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almost universal consent, made the than would fill a dictionary by themsummit of perfection.

selves. Would it not be equally wise-and In justice, however, to both the equally Chinese—to denominate a Eastern and Western Chinese, it man a consummate musician, who should be stated, that their alphabet was not an adept in either composi- has a meaning, and indicates facts. tion, or the art of producing effect; The letters of the one, and the hornbut who had a ready knack at nam book names of the other, always stand ing the notes, whether long or short, for something; but it is always and of bestowing learned terms something of little importance, or and phrases on the various arrange- small value, which nobody besides ments of them in bars ? To this pitch the alphabet-monger cares to know: of alphabet-learning musicians have similar to the antique lore of old not yet arrived ; but the rising credit Hearne, of the alphabet or gamut exercise of Who loved to teach what no man loved to difficult execution, and, above all, learn. that of the chiroplast and mecha Mineralogists were long uninfected nical drilling of Logier, show a ra- with this Chinese mania; but now pid advancement towards les modes we think they bid fair to follow in the Chinoises.

train of our Botanists and EntomoloThese, however, are not the most gists, notwithstanding the efforts of flagrant examples. The contagion some, who wish to get out of this rages with the most marked symp- nursery alphabet of names, and to toms in Natural History, in which we rise to something of important dehave manifestly improved on our duction and useful inquiry. Profesmasters, the Chinese ; as they have sor Jameson, and M. Mohs, of scarcely yet begun the study. It is Freyberg, - are the chief of the among our soi-disant naturalists, in- Chinese mineralogists. Dr. Macculdeed, that abecedarian knowledge loch, and Mr. Greenough, are the flourishes in all its glory and magni- most distinguished opponents of the ficence. For he is now esteemed the innovation. most profound and celebrated natu Chemistry also, which a few years list, who is master of his alphabet of ago was, though an imperfect, yet names with which he loads his re- still a wonderful science, and full of membrance; and there he stops, interesting information, is now beand would look upon one who would coming every day more lifeless and go farther,-who would study facts unintelligible, by the multiplication and utility,-as vulgarizing his sub- of names and petty discoveries, which lime science of names, by descending seem to have nothing but their name to matters, of importance only to the and their insignificance to recomignorant mob of mankind.

mend them. That such is the case in Botany, These are only a few specimens of and, in a great measure, in Zoology, our progress in imitating the Chinese; any person may satisfy himself, by a few examples from many in which looking into any of the works lately the alphabet and the names are all published, such as Smith's Grammar and every thing ; and the useful facts of Botany, Hooker’s Flora Scotica, —the sublime speculations, which Lamark's Animaux sans Vertebres, raise the thoughts to God, and cast or the long articles, Botany, Ento- down the pride of human aspiringsmology, and Mazology, in Brew- all these are vulgar;—and those who ster’s Encyclopædia. In all of these pursue utility in their researches are there is absolutely nothing but names, looked upon by your man of names, --for the greater part, too, of recent your profound alphabet scholar, as manufacture. This also is Chinese; vulgar and low. In a word, every for as the studies of that nation science appears to a thorough-bred are confined to the alphabet, it is Chinese to be quite contemptible, one of the highest aims of Chinese which is not tricked up with a fripliterary ambition to add new letters pery of uncouth and unpronounceable to the former catalogue. In this, names. We have by us a list of our however, our naturalists hare far Chinese philosophers and artists, of outdone them. Dr. Leach,-if we which our readers shall by and by mistake not, -has coined more names have the perusal.

FUGITIVE LITERATURE.

The pursuit of pleasure and hap- dandyship so very prudently depiness, like that of moor game, is clined hostilities. On wheeling about often replete with livelier delights, to befriend the old man, whose safety than bagging of the prey can afford I had much at heart, I found him us. What with shy birds, and luck- on his legs, bemired and agitated exless shots, the cost of labour and ceedingly. I laid hold of his arm, ammunition is very seldom defrayed without hesitation, and hurried him by flesh and feathers : and, even in out of harm's way, with a promptithe common pursuits of life, at the tude and celerity that excited the close of a long and arduous chace, admiration of a gentleman haberwhen sipping the sweet, and eating dasher, who beheld the whole affair the fat of a favourite object; on ba- from first to last. This prudent man lancing accounts, we usually find stood in his own shop door, calmly that the fair fruit of our toil, the ban- balancing the profit and loss of a quet of our hopes, has already been speculation that just then flashed on enjoyed by anticipation. But when his mind; to wit, whether the satischance administers to our necessities faction administered to his feelings, —when a windfall of goodly tidings, in delivering a fellow creature from or a seasonable supply of what the peril, would, or would not, remunesoul loveth, comes upon us like man- rate him for the defilement of his silk na in the wilderness, then it is that stockings, and the spoliation of his we enjoy indeed and indeed.

