and why that should be any obstacle to our and unregulated emancipation, to which it making a peace with him. The personal is impossible I should accede. If a gocharacter of Sovereigns never constituted vernment of united integrity and ability an objection to making peace with them. should have been formed, I should have It was nothing but a false pride that made. been one of the last to discountenance it, the Government keep up the war. He and one of the first to offer it my weak wished to know where was the boasted support and assistance." prosperity of the country to be found ? Mr Tierney thought the principle of Not among our aristocracy, who were for- the last speaker was to advocate the Cathoced to abandon their once hospitable man lic cause,or beagainst it as he saw occasion. sions, and take shelter in some watering Mr PERCEVAL said, his noble friend was place ; it was not among our merchants, charged with a remarkable convenience of who were now resting on their oars, and principle for consenting to give the assistliving on their capitals; nor was it our ance of his talents to the administration. manufacturers. He concluded with mo And, from whom did this charge proceed? .ving, " That the House should resolve From those persons in the party of the itself into a Committee on the state of the Noble Lords, who, in his opinion, had nation.”

shown as much convenience, as much apMr Tigue coincided in opinion with the plication, at least of principle to times and worthy Baronet; our country was in a circumstances, as any other statesman that most ruinous and perilous state, while the ever lived. Upon the Catholic question, resources of the enemy were unimpaired. did not they show such a disposition to The present unnatural system of public temporize, that, until it was forced upon affairs might have been upheld by Mr Pitt, thein, it may be concluded they never who was a Colossus; but nothing could be would have brought it on ? and then, when effectually done by his puny successors. it was forced upon them, what did they

Mr WHITBREAD, in alluding to the Ca do? Instead of recommending the adoptholic question, and the understanding tion of their vital question, they stole a that it would be treated not as a Cabinet little something in the mutiny bill. But, question, but be placed on the same foot the introduction of that little something ing as the slave trade was, said, that it was resisted, and strange to tell, these was well known, that the most powerful, men of consistency- these unchanging and the most eloquent minister this country unchangeable men, gave up even that little ever had, exerted his eloquence and his something. He would, for himself, canpersuasions as an individual, for several didly avow, that he did not think it expeyears, to carry this question, but without dient to grant the Catholics their claims, effect ; nor was it till it became a Cabinet nor did he see, in the future, any continquestion, that the slave trade was carried. gency of political events that ever could Mr W. continued, would it have no effect make it expedient. As to the charge that in the Peninsula that the brother of the he had abandoned the question as a Cabinet brave Captain who had commanded with measure, he certainly thought that the so much glory and so much success, had difference on this head ought not to exretired from the Ministry, and was repla- 'clude any man of talents from his assist. ced by a noble Lord, who, when before in ance in the councils of the Prince Regent. office, had been proverbially unfortunate ? Mr CANNING was sorry to say, that the ( Hear, hear!) Would the Catholics of new administration, if it could be called Ireland forget the Noble Lord's conduct at so, was formed on a basis which shut for the Union, who was now again going into ever the door on the Catholics. He althe Cabinet, at the commencement of a ways wished that the measure of Catholic new æra, when the Catholics, who had emancipation should be taken up by Goindeed indulged in golden dreams, had vernment ; and to shew his disapprobation awoke to heart-rending disappointment. of the principles upon which Government

Lord CastlEREGH, in opposing the mo was acting, he was compelled to vote for țion, denied that, by coming into power, the motion before the House. On the war he had compromised his principles with re of the Peninsula, his opinions remained gard to Catholic Emancipation. My unchanged, but he feared that administrareason then, for inclining to this side of tion in losing the Noble Marquis (Wellesthe House rather than to the other is, that ley) had lost the stimulus of those successes my sentiments more nearly accord with which had graced the last two years.

On those of my friends round me, because the è a division, there appeared, against the wish of gentlemen opposite is immediate motion, 209; for it, 136 : majority, 73.


historical Affairs.


insula, theirs with regard to us, has been

unjust, tyrannical, and oppressive. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.

From the irruption of the French into IN the name of Almighty God, author of Spain, the entrance of Ferdinand VII. in.

nature, we, the Representatives of the to the territories of France, and the subgood city of Carthagena, of the Indies, sequent renunciation by that Monarch and asseinbled in full Junta ; and assisted by family of the throne of their ancestors, in all the Tribunals of this city, in order to

favour of the Emperor Napoleon, the enter upon the enjoyment of our just and bonds that 'united the King to his people tunalienable rights, devolved upon us in

were burst asunder. They were instantathe course of events, with which it has neously in possession of their sovereignty, pleased Divine Providence to mark the and authorised to frame for themselves a downfall of the Spanish monarchy, and form of government the most conducive to the erection of a new dynasty on the their accommodation. throne of the Bourbons-deem it proper, ; The Declaration proceeds to a detail of before the exercise of those rights, bestow- the tyrannical and unfair conduct of the ed by an allwise Creator upon the whole Regency and the Cortes, successively, toof the human race, to exhibit to the view wards the Spanish colonies, and thus consf an impartial world, the accumulation cludes :-) of canses which impel us to this solemn Impelled by these justifiable reasons, declaration, and will justify the resolution which are but a faint outline of our sufferko necessary, upon the point of separating ings, and by those of policy and nature, Us for ever from the Spanish monarchy. which so imperiously called upon us for

Turning with horror from the contem this separation, we, the Representatives piation of the 300 years of vexations, mi- of the good people of the Province of Carseries, and calamities, heaped upon our thagena of the Indies, with their full conunhappy country, by the conquerors and sent and approbation, and convinced of the mandatories of Spain, whose history can integrity of our intention, and the favour tárt fail to astonish posterity at the dura-' of an impartial world, solemnly DECLARE, tion of our sufferance; and passing in in the face of the universe, that the Pro. silence over the consequences of that un vince of Carthagend of the Indies, is from happy period for America, we shall con this day, a FREE, SOVEREIGN, and INