king on the dangers to which the distinguished reception from the monarchy was exposed by the re- Emperor. At Pilnitz, he had an volution which was then ferment- interview with the King of Prussia ing, and announcing itself in the and the Emperor Leopold, and there pretensions of the tiers-etat. At the foundation of the first coalition the time of the convocation of the against France was laid. The Count states-general, he, by order of the d'Artois hastened to communicate king, refused the place of deputy of to Louis XVI., and even to declare the seneschalate of Tartas: the or- loudly the resolution of these two der of the noblesse caused their monarchs; at which the court of regret at his refusal to be testifed Vienna expressed its dissatisfaction, to him. When the news of the and, from that time, it adopted a events of the 14th of July reached system of indecision with regard to Versailles, he appeared with the the emigrants: it protected them king in the assembly; but the alter- secretly, and feared to engage itself ation of his looks, and the disorder too openly, for which reason it reof his countenance, by revealing the fused the Count d'Artois permission sentiments which agitated him, af- to establish a recruiting depot in the forded new subject for the accusa low countries. During this time, a tions of which he was the object. decree of accusation against all the At last, the Duke de Liancourt hav- emigrant princes was demanded of ing informed him that the Parisians the national assembly; and a legishad set a price on his head, he with- lative act was passed, importing, drew himself during the night from that all those who did not return by the fury of his enemies, and first the 1st of January 1792, should be gave the signal for emigration by declared enemies of the nation. Afgoing to Turin, with his family, to ter the acceptation of the constituthe king of Sardinia, his father-in- tion of 1791, Louis XVI. invited liw. The Parisians laid aside the the Count d'Artois to return to green cockade which they had as- him, but in vain. This prince, who sumed in the first days of the insur- had then just reached Coblentz, rection, as soon as they perceived where he had joined his brother, that this colour was that of the Monsieur, was preparing for rvar ; Count d'Artois' livery. The nation- heanswered the letter of Louis XVI. al assembly received unfavourably by giving reasons for his refusal, and the list of his debts, which Anson published a very violent proclamapresented, classed among the public tion against the assembly. On the expences; the next year, M. Necker 1st of January 1792, a decree of denied having given him money. accusation was passed against hina In 1790, the Count d'Artois had an by the first legislature, to whom a interview at Mantua with the Em- denunciation was made of the conperor Leopold; in 1791 he went to tinuation of the payment of his apWorms, with Marshal Broglio and pointment as colonel of the Swiss, the Prince de Conde, which occa- and of the delivery of discharges sioned the emigration of a great signed by him to the soldiers of that number of officers, He remained nation. On the 19th of May follovfor some time near Bonn, went to ing, another decree suppressed his Brussels, where he was welcomed constitutional appointment of a milby the Archduchess Maria Christi- lion, as brother to the king, and ná, and afterwards set out for Vi- declared his creditors at liberty to enna, where he met with the most seize the revenues of his apanage.


At the beginning of 1792, the prince plied: Isle-Dieu was evacuated, and returned to Turin, whence it was the Count d'Artois brought back to suspected that he corresponded with Portsmouth. After this excursion, the malcontents of Lyons. A public he lived for a long time in Edinact proved the debt contracted by burgh, in the castle or the ancient Monsieur and him for making war kings of Scotland. At the time of on France. At the time of the in- the famous campaign of 1799, he vasion of Champagne, he command was to have gone into Switzerland, ed a body of cavalry composed of to join the army of Conde, who was emigrants. After the death of Louis just come from the heart of Russia. XVI. he was declared by his brother He came to London with that inlieutenant-general of the kingdom tention, and sent one of his agents of France, and they both published to Suwarrow, who received him ex(from the castle of Ham, in West- tremely well; but the Austro-Rusphalia) a declaration announcing sian army had already been obliged their pretension to the regency. to evacuate Switzerland, and thus The Count d'Artois then set out was the plan of the second coalition for Petersburgh, where Catherine beginning to fail. The Count d'Arreceived him with great ceremony. tois staid in London, whence he Before he quitted the corps of emi- was said to direct the operations of grants, this prince wrote a flattering the Chouars in Bretagne. In Feletter to Marshal Broglio, sending bruary 1800, he was reconciled to him his medals, his diamonds, and the family of Orleans, and appeared his son's sword, to be sold for the with them at court, where the king advantage of the most necessitous gave them an audience. After the persons. At the end of 1794, the preliminaries of Amiens, he went English government appointed him back to Edinburgh, then returned an allowance, and he embarked, on to London on the breaking out the 26th of July 1796, at Cuxhaven again of hostilities ; and, in Novemfor London. At this period, the ber 1804, went to Calmar, in Swedeath of Louis XVI.'s son gave him den, where he had an interview with occasion to take a new title, that of his brother and his eldest son, who, Monsieur, which was given him at in 1799, had married the daughter the court of England. He after- of Louis XVI. ; then he returned to wards went on board an English fri- London, and was still there in 1806. gate, which cruized a long time on the coasts of France, and landed, on the 29th September at Isle-Dieu, Rites observed at the Indian Temple protected by the squadron of Com

of Juggernaut. modore Warren. During his stay at Isle-Dieu, the Count d'Artois (From Buchanan's - Christian Resent instructions to the chiefs of the