glossy shoes; but the affair was setIt was my good fortune, the other tled before he had time to sum up. day, to be overtaken by a smart We approached his house, and he shower, the very instant an elderly welcomed us in. Soap, towels, and gentleman crossed the street. On water in abundance, were readily mending his pace, to seek shelter supplied by this good Samaritan; and from the pattering rain that descend- in a trice our patient might have ed rather more copiously than the made his appearance at either church man could wish who leaves his um or market. During the process of brella at home, his foot slipt, and cleansing his garments, and bringing down he went, full length. Up came the old gentleman to himself, I fully a modern Blood, on his gallant grey, recognized a face that had been famispurring at a furious rate, and cer- liar to me, when a glimpse of Blucher, tainly would have trampled the fallen and a nod from Platoff fully recompedestrian under foot, had I not pensed the virtuoso for his afternoon's sprung forward with a kind of in- excursion; and I also remembered stinctive alacrity, and laid hold of the anxiety he manifested for pedeshis bridle with both hands. “ Prance trian safety, when his coachman was at leisure, my good lad," quoth I, about to push through the motley and don't ride down your betters.” multitude that encompassed him on The whisker’d dandy looked exceed- every side. “ Now, my good peoingly fierce, saluted me with a volley ple, have a care-keep clear of the of fashionable imprecations, and wheels, I beseech you- move on, twirled his whip into a position that Joe, and look well to the horse's feet, betokened no good to my shoulders ; lest a stray child should happen to but on perceiving the decisive mea- pop in the way,” was the warning sures I was about to adopt, and feel- usually given by this good old man ing his collar in a firmer grasp than a warning that new-dubbed knights personal safety was accustomed to, would never have troubled their heads the caloric of his eye began to glim- to publish — but our philanthropist mer, the whip descended in peace to was a knight of the old school.the pummel of his saddle, and he “ What a congregation of fools !” exlowered his pennon with becoming claimed a bystander; “ I really had resignation, turned him aside, and no idea that London could furnishi gracefully cantered away. The truth such a squad; and here comes old Sir is, I had hastily put on my best mi- Gideon Moubray; who wouldeverhave litary face, and was proceeding to dreamt of seeing him in the park?”– unhorse himn sans ceremonie, when his But to return to our narrative. The

