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propriated for e ucation among

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nishing superin. tendents, agents,

with offices and

under the direction of the President of the United States, a sum not exceeding five thousand dollars: Provided, No portion of this sum shall be expended, for the purpose of removing said Indians, until the President shall first obtain a home for them among some of the tribes west of the Mississippi river, with their consent, and without any charge upon

the government. No moneys ap- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That from and after the

thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and forty-eight, no moIndian tribes to be neys which have been or may be appropriated for the purwhere than poses of education among the Indian tribes shall be exanong said tribes.

pended for any such object elsewhere than in the Indian country: Provided, that this shall not apply to appropriations the expenditures of which are or may be, by treaty stipulations, under the direction either of the President of the

United States or of the Indian tribes, respectively. Repeal of the Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That so much of the fain acts for fur: first section of the act entitled “An act to amend an act en

· titled "An act to provide for the better organization of the and sub-agents Department of Indian Affairs,' and an act entitled An act to dwelling houses. regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, and to

preserve peace on the frontiers,' approved June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and thirty-four, and for other purposes," approved March third, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, as is in the following words : “And the superintendents, agents, and sub-agents, shall be furnished with offices for the transaction of the public business, and the agents and sub-agents with houses for their residences, at the expense of the United States, and, with the assent of the Indians, be permitted to cultivate such portions of land as the President or Secretary of War may deem proper,” be, and the same is hereby, re

pealed. The names and Sec. 4. And be it further enncted, That the Secretary of

War cause to be ascertained the number and names of such remained in the individuals and families, including each member of every Carolina after the family of the Cherokee nation of Indians, that remained in

the State of North Carolina at the time of the ratification of certained, and a the treaty of New Echota, May twenty-three, eighteen hunstund to be set apart for them, dred and thirty-six, and who have not removed west of the interest on the Mississippi, or received the commutation for removal and to each individual subsistence, and report the same to the Secretary of the

Treasury; whereupon the Secretary of the Treasury shall set apart, out of any moneys in the treasury not otherwise appropriaidd, a sum equal to fifty-three dollars and thirtythree cents for each individual ascertained as aforesaid, and that he cause to be paid to every such individual, or his or her legal representative, interest at the rate of six per cent. per annum on such per capita, from the said twenty-third day of May, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, to the time of the passage of this act, and continue annually thereafter said payment of interest at the rate aforesaid.

The names and mber of the

State of North

treaty of New Echota to be as.

of said tribe.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That whenever, here- whenever any after, any individual or individuals of said Cherokee Indians diwd^o?'*TM* shall desire to remove and join the tribe west of the Missis- ^^"on"*" sippi, then the Secretary of War shall be authorized to Mississippi, the withdraw from the fund set apart as aforesaid the sum of toTMI withdrawn fifty-three dollars and thirty-three cents, and the interest due tSeiTKmortaM and unpaid thereon, and apply the same, or such part thereof subsistence, as shall be necessary, to the removal and subsistence of such individual or individuals, and pay the remainder, if any, or the whole, if the said Indians or any of them shall prefer to remove themselves, to such individuals or heads of families upon their removal west of the Mississippi: Provided, That Proviso, the amount herein required to be funded for the benefit of the said Cherokees in North Carolina, and the amount required to be paid them, shall be charged to the general Cherokee fund, under the treaty of New Echota, and shall be reimbursed therefrom.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of SecreUrT or War be, and he is hereby, authorized to appoint a commis- war to appoint«.

. . . ,, . •/?' . rf. . . commissioner to

stoner to issue the "certificates" contemplated in the mstruc- issuecertain options of that department to General William B. Mitchell, "oTt^^cr dated April thirtieth, eighteen hundred and forty, in relation to certain Cmmi*

, , .' , . ' .°. , „ . against the Otto

the claims of certain citizens against the Ottowas, Chippewas, was, cwppewa?. and Pottawatomies, and the Pottawatomies of Indiana, and SL. p°"awatothe sum of two thousand dollars is hereby appropriated for said purpose.

Approved July 29, 1848.

CHAP. 119.—AN ACT for the payment of liquidated claims against Mexico.

