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jurisdiction of the several courts herein provided for, both appellate and original, and that of the probate courts and of Jmtieet of the justices of the peace, shall be as limited by law: Provided, pcaceThat justices of the peace shall not have jurisdiction of any case in which the title to land shall in anywise come in ques- ^ tion, or where the debt or damages claimed shall exceed one hundred dollars; and the said supreme and district courts, respectively', shall possess chancery as well as common law jurisdiction. Each district court, or the judge Each district thereof, shall appoint its clerk, who shall also be the register fuctort "pp01" in chancery, and shall keep his office at the place where the court may be held. Writs of error, bills of exception, and &cwtrjViieow0ed appeals shall be allowed in all cases from the final decisions from decisions of of said district courts to the supreme court, under such supreme court, regulations as may be prescribed by law; but in no case removed to the supreme court shall trial by jury be allowed in said court. The supreme court, or the justices thereof, supreme court shall appoint its own clerk, and every clerk shall hold his cierk*pp°"lt ** office at the pleasure of the court for which he shall have been appointed. Writs of error and appeals from the final ^"{j^ e2°J> decisions of said supreme court shall be allowed, and may sioas of supreme be taken to the Supreme Court of the United States, in the Sd'To0^^; same manner and under the same regulations as from the £d°|{a0tJitue Uni" circuit courts of the United States, where the value of the e" property or the amount in controversy, to be ascertained by the oath or affirmation of either party, or other competent witness, shall exceed two thousand dollars, and in all cases where the constitution of the United States, or acts of Congress, or a treaty of the United States, is brought in question; and each of the said district courts shall have and exercise the same jurisdiction in all cases arising under the constitution djcJ?nn0foy,?rict of the United States, and the laws of said Territory, as is courts, vested in the circuit and district courts of the United States; . writs of error and appeal in all such cases shall be made to the supreme court of said Territory, the same as in other cases. Writs of error and appeals from the final decisions of said supreme court shall be allowed, and may be taken to the Supreme Court of the United States, in the same manner as from the circuit courts of the United States, where the value of the property, or the amount in controversy, shall exceed two thousand dollars; and each of said district courts shall have and exercise the same jurisdiction in all cases arising under the constitution and laws of the United States, as is vested in the circuit and district courts of the United States, and also of all cdses arising under the laws of the said Territory, and otherwise. The said clerk shall receive, in all such cases, the same fees which the clerks of the district Fees of clerks, courts of the late Wisconsin Territory received for similar services. .

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That there shall be ap- Attorney! pointed an attorney for said Territory, who*shall continue in office for four years, and until his successor shall be appoint

ed and qualified, unless sooner removed by the President, ^husfees and 1a an(j wri0 sriai] receive the same fees and salary as were provided by law for the attorney of the United States for the. late ituihii- Territory of Wisconsin. There shall also bo a Ynarshal for the Territory appointed, who7 shall hold his office for four .years, and until his successor shall be appointed and qualiHi«dutie«,&C. flecj^ unless sooner removed by the President, and who shall execute all processes issuing from the said courts, when exercising their jurisdiction as circuit and district courts of the United States; he shall perform the duties, be subject to the same regulation and penalties, and be entitled to the same fees, as were provided by law for the maishal of the district court of the United States for the present [late] Territory of compensation. Wisconsin; and shall, in addition, be paid two hundred dollars annually as a compensation for extra services. GoTernor, sec- Sec. 11. And be itjurther enacted, That the governor, secalScTateju/tj^ retary, chief justice and associate justices, attorney, and marniHshaTto be"d- shal, shall be nominated, and, by and with the advice and '•rejidl'nt'u consent °f tne Senate, appointed by the President of the with the advice United States. The governor and secretary to be appointed lenaCn,eB,eflhc as aforesaid shall, before they act as such, respectively

offlciafoa'thi kc* ta'ie an 03i^ or an^rmanon: before the district judge, or some

o cia oa , c. justjce Qf ^e peace jn trie limits of said Territory, duly authorized to administer oaths and affirmations by tho laws now in force therein, or before the chief justice or some associate , jHStice of the Supreme Court of the United States, to support the constitution of the United States, and faithfully to discharge the duties of their respective offices; which said oaths, when so taken, shall be certified by the person by whom the same shall have been taken, and such certificates shall be received and recorded by the said secretaiy among the executive proceedings; and the chief justice and associate justices, and all other civil officers in said Territory, be• fore they act as such, shall take a like oath or affirmation, before the said governor or secretary, or some judge or justice of the peace of the Territory, who may be duly commissioned and qualified ; which said oath or affirmation shall be certified and transmitted by the person taking the .same, to the secretary, to be by him recorded as aforesaid; and, afterwards, the like oath or affirmation shall be taken, certified, and recorded, in such manner and form as may be presaiary of gov- scribed by law. The governor shall receive an annual sala