baronet assured us both, with great I should think, to put on yours.” My good humour, that he had sustained reply was neither brief nor otherno personal injury whatever--a de wise. I politely thanked him for the claration that afforded much satis- great kindness he had manifested ; faction to me; and then proceeded and jocosely declared that his soul to acknowledge the Samaritan's ci- might safely rest in peace, for I cervility, in a strain of native polite- tainly would not fail of rummaging ness, that never emanated from any his literary pantry. So we took leave other than a gentle 'heart. “As for of our gentle haberdasher, with many you, my brave fellow,” continued the professions of respect; and he, in knight, « one good deed will cer- return, complimented each of us with tainly be noted down this day to the his card ; obligingly observing, that credit of your moral account; name- should any little matter be wanted in ly, the saving of a fellow creature's his way, he would most cheerfully ribs from being crush’d;" « and the send it to our respective mansions, shins of another from pollution,” added on better terms than any other house I, in an under tone: - but there are in town. duties, my good Sir, alike incumbent I had once some thoughts of canon you and on me; and miserable in- tering over a whole sheet of foolscap, deed must be the state of that man's in sketching the many jostlings, and feeling, who could deny himself the by your leaves, and how d'ye dos, that gratification of fulfilling them. “These we experienced on our way to the topics,” replied the baronet, “ we baronet’s residence; as also the acan discuss more at our leisure, if greeable politeness of his lady, and you will have the goodness to ac her amiable grand-daughter, Mrs. company me home, and accept of Halliburton ; together with a full and pot-luck." The invitation was, in- faithful memoir of their worthy butdeed, welcome to me; and I freely ler, Mr. Dennis O'Shaughnessy, a confess that my whole catalogue of grey-haired domestic, who fully veriexcuses could not even furnish the fied the old adage, “ like master, semblance of a modest denial ; so I like man;" but on examining the qualified my compliance, as well as I complexion of the matter more gravecould, by observing, that though I ly, and well weighing every item had intended to visit the British thereof in my own mind, pro and con, Museum that very afternoon, yet I very prudently abandoned the idea would I not lose the opportunity of altogether; and left the vacuum to be enlarging the stock of my acquaint- furnished in such manner, and with ance; and added, by way of rider, such materials, as the reader's own that pot-luck, and homely welcome, creative fancy might deem meet. had allurements too fascinating to be He will, therefore, have the goodness withstood. “ The British Museum,” to fill up the blank at his leisure, and observed Sir Gideon, “ certainly pos- attend to the sequel of my narration. sesses many valuable curiosities; but On discharging our glasses to the still we meet with rarities, here and memory of “ Auld lang syne," I there, whose merits have evidently arose from the old elbow chair, been overlooked by the foraging par- wherein I had so plentifully partaken ties of that celebrated institution. of the good things of this life, and In my collection, for example, there followed the baronet into his are many curious specimens of Bri. tish craft, not to be found in the na

LITERARY MUSEUM ; tional store; consisting of literary An apartment of very goodly dimenfragments gathered in certain dis- sions, elegantly furnished with cartricts, hitherto deemed barren of in- peting of the first manufacture; struction and amusement. Their in- chairs, tables, sofas, &c.; and the trinsic value has, indeed, been dis- 'walls thereof hung round with handputed by the over fastidious; but some wooden frames, partially gilt ; still the portion of originality they and all of them accommodated with possess, induces a stray connoisseur, rolls of brown Holland, tightening now and then, to put on his specta- pulleys, cords, and tassels, complete. cles; and you, my good Sir," con- « Now, my good friend,” quoth the cluded the baronet,“ being a frequent- knight, as he rolled up one of the er of museums, will have no objection, screens, “ this piece of literary patch

work will abide inspection ; better than those of his brother tradesmen never enveloped the goods and chat- --you shall see a specimen presenttels of a confectioner." On exa- ly.” So saying, he opened a large mining the frameful of rarities, I drawer, wherein was deposited an certainly did pronounce it one of the immense number of manuscript writgreatest curiosities I had ever beheld. ings, and invited me, in his own free Fragments of letters in various hands, and easy way, to partake of the inand on various subjects, remnants of tellectual treat. I complied, without marriage settlements, wills, memo- hesitation; but O, reader ! what were rials, verse, and blank verse, all ar my emotions when I descried the ranged in admirable order, and care- first-born of my youthful muse, lookfully pasted on canvas, formed at ing me wistfully in the face-the once the strangest medley of style and dear little song that she brought forth subject that ever excited the smile, to commemorate the first of my or summoned the gravity, of a be- loves. Martha Crosby, the sweetest holder, either ancient or modern. In- of all our Nithsdale songsters, took deed, whatever tended to awaken the smiling innocent to Dumfries; merriment, sympathy, amazement, and so delighted were the bards of in fine, every native emotion slum- that good town, with the comeliness bering in the breast, was to be met of its complexion, and the simplicity with amongst this wonderful assem of its dress, that all of them fell in blage of originals. “ In the name of love with my little Artless, curled wonder,” quoth 1, “ how came you its hair, flounced its frock, and Lonby all this?” “Why, truly, my dear donized the fashion of its pinafore. fellow,” replied the collector, with a In like manner, the pastoral poets of smile, “ that question has been so Irongray, Glencairn, and Penpont, very frequently propounded for these got a glimpse of its loveliness, and last fifty years, that really I felt the declared individually that my sweet necessity of composing a kind of set little firstling was their own only bespeech for the occasion, and you gotten. In short, the modest fame will therefore have the goodness to of my lisping wanderer spread far refrain from smiling at the formality and wide. Seven parishes contended of a studied reply. Know, then, for the honour of its birth; and seven that all my frames on the left were pitched battles were fought, to supfurnished by a neighbouring confec- port the claims of their respective tioner, through the medium of my bards: the clanking of their oak children, grand-children, and great- sticks will never depart from my megrand-children. Every cake brought mory: I lifted up my voice, and me a morsel of wisdom or folly ; and calmly expostulated with the young every ounce of candy a crumb of men on the vanity of their pretensense, or a scrap of nonsense. To sions ; but no one amongst the peothe poulterer and cheesemonger, I ple arose, and bore testimony to the stand indebted for my literary trea- justness of my remarks; so they sures on the right; and the barber wagged their heads, and laughed me and tobacconist claim my grateful ac

