Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

ent" was merely a misprint for "Harvard Independent." Moreover, Mr. Lewis, through correspondence with the present editor of the Harvard Independent, has learned from him that a search in his files brought to light, in the issue of the date stated, June 9, 1894, the identical phrase. It is there, and the American Economist copied it in good faith and with due credit. It is not surprising that the editor of the American Economist, after the lapse of twenty years, should have quite forgotten just how he happened on the phrase, and should now find it as difficult to trace as the rest of us. Any suspicion of fabrication on his part was quite without foundation.

But all this only serves to push the inquiry one step further back. Where did the Harvard Independent get the phrase?

In the works of Robert G. Ingersoll there is an oration upon Lincoln, which bears the date 1894. In it there is a passage which says that Lincoln was "nominated for the legislature and made a speech," and that this speech was in favor of a protective tariff. Ingersoll refers to it shortly after as Lincoln's first speech. After some remarks about the influence of manufactures in "developing the brain" and "giving wings to the imagination," Ingersoll goes on thus: "It is better for Americans to purchase from Americans, even if the things purchased cost more.

"If we purchase a ton of steel rails from England for twenty dollars, then we have the rails and England the money. But if we buy a ton of steel rails from an American for twenty-five dollars, then America has the rails and the money both."

It will be observed that this differs in one significant particular from the phrase attributed to Lincoln. The purchase from the American is supposed to be at a higher price than that from the Englishman, - twenty-five dollars instead of twenty dollars; the allegation is that it is more advantageous to buy at home, even at the higher price.

1 See vol. III, pp. 127–128 of the "Dresden Edition" of the Works of Robert G. Ingersoll (New York, 1900). The oration, or lecture, is also reprinted as an introduction to the seventh volume of Lincoln's Collected Writings, edited by Nicolay and Hay (New York, 1905).

There are other grounds for questioning whether this passage, as it appears in print, was the source of our myth. It is not put by Ingersoll in quotation marks, nor is there any intimation or implication that it is taken from Lincoln. Ingersoll mentions steel rails; if he had wished to imply that the language was Lincoln's, he would hardly have selected an article not known in Lincoln's day. A careless reader might possibly infer this to be a paraphrase or quotation from Lincoln; but only a careless one. More important is the circumstance that internal evidence points to its having been published at a later date than that of the passage in the Harvard Independent (June, 1894). Immediately following the two paragraphs just quoted Ingersoll goes on: "Judging from the present universal depression and the recent elections, Lincoln, in his first speech, stood on solid rock and was absolutely right." "Recent elections must refer to the elections of the autumn of 1894. The elections of 1892 were not favorable for the Republicans, but those of 1894 were. It is the latter only to which Ingersoll could have alluded. The date of the oration in its printed form is clearly later than that of the appearance of the phrase in the Harvard Independent.

Nevertheless, I am disposed to believe that Ingersoll's oration is the fons et origo of the myth. Ingersoll was much in demand as a lecturer and political speaker. For years he orated on the lyceum platform and spoke at political rallies. The oration on Lincoln doubtless was delivered many and many a time before it was put into cold print. The tariff phrase doubtless figured in it, and was likely to stick in the memory of hearers; and it is in this way that the editor of the Harvard Independent probably got hold of it. Hearing it as delivered, with the dramatic emphasis of which Ingersoll was a master, he would not fail to remember it, and at the same time would naturally suppose it to be a quotation from Lincoln, not an epigram of the orator's. The circumstance that the difference in price between English and American rails, which is an important part of Ingersoll's version, does not appear in the Harvard Independent or in other places, is

entirely consistent with its having been derived from a vaguely memorized report of spoken words.

In sum, the indications now seem to be that Ingersoll's oration, notwithstanding its having appeared in print at a later date than the first published version of the phrase, is nevertheless its source. It is precisely such as Ingersoll might have invented, epigramatic and fetching. And

yet still further search may show that it was derived by Ingersoll himself from some source still more remote. No evidence has been adduced, or is likely to be, that it originated with Lincoln or was ever used by him.

F. W. TAUSSIG.

HARVARD UNIVERSITY.

BOOKS RECEIVED

Argentina, Department of Agriculture. Argentine International Trade: A Few Figures on its Development. Buenos Aires: Department of

Agriculture. 1914. pp. 64.

Babson, R. W. The Future of Nations: How Prosperity Must Come. Boston: Babson Statistical Organization. 1914.

pp. 120. Bland, A. E., Brown, P. A., and Tawney, R. H. (Editors). English Economic History: Select Documents. London: G. Bell & Sons. 1914. pp. 730. 6s.

Bogart, E. L., and Thompson, C. M. Exercise Book in Economic History of the United States. New York: Longmans, Green & Co.

1914. pp. 63. 50 cents. Brisco, N. A Economics of Efficiency. New York: Macmillan. 1914. pp. 385. $1.50.

Brown, H. G. International Trade and Exchange: A Study of the Mechanism and Advantages of Commerce. New York: Macmillan. 1914. pp. 197. $1.50.

Coker, F. W. Readings in Political Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. 1914. pp. 573.

Colson, C. Railway Rates and Traffic.

