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N° 607. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1714.
Dicite Tü Pæan, et löbis dicite Paun:
Decidit in casses prada petita meos.
OVID. Ars Am, I, i.
Now lö Pean sing, now wreaths preparc.
The prey is fallen in my successful toils.
• Having in your paper of Monday last pub. lished my report on the case of Mrs. Fanny Ficklę, wherein I have taken notice that love comes after marriage ; I hope your readers are satisfied of this truth, that as love generally produces matrimony, so it often bappens that matrimony produces love.
• It perhaps requires more virtue to make a good husband or wife than what go to the finishing any the most shining character whatsoever.
• Discretion seems absolutely necessary; and accordingly we find that the best husbands have been most famous for their wisdom. Homer, who hath drawn a perfect pattern of a prudent man, to make it the more complete, hath celebrated him for the just returns of fidelity and truth to his Penelope ; insomuch that he refused the caresses of a goddess for her sake; and, to use the expression of the best of Pagan authors, “ V'etulam suam prætulit immortalitati," his old woman was dearer to him than immortality.
• Virtue is the next necessary qualification for this domestic character, as it naturally produces constancy and mutual esteem. Thus Brutus and Porcia were more remarkable for virtue and affection than
any others of the age in which they lived.
· Good-nature is a third necessary ingredient in the marriage state, without which it would inevit. ably sour upon a thousand occasions. When
greatness of mind is joined with this amiable quality, it attracts the admiration and esteem of all who be. hold it. Thus Cæsar, not more remarkable for his fortune and valour than for his humanity, stole into the hearts of the Roman people, when, breaking through the custom, he pronounced an oration at the funeral of his first and best-beloved wife.
Good-nature is insufficient, unless it be steady and uniform, and accompanied with an evenness of temper, which is above all things to be preserved in this friendship contracted for life. A man must be easy within himself before he can be so to his other self. Socrates and Marcus Aurelius are instances of men, who, by the strength of philosophy, having entirely composed their minds, and subdued their passions, are celebrated for good husbands; notwithstanding the first was yoked with Xantippe, and the other with Faustina. 'If the wedded pair would but habituate themselves for the first year to bear with one another's faults, the difficulty would be pretty well conquered. This mutual sweetness of temper and complacency was finely recommended in the nuptial ceremonies among
the heathens, who, when they sacrificed to Juno at that solemnity, always tore out the gallfrom the entrails of the victim, and cast it behind the altar,
• I shall conclude this letter with a passage out of Dr. Plot's Natural History of Staffordshire, not only as it will serve to fill up your present paper, but, if I find myself in the humour, may give rise to another; I having by me an old register belonging to the place here under-mentioned.
• Şir Philip de Somerville held the manors of
Whichenovre, Scirescot, Ridware, Netherton, and Cowlee, all in the county of Stafford, of the earls of Lancaster, by this memorable service: The said sir Philip shall find, maintain, and sustain, one bacon. flitch, hanging in his hall at Whichenovre ready arrayed all times of the year but in Lent, to be given to every man or woman married, after the day and the year of their marriage be past, in form fol. lowing*
“ Whensoever that any one such before named will come to inquire for the bacon, in their own person, they shall come to the bailiff, or to the porter of the lordship of Whichenovre, and shall say to them in the manner as ensueth.
• Bailiff, or porter, I do you to know, that I am come for myself to demand one bacon-flyke hanging in the hall of the lord of Whichenovre, after the form thereunto belonging.'
“ After which relation, the bailiff or porter shall assign a day to him, upon promise by his faith to return, and with him to bring twain of his neigh. bours. And in the mean time, the said bailiff shall take with him twain of the freeholders of the lord. ship of Whichenovre, and they three shall go to the manor of Rudlow, belonging to Robert Knightleye, and there shall summon the aforesaid Knightleye, or his bailiff, commanding him to be ready at Whichenovre the day appointed, at prime of day, with his carriage, that is to say, a horse and a saddle, a sack and a pryke, for to convey the said bacon and corn a journey out of the county of Stafa ford, at his costages. And then the said bailiff shall, with the said freeholders, summon all the tenants
There was an institution of the same kind at Dunmow in Essex.
of the said manor, to be ready at the day appointed at Whichenovre, for to do and perform the services which they owe to the bacon. And at the day assigned, all such as owe services to the bacon shall be ready at the gate of the manor of Whichenovre, from the sun-rising to noon, attending and awaiting for the coming of him who fetcheth the bacon. And when he is come, there shall be delivered to him and his fellows, chapelets, and to all those which shall be there, to do their services due to the bacon. And they shall lead the said de. mandant with trumps and tabors, and other manner of minstrelsy, to the hall door, where he shall find the lord of Whichenovre, or his steward, ready to deliver the bacon in this manner.
“ He shall inquire of him which demandeth the bacon, if he have brought twain of his neighbours with him: which must answer, 'they be here ready.? And then the steward shall cause these two neighbours to swear, if the said demandant be a wedded man, or have been a man wedded; and if since his marriage one year and a day be past; and if he be a freeman or a villain *. And if his said neighbours make oath that lie hath for him all these three points rehearsed, then shall the bacon be taken down and brought to the hall door, and shall there be laid upon one half-quarter of wheat, and upon one other of rye. And he that demandeth the bacon shall kneel upon his knee, and shall hold his right hand upon a book, which book shall be laid upon the bacon and the corn, and shall make oath in this manner.
• Hear ye, Sir Philip de Somerville, lord of Whichenovre, mayntener and gyver of this baconne:
* i. e. According to the acceptation of the word at the date of this institution, a freeman, or a servant.'
that I A sithe I wedded B my wife, and sithe I had hyr in my kepying, and at my wylle by a year and a day after our marriage, I would not have chaunged for none other; farer ne fowler; richer ne pourer ; ne for none other descended of greater lynage ; sleeping ne waking, at noo tyme. And if the seyd B were sole, and I sole, I would take her
wife before all the wymen of the world, of what condiciones soever they be, good or evylle; as help me God and his seyntes, and this flesh and all fleshes.'
“ And his neighbours shall make oath, that they trust verily he hath said truly. And if it be found by his neighbours before named, that he be a free. man, there shall be delivered to him half a quarter of wheat and a cheese ; and if he be a villain, he shall have a quarter of rye without cheese. And then shall Knightleye, the lord of Rudlow, be called for, to carry all these things tofore rehearsed; and the said corn shall be laid on one horse and the bacon above it: and he to whom the bacon appertaineth shall ascend upon his horse, and shall take the cheese before him, if he have a horse. And if he have none, the lord of Whichenovre shall cause him to have one horse and saddle, to such time as he be passed his lordship; and so shall they depart the manor of Whichenovre with the corn and the bacon, ofore him that hath won it, with trumpets, taborets, and other manner of minstrelsy. And all the free tenants of Whichenovre shall conduct him to be passed the lordship of Whiche
And then shall they all return except him to whom appertaineth to make the carriage and journey without the county of Stafford, at the costs of his lord of Whichenovre."