Carlsberg Fund has promised to defray the expenses of an additional Norwegian Icelandic section, continuing the work into the fifteenth century.

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: G. Seeliger, Forschungen zur Geschichte der Grundherrschaft im früheren Mittelalter (Hist. Vierteljahrschrift, Aug. A useful survey of the successive views).

MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORY. Dr. Ludwig Pastor has undertaken to publish a collection of documents on papal history from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century (Ungedruckte Akten zur Geschichte der Päpste vornehmlich im XV.XVII. Jahrhundert) as supplement to his history of the Popes. Vol. I. comprises 205 documents and comes to 1464.

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: P. Richard, Origines de la Nonciature de France : Nonces Résidants avant Léon X., 1456-1511 (Revue des Questions Historiques, July); S. Ehses, Hat Paolo Sarpi für seine Geschichte des Konzils von Trient aus Quellen geschöpft, die jetzt nicht mehr fliessen? (Historisches Jahrbuch, XXVI. 2); J. F. Jameson, The Age of Erudition (University of Chicago Record, July).

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. Longmans, Green and Co. announce an important co-operative Political History of England, under the general editorship of Rev. William Hunt, now President of the Royal Historical Society. It will comprise twelve octavo volumes (450-500 pp.) and will be intended for the public, though furnished with critical and bibliographical appendices to each volume. The authors are announced as follows: Vol. I. 1066, Thomas Hodgkin; II. 1066-1216, Professor George B. Adams; III. 1216– 1377, T. F. Tout; IV. 1377-1485, C. Oman; V. 1485-1547, H. A. L. Fisher; VI. 1547–1603, A. F. Pollard; VII. 1603-1660, F. C. Montague; VIII. 1660-1702, R. Lodge; IX. 1702–1760, I. S. Leadam; X. 1760–1801, Rev. W. Hunt; XI. 1801-1837, Hon. G. C. Brodrick and J. K. Fotheringham; XII. 1837–1901, Sidney J. Low. Some of these volumes will appear the present year.

The Clarendon Press published in July an Illustrated Catalogue of a Loan Collection of Portraits of English Historical personages who died between 1625 and 1714 recently exhibited at Oxford. The volume is of much interest and contains descriptions of 228 portraits (representing 42 painters, the chief of whom are Kneller and Lely) with brief biographical notes on the subjects; 66 of these are excellently reproduced. A brief introduction by Mr. Lionel Cust, Director of the National Portrait Gallery, sketches the development of portrait painting that came in the later seventeenth century through the influence of Van Dyck. The artistic interest of the volume is perhaps not very great, but the student of the period will find it of much service. The orig als were contributed to the Loan Exhibition mainly by the different Oxford


colleges, though the largest single contribution was that of the Bodleian Library.

The first three volumes of the official series of Indian Records published by the government of India, Bengal in 1756-57, with an historical introduction by the editor, Mr. S. C. Hill, will shortly appear (London, Murray).

It was announced that the literary executors of Cardinal Newman have entrusted the writing of his biography to Mr. Wilfrid Ward. The life of Cardinal Manning has been undertaken by the Rev. W. H. Kent, who is in possession of much new material.

Mr. John Murray will shortly publish Further Memoirs of the Whig Party, 1807-1821, by the third Lord Holland, edited by Lord Stavordale; a Life of Sir James Graham, edited by Mr. C. S. Parker; and The Military Life of H. R. H. the Duke of Cambridge, written under the authority of the late duke from documents in his own possession. But the Letters of Queen Victoria, edited by Mr. A. C. Benson and Viscount Esher, though progressing rapidly, cannot, it is announced, be ready for some months.

An organization called “The Cantilupe Society " has been instituted, for the publication of episcopal registers and other ecclesiastical documents of the diocese of Hereford. The secretary is the Rev. J. R. Burton of Ludlow.

In connection with Macmillan's recent announcement of The Life of St. Patrick and his Place in History, by Professor J. B. Bury, it should be noticed that N. J. D. White, D.D., has published in Vol. XXV. of the Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy (Dublin, 1905), a new critical edition of “ Libri Sancti Patricii, The Latin Writings of St. Patrick ”, with introduction and English translations.

