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STATUTES.

ACT IN RELATION TO CONSTRUCTION OF STATUTES. $1. Amends section 1, Act of 1874.

$1. Definition of terms used. (House BILL No. 96. APPROVED MAY 21, 1919.) AX Act to amend section 1 of an Act entitled, "An Act to revise the law

in relation to the construction of the statutes," approved March 15, 1874, in force July 1, 1874.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly: That section 1 of an Act entitled, "An Act to revise the law in relation to the construction of the statutes, approved March 5, 1874, in force July 1, 1874, be amended to read as follows:

§ 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Minois, represented in the General Assembly: That in the construction of all statutes now in force, or which may hereafter be enacted, the following rules shall be observed, unless such construction would be inconsistent with the manifest intent of the Legislature or repugnant to the context of the same statute, that is to say:

First—All general provisions, terms, phrases and expressions shall be liberally construed in order that the true intent and meaning of the Legislature may be fully carried out.

Second—Words in the present tense include the future.

Third—Words importing the singular number may extend and he applied to several persons or things, and words importing the plural number may include the singular.

Fourth-Words importing the masculine gender may be applied to females.

Fifth-The word “person” or “persons” as well as all words referring to or importing persons, may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate as well as individuals.

Sixth- The words "insane person" and "lunatic” shall include every idiot, non compos, lunatic, insane or distracted person; and the word "spendthrift” shall include every person who is liable to be put under guardianship on account of excessive drinking, gaming, idleness or debauchery.

Seventh-The words “county board” shall apply to the board of county commissioners in counties not under township organization, and the board of supervisors in counties under township organization, and to the board of commissioners of Cook County.

Eighth—The terms “sheriff”, “coroner," "constable," "clerk,” ur other words used for an executive or ministerial officer, may include any deputy or other person performing the duties of such officer, either generally or in special cases and the words "county clerk” shall be held to include clerk of the County Court, and the words "clerk of the County Court” to include "county clerk.”

Ninth--Words purporting to give a joint authority to three or more public officers or other persons shall be construed as giving such authority to a majority of such officers or persons.

Tenth—The word "month” shall mean a calendar month, and the word "year,” a calendar year unless otherwise expressed; and the word "year" alone, shall be equivalent to the expression "year of our Lord."

Eleventh-The time within which any Act provided by law is to be done shall be computed by excluding the first day and including the last, unless the last day is Sunday, and then it shall also be excluded.

Twelfth-The word "oath” shall be deemed to include an affirmation, and the word "sworn” shall be construed to include the word "affirmed.”

Thirteenth--The word "wills” includes codicils.

Fourteenth-The word "State," when applied to different parts of the United States, may be construed to include the District of Columbia and the several territories, and the words "United States” may be con. strued to include the said district and territories.

Fifteenth-The words “written" and "in writing" may include printing and any other mode of representing words and letters; but when the written signature of any person is required by law to any official or public writing or bond, required by law, it shall be in the proper handwriting of such person, or in case he is unable to write, his proper mark.

Sixteenth-The word "highway," "road" or "street" may include any road laid out by the authority of the United States, or of this State, or of any town or county of this State, and all bridges upon the same.

Seventeenth—The word "heretofore” shall mean any time previous to the day on which the statute takes effect; and the word “hereafter," at any time after such day.

Eighteenth-The term "laws now in force," and words of similar import, shall mean the laws in force at the time the Act containing the words shall take effect.

Nineteenth-The term "court” includes justices of the peace as well as all courts of record.

Twentieth—The words, "general superintendent of police," "secretary of the general superintendent of .police,” “assistant general superintendent of police," "first deputy superintendent of police," "chief of police," "assistant chief of police," "city marshal," "assistant city marshal," "deputy city marshal," "chief of detectives," "assistant chief of detectives," and all "captains," “lieutenants," "detective sergeants," "second-class sergeants," "sergeants,” “inspector of police," "detectives,” "patrolmen," "operators" and "civilian" or "plain clothes policemen" and “assistant identification inspector,” shall mean "policemen employed and in the service of a municipality," and the term “police force” shall be construed to include such persons in the employ of a municipality als members of the department of police, who are or shall hereafter be appointed and sworn as policemen.

Twenty-first-The terms "bonds or public stocks issued or created by the United States," "bonds of the United States," "stocks or bonds of the United States," "stocks of the United States," or words of similar

nport, shall include bonds issued under the provisions of the Act of ongress, approved July 17, 1918, entitled “An Act to provide capital ir agricultural development, to create standard forms of investment ased upon farm mortgages, to equalize rates of interest upon farm ans, to furnish a market for United States bonds, to create investment epositories and financial agents for the United States and for other urposes.”

APPROVED May 21, 1919.

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(HOUSE BILL No. 248. APPROVED JUNE 24, 1919.) Ax Act to revise the law in relation to the regulation of the practice of

structural engineering. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, Tepresented in the General Assembly: That it is unlawful for any person to practice, or to attempt to practice, structural engineering, without a certificate of registration as a registered structural engineer, issued by the Department of Registration and Education, pursuant to the provision of "An Act in relation to the civil administration of the State government, and to repeal certain Acts therein named”, approved March 7, 1917, in force July 1, 1917.

