a general mis

in that character, fortune." In the necessity of this

Humani nihil a se alienum putat. conclusion I do not altogether concur: but upon that point I shall For amongst the conditions which have occasion to speak at the close he deems indispensable to the susof my confessions, where I shall pre- taining of any claim to the title of sent the reader with the moral of my philosopher, is not merely the posnarrative.

session of a superb intellect in its analytic functions (in which part of

the pretension, however, England *These preliminary confessions, or can for some generations show but introductory narrative of the youth- few claimants ; at least, he is not aful adventures which laid the foun ware of any known candidate for this dation of the writer's habit of opium- honour who can be styled emphatieating in after-life, it has been judged cally a snbtle thinker, with the excepproper to premise, for three several* tion of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, reasons :

and in a narrower department of 1. As forestalling that question, thought, with the recent illustrious and giving it a satisfactory answer, exception* of David Ricardo)-- but

PRELIMINARY CONFESSIONS.

* A third exception might perhaps have been added : and my reason for not adding that exception is chiefly because it was only in his juvenile efforts that the writer whom I allude to, expressly addressed himself to philosophical themes ; his riper powers having been all dedicated (on very excusable and very intelligible grounds, under the

present direction of the popular mind in England) to criticism and the Fine Arts. This scason apart, however, I doubt whether he is not rather to be considered an acute thinker

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