been a member, which subsisted in Berlin ; and the venerable Chanfor three centuries and a half, and cellor Hardenberg promotes their which has by various means diffu- : success as much as present circumsed knowledge and science through stances permit. Prince Henry's the world, and which the last so- Palace, of which the King has made Vereign of Pomerania considered as a present to the new university, will established by his fostering care for be the most magnificent, as well as ever, is now threatened with anni- the most convenient, Temple of hilation"

Science in Europe: containing no A similar fate doubtless impends less than ten spacious halls for lecover the long-established seat of turing, exclusively of a large as. learning at Erfurt; that university sembly-room, to which the students containing, a few weeks ago, but may retire during intervening hours. thirteen students; and one of the Other parts of this palace are deprofessors, Dominicus, whose learn- signed for Galleries of works of ing and writings have spread his Arts, and Museums of Natural Histame into foreign countries, having tory. Here the famous Moitheric recently changed his vocation in the Cabinet of Anatomy, in conjuncuniverssty into a stewardshimn_in tion with Liberkunic's Preparations, the now insignificant house of Er- the Great Mineral Cabinet, the furt!

Hoffinan and Gereshein Cabinet This melancholy state of ancient for other departinents of Natural establishments is however happily History, and various other collecrelieved by the effulgent appearance tions, have been deposited in spaof new luminaries, which are calcu- cious and convenient rooms. lated to give fresh weight to the Care has likewise been taken to cause of learning in that part of Eu- select judicious and experienced rope. The lover of literature, there- professors and superintendants, who, fore, must derive satisfaction from with appropriate lectures and prothe assurance published in the Ger- per collections and demonstrations, man papers, that the New Univers will be able to give animation to sity of Berlin was positively to be those immense stocks of dead rareopened about the middle of Octo- ties and treasures. In comparative ber, when courses of lectures in Anatomy and Zoology, the colebrathe four faculties were to be read. ted Rudolphy, of Greifswald, has

This spirited revival of learning been appointed, who, in his late in a state which politically labours work on insects, opened a new field under heavy embarrassments, can- in Zoology. The excellent Mineral Rot fail to interest, not only the na Cabinet at Berlin, that precious retives of Germany, but every well- lic of Karsten, will likewise be rewisher and promoter of science, moved to the University-Palace. whether he live on the banks of Professor Weiss, from Leipsic, is the Danube, the Rhine, the Elbe, appointed its superintendant and or the Thames. All those to whom lecturer. Far from insignificant or the King entrusted the manage trifling are the presents of the patriment of this concern, have, it ap- otic Count Hoffmannsegg, author pears, individually done their duty, and editor of the splendid Flora with praiseworthy solicitude. It is Lusitanica. More than thirty chests indeed to be regretted that Hum- of the racest natural curiosities from boldt has recently returned to po- the Brazils and the tropical counlítics: yet he is neverthelsss solicie tries of America, which is yet to tous to advance the public lectures be enlarged by exchanges made for


articles from New South Wales and university, as pårticularly capable other southern countries, consti- of rendering this collection of curitute the basis for a grand Museum osities useful. The King has likeof Natural History. Dr Gersen- wise, for the same museum, recentheim, from Dresden, has, with the ly purchased of Herbst, a clergyassistance of his late friend Pallas man at Berlin, his famous collection and others, collected a Zoophytic of crustaceous fish ; and negociaCabinet, no less valuable than com tions for various other collections prehensive, which he has presented have been set on foot. . If to these to the King of Prussia, for the use be united the regularly classified of the new university. The care of botanical-garden, under the care of this collection has been committed the great Wildenow, the whole will to the learned Ilger, a profound not fail to be productive of the most explorer of nature, who has been gratifying results in the study of called from Brunswick to the new physiology.



Prologue and Epilogue to the Tra 'Twas then, that afted from a distant gedy of Helga.

sky, In hour of need, the evening's themo was

nigh, PONDERING the labours of his mimic reign, Brought from that isle, whore flames volOur stage-director schem'd the year's cam. canic light paign,

The half year's darkness of the polar night; Tragic and comic muse before him came, Where boiling streams, from earth's dark Farce, pastoral, opera, masque, and me. caverns driven, lo-drame,

With sleet and snow drift, mix in middle On his bewildered meditation past;

heaven; With scenes, unpainted yet, and parts Where' meet, in neighbourhood extreme uncast,

and dire, Speeches ne'er spouted, dresses yet un. The icy glaciere, and the gulph of fire ; made,

While smoke and steam through frozen Songs never set, and music yet unplayed:

skies are tost, Then mov'd the stage auxiliaries along, And central earthquakes shake a land of Man, monster, and machine, a motely


Yet in that clime, though elemental strife For now: no more, the mean processions Wrecks each fair trace of vegetative life, pass,

Mid Iceland's waste, of ashes and of In Hamlet's phrase, each actor on his ass.

