A Century of Physics

Forside
Springer Science & Business Media, 2002 - 114 sider
In this amazing tour d'horizon, D. Allan Bromley uses the occasion of the centenary of the American Physical Society to reflect upon the growth of physics over the past 100 years, its fragmentation into numerous subdisciplines, the impact physics has had upon modern technology, and the re-emergence of the fundamental unity of the discipline in recent years. Hundreds of historical illustrations accompany the text. Bromley conveys much of the excitement and wonder that research in physics generated in the 20th century and asks what new things are in store in the next century. He covers such topics as relativity and quantum mechanics, the Manhattan project, superconductivity, transistors and the revolution brought about by solid-state electronics, protein folding, the uses of nuclear and atomic physics in biology and medicine, plate tectonics, the expansion of the universe and the Big Bang, and gravitational radiation. Bromley is the Sterling Professor of the Sciences and Dean of Yale University.||From the reviews:||"...A panoramic view of the physics landscape of the past century, in which are embedded an impressive number of major physics accomplishments. And [the book] describes these accomplishments in a language that is comprehensible to an educated reader with or without training in physics...In choice of topics, Bromley is about as complete as can be imagined...An immensely entertaining and illuminating read."|- Physics Today

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Innhold

An Historical Overview 19001949
1
The Early Twentieth Century
2
Activities in the Cambridge Cavendish Laboratory
3
The Development of Quantum Mechanics
9
The Discovery of Nuclear Fission
18
The MIT Radiation Laboratory
27
The Merger of Natural Philosophy and Invention
28
Physics in the 1930s
29
Improved Resolution and Higher Precision
60
Trapping and Cooling of Elementary Particles and Atoms
62
BoseEinstem Condensates
64
Frontiers of Nuclear Structure Physics
67
The Phase Diagram for Nuclear Matter
74
Atomic and Nuclear Technology in Biology and Medicine
75
The Merging of Elementary Particle Physics and Cosmology
82
The Building Blocks of Nature
86

The Explosive Growth of Postwar Physics 19501999
31
Materials Science
32
Superconductivity
35
Buckyballs and Nanotunes
40
Surface Science
41
Fluid Physics
43
SelfSimilarity
46
Development of the Transistor
48
Breakthroughs in Communication
53
Computational Chemistry
55
Folding of Proteins
56
Photon Probes
57
String Theory
88
Plasma Physics
91
Plate Tectonics in Geophysics
94
The Structure of Supernovae
95
Gravitational Radiation
99
The Evolution of Our Universe
102
The COBE Measurements on the CMB
103
The Inflationary Universe
105
The Structure of the Milky Way Galaxy
106
Gravitational Lensing
109
Concluding Remarks
111
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