"rnor ry of fifteen hundred dollars as governor, and fifteen hun

dred dollars as superintendent of Indian affairs. The chief justice and associate justices shall each receive an annual salary of "ere salary of two thousand dollars. The secretary shall receive

*"7' an annual salary of fifteen hundred dollars. The said sala

ries shall be paid quarter-yearly, from the dates of the respective appointments, at the treasury of the United States; but no such payment shall be made until said officers shall have entered upon the duties of their respective appointments. i • —

The members of tha legislative assembly shall be entitled to compensation receive threo dollars each per day during their attendance at "egisTatSveTs'semthe sessjon thereof, and three dollars each for every twenty M'miles travel in going to and returning from said sessions, es- , timated according to the nearest usually travelled route. And a chief clerk, one assistant clerk, a sergeant-at-arms, and officers of iegdoorkeeper, may be chosen for each house; and the chief "lat,V£ *s"mblyclerk shall receive five dollars per day, and the said other officers three dollars peylay, during the session of the legislative assembly; but no other officers shall be paid by the United States: Provided, That there shall be but one session of Proviso, the legislature annually, unless, on an extraordinary occasion, the governor shall think proper to call the legislature together. There shall be appropriated, annually, the sum of fifteen nun- Provision ror

t ■ * contingent ox

dred dollars, to be expended by the governor to defray the penses. ■ contingent expenses of the Territory, including the salary of a clerk of the executive department; and there shall also be appropriated, annually, a sufficient sum, to be expended by , the secretary of the Territory, and upon an estimate to be made by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, to defray the expenses of the legislative assembly, the printing of the laws, and other incidental expenses; and the gov• ernor and secretary of the Territory shall, in the disbursement of all moneys intrusted to them, be governed solely by the instructions of the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, and shall semi-annually account to the said Secretary for the manner in which the aforesaid [sum] moneys shall have been expended; and no expenditure, to be paid out - of money appropriated by Congress, shall be made by said legislative assembly for objects not specially authorized by the acts of CongressTnaking the appropriations, nor beyond the sums thus appropriated for such objects.

Sec. 12. And be it further enacted. That the rivers and salmon leap*

f ■ 1 m ■ • I'll n0tbe OD

streams of water in said Territory of Oregon in which salm- s^ructed
on are found, or to which they resort, shall not be obstruct-
ed by dams or otherwise, unless such dams or obstructions
are so constructed as to allow salmon to pass freely up and .
down such rivers and streams.

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That the sum of ten Appropriations thousand dollars be, and is hereby appropriated, to be ex- expels"' ^fpended under the direction of the President of the United Ptm^*- for pre_ States, in payment for the services and expenses of such per- sent* to Indians, sons as have been engaged by the provisional government of Oregon in conveying communications to and from the United States, and the purchase of presents for such of the Indian tribes as the peace and quietude of the country requires.

Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That the inhabitants l7Sr forDgovernof said Territory shall be entitled to enjoy all and singular °fte the rights, privileges, and advantages granted and secured to extended over the people of the territory of the United States north- 'oKSTM"itorf * west of the river Ohio, by the articles of compact contained > in the ordinance for the government of said territory, on the

thirteenth day of July, seventeen hundred and eighty-°«,s..r and shall be subject to all the conditions, and restrictions, and prohibitions in said articles of compact imposed upon the people of said territory; and the existing laws now in force in the Territory of Oregon, under the authority of the provisional government established by the people thereof, shall 'continue to be valid and operative therein, so far as the same •be not incompatible with the constitution of the United States, and the principles and provisions of this act; subject, nevertheless, to be altered, modified, Ir repealed, by the leAll grants of gislative assembly of the said Territory of Oregon; but all mad'ir^"d T>tm laws heretofore> passed in said Territory,making grants of android.be nul1 ^an£or otherwise affecting or incumbering the title to.lands, .shall be,and are hereby declared to be, null and void; and the laws of the United States are hereby extended over, and declared to be in force in, said Territory, so far as the same, or any provision thereof, may be applicable. Time of holding Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That the legislative utVvT'aMemfiy assembly of the Territory of Oregon shall hold its first ses«at of ago?ern! sion at sllch ume and place in said Territory as the governor n>«>t. thereof shall appoint and direct; and at said firsfsession,or

as soon thereafter as they shall deem expedient, the legislative assembly shall proceed to locate and establish the seat of government for said Territory at such place as they may deem eligible; which place, however, shall thereafter be subject to 1 . be changed by said legislative assembly. And the sum of

$s,nuo appro- five thousand dollars, out of any money in the treasury not LTV&c'01 buUd omerwise appropriated, is hereby appropriated and granted to "fcf'said Territory of" Oregon, to be there applied, by the governor, to the erection of suitable buildings at the seat of government. Delegate to Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That a delegate to the "eSTeeoPthe House of Representatives of the United States, to serve/or bcn,ei«ted*t^ ,0 t,le term of two years, who shall be a citizen of the United States, may be elected by the voters qualified to elect members of the legislative assembly, who shall be entitled to the same rights and privileges as have been heretofore exercised and enjoyed by the delegates from the several other Teintories of the United States to the said House of Representatives; but the delegate first elected shall hold his seat only during the term of the Congress to which he shall be electTime of elect- ed. The first election shall be held, at such time and places, ingaaddelegate, anc| be con(juctecj m sucn manner, as the governor shall appoint and direct;,of which, and the time, place, and manner of holding such elections, he shall give at least sixty days notice by proclamation; and at all subsequent elections, the times, places, and manner of holding the elections shall be prescribed by law. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be declared by the governor to be duly c'e^ITM' Hit mileage and a certificate thereof shall be given accordingly- .

delegate from said Territory shall not be entitled to receive more than twenty-five hundred dollars at any one session o Congress, as a compensation for his mileage, in going t0 and returning from the seat of government of the United States, any act of Congress to the contrary notwithstanding.

Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That all suits, process, Au suits, proand proceedings, civil and criminal, at law and in chancery, ^;*dT?u0Ct5S and all indictments and informations, which shall be pending ^j^jj"^ "^J; and undetermined in the courts established by authority of ing inWcourt* the provisional government of Oregon, within the limits of g0veraPi!Ient'io of said Territory, when this act shall take effect, shall be trans- „d to the'Xwa fbrred to be heard, tried, prosecuted, and determined in the dis- ^'g,"1,*8,^ trict courts hereby established, which may include the coun- Territory. "* ties or districts where any such proceeding may be pending.' All bonds, recognizances, and obligations of every kind whatsoever, valid under the existing laws within the limits of said Territory, shall be valid under this act; and all crimes and misdemeanors against the laws in force within said limits may be prosecuted, tried, and punished in the courts established by this act; and all penalties, forfeitures, actions, and causes of action, may be" recovered under this act, in like manner as they would have been under the laws in force within the limits composing said Territory at the time, this act shall go into operation: Provided, That the laws, penalties, and Proriso. forfeitures and punishments, by this section required to be enforced by the courts provided for by this act, shall not be inconsistent with the constitution of the United States: And provided further, That no right of action whatever shall accrue against any person for any act done in pursuance of . any law heretofore passed by the temporary government, and* which may be declared contrary to the constitution of the United States.

Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That all justices of the Justices of the peace, constables, sheriffs, and all other judicial and ministe- b1«,esWff«?fa:*j rial officers, who shall be in office within the limits of said *^°e Territory when this act shall take effect, shall be, and they ^c,'h|01nli^5 are hereby, authorized and required to continue to exercise 'neofiice wither and perform the duties of their respective offices as officers "ectedl'"r aTM of the Territory of Oregon until they or others shall be gj'g^ f^,i0 duly elected or appointed, and qualified to fill their places in 1 eirp*c6'' the manner herein directed, or until their offices shall be abolished.

Sbc. 19. And be it further enacted, That the sum of five Appropriation thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated out bre^,'."00 foriU" of any moneys in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be expended, by and under the direction of the said governor of the Territory of Oregon, in the purchase of a library, to be kept at the seat of government for the use of the govenor, legislative assembly, judges of the supreme court, secretary, marshal, and attorney of said Territory, and such other persons, and under such regulations, as shall be prescribed by law.

Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That when the lands Reservation or in the said Territory shall be surveyed under the direction of icho'ois" u'e 01 the government of the United States, preparatory to bringing

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