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poll books, the primary ballots of such political party shall be folded and replaced in the ballot box, the box closed, well shaken and again opened and one of the primary judges, who shall be blindfolded, shall draw out and destroy so many of the primary ballots of such political party as shall be equal to such excess; (4) The primary judges shall then proceed to count the primary ballots of each political party separately; and as the primary judges shall open and read the primary ballots, each primary clerk shall carefully and correctly mark upon the tally sheets the votes which each candidate of the party whose name is written or printed on the primary ballot has received, in a separate column for that purpose, with the name of such candidate, the name of his political party and the name of the office for which he is a candidate for nomination at the head of such column. § 53. As soon as the ballots of a political party shall have been read and the votes of said political party counted as provided in the last above section, the primary clerk shall foot up the-tally sheets so as to show the total number of votes cast for each candidate of said political party and for each candidate for or [] ward or precinct committeeman. Thereupon the primary judges shall set down in the primary poll books, under the name of said political party, the name of each candidate voted for upon the primary ballot, written at full length, the name of the office for which he is a candidate for nomination or for committeeman, the total number of votes which said candidate receives, and the primary poll books shall be substantially in the following form:

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - PARTY. At the primary election held in this precinct on the . . . . . . day of - - - - - - - - - - - - , A. D. 19...., the respective candidates whose names

were written or printed on the primary ballot of said. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . party received respectively the following votes:

NAME OF CANDIDATE TITLE OF OFFICE No. of WoTES John Jones . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Sam Smith . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Frank Martin . . . . . . . . . . Attorney General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 William Preston . . . . . . . . Representative in Congress. . . . . . . . . . . 206 Frederick John ... . . . . . . . County Judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

And so on for each candidate.
We hereby certify the above and foregoing to be true and correct.
Dated this. . . . . . . . . day of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. D. 19....

Judges of Primary.

§ 54. After the votes of a political party have been counted and set down and the tally sheets footed and the entry made in the primary poll books, as above provided, all the primary ballots of said political party, except those marked “defective” or “objected to” shall be strung upon a strong thread or twine separately for each political party in the order in which said primary ballots have been read, and shall thereupon holy sealed in an envelope, which envelope shall be endorsed as 011OWS :

“Primary ballots of the . . . . . . . . . . . . . party of the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . precinct of the county of . . . . . . . . . . . . and State of Illinois.”

Below each endorsement, each primary judge shall write his name.

§ 55. The primary poll books, with the certificates of the primary judges written thereon, and the tally sheets, together with the envelopes containing the ballots, shall be carefully enveloped and sealed up together, properly endorsed and put into the hands of the primary judges, who shall, within forty-eight hours thereafter, deliver the same to the clerk from whom the primary ballots were obtained, which clerk shall safely keep the same for three months.

$ 56. As soon as complete returns are delivered to the proper clerk, the returns shall be canvassed as follows:

(1) In the case of the nomination of candidates for city offices, by the mayor, the city attorney and the city clerk;

(2) In the case of nomination of candidates for village offices, by the president of the board of trustees, one member of the board of trustees, and the village clerk;

(3) The officers who are charged by law with the duty of canvassing returns of general elections made to the county clerk shall also open and canvass the returns of a primary made to such county clerk. Upon the completion of the canvass of the returns by the county canvassing board, said canvassing board shall make a tabulated statement of the returns for each political party, separately, stating in appropriate columns and under proper headings, the total number of votes cast in said county for each candidate for nomination by such party including ward and precinct committeemen. Within two days after the completion of said canvass by said canvassing board the county clerk shall mail to the Secretary of State a certified copy of such tabulated statement of returns: Provided, however, that the number of votes cast for the nomination for offices, the certificates of election for which offices, under the general election laws, are issued by the County clerk shall not be included in such certified copy of said tabulated statement of returns. ... (4) In the case of the nomination of candidates for offices, certified tabulated statement of returns for which are filed with the Secretary of State, such returns shall be canvassed by the Governor, Secretary of State and State Treasurer.

(5) Where in cities and villages which have a board of election ommissioners, the returns of a primary are made to such board of "ection commissioners, said returns shall be canvassed by such board, "d, excepting in the case of the nomination of candidates for any city

of [or] town office in such city, tabulated statements of the returns of such primary shall be made to the county clerk. § 57. Each of said, canvassing boards, respectively, shall, upon completion of the canvassing of the returns, make proclamation of the result of said primary for each political party, and shall make and execute a certificate, and unless a notice of contest shall have been filed with said canvassing board ten days after completion of the canvass, shall file such certificates in the office of the Secretary of State, or in the office of the clerk whose duty it is to print the official ballot for the election for which the nomination is made, as the case may be, stating therein the name of each candidate for each political party so nominated or elected, as shown by the returns, together with the name of the office for which he was nominated or elected. In case a notice of contest shall be filed with any canvassing board, such canvassing board shall withhold its certificate until a certified copy of the decree or order of the court hearing such contest shall have been filed with such canvassing board. The said canvassing board shall, within one day after receiving a certified copy of said decree or order, proceed to finish the canvass of the returns as corrected by such decree and make proclamation accordingly. Upon the filing of said certificate in the office of the Secretary of State, or in the office of the proper clerk, as the case may be, the Secretary of State or the proper clerk, as the case may be, shall within one day thereafter, issue a certificate of nomination to each of the candidates so proclaimed nominated. § 58. The person receiving the highest number of votes at a primary as a candidate of a party for the nomination for an office, shall be the candidate of that party for such office, and his name as such candidate shall be placed on the official ballot at the election then next ensuing: Provided, that where there are two or more persons to be nominated for the same office, or board, the requisite number of persons receiving the highest number of votes shall be nominated and their names shall be placed on the official ballot at the following election. In the case of candidates for nomination for members of the board of assessors, where five are to be elected, four of whom are to be elected from any one city and the city has the requisite number, then the candidate for nomination living outside of such city having the highest number of votes of his party shall be nominated and his name shall be placed on the official ballot at the following election, When two or more persons receive an equal number of votes for the nomination for the same office or for committeeman of the same political party, or where more than one person of the same political Party is to be nominated as a candidate for office or committeeman, if it appears that more than the number of persons to be nominated for an office or elected committeman have the highest and an equal number of votes for the nomination for the same office or for election as committeeman, the hoard by which the returns of the primary are canvassed shall decide by lot which of such persons shall he nominated or elected, as the case may be. In such case such canvassing board