[sec. I.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby au- ciaime^aiready thorized and directed to pay, out of any money in the trea- ^^ed?"f^ sury not otherwise appropriated, to the claimants, or their for. legal representatives, the amount now due by reason of the claims already liquidated and decided against the Mexican republic, under the conventions between that republic and the United States, severally concluded on the eleventh day of April, eighteen hundred and thirty-nine, and the thirtieth day of January, eighteen hundred and forty-three, and for which certificates have been issued by the Secretary of the Treasury: Provided, That, before such payment, the said claim- Proviso; ceruants, or their legal representatives,shall surrender and deliver been"inued*II up the certificates issued to them, respectively, from the Trea- ^jjjjjj^ be sury Department of the United States, under the provisions of the act of Congress of the first of September, eighteen hundred and forty-one.

Sec 2. And be it further enacted, That all interest shall when interest • cease from the day of payment, which shall be notified by the

Secretary of the Treasury, not exceeding ninety days from the passage of this act.

Approved July 29, 1848.

CHAP. 120.-AN ACT for the relief of certain surviving widows of officers

and soldiers of the revolutionary army.

Certain widows of revolutionary

diers, &c., to be

be entitled to, if

to a further pen.

[Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre.

sentatives of the United States of America in Congress as.

lows sembled, That the widows of all officers, non commissioned officers and sol. officers, musicians, soldiers, mariners, or marines, and Inentitled to' a pen. dian spies, who shall have served in the continental line, sion of equal amount that their Siate troops, volunteers, militia, or in the naval service, in husbands would the revolutionary war with Great Britain, shall be entitled to tving.

a pension during such widowhood, of equal amount per an. num that their husbands would be entitled to, if living, under existing pension laws ; to commence on the fourth day of March, eighteen hundred and forty-eight, and to be paid in the same manner that other pensions are paid to widows ; but

no widow now receiving a pension shall be entitled to receive No widow now a further pension under ihe provisions of this act; and receiving a pen. sion to be entitled no widow married after the first day of January, one thousand sion under this eight hundred, shall be entiiled to receive a pension under this

act.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any pledge, sale, assignment, mortgage, sale, assignment, or transfer of any right, claim, or der this act to be interest, in any way granted by this act, shall be utterly void

and of no effect, nor shall the annuities or pension granted by this act be liable to attachment, levy, or seizure by any process of law or equity, but shall inure wholly to the personal

benefit of the pensioneror annuitant entitled to the same. The Rules of evi. same rules of evidence, regulations, and prescriptions shall

apply and govern the Commissioner of Pensions and pension agents under this act as now prevail under existing pension laws which relate to widows of revolutionary officers and soldiers.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect immediately.

Approved July 29, 1848.

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CHAP. 121.-AN ACT making appropriations for the naval service, for the

year ending the thirtieth of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine.

[Sec. I.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre. sentatives of the United Siates of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be appropriated for the naval service for the year ending June thirtieth, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine, out of any unappropriated money in the treasury, in addition to the sum of one million

and seamen.

Superintendent

ington.

Superintendents, construct ors, &c., at yards.

five hundred thousand dollars of the unexpended balances of former appropriations for the naval service. The remainder of such unexpended balances, after deducting the said sum of one million five hundred thousand dollars, to be car. ried to the surplus fund.

For pay of commission, warrant, and petty officers, and Pay of officers seamen, including the engineer corps of the navy, two millions one hundred and eighty-nine thousand two hundred, and eleven dollars.

For the pay of the superintendent of the Naval Observatory or Superintendent at Washington city, who shall be a captain, commander, or vatory at Washlieutenant in the navy, three thousand dollars, which shall be the salary per annum of said superintendent. And the provision in the act entitled “ An act making appropriations for the naval service for the year ending the thirtieth of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty.eight,” which is in these words, viz: “including three thousand dollars for pay of the superintendent, who shall be either a captain, commander, or lieutenant in the navy," shall be construed to apply to the superintendent of said Naval Observatory, and shall take effect from and after the passage of that act.

For pay of superintendents, naval constructors, and all the civil establishments at the several navy yards, seventy-four ors, thousand two hundred and twenty dollars.

