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ANAPESTIC MEASURES. 15. The anapestic measure consists of two anapests; as, Ulülässé cinés. Seneca.
The first foot in this measure was frequently changed to a dactyle or a spondee, and the second foot often to a spondee, and in a few instances to a dactyle.
feet, of which the first and second are anapests or spondees, and the third an anapest, followed by a long syllable; as,
17. The iambic trimeter or senarius consists of three iambic measures or six iambic feet; as, Süis étipsá Römä viribús | risit. Horat. The pure iambic measure was seldom used by the Latin poets. To give to this metre greater slowness and dignity, they introduced spondees into the first, third and fifth feet; and in every foot except the last, which was always an iambus, a long syllable was often changed into two short syllables, so that an anapest or a dactyle was often used for a spondee, and a tribrac for an iambus, and, sometimes, a proceleusmatic was found in the first foot; as, Quà quo scélésti risistis aut| clir déx|téris. Alítibús ātiqué caní|büs hômicida Héctorêm. Horat. The writers of comedy, satire, and fables, admitted the spondee, or a foot equal to it, into the second and fourth feet, as well as the first, third and fifth, and a proceleusmatic in the first foot; as,
by an odd syllable, the last foot being always a trochee, while most of the other feet are liable to the same variations as the feet in iambic measures; as, Pülchriús mültà på|rări | quâm créâri nóbillém. - Auson. Dânăildés célité | véstrås hic dilés quæ|rit minus. Seneca. 28. The Sapphic verse, invented by the poetess Sappho, consists of five feet, the first a trochee, the second a spondee and sometimes a trochee, the third a dactyle, and the fourth and fifth trochees; as, Câté|ris mājör tibi milés impár. Horat. The strophe or stanza, in which Sappho composed her verses, consists of three Sapphic verses followed by an adonic: its elegance and sweetness made it popular among the Latin poets, and caused it to be often introduced into their elegiac verses. 29. The Phalaecian or hendecasyllabic verse consists of five feet, the first of which is generally a spondee, though it is sometimes an iambus or a trochee, the second a dactyle, and the three others trochees; as, Nón Öst viváré séd välléré vitā. Martial. 30. The trochaic dimeter consists of four feet, the first and two last of which are always trochees, and the second a trochee, spondee, dactyle, or anapest ; as, Nôn få|cit quðd Óptăt |ipsé Oré torvö commílnäntés. Boeth.
32. The choriambic tetrameter consists of three choriambi or feet of equal length, followed by a bacchic ; as,
This method of scanning the Asclepiadic may be considered as the most correct: it has, however, been sometimes scanned in a different manner, the first foot being made a spondee, the second a dactyle followed by an odd syllable, and the last two feet dactyles; as,
35. The choriambic trimeter or Glyconic consists of three feet, the first a spondee, an iambic, or a trochee, the second a choriambus, and the third an iambic ; as,
36. The choriambic trimeter catalectic or Pherecratic is the Glyconic deprived of its final syllable, and sometimes having an anapest in the first foot; as,
Grätó | Pyrrhá sub finitro. Horat.
Dóminis | pressils iniquis. Boeth.
37. The choriambic dimeter consists of a choriambus and a bacchic ; as,
Lydiš dic |pér Ömnés. Horat.
38. The ionic a majore or Sotadic consists of three ionics a majore, and a spondee: the ionic feet are, however, frequently changed into dichorees, and a long syllable into two short syllables; as,
Vöcăliá quædam mémóránt consóná quædam.
Terentian, Hās cum gémina compédé dédicăt câltenās,