Snows, Car, camel, war-horse, water-dog appear,

Even there of old, the light of song arose; And Blue-Beard's elephant o'erwhelins the From her dark bosom, the historic lay

O'er ancient Europe pour'd the mental day. Perplex'd, and 'midst the dark and due In royal halls, their harps her minstrels bious choice,

strung, Our Chief Theatric caught young Am And courts and camps were silent when mon's voice,

they sung. • Athenians of the North-alas!” he says, Not now we aim to match their loftier " How hard we labour to descrve your

strain, praise."

Or bid the runic rhyme revive again;



ire ;

Enough, if simpiy, yet to nature true, Or boils like Geyser's fount with jealous Our wandering bard his sketch dramatic drew,

If Helga's feelings are but felt by you, To shew how sternly rival minstrels strove, You will not ask me if her story's true, dung by the jealousy of fame and love. But yield your tear, without your reason's

leave, EPILOGUE.

If nature prompt the tale, and passion Is times like these, when British travel

weave. lers find Their foreign tours, that narrow limits

On the death of Mr Archibald bind, Through France and Italy forbid to roam,

Campbell. They seek familiar wonders nearer home; As dow'rets ope their beauties wild Gigantic snakes are cast on Orkney's isle, Unto the rosy morning sun, And mermaids rise in Caithness and Ar. And drooping lose their fragrance mild, gyle;

Ere half his bright career is run. These spread their toilets, (wondering shepherds swear)

So, oft descends into the tomb And comb with ivory fingers, emerald hair. The youth, whose worth begins to shine; } If more informed observers sally forth, How dreadful is the sudden doom, They find fresh wonders somewhat farther Yet, Campbell, such a doom was thine.

north; 'Tis not enough the Iceland traveller tells But laid in thy untimely grave, Of burning mountains and of boiling wells; Alas! shalt thou remain unknown? His moral marvels too, you find he brings, Shall no sad friend attempt to save Minstrels that for preferment sing to Thy merit from oblivion?

kings; Ladies that keep their virgin vows so nice, Be mine the task, be mine the song (As if like salmon, vows were kept in ice.) To celebrate thy well lov'd name, For three long years wait in their native Though, would another voice more strong isle,

Had rais'd it to immortal fame ! And dare not Airt with mortal all the while.

For though thy cheek would often glow Do you believe the wonders they relate ? With pleasure's smile; yet still thine eye No, sure, if our experience carry weight. Would glisten at the tale of woe, No courtly Lords, now rival rhymes re With tears of softest sympathy.

hearse, Of claim blue ribbands for their skill in So bless'd by fortune's balmy breath

Who ev'ry gift had kindly given; No Ladies now, when lovers leave their Thus sudden snatch'd away by death side,

I'd murinur-but it comes from heav'n. Fish seas between them and their destin'd

Alas! but doubl'd is our grief,
No modern Ladies sit, to pine and mope, Retlecting on thy flow'ry view;
And wait three tedious years the wan. As dew drops bright on ev'ry leaf,
derer. Hope;

But mock the rose-bud's faded hue.
But if the careless beau forgets his belle,
These find another answer quite as well; Ah! need I tell the mournful gloom
Too happy should her Edgar disappoint' That o'er each anxious feature spread,

When told, that to the silent tomb
To find some Haco with a larger jointure. The tairest hope of youth had fled.
But, (for our author frowns) all jokes

Then was each broken murmur stay'd,
If in his scenes you trace the human heart; And hush'd the joyous voice of mirth:
W to your view these artless scenes may It was the last sad tribute paid

By friendship to departed worth. Passions in every latitude that live; Ambition towering like the cliffs that rise But stop-nor break the calm repose On Iceland's coast to meet the angry skies; Of hearts that have profusely bled, Love! ardent love! that burns like Heli- Nor add a single tear to those

A mourning relative hath shed:



bride ;

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la's fire,

But off'ring up with anxious fear

But, hush! why bodes that wand'ring noise? The efforts of a pen so weak,

Hail, heavenly power! 'tis Virtue's blissful Permit a friend to drop a tear

voice--That would not stain a parent's cheek.

J. H.

Thou sacred, dear, departed Bard !
Thy hallowed Maid, ('tis Heaven's re-


Here, grateful greets thy shade sublime,

That bless'd beyond the bourne of time, ON THE DEATH OF DR. J. LEYDEN,

Fate's ruthless powers defy. Author of “ The Scenes of Infancy," &c.

Where brightly, eke thy hallowed name,

Shall blaze amidst seraphic flame! INFURLATE o'er the distant waste,

While dreadful Death himself shall die. Along the men of battles haste;

Swell, Minstrels! swell the warbling tone, Loud clank their arms ! ---the mingled And soothe sweet Nature's mournful train

moan; A far forsake their natal plain,

And Scotia, be that labour thine, And hail th' approaching foe! To watch thy honours, at his silent shrine. Where vengeance thro’the valrous fields The sanguine sword of Freedom wields, Awake, ye youths of sordid gold ! And aims th'avenging arduous blow.