For provisions for commission, warrant, and petty officers, Provisions. and seamen, including engineers and marines, attached to vessels for sea service, six hundred and seventy-seven thou. sand eight hundred and sixty dollars. . For surgeons' necessaries and appliances for the sick and hurt of the navy, including the marine corps, twenty-eight si thousand five hundred dollars.

For increase, repair, armament, and equipment for the increase, renavy, including wear and tear of vessels in commission, coal for steamers, purchase of hemp, and one million two hundred thousand dollars for completing four first-class steamers, two millions five hundred and thirty-one thousand four hundred and seventy-four dollars.

For ordnance and ordnance stores, including incidental Ordnance and expenses, two hundred and eighteen thousand four hundred and twenty dollars.

For nautical books, maps, charts, instruments, binding and Books, maps, repairing the same, and all expenses of the hydrographical char office, thirty-five thousand dollars. And the Secretary of the Navy is hereby directed to expend five thousand dollars, or so Observations remuch thereof as may be necessary, in causing the observa- commended by tions to be made which have been recently recommended to sophical Society. him by the American Philosophical Society and the Academy of Arts and Sciences.

For contingent expenses that may accrue for the following Miscellaneous purposes, viz : freight and transportation; printing and station. ex ery, advertising in newspapers ; books, maps, models, and drawings; purchase and repair of fire engines and machinery; repair of and attending on steam engines in yards ; purchase

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pair, armament, &c., of vessels.

ordnance stores.

charts, &c.

expenses.

and support of horses and oxen, and driving teams; carts, timber wheels, and the purchase and repair of workmen's tools; postage of public letters; furniture for government houses; fuel, oil, and candles for navy-yards and shore stations; cleaning and clearing up yards; watchmen and incidental labor not chargeable to any other appropriation; labor attending the delivery of stores and supplies on foreign stations; wharfage, dockage, and rent; travelling expenses of officers; funeral expenses; store and office rent; stationery and fuel to navy agents and storekeepers ; flags, awnings, and packing boxes; premiums and other expenses of recruiting; apprehending deserters; per diem pay to persons attending courtsmartial, and courts of inquiry, or other service authorized by law ; pay to judge advocates ; pilotage and towage of vessels; assistance rendered to vessels in distress; seven hundred thousand dollars. And the Secretary of the Navy is hereby authorized, from the sum aforesaid, without further notice or advertisement, out of the appropriation (or provisions, to purchase, at his discretion, a sufficient quantity of flour and corn

• meal prepared and dried by the process and machinery in

vented by J. R. Stafford, of Ohio, to be sent to different naval stations, to test its capacity to resist the influence of time and climate, and to ascertain what advantage there may be in introducing the use of the same for the navy.

of^u"sutei r the transportation of the United States mail between

■aa. '* New York and Liverpool, between New York and New Orleans, and Havana and Chagres, and between Panama and Astoria, under the act of the third of March, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, eight hundred and seventy-four 8«rei»ry of the thousand six hundred dollars. And the Secretary of the

Navy may make Navy is hereby directed to advance to the contractors for said

advances to con- » i . . _ . , ... ,

tracion. service, or to their assignees, for the purpose of enabling them to finish the steamships contiacted for under their respective contracts, the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars per month on each of said ships, after such ship shall have been launched; but the money so advanced under any one of said contracts shall not exceed the amount of one year's compensation, stipulated for in such contract, to be secured in all cases by a lien on said ships, in such manner as the Secretary of the Navy may require; and the money so advanced shall be faithfully expended in finishing said ships to the satisfaction of When contract the Secretary of the Navy ; and compensation on the contract StoruanTM*hatii from Panama to Astoria shall commence from the lime the ships are ready for service, and placed at the disposal of the United States; the said annual compensation, however, not to commence until first October, eighteen hundred and fortyeight '• Provided, That the contractor for the line from Panama to Astoria, as the condition of this advance, be required to stop and deliver and take mails at San Diego, San Francisco, and Monterey, in California, if required so to do by the Secretary of the Navy, with the concurrence of the Postmaster General: And provided further, That, in consideration of the

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