Executed and delivered in the presence of

Thomas J. Todd, Adjt. Bat. Mo. Mt. Vlts., Secretary.
A. W. SUBLETTE, Capt. Co. A.
J. WALKER, A. S. U.S. Army. .
W. R. Rodgers, Capt. Co. L.
David McCausLAND, Capt. Co. B.
STEWART VAN VLIET, Capt. and A. Q. M. U.S.A.
D. P. WOODBURY, Lieutenant Engineers.
J. W. Kelly, 2d Lieut, commanding Co. C.
PETER A. Carnes, Forage Master.
J. B. SMALL, A. S. U. S. A.
F. JEFFREY DEROINE, Interpreter.

Now, therefore, be it known that I, JAMES K. POLK, . Ratified Jan'ry 8th, 1849. President of the United States of America, having seen and

considered said treaty, do, in pursuance of the advice and con-
sent of the Senate, as expressed in their resolution of the eighth
day of January, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine,
accept, ratify, and confirm the same, and every article and
clause thereof.

In testimony whereof I have caused the seal of the United
States to be hereunto affixed, having signed the same with my
Done at the city of Washington, this eighteenth day of Janu-

ary, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hun1 [L. s.] dred and forty-nine, and of the independence of the United States of America the seventy-tbird.

By the President:

James BuchANAN, Secretary of State.






COME, GREETING: Whereas a treaty was made and concluded at Lake Powaw-hay-kon-nay, in the State of Wisconsin, on the eighteenth the Menomonies day of October, one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight, ber 181, 1848. between the United States of America, by William Medill, a commissioner duly appointed for that purpose, and the Menomonee tribe of Indians, by the chiefs, headmen, and warriors of said tribe; which treaty is, word for word, as follows, to wit: Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Lake Pow-awhay-kon-nay, in the State of Wisconsin, on the eighteenth day of October, one thousand eight hundred and forty. eight, between the United States of America, by William Medill, a commissioner duly appointed for that purpose, and the Menomonee tribe of Indians, by the chicfs, headmen, and warriors of said tribe:

It is stipulated and solemnly agreed that the peace and friend-Peace,

friendship to be ship now so happily subsisting between the Government and perpotual. people of the United States and the Menomonee Indians shall be perpetual

ARTICLE II. The said Menomonee tribe of Indians agree to cede, and do „The Menomohereby cede, sell, and relinquish to the United States all their U. s. all their lands in the State of Wisconsin, wherever situated.

ARTICLE III.. In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States. In consideraagree to give, and do hereby give, to the said Indians for a going cession the home, to be held as Indians lands are beld, all that country or tribe For a home tract of land ceded to the said United States by the Chippewa certain lands cedlodians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, in the treaty of pewas. August 2, 1847, and the Pillager band of Chippewa Indians, in the treaty of August 21, 1847, which may not be assigned to the Winnebago Indians, under the treaty with that tribe of October 13, 1846, and which is guarantied 10 contain, not less than six hundred thousand acres.

Article 1y. In further and full consideration of said cession, the United si States agree to pay the sum of three hundred and 6fty thousand & agree to pay dollars, at the several times, in the manner and for the pur- and any thouposés following, viz:

lands in Wisconsin.

tion of the fore

U.S. give to said

ed by the Chipsettle the affairs of the tribe, &c.,

In further consideration the U.

sand dollars, viz:

To certain per



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To the chiefs to To the chiefs, as soon after the same shall be appropriated by

Maies Congress as may be convenient to enable them to arrange and $30,000, settle the affairs of their tribe preparatory to their removal to

the country set apart for, and given to them as above, thirty thousand dollars.

To such persons of mixed blood, and in such proportion 10 sons of mixed each, as the chiefs in council, and a commissioner to be ap. blood, $40,000.

pointed by the President, shall designate and determine, and as soon after the appropriation thereof as may be found practicable and expedient, forty thousand dollars.

In such manner and at such times as the President shall For expenses of removal prescribe, in consideration of their removing themselves, which

they agree to do, without further cost or expense lo the United

States, twenty thousand dollars. For subsistence In such manner and at such times as the President shall for one year af prescribe, in consideration of their subsisting themselves the

first year after their removal, which they agree to do, without further cost or expense on the part of the United States, twenty

thousand dollars. Fora manual la- To be laid out and applied, under the direction of the Presi. bor school, mills, dent, in the establishment of a manual labor school, the erec

tion of a grist and saw mill, and other necessary improvements in their new country, fifteen thousand dollars.

To be laid out and applied under the direction of the PresiFor hire of persons to attend dent, in procuring a suitable person in attend and carry on the upon mills 99,

" said grist and saw mill for a period of fifteen years, nine thou

sand dollars. For a black- To be laid out and applied under the direction of the Presi. iron, steel, &c.,

a dent, in continuing and keeping up a blacksmith's shop, and $11,000. providing the usual quantity of iron and steel for the use and

benefit of said tribe, for a period of twelve years, commencing with the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, and when all provision for blacksmith's shops under the treaty of

1836 shall cease, eleven thousand dollars. For payments To be set apari, applied, and distributed under the direction provement of the President, in payment of individual improvements of

the tribe upon the lands above ceded to the United States,

five thousand dollars. ' Balance, $200,' And the balance, amounting to the sum of two hundred 000, to be paid in thousand dollars, to be paid over to the tribe, as Indian annui. ten annual instalmenis. . ties are required to be paid, in ten equal annual instalments,

commencing with the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, and when their annuities or annual instalments under the treaty of 1836 shall have ceased. '


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for Individual im



The sum now It is stipulated and agreed, that the sum now invested in invested in stocks under the treaty stocks, under the Senate's amendment to the treaty of 1830, of 1836_how t be applied.

with the interest-due thereon at this time, shall be and remain

invested, under the direction of the President, and that the 101 . terest hereafter arising therefrom shall be disposed of as follows:

that is to say, so much thereof as may be necessary to the support and inaintenance of the said manual labor school, and other means of education, and the balance be annually paid over in money as other annuities, or applied for the benefit and improvement of said tribe as the President, on consultation with the chiefs, may, from time to time, detern.ine.


States to pay the

delegation to ex

To enable the said Indians to explore and examine their The United new country, and as an inducement to an early removal there- expenses of a to, it is agreed that the United States will pay the necessary plore the country expenses of a suitable delegation to be selected for that purpose, ceded to said under the direction of the President...

9 tribe.


goods at the an. nual payment of

It is alleged that there were less goods delivered to the said Deficiency in Indians at the annuity payment of 1837 than were due and Hual required to be paid and delivered to them under the stipulations 1837 ta be ac

counted for. of their treaties with the United States then in force; and it is therefore agreed that the subject shall be properly investigated, and that full indemnity shall be made io them for any loss which they may be shown to have sustained.


It is agreed that the said Indians shall be permitted, if they said Indians desire to do so, to remain on the lands hereby ceded for and Pro during the period of two years from the date hereof, and until ceded by them the President shall notify them that the same are wanted.

permitted to re. main on the lands

for two from date.


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to have the right

• It is stipulated that Robert Grignon, who has erected a saw Robert Grignon will upon the Little Wolf river, at his own expense, for the of a pre-emption benefit and at the request of said Indians, shall have the right to the land og of a pre-emptor to the lands upon which said improvements are a saw mill. situated, not exceeding in quantity on both sides of said river one hundred and sixty acres..

which he erected

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binding as soon


This treaty to be binding on the contracting parties as soon Treaty to be as it is ratified by the President and Senate of the United as ratified by the


In testimony whereof the said Willian Medill, Commis-
sioner as aforesaid, and the chiefs, headınen, and warriors of
the said Menomonee tribe of Indians, have hereunto set their

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Signed October hands and seals, at the place and on the day and year afore 18th, 1846. said. .

Commissioner on the part of the United States.
Signed and sealed in the presence of us: .

ALBERT G. ELLIS, Sub-agent,
Chas. A. GRIGNON, U. S. Interpreter, -
F. J. BONDUEL, Missionary Priest

among the Menoinonee Indians,
M. L. Martin,
John B. Jacobs.

his x mark. Jau-ma-lau,

his x mark. Waw-kee-che-un, bis x mark. Sage-toke,

his x mark. Wy-lah-sauh,

his x mark. Kee-chee-new,

bis x mark. Chee-cheequon-away,

his x mark. Corron Glaude,

his x mark. Sho-nee-nieu,

his x mark. Lamolle,

bis x mark. Chee-que-lum,

his x mark. Slaw-woll-on,

his x mark. Ah-ko-no-may,

his x maik. Shaw-poa-luk,

his x mark, Wau-po-nan-ah,

his x mark. Sho-na-new, jr.,

his x mark. Pah-maw-po-may,

his x. mark. Naw-kaw-chis-ka,

bis x mark. Show-anno-penesse,

his x mark. Tah-ko,

his x mark. Osh-kish-he-nay-new, his x mark. Little Wave,

his x mark. Muck-atah-penesse, : his x-mark Wa-pee-men-shaw, his x mark. Ab-ke-na-pe-new,

bis x mark. Ah-kaw-mut,' .

his x mark. Kee-she-teu-ke-tau, his x mark. She-pau-na-ko,

his x mark. Naw-kaw-nish-kau-wa, his x mark. Witnesses: WILLIAM Powell,

John B, DUBB,
Louis G. PORAIR,
0. W. F. BRUCE.

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