The scanty material on Irish history of the middle of the eighteenth century is now being added to by the publication in the English Historical Review of the correspondence of Archbishop Stone and the Duke of Newcastle, edited by C. Litton Falkiner from the Newcastle Papers in the British Museum. The first installment (July) is confined to the year 1753 and throws light upon an important and obscure controversy on finances in the Irish Parliament in that year; a matter which is represented as important in the development of the modern Irish Party. In this connection there is an interesting article in the July Edinburgh Review, “Ireland under George II.”, based on the “Report on the MSS. of Mrs. Stopford-Sackville of Drayton House, Northamptonshire ", I., 1904.

Vol. IX. of the second series of Archaeologia contains interesting accounts of the recent excavations of Caergwent (Venta Silurum), of additional portions of the Roman wall of London found at Newgate, of the hauberk of chain mail and its conventional representations, and of the Crystal of Lothair; also, some chancery proceedings of the fifteenth century and records of the manor of Durringdon.

The latest volume of the Oxford Historical Society is an excellent numismatical treatise, well illustrated by facsimiles, Oxford Silver Pennies from A. D. 925 to A. D. 1272, by Mr. C. L. Stainer.

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: W. T. Waugh, Sir John Oldcastle, I. (English Historical Review, July).

FRANCE. The French government is projecting a reorganization of French archival deposits, attention having been called to defects by historical societies and legislative discussion. A commission of investigation has been established under the presidency of the Minister of Public Instruction. The main change projected is the nationalization of the administration of the archives, the departmental archives being now locally controlled and without close relations with the central ones. This movement toward centralization is however opposed by the consistent advocates of provincial autonomy.

M. Aulard has begun a new and revised edition of his Orateurs de la Révolution, the first volume, “L'Assemblée Constituante ”, having appeared (Paris, 1905, pp. 573).

Students of revolutionary history will welcome any additions to the publications of municipal Procès-verbaux. Those of the city of Lyons that were issued last year will be usefully supplemented by those of a neighboring town, Villefranche-sur-Saone, which reflects the development in its great neighbor. This is being published now in the Journal de Villefranche, edited by Dr. A. Besançon; the first volume covers 1789-1793.

The Société d'Histoire Contemporaine has undertaken the publication of the Correspondance of La Forêt, French ambassador in Spain 1808-1813. There are 835 dispatches, which will be published during the next six years in six volumes.

The Société des Archives Historiques de la Gironde issues as its volume for 1904 a reproduction of fifty seventeenth-century drawings of the towns and monuments of southwest France. These were the work of two Dutch artists, Hermann van der Hem and Joachim de Weert.

The Société Archéologique et Historique de la Charente 'has published Tables Générales of its Bulletins et Mémoires, 1845-1900, prepared by J. Baillet and J. de la Martinière (Angoulême, 1905, PP. 365).

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: Lucien Febvre, La FrancheComté (Revue de Synthèse Historique, April and June); V. L. Bourilly, Les Rapports de François I. et d'Henri II. avec les Ducs de Savoie, Charles II. et Émanuel Philibert, 1515-1559, d'après des Travaux Récents (Revue d'Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine, June); E. Bourgeois, La Collaboration de Saint-Simon et de Torcy; Étude Critique sur les Mémoires de St.-Simon (Revue Historique, July-August); W. Struck, Die Notabelnversammlung von 1787 (Historische Vierteljahrschrift, August); P. Boissonade, Les Études relatives à l'Histoire Économique de la Révolution Française, 1789–1804 (Revue de Synthèse Historique, April and June); A. Mathiez, La Question Sociale pendant la Révolution Française (La Révolution Française, May 14); E. Daudet, L'Eglise et le Roi pendant l’Emigration, d'après des Documents Inédits (Le Correspondant, May 10); P. Caron, Les Comités Militaires des Assemblées de la Révolution, 1789—an VIII. (Revue d'Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine, July); H. Poulet, Le Département de la Meuse à la fin du Directoire et au début du Consulat (La Révolution Française, XXIV. 7, 8).


For the benefit of students at a distance, who may desire palaeographical or historical information from Italian libraries or archives, there has been established at Florence (Via delle Lane, 7), under the charge of Professor I. M. Palmarini, an Istituto delle Carte, which engages to make such researches at a modest rate of compensation. There will be corresponding secretaries in other Italian towns. The telegraphic address is “ Istitcarte, Firenze."