I searches in Asia.") royalist armies of the Vendee and of Bretagne, and wrote to Charette Extracts froin the Author's Journal in his

Tour to the Temple of Juggernaut in to settle his landing with him; but

Orissa, in the year 1806. the execution of this project depended in effect upon the English,

“ Buddruck in Orissa, whose intentions do not appear

May 30, 1806. that time to have been to place a

E know that we are apprince at the head of the Vendeans.

proaching Juggernaut (and Obstacles were consequently multi, yet we are more than 50 miles from



at) by the human bones which we his body, as a penance of merit to have seen for some days strewed by please the God." the way. At this place we have been joined by several large bodies of

“ Outer Gate of Juggernaut, pilgrims, perhaps 2000 in number,

June 12, 1806. who have come from various parts

“ A disaster has just occur. of Northern India. Some of them, red. As I approached the gate, the with whom I have conversed, såy, pilgrims crowded from all quarters that they have been two months on around me, and shouted, as they their march, travelling slowly in the usually did when I passed them on hottest season of the year, with their the road, an expression of welcome wives and children. Some old per- and respect. I was a little alarmed sons are among them, who wish to

at their nunber, and looked round die at Juggernaut. Nurnbers of pil- for my guard. A guard of soldiers grims die on the road; and their had accompanied me from Cuttack, bodies generally remain unburied. the last military station; but they On a plain by the river, near the were now about a quarter of a mile pilgrim's caravansera at this place, behind, with my servants and the there are more than a hundred baggage. The pilgrims cried out skulls. The dogs, jackals, and vul- that they were entitled to some intnres seem to live here on human dulgence, that they were poor, they prey. The vultures exhibit a shock- could not pay the tax; but I was ing tameness. The obscene animals not aware of their design. At this will not leave the body sometimes moment, when I was within few till we come close to them.”

yards of the gate, an old Sanyassee,

or holy man, who had travelled some “ In sight of Juggernaut, days by the side of my horse, came

June 12, 1806. up, and said, “Sir, you are in dan

Many thousands of pil- ger; the people are going to rush grims have accompanied us for some through the gate when it is opened days past. They cover the road be- for you. I immediately dismounted, fore and behind as far as the eye and endeavoured to escape to one can reach, At nine o'clock this side; but it was too late. The mob morning, the Temple of Juggernaut was now in motion, and with a appeared in view at a great distance. tumultuous shout pressed violently When the multitude first saw it, they towards the gate. The guard withgave a shout, and fell to the ground, in, seeing my danger, opened it, and and worshipped. I have heard no the multitude rushing through, carthing to-day but shouts and acclam- ried me forward in the torrent a ations by the successive bodies of considerable space; so that I was pilgrims. From the place where I literally borne into Juggernaut by now stand, I have a view of a host the Hindoos themselves. A distressof people like an army, encamped ing scene followed. As the number at the outer gate of the town of and strength of the mob increased, Juggernaut; where a guard of sol- the narrow way was choaked up by diers is posted to prevent their en- the mass of people; and I appretering the town, until they have hended that many of them would paid the pilgrim's tax. I passed a have been suffocated, or bruised to devotee to-day, who laid himself death. My horse was yet among down at every step, measuring the them. But suddenly one of the side Toad to Juggernaut by the length of posis of the gate, which was of wood,

gave way, and fell to the ground. sive sway of the horrid king. As And perhaps this circumstance alone other temples are usually adorned prevented the loss of lives. Notice with figures emblematical of their of the event was immediately com- religion, so Juggernaut has repremunicated to Mr Hunter, the super- sentations (numerous and varied) intendant of the temple, who repair- of that vice which constitutes the ed to the spot, and sent an additional essence of his worship. The walls guard to the inner gate, lest the and gates are covered with indecent people should force that also; for emblems, in massive and durable there is an outer and an inner gate sculpture. I have also visited the to the town of Juggernaut; but both sand plains by the sea, in some places of them are slightly constructed. whitened with the bones of the pil. Mr Hunter told me that similar ac- grims; and another place, a little cidents sometimes occur, and that way out of the town, called by the many have been crushed to death English, the Golgotha, where the by the pressure of the mob. He dead bodies are usually cast forth; added, that sometimes a body of pil- and where dogs and vultures are grims, consisting chiefly of women ever seen." and children and old men, trusting to the physical weight of their mass,