shall issue notice in writing to such persons of such tie vote, stating therein the place, the day (which shall not be more than five days thereafter), and the hour when such nomination or election shall be so determined. § 59. When the nomination is made for an office to be filled by the electors of an entire county, and where it is the duty of the county clerk to prepare the official ballot for election, it shall be the duty of the county clerk, under this Act, to place upon the official ballot to be voted at the election the names of all candidates nominated for office, as herein provided, as shown by the certificate of the canvassing board on file in his office, and the names of all candidates certified to him by the Secretary of State, as herein provided. When the nomination is made for an office to be filled by the electols of an entire city or village, including alderman, and where it is the duty of the city or village clerk to prepare the official ballot for the election, it shall be the duty of the city or village clerk, under this Act, to place upon the official ballot to be voted at the election the names of all candidates nominated for office, as herein provided, as shown by the certificate of the canvassing board on file in his office. When the nomination is made for an office to be filled by the electors of an entire town, and where it is the duty of the town clerk to prepare the official ballot for the election, it shall be the duty of the town clerk, under this Act, to place upon the official ballot to be voted at the election, the names of all candidates nominated for office, as herein provided, as shown by the certificate of the canvassing board on file in his office. Not less than fifteen days before an election to fill any office, the Secretary of State shall certify to the county clerk of each county within which any of the electors may, by law, vote for such candidates for such offices, the name and description of each person nominated for such office, as shown by the certificate of the canvassing board on file in his office. § 59a. It shall be the duty of the permanent chairman and the permanent secretary of each convention at which candidates are nominated for public offices to cause a certificate of nomination to be duly o in the proper office. Each certificate of nomination shall speciV : (1) The name of the candidate or candidates nominated: (2) The place of residence, with the street number thereof, if any, of each candidate nominated : (3) The office to which he is nominated : (4) The party or political principle, which he represents, expressed in not more than five words: Each such certificate of nomination of candidates for State, Congressional, senatorial and judicial offices, shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of State at least thirty days previous to the day of election for which the candidates are nominated. The certificate of nomination of candidates for county offices shall be filed in the office of the county clerk at least thirty days before the day of the election. Each such certificate shall he sworn to by the permanent chairman and the permanent secretary of the convention at which the nomination was made to be true to the best of their knowledge and belief, and a certificate of the oath shall be annexed to the certificate of nomination. § 60. Whenever a special election shall be necessary the provisions of this Act shall be applicable to the nomination of candidates to be voted for at such special election. The officer or board or commission whose duty it is under the general election laws of this State to call an election, shall fix a date for the primary for the nomination of such candidates to be voted for at such special election as are required to be nominated by a primary election. Where candidates at a regular election are required to be nominated by conventions, the convention to nominate such candidates for a special election shall be called by the managing committees of the respective political parties for the territorial area in which such vacancy occurs. At least fifteen days notice shall be given of such primary or convention. In case a candidate who has been nominated under the provisions of this Act shall died before election, or decline, the nomination, or should the nomination for any other reason become vacant, the managing committees of the respective political parties for the territorial area in which such vacancy occurs shall nominate a candidate or candidates of the respective parties to fill such vacancy on the ticket. § 60a. In case any State, precinct or ward committeeman shall die, resign or refuse to accept the position for which he is elected, or shall remove from the district, precinct or ward which he was elected to represent, the vacancy thus created, and all vacancies in any such office arising from any cause, shall be filled by appointing a duly qualified voter of the party residing in the district wherein such vacancy occurs. To fill vacancies in the office of State committeeman, the appointment shall be made by the State central committee of the party; to fill vacancies in the office of precinct committeeman, the appointment shall be made by the county committee: Provided, that when such vacancies occur in incorporated cities or villages having two hundred thousand or more inhabitants, the appointment shall be made by the ward committeeman of the ward wherein such vacancy occurs; to fill vacancies in the office of ward committeeman, the appointment shall be made by the precinct committeemen of the ward wherein the vacancy occurs at a meeting of such committeemen called for that purpose by the chairman of the county committee. . § 61. In cities having a board of election commissioners the duties herein imposed upon the county, city or village clerk, as the case, may be, shall be discharged by the board of election commissioners in the same manner, as near as may be, and to the same extent and with like effect that the similar duties imposed by this Act are discharged by the county, city or village clerk, as the case may be; and the ballots for the nomination of all candidates to be voted for in such city shall be printed by the board of election commissioners and the returns of the primary held in such city shall be made to such board of election commissioners. § 68. Any candidate whose name appears upon the primary ballot of any political party in any precinct may contest the election of

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