[Translated from the 3d

(1907) edition of the author's "Transports et Tarifs" by L. R. Christie, G. Leedam and C. Travis.] London: G. Bell & Sons. 1914. pp. 195. 3s. 6d.

Croly, Herbert. Progressive Democracy.

1914. pp. 438. $2.00.

New York: Macmillan.

Ely, R. T. Property and Contract in Their Relations to the Distribution of Wealth (2 vols). New York: Macmillan. 1914. pp. 995.

$4.00.

England, Board of Trade. Report on Strikes and Lock-Outs and on Conciliation and Arbitration Boards in 1913. London: Government

Printing Office. 1914. pp. 232. 1s. 6d.

Fantl, Gustav. Die volkswirtschaftlichen Gefahren des Buchforderungskredites und ihre Bekämpfung. Vienna: Manz. 1914. pp. 31. K. 1. (Reprint from an Austrian Journal.)

Gesell, G. A. Minnesota Public Utility Rates; Gas, Electric, Water. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota. 1914. pp. 254. (Bulletin of the University of Minnesota.)

Hasskarl, G. C. H. Modern Problems of the Home, School and Church
Solved. Verona: Privately published. 1914. pp. 191.
Henry, H. M. The Police Control of the Slave in South Carolina.
Emory: Privately Printed. 1914. pp. 216.

Hepburn, A. B. Artificial Waterways of the World. New York:
Macmillan. 1914. pp. 171.
$1.25. (Revised Edition.)
Hobson, C. K. The Export of Capital. New York: Macmillan.
1914. pp. 264. $2.00.
Hoeniger, H. (and others). Der privatwirtshaftliche Gesichtspunkt
in der Sozialökonomie und Jurisprudenz. Mannheim: J. Ben-

sheimer. 1914. pp. 212. M. 4. (Heft 1 of a new series Die private Unternehmung, to be issued by Freiburg professors; this Heft containing five introductory essays.) Holdsworth, J. T. Money and Banking.

1914. pp. 439. $2.00.

New York: D. Appleton.

Hollander, J. H. The Abolition of Poverty.

Mifflin Co. 1914. pp. 122. 75 cents.

Boston: Houghton

Huttmann, Maude A. The Establishment of Christianity and the Proscription of Paganism. New York: Longmans, Green & Co. $2.00. (Columbia University Studies, Vol. LX,

1914. pp. 257.

No. 2.)

Italy, Direzione Generale della Statistica. Annuario Statistico ItaliRoma: G. Bertero & Co. 1914.

ano 1913. pp. 466. Jastrow, J. Im Kriegszustand. Die Umformung des öffentlichen Lebens in der ersten Kriegswoche. Berlin: Georg Reimer. 1914. pp. 215. M. 3.60. Kendrick, B. J. The Journal of the Joint Committee of Fifteen on Reconstruction. New York: Longmans, Green & Co. 1914. pp. 414. (Columbia University Studies, Vol. LXII.)

Korea, Government-General of Chosen. Annual Report on Reforms and Progress in Chosen (Korea), 1912-13. Keijo (Seoul): Japanese Government. 1914. pp. 271.

Ma, Yin Ch'u. The Finances of the City of New York. New York: (Columbia

Longmans, Green & Co. 1914. pp. 312. $2.50.
University Studies, Vol. LXI, No. 2.)

Moore, H. L. Economic Cycles: Their Law and Cause.
Macmillan. 1914. pp. 149. $2.00.

New York:

Morse (E. L.), Editor. Samuel F. B. Morse: His Life and Letters. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin Co. 1914. 2 vols., pp. 440, 548. $7.50.

National Conference on Universities and Public Service.

1914. pp. 289.

Proceedings.

Madison: Cantwell Printing Co. New York Department of Labor. Statistics of Industrial Accidents in 1912 and 1913. Albany: J. B. Lyon Co. 1914. pp. 175. Reeves, Edith. Care and Education of Crippled Children in the United States. New York: Survey Associates. 1914. pp. 252.

(Russell Sage Foundation.)

$2.00.

Reid, D. C. Capital and Profits. Springfield: Hazard. 1914. pp. 221. $1.40.

Secrist, Horace. An Economic Analysis of the Constitutional Restrictions upon Public Indebtedess in the United States. Madison: University of Wisconsin. 1914. pp. 131. 40 cents. (Bulletin of the University of Wisconsin, No. 637.)

Shurtleff, Flavel. Carrying Out the City Plan: The Practical Application of American Law in the Execution of City Plans. New York: Survey Associates. 1914. pp. 349. $2.00. (Russell

Sage Foundation.)

Stalker, Archibald. Taxation of Land Values in Western Canada.

Montreal: McGill University. 1914. pp. 56. (Thesis for the

Degree of Master of Arts.)

Uruguay. Anuario Estadístico de la República Oriental del Uruguay, 1909-10. Montevideo: Juan J. Dornaleche. 1915. pp. 471, cxx. Van Kleeck, Mary. Working Girls in Evening Schools. New York:

Survey Associates. 1914. pp. 252. $1.50. (Russell Sage

Foundation.)

« ForrigeFortsett »