The labors of foreigners in Italian archives will still further be facilitated by the recent establishment in Rome of what is called an “Uffizio Bibliografico,” intended to undertake researches and to supply copies of documents or bibliographical information. Not long since Professor Benigni established such a bureau in Rome (Via della Stettetta, 7), and Professor Enrico Celani has now opened another (Via Vittoria Colonna, 18). Both of these undertake archival work in any part of Italy.

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: A. Solini, La Funzione Pratica della Storia del Diritto Italiano nelle Scienze Giuridiche (Rivista Italiana per le Scienze Giuridiche, XXXV.); E. Romano, La Guerra fra i Visconti e la Chiesa, 1360-1376 (Bollettino del Società Pavese di Storia Patria, III).

GERMANY, AUSTRIA. At the office of the Prussian Gesammtkatalog in Berlin a general information bureau for German libraries has been recently established. It is designed to furnish information as to whether any desired and specified book is in any of the associated German libraries, and, if so, just where it may be found. The charge for each book sought is ten pfennigs.

Dr. Reinhold Koser of the Prussian Archives has been placed at the head of the Direction of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica, with the work remaining mainly in the hands of Professor 0. Holder-Egger.

The Historisches Jahrbuch, XXVI. 3, pp. 698-704, gives a detailed statement concerning the publications of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica, as given out June 8, and (p. 704) a similar statement of the publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse and Waldeck. In XXVI. 1, of the same journal, will be found detailed information of the state of the publications and undertakings of the Roman Institute of the Görres-Gesellschaft, of the Historical Commission of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, of the Historical Commission of Baden, and of the Commission for the Modern History of Austria. It should be remarked that the publication of the German Städtechroniken has been placed upon a new footing by the appointment of Professor Georg von Below as director in succession to the late Karl von Hegel, and by specific resolutions as to immediate publication and the scope of the entire undertaking.

Recent issues of German provincial collections are as follows: Regesten der Markgrafen von Baden und Hochberg, III. 3-4 (14311453); Inventäre des grossherzöglichen Badischen General-landarchivs, II. 1; Monumenta Historica Ducatus Carinthiae, III. (A. D. 800-1202); Codex Diplomaticus Lusatiae Superioris, II. (1434-1437); Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, XXI. (1386-1390); Codex Diplomaticus et Epistolaris Moraviae, XIV., XV. (1408–1411); Urkunden und Regesten zur Geschichte der Rheinlande aus dem Vatikanischen Archiv, II. (1327-1341); Urkunden zur Pfälzischen Kirchengeschichte im Mittelalter (XIII.-XVI. cent.); Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae, XXII. (1327– 1333); Urkundenbuch des Herzogthums Steiermark, III. (1246-1260); Regesta Diplomatica necnon Epistolaria Historiae Thuringiae, III. (1228-1247); Westfälisches Urkundenbuch, VIII. (1277–1284); Quellen und Darstellungen zur Geschichte Niedersachsens, X. Urkundenbuch des Stiftes und Stadt Hameln, II. (XV.-XVI. cent.); XI. Urkundenbuch des Hochstifts Hildesheim und seiner Bischöfe, III. (1260-1310); Thüringische Geschichtsquellen, VI. Urkundenbuch der Stadt Jena und ihrer geistlichen Anstalten, II. (1406-1525); Geschichtsquellen der Provins Sachsen, XXXIII. Urkundenbuch des Klosters Pforte, I. (13001350); Quellenbuch der Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte, VI. Quellen zur Geschichte des Bistums Schleswig; Quellen zur Geschichte der Stadt Wien, II. (1458–1493).

B. Krusch has edited for the Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Handausgabe, Jonas's “Vitae Sanctorum Columbani, Vedastis, Johannis” (Hannover and Leipzig, 1905, pp. xii, 366). He had already edited these for Volumes II. and IV. of the Scriptores Rerum Merovingicarum; here however they are not merely brought together in a more convenient form, but Krusch has also used for the Life of Columban almost three times as many manuscripts (c. 115) as in the preceding edition and has added many new readings. He has also taken the opportunity to retract his former statements as to the place of the baptism of Clovis. The other changes are of less importance.

The German Government has presented to the Harvard College Library a complete set of the Stenographische Berichte of the German Reichstag, beginning in 1867 with the Reichstag of the North German Confederation. The set comprises 255 volumes and new volumes will

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