It shall be lawful, however, for a corporation to prepare drawings, plans and specifications for buildings and structures, as defined in section 2 of this Act, which are constructed, erected, built or their construction supervised by the corporation, if the chief executive officer or managing agent of the corporation in this State is a registered structural

One or more registered structural engineers may lawfully enter into partnership with one or more registered architects.

engineer.

$ 2. A person shall be regarded as practicing structural engineering within the meaning of this Act who is engaged in the designing or supervising of the construction, enlargement or alteration of structures, or any part thereof, for others, to be constructed by persons other than himself. Structures within the meaning of this Act are all structures, having as essential features, foundations, columns, girders, trusses, arches and beams, with or without other parts, and in which safe design and construction require that loads and stresses must be computed and the size and strength of parts determined by mathematical calculations based upon scientific principles and engineering data. A person shal! also be regarded as practicing structural engineering within the meaning of this Act who is engaged as a principal in the designing and supervision of the construction of structures or of the structural part of edifices designed solely for the generation of electricity; or for the hoisting, cleaning, sizing or storing of coal, cement, sand, grain, gravei or similar materials; elevators; manufacturing plants; docks; bridges ; blast furnaces; rolling mills; gas producers and reservoirs; smelters; dams; reservoirs; waterworks; sanitary works as applied to the purifcation of water; plants for waste and sewage disposal; round houses for locomotives; railroad shops; pumping or power stations for drainage districts; or power houses, even though such structures may come within the definition of "buildings" as defined in any Act in force in this State relating to the regulation of the practice of architecture.

$ 3. The following persons are exempt from the operation of this Act:

(a) Draftsmen, students, clerks of work, superintendents and other employees of registered structural engineers when acting under the immediate personal supervision of their employers;

(b) Superintendents of construction in the pay of the owner when acting under the immediate personal supervision of the registerei structural engineer who has prepared the drawings and specifications:

(c) Any person, mechanic or builder, when making plans or specifications for, or supervising the construction, enlargement or alteration of any structure or building which is to be constructed by himself, or his employees, and for his own use.

Persons registered to practice structural engineering in this State are exempt from the operation of any Act in force in this State relating to the regulation of the practice of architecture.

§ 4. A person is qualified to receive a certificate of registration as a registered structural engineer:

(a) Who is at least twenty-one years of age;
(b) Who is of good moral character and temperate habits;
(c)

Who proves either: (1) That on July 5, 1915, he was actually engaged in the practice of structural engineering in this State and did not apply by January 5, 1916, for a license without examination as was then provided for by law. In this case, such an applicant shall be entitled to an examination to determine his fitness to receive a certificate of registration as a regis

tered structural engineer without regard to the number of years he has practiced structural engineering; or

(2) That within ten years immediately preceding his application for a certificate of registration under this Act, he has practiced structural engineering in another state or territory of the United States, or in a foreign country or province, for not less than six years, during at least two of which years he has been in responsible charge of structural engineering work as a principal or an assistant; or

(3) That within ten years immediately preceding his application for a certificate of registration under this Act he has pursued a course cf study and training in the theory and practice of structural engineering covering at least the subjects normally taught in schools of structural ingineering approved by the Department of Registration and Education, for a period of not less than six years, in the employ of or under the immediate personal supervision of one or more practicing structural engineers; during at least two of which years, he has been in charge of work in designing or construction in the employ of, or under the immediate personal supervision of a practicing structural engineer. Every applicant who shall have graduated from a school of structural engineering approved by the Department of Registration and Education, requiring a course of study of not less than four school years of at least thirty weeks in each year, shall be credited with two years upon the required six year period. The Department of Registration and Education may, in its discretion, adopt regulations providing for credit of not to exceed two years upon the required six year period for an applicant who has pursued a course of instruction in a school of structural engineering approved by the Department of Registration and Education, but who has not graduated; and

(d) Who has passed an examination conducted by the Department of Registration and Education to determine his fitness to receive a certificate of registration as a registered structural engineer.

§ 5. Every person who desires to obtain a certificate of registration shall apply therefor to the Department of Registration and Education, in writing, upon blanks prepared and furnished by the Department of Registration and Education. Each application shall contain proof of the particular qualifications required of the applicant, shall be verified by the applicant under oath, and shall be accompanied by the required fee.

$ 6. The Department of Registration and Education shall hold examinations of applicants for certificates of registration as registered structural engineers at such times and places as it may determine.

The examination of applicants for certificates of registration as registered structural engineers may consist of written and oral tests and shall embrace the subjects normally taught in schools of structural engineering approved by the Department of Registration and Education.

$ %. Whenever the provisions of this Act have been complied with the Department of Registration and Education shall issue a certificate of registration as a registered structural engineer.

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