“. Juggernaut, June 18, 1806. will make, what he called, a charge “ I have returned home from on the armed guards, and overwhelm witnessing a scene which I shall nethem; the guards not being willing, ver forget. At 12 o'clock of this in such circumstances, to oppose day, being the great day of the their bayonets."

feast, the Moloch of Hindoostan

was brought out of his temple amidst “ Juggernaut, June 14, 1806.

the acclamations of hundreds of .... "I have seen Juggernaut. The thousands of his worshippers. When scene at Buddruck is but the vesti- the idol was placed on his throne, a bule to Juggernaut. No record of shout was raised by the multitude, ancient or modern history can give, such as I had never heard before. I thinki, an adequate idea of this It continued equable for a few mitalley of death; it may be truly nutes, and then gradually died away. compared with the valley of Hin- After a short interval of silence, a nom. The idol called. Juggernaut, murmur was heard at a distance; ali has been considered as the Moloch eyes were turned towards the place, of the present age; and he is justly and, behold, a grove advancing. A so named, for the sacrifices offered body of men, having green branches, up to him by self-devotement, are or palms, in their lands, approached not less criminal, perhaps not less with great celerity. numerous, than those recorded of opened a way for them; and wheà the Moloch of Canaan. Two other they had coine up to the throne idols accompany Juggernaut, name- they fell down before him that sat ly, Beloram and Shubudra, his bro- thereon, and worshipped. And the ther and sister; for there are threa multitude again sent forth a voice deities worshipped here. They re- like the sound of a great thunder.' ceive equal adoration, and sit on But the voices I now heard were thrones of nearly, equal height.”. not those of melody, or of joyful

... “ This morning I viewed the acclamation; for thiere is no ħarTersple; a stupendous fabric, and mony in the praise of Moloch's truly commensurate with the exten: worshippers. Their number indeed


The people

brought to my mind the countless gan. A high priest mounted the car multitude of the Revelations; but in front of the idol, and pronounced their voices gave no tuneful hosanna his obscene stanzas in the ears of the or hallelujah ; but rather a yell of people, who responded at intervals approbation, united with a kind of in the same strain,

- These songs hissing applause. I was at a loss said he, . are the delight of the god: how to account for this latter noise, his car can only move when he is until I was directed to notice the pleased with the song.' The car women ; who emitted a sound like moved on a little way, and then that of whistling, with the lips cir- stopped. A boy of about 12 years cular, and the tongue vibrating: as was then brought forth to attempt if a serpent would speak by their something yet more lascivious, if organs, uttering human sounds." peradventure the god would move.

The throne of the idol was plac- The child perfected the praise' of ed on a stupendous car or tower, his idol with such ardent expression about 60 feet in height, resting on and gesture, that the god was pleaswheels which indented the grounded, and the multitude, emitting a deeply, as they turned slowly under sensual yell of delight, urged the the ponderous machine. Attached car along. After a few minutes it to it were six cables, of the size and stopped again. An aged minister of length of a ship's cable, by which the idol then stood up, and with a the people drew it along. Thousands long rod in his hand, which he movof men, women, and children, pulled ed with indecent action, completed by each cable, crowding so closely, the variety of this disgusting exhibithat some could only use one hand. tion. I felt a consciousness of doing Intants are made to exert their wrong in witnessing it. I was also strength in this ofice; for it is ac- somewhat appalled at the magnitude counted a merit of righteousness to and horror of the spectacle; I felt move the god. Upon the tower were like a guilty person, on whom all the priests and satellites of the idol, eyes were fixed, and I was about to surrounding his throne. I was told withdraw. But a scene of a differthat there were about 129 persons ent kind was now to be presented. upon the car altogether. The idol The characteristics of Molòch's woris a block of wood, having a fright- ship are obscenity and blood. We ful visage painted black, with a dis- have seen the former ; now comes tended mouth of a bloody colour. the blood.” His arms are of gold, and he is “ After the tower had proceeded dressed in gorgeous apparel. The some way, a pilgrim announced that other two idols are of a white and he was ready to offer himself a sacriyellow colour. Five elephants pre- fice to the idol. He laid himself ceded the three towers, bearing down in the road before the tower towering Hags, dressed in crimson as it was moving along, lying on his caparisons, and having bells hang- face, with his arms stretched foring to their caparisons, which sound- wards. The multitude passed round ed musically as they moved." him, leaving the space clear, and he

“ I went on in the procession, was crushed to death by the wheels close by the tower of Moloch, which, of the tower. A shout of joy was as it was drawn with difficulty, grat- raised to the god. He is said to ed on its many wheels harsh thun- smile when the libation of the blood der. After a few minutes it stopped; is made. The people threw cowries, and now the worship of the god be- or small money, on the body of the


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