Awake, with em'lous ardour bold ! Again! they burn with vigorous fire;

See! from yon orient paths afar, Again! they fight with desp'ratc ire: Bright Geniui, turns his rapid car, But, ah! from drear Batavia's soil,

And courts your nobler flight. Why mourns Britannia, midst her prosp'.

Along, he fires the slumb'ring land, rous toil?

And, beckoning, whirls his golden wand,

'Midst volumes of ethereal light: Alone, where yonder laurels wave, She bends beside her minstrel's grave,

Now, o'er his vot’ry's tear-spread urn,

Sadd'ning he stoops awhile to mourn; The Bard, who, in his native north,

Then, bright on beams of ether hurld, Long breath'd in bless'd effusion forth

Circles with boundless thought a suppliant Wild youth's impassion'd strain;

Where, Nature's happiest harphe strung,
And Teviot's mountain echoes rung

Hark! how aloud the borean waves
Triumphant o'er the giddy plain.

Are dash'd against the chrystal caves, His were the songs, whose music smooth, And; murm'ring high, the echo swells ,

Shew'd life, all love and love, all truth; Around, from Ocean's bed of shells, And wak'd to rapturous joy the soul,

And charms with hollow moan. That beat beneath his mild divine controul. While trem'lous o'er the troubled deep On foreign lands, his lyre resign'd,

The spirits of the waters weep, Now vibrates with the formless wind; ,

Incumbent woe, that's Mem'ry's own, And, tuneless laid! the conscious note

And swift along the cavern'd shore, Does not in wild vibration float,

The winds convey the murmurs o'er, In aerial circles borne ;

Where, 'neath gray twilight's gath'ring While from her mazy radiant ring,

gloom, Sweet Fancy, flaps the drooping wing,

Fair Scotia's tears bedew her Leyden's tomb And falls a-down to earth forlorn.

H. And trembling 'Truth, with look distrest,

January 20, 1812, Reclines upon her beauteous breast : Water of Leith.


We regret, that from the late period at which the Observer was received, we were not able to insert it this month.

The pieces by the Ettrick Shepherd will appear next month.
J. E. S. and I. I. R. will probably obtain early insertion.


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schism, pregnant with all those calamities

which at times, shake the foundation of Friday, January 10.

empires. His Lordship reprobated the

idea of restrictions and disabilities on ac, of the House to Lord Minto, the Go count of religion, and entered into a his. vernor Gen of India, and to Gen. Abercrom tory of their origin. He found it in the bie, Sir S. Aucamuty, &c. for the late im fears justly entertained under Charles II. portant services in the East. His Lordship, of the opinions possessed by the Duke of as a reason for deviating from the usual York, afterwards James 11. the heir ap. practice of confining this mark of distinct parent, to whom the whole of the Catho, tion to naval or military, stated that the lics were politically devoted. The same expeditions which terminated in the reduce

motives subsisted in the following reigns, tion of the islands of Bourbon, Mauritius, and as long as claims to the Crown of and Java, was the result of measures un

those Realms, disallowed by Parliament, dertaken by Lord Minto apon his own re

were maintained by Catholic pretenders. sponsibility, before the instructions sent by 'But the only cause of the penal statutes a. government had reached him. The Noble gainst Roman Catholics, had vanished Secretary then expatiated at some length long ago, and the effect must of course upon the merits of the military and naval follow the same fate. His Lordship ad, commanders employed in these different mitted that the lower clases of Irish Ca. kervices.

tholics still retained strong prejudices aLord Moses cordially joined in this pro gainst their fellow citizens; and one of posed vote of thanks, but remarked, that the advantages expected from an United the principle of colonial warfare, carried Parliament was, that they would adopt op by this country at a prodigious expence,

measures to remove all grounds of national sa incorrect, the power of France, in jealousy. Instead of which, the higher Europe, being such, that she must, at all

classes of Roman Irish Catholics were detimes, upon the re-estbalishment of peace, barred even from aspiring to a variety of command ships, colonies, and commerce.

honourable and lucrative situations which The motion was then agreed to nem. dis his Lordship enumerated. The case was as were the usual resolutions approving of peculiarly hard in respect to the army, for the services of the soldiers, seamen, and the Irish Parliament had provided for the marines.

advancement of the Roman Catholic on No business of public importance came

the military estabilshment of that -kingbefore the House till

doin ; but no sooner had that army be.

come English by the Union, than this Friday, January 31.

wholesome and just provision was done When Earl FitZWILLIAM, agreeably 10 away contrary to the spirit of that social notice, called the attention of their Lord. contract, and without any grounds what. ships to the state of affairs in Ireland. ever. His Lordship afterwards recapitų. The circumstances, (be observed), which lated the various reasons which he had al. bad lately oceurred in that country-the ready adduced to induce their Lordships pislation of the liberty of the subject, to agree to an inquiry, and concluded by while exercising the undoubted right af moving, “That a Committee, be appoint. Petitionings, had occasioned a polinical ed to inquire into the State of Ireland." February 1912.


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