to scorn. This ungentle treatment knowledgments for those in the front stung me to the soul: I put a shirt and rear; but you will please to ob- in one pocket, a pair of grey worsted serve, that from the crude materials stockings in the other, and, with staff supplied by these gentlemen, I win- in hand, forsook my native glen, to nowed somewhere about ninety and sojourn amongst strangers, where I nine parts of chaff, a task that little have long followed my favourite callminds would boggle at; but patience ing, but with a success that makes me and perseverance is my motto. The residue I carefully examined, re-exa

curse the light I first survey'd, mined, and classified in the manner

And doubly curse the luckless rhyming

trade. you see for the inspection of my friends. But,” continued the baro I am perfectly satisfied as to the net, “ I have lately fallen in with a identity of my dear song;. The fareal leather trunk maker, whose con- mily features are very distinguishtributions appear to be of a superior able, and much of the dress retains quality, and much less mutilated its primitive simplicity--besides,

Martha's thumb marks are still vi- of that wonderful drawer; giving
sible on the margins ; so, without precedence, as a matter of course, to
farther ceremony, I'll fall-to sin good mine own offspring.
earnest, and transcribe the contents

THE Hills O' GALLOWA.
Yestreen, among the new mawn hay,

I met my Julia hameward gaun;
The linnets lilted on the spray,

The lambs were low ping o'er the lawn;
On every howm the sward was mawn,

The braes wi' gowans busked braw,
And gloamin's plaid o' grey was thrawn

Out o'er the Hills o' Gallowa.
With music wild the woodlands rang,

And fragrance wing'd alang the lea,
As down we sat the flowers amang,

Upon the banks o' stately Dee.
My Julia's arms encircled me,

And saftly slade the hours awa,
Till dawin coost a glimmering ee'

Upon the Hills o Gallowa.
It isna owsen, sheep and kye,

It isna gould, it isna gear,
This lifted ee' wad bae, quoth I,

The world's drumlie gloom to cheer;
But give to me my Julia dear,

Ye Powers, wha row this earthen ba',
And O sae blithe through life I'll steer

Amang the Hills o' Gallowa.
When gloamin danners up the hill,

Wi' our gudeman, to bught the yowes,
Wi' her I'll trace the mossy rill,

That o'er the moorland murmuring rowes ;
Or tint amang the scroggie knowes

My birken pipe I'll sweetly blaw,
And sing the streams, the heights, and howes,

The hills, and dales, o' Gallowa.
And when auld Scotland's heathy hills,

Her rural nymphs, and jovial swains,
Her brawling burns, and wimpling rills,

Awake nae mair my canty strains ;
Where friendship dwells, and freedom reigns,

Where heather blooms, and moorcocks craw,
O howk my grave, and hide my banes

Among the Hills o' Gallowa.
The next in succession is an epis- certainly affords

a very curious tle from a fellow travelling the coun- glimpse of the back ground, as the try with a dancing bear, to his agent following verbatim transcript will in London. It appears to have been fully testify: written from Norfolk, somewhere about the year 1800; a season when and tell Tim that I say so. The agricultural hilarity was much live- Whitechapel Barber must exercise lier than now-a-days. The manu his patience a little longer. I have script is perfectly legible throughout, shaven the bear, and he is now, thank with the exception of a few lines at God, a sea lion. The fellow offers the beginning; and, when considered five-and-thirty shillings for him-lias a private wicket in real life, it beral, in leed !-Why, Sam, it would

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