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39. The ionic a minore consists of three or four feet, which are all ionics a minore; as,

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40. The greater Alcaic consists of two iambic feet, which are sometimes changed into spondees, and an odd syllable, followed by a choriambus and an iambus; as,

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41. The Archilochian heptameter consists of the dactylic tetrameter a priore, followed by three trochees; as, Nünc décètaut viridi nitijdúm capüt impé|diré myrtó. o Horat. 42. The dactylico-trochaic tetrameter or lesser Alcaic consists of two dactyles, followed by two trochees; as,

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The preceding account of the metres in the most common use among the Latin poets will, it is presumed, be found both comprehensive and accurate. The student, who is desirous of more extensive information on this subject, may consult with advantage Carey's Latin Prosody.

In their lyric compositions, the Latin poets seldom confined themselves to one species of verse, but, for the sake of greater variety and harmony, they generally introduced two, and sometimes three different measures into the same ode. This change of metre is found in almost all the lyrics of Horace, and has contributed much to the beauty of his poetry.

The first thirty of the following exercises are designed to be scanned; the succeeding thirty-four require the order of the words to be changed, in order to the lines being formed into verses; the remaining exercises are intended to be translated. The figures prefixed to the exercises refer to the metres of the verses contained in them.

ExeRCISEs.

No. 8.
Haud sic magni conditor orbis;
Huic ex alto cunctatuenti
Nullā terrae mole resistunt,
Non nox atris nubibus obstat.

No. 9. Gratius astra nitent, ubi Notus Desinit imbriferos dare sonos; Lucifer ut tenebras pepulerit, Pulchra dies roseos agit equos. No. 16. Somnos dabat herba salubris, Potum quoque lubricus amnis, Umbras altissima pinus; Nondum maris alta secabat. No. 31. Tu ne quaesieris scire, nefas, quem mihi, quem tibi Finem di dederint, Leuconoë ; mec Babylonios Tentāris numeros, ut melius, quidquid erit, pati; Seu plures hyemes, seu tribuit Jupiter ultimam. - No. 1, 8. Albus ut obscuro deterget nubila coelo Sapë Notus, neque parturit imbres Perpetuos, sic tu sapiens finire memento Tristitiam vitaeque labores. No. 1, 13, 1, 13. Diffugère nives; redeunt jam gramina campis, Arboribusque comae; Mutat terra vices; et decrescentia ripas Flumina praetereunt. No. 1, 17, 1, 17. Mella cavá manant exilice; montibus altis Levis crepante lympha desilit pede. Illic injussae veniunt ad mulctra capellae, Refertque tenta grex amicus ubera. No. 17, 22, 17, 22. Has inter epulas, ut juvat pastas oves Widere properantes domum !

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Widere fessos, vomerem inversum, bowes,
Collo trahentes languido.

No. 11, 36.
Omne hominum genus in terris
Simili surgit abortu;
Unus enim rerum pater est,
Unus cuncta ministrat.

No. 34, 35.
Jam veris comites, quae mare temperant,
Impellunt animae lintea Thracia ;
Jam nec prata rigent, nec fluvii strepunt
Hybernánive turgidi.

No. 35, 34.
Caris multa sodalibus,
Nulli plura tamen, dividit oscula,
Quàm dulci Lamiae, memor
Actae non alio rege puertia.

No. 28, 14.
Scandit aeratas vitiosa naves
Cura, nec turmas equitum relinquit,
Ocior cervis, et agente nimbos
Ocior Euro. -

No. 41, 21.

Solvitur acris hyems grată vice veris et Favoni;

Trahuntgue siccas machinae carinas;

Ac neque jam stabulis gaudet pecus, aut arator igni;

14.

15.

Nec prata canis albicant pruinis.

No. 37, 33.
Cur neque militaris -
Inter a quales equitat; Gallica nec lupatis
Temperat ora franis 2
Cur timet flavum Tiberim tangere ? cur olivum

No. 34, 34, 36, 35.
Vos Tempe totidem tollite laudibus,
Natalemque, mares, Delon Apollinis,
Insignemgue pharetrá
Fraternâque humerum lyrá.

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No. 40, 40, 23, 42.
Doctrina sed vim promovet insitam,
Rectioue cultus pectora roborant;
Utcunque defecere mores,
Dedecorant bene nata culpa.
No. 1, 22, 13.
Nobilis ut grandi cecinit Centaurus alumno,
“Invicte mortalis, dea
Nate puer Thetide,
Te manet Assaraci tellus, quam frigida parvi
Findunt Scamandri flumina,
Lubricus et Simois.”

No. 24, 21.
At fides, et ingeni
Benigna vena est; pauperemoue dives
Me petit. Nihil supra
Deos lacesso; nec potentem amicum
Largiora flagito,
Satis beatus unicis Sabinis.
No. 17, 13, 22.
Ubi ha-c severus te palam laudaveram,
Jussus abire domum,
Ferebar incerto pede
Ad non amicos, heu, mihi postes, et heu
Limina dura, quibus
Lumbos et infregi latus.

No. 18.
Querceta Fauni, vosque rore vinoso
Colles benigni, mitis Evandri sedes,
Si quid salubre vallibus frondet vestris,
Levamen agro ferte certatim vati.
Sic ille, chartis redditus rursum Musis,
Vicina dulci prata mulcebit cantu.

Frigora mitescunt Zephyris; ver proterit aestas,
Interitura simul;

Pomifer autumnus fruges effuderit; et mox
Bruma recurrit iners.

Labuntur altis interim ripis aquae,
Queruntur in sylvis aves,

Fontesque lymphis obstrepunt manantibus;
Somnos quod invitet leves.

23.

Quâm variis terras animalia permeant figuris!

Namgue alia extento sunt corpore, pulveremoue verrunt,

Continuumque trahunt vi pectoris incitata sulcum.

Sunt quibus alarum levitas vaga, verberetoue ventos.
Monte decurrens velut amnis, imbres
Quem super notas aluère ripas, -

Fervet, immensusque ruit profundo
Pindarus ore. -

25. * - s
Cüm nemus flatu Zephyriotepentis
Vernis irrubuit rosis, *
* Spiret insanum nebulosus Auster,
Jam spinis abeat decus.

26.
Pallida mors acquo pulsat pede pauperum tabernas
Regumque turres: o beate Sexti,
Vitae summa brevis spen nos vetat inchoare longam ;
Jam te premet nox, fabulaeque manes.

27.
Nec Coas referunt jam tibi purpurae,
Nec clari lapides, tempora, quae semel
Notis condita fastis -
- Inclusit volucris dies.

Pura rivus aquae, Sylvaque jugerum ... ex: o
Paucorum, et segetis certa fides meat, " . . .
Fulgentem imperio fertilis Africae

Fallit, sorte beatior.

Virtus, recludens immeritis mori
Coelum, negatá tentat iter viá;
Coetusque vulgares, et udam
Spernit humum fugiente penná.
30.
Quid genus et proavos strepitis?
Si primordia vestra
o

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