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Fees for record-' Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That hereafter the ComiS? ',ss,gnment'' missioner of Patents shall require a fee of one dollar for recording any assignment, grant, or conveyance, of the whole or any part of the interest in letters patent, or power of attorney, or license to make or use the things patented, when such instrument shall not exceed three hundred words; the sum of two dollars when it shall exceed three hundred, and shall not exceed one thousand words; and the sum of three dollars when it shall exceed one thousand words ; which fees shall in all cases be paid in advance. Two additional Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there shall be apb?p»proiBte**to pointed in manner aforesaid two clerks, to be employed in copying and recording, and in other services, in the Patent Office, who shall each be paid a salary of one thousand two hundred dollars per annum.

reports Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Commissioner

«f the Tatcnt 01

by mai postage.

T be tent of Patents is hereby authorized to send by mail, free of post-
1 free of tne annua[ reports of the Patent Office, in the same
manner in which he is empowered to send letters and pack-
ages relating to the business of the Patent Office.
Approved May 27,1848.

CHAP. 48.—AN ACT extending privileges to American vessels engaged in a certain mentioned trade, and for other purposes.

[sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress ussteanuhipj or SE7n.hled, That it shall hereafter be lawful for any steamship

other reentered , > , , . , , . . > _ . *

>enfi. engaged or other vessel, on being duly registered in pursuance of the tr«iehmay0"tS laws of the United Slates, to engage in trade between one dun'nP°rt 'n ,ne United States and one or more ports within the »ge. same, with the privilege of touching at one or more foreign

ports during the voyage, and land and take in thereat merchandise, passengers and their baggage, and letters, and mails: Proviio. such Provided, That all such vessels shall be furnished by the LPihedw^thcert'- collectors of the ports at which they shall take in their cargoes lied manjfeit., kc. jn tne United States, with certified manifests, setting forth the particulars of the cargoes, the marks, number of packages, by whom shipped, to whom consigned, at what port to be delivered; designating such goods as are entitled to drawback, or to the privilege of being placed in warehouse; and the masters of all such vessels shall, on their arrival at any port of the United States from any foreign port at which such vessel may have touched, as herein provided, conform to the laws providing for the delivery of manifests, of cargo and passengers taken on board at such foreign port, and all other laws regulating the report and entry of vessels from foreign ports, and be subject to all the penalties therein prescribed.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all vessels, and vesselsengaged their cargoes, engaged in the trade referred to in this act, red^VtatwTS shall become subject to the provisions of existing collection to^istTng""^TMand revenue laws on arrival in any port in the United States: «on and revenue Provided, That any foreign goods, wares, or merchand lse, Proviso, taken in at one port of the United States, to be conveyed in said vessels to any other pern within the same, either under the provisions of the warehousing act of sixth August, eighteen hundred and forty-six, or under the laws regulating the transportation coastwise of goods entitled to drawback, as well as any goods, wares, or merchandise not entitled to * drawback, but on which the import duties chargeable by law shall have been duly paid, shall not become subject to any import duty by reason of the vessel in which they may arrive having touched at a foreign port during the voyage, in pursuance of the privilege given in this act. 1

Approved May 27, 1848.

CHAP. 49.—AN ACT explanatory of the act entitled " An act to raise, for a limited time, an additional military force, and for other proposes," approved eleventh February, eighteen hundred and forty-seven.

[sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre~ senlatives of the United States of America in Congress as- "Relatives," a« sembled, That the term " relatives," as used in the ninth sec- u'^^l^1, tion of the act entitled " An act to raise, for a limited time, an J8^','/^"/^ additional military force, and for other purposes," approved additional milieleventh February, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, shall *nol^item* be considered as extending to the brothers and sisters of those ,iJered u 'uchpersons whose services, under that act, may have entitled them to the land therein provided: the order or priority of right, however, shall remain as declared in that act; and those failing, the right shall accrue, fourthly, to the brother or sister, or in equal proportions to the brothers and sisters of the deceased, as the case may be.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the benefits of the Benefits of said said act of eleventh February, eighteen hundred and forty- 'Shiteiby0tPn* seven, shall not be construed as forfeited by the privates and vat«» wi»« hjve

'. . j a, . , , ' r, been promoted.

non-commissioned officers who have been, or may be, pro-
moted to the grade of commissioned officer during their service
in Mexico, and who shall have subsequently fulfilled the
condition of their engagements: Provided, Such promotion
shall have been made subsequent to the original organization
of the company, corps, or regiment to which such privates
and non-commissioned officers may have belonged.
Approved May 27,1848.

CHAP. 50.—AN ACT for the admission of the State of Wisconsin into the

Union.

Whereas the people of the Territory of Wisconsin did, on the first day of February, eighteen hundred and forty-eight, by a convention of delegates called and assembled for that purpose, form for themselves a constitution and State government,-which said constitution is republican, and said convention having asked the admission of said Territory into the Union as a State, on an equal footing with the original States: [sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress as«>Sin admitted sembled, That the State of Wisconsin be, and is hereby, adinto the union, mitted to be one of the United States of America, and is hereby admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original States, in all respects whatever, with the boundaries preBou'ndariei. scribed by the act of Congress, approved August sixth, eighteen hundred and forty-six, entitled " An act to enable the people of Wisconsin Territory to form a constitution and State government, and for the admission of such State into the Union."

As^tofcon- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the assent of Contain g'Tren.oiu° §ress *s hereby given to the first, second, fourth, and fifth retions'of the'con- solutions adopted by said convention, and appended to said stante°nhe"d 'for constitution: and the acts of Congress referred to in the said forming a consti- resolutions are hereby amended, so that the lands eranted by

tution, and cer- . _ _ , J '- . . ° . , _'

lain acu of con- the provisions of the several acts referred to in the said first Ewd'to'amenT and fourth resolutions, and the proceeds of said lands, and **■ the five per centum of the nett proceeds of the public lands

therein mentioned, shall be held and disposed of by said State, in the manner and for the purposes recommended by said convention; and so that, also, the lands reserved to the United States by the provisions of the act entitled "An act to grant a quantity of land to aid in the improvement of the Fox and Wisconsin rivers, and to connect the same by a canal in the Territory of Wisconsin and, also, the even numbered sections reserved by the provisions of the act entitled "An act to grant a quantity of land to the Territory of Wisconsin, for the purpose of aiding in opening a canal to connect the waters of lake Michigan with those of Rock river," shall be offered for sale at the same minimum price, and subject to the same rights of pre-emption, as other public lands of the United States: Provided, however, That no person shall be entitled to a pre-emption by reason of the settlement and cultivation of any quarter section or other sub-division of said even numbered sections, which tract, before the commencement of such settlement, shall have been claimed by any other person cultivating and improving the same in good faith, and which shall have continued to be claimed, cultivated, and improved in like good faith by such person, his representatives or assigns, until the sale of said tract, and of which said prior claim, cultivation, and improvement, the parson so claiming pre

certain tracts at

receive
cates

certib. of the

paid over $125

shall be received

emption shall have had notice at the time of his entry and
settlement; neither shall any pre-emption be allowed to any
tract, to the injury of any person, or of the representatives or
assigns of any person, claiming and occupying the same or
any part thereof in good faith, in his or her right, at the pas-
sage of this act, and owning valuable cultivation or improve.
ments thereon, which cultivation or improvements shall have
been assigned by the person so claiming pre-emption, or if
commenced subsequently to the entry and settlement of such
person, shall have been made with his consent or acquiescence.
And provided further, That the liabilities incurred by the
territorial government of Wisconsin, under the act entitled
"An act to grant a quantity of land to the Territory of Wis-
consin, for the purpose of aiding in opening a canal to con-
nect the waters of lake Michigan with those of Rock river,"
hereinbefore referred to, shall be paid and discharged by the
State of Wisconsin.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the purchasers of Purchasers of any tract of the said even numbered sections mentioned in $2 50 per acre to the preceding section, and sold since the reservation thereof at the minimum price of two dollars and fifty cents per acre, amount of excess shall be entitled to receive from the Commissioner of the Gen: per acre, which eral Land Office a certificate of the quantity of land so pur- in payment of the chased, and of the amount of the excess paid therefor over public lands of the and above the value of said land, at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre ; which certificate, to the amount of such excess, shall be receivable from the holder thereof, or his assigns, in like manner as so much money, in payment of the public lands of the United States. That, in the event of the death of any such purchaser before the issuing of such certificate, the same shall be issued in favor of the lawful representatives of such purchaser.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the judge of the Terms of the U. district court for the district of Wisconsin shall hold a term for district of Wisof said court in each year at the seat of government, to com.. mence on the first Monday of July, and another term of said court in each year at Milwaukie, to commence on the first Monday of January. He shall also have power to hold special terms for the trial of causes, and for the determina. I tion of all suits or proceedings in said courts, at either of the aforesaid places, at his discretion, as the nature and amount of the business may require. The said court shall Said court to be open at all times for the purpose of hearing and deciding and admiralty ju. cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, so far as the risdiction same can be done without a jury. The records and papers of said court may be kept at either of the places herein de. signated for the holding of said court, as the judge in his dis. Clorks of the Cretion shall direct.

Sec. 5. And be it further enaeted, That the clerks of the per district courts of the Territory of Wisconsin shall, before their mit to clerk of the term of office expires, certify under seal, and transmit to the district of the clerk of said court, all records of all unsatisfied judgments.com

S. district court

consin.

have

maritime

the Territory of Wiscousin shall certify and trans

lowa all records,

and of suits pending in said courts respectively, attaching thereto all papers connected therewith, in, all cases arising under the laws or constitution of the United States, or to which the United States shall be a party; and they shall forward the same to the clerk of said district court of the State of Wisconsin, who shall enter the same in his docket, and the said district court shall proceed therein to final judgment and execution, as if such suits or proceedings had originally been brought in said court, clerk or in- ®EC- 6- And be it further enacted, That the clerk of the preme coufrtw°f supreme court of the Territory of Wisconsin shall deliver con7iiOIt^Cdeih« over to the clerks of said district court all records and papers f^diSrkuo^i in tne office °f tlie c,erk of the said supreme court relating to ceruin records, proceedings in bankruptcy under the late bankrupt law of the United States. He shall also certify, under seal, and deliver to said clerk, all records of judgments and of proceedings in suits pending:, and all papers connected therewith, in cases arising under the constitution and laws of the United , States.

Said State be entitled

tives

to ^ec. f' And be it further enacted, That from and after the rerreienta-fourth day of March, eighteen hundred and forty-nine, and mcongresi. untjj another census ar,d apportionment shall be made, the State of Wisconsin shall be entitled to three representatives in the Congress of the United States. Approved May 29,1848.

CHAP. 51.—AN ACT for the relief of John Mitchell.

do1ifAn!e0rnm0oath [&EC- .!•] f>e & enacted by the Senate and House of RepreallowTM/" a sentatives nf the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby,required to place the name of*John Mitchell on the roll of 1 invalid pensions, and that he pay him semi-annually at the rate of ten dollars per month, for and during his natural life; commencing on the fifteenth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven. Approved May 29, 1848.

CHAP. 52.—AN ACT for the relief of Mary Brown, widow of Jacob Brown.

secretary of [sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Reprependon 'certifi* sentatives of the United States of America in Congress at"roWnforaMPe^ ?embkd> That the Secretary of War is hereby required to .ion of $e per issue a pension certificate to Marv Brown, of (Jlarksburgh, » the State of Massachusetts, aged 'seventy-four years, and was born before the close of the Revolution, and widow of Jacob Brown, senior, a revolutionary pensioner, deceased, granting to her a pension at the rate of eight dollars per month, commencing on the first day of January, one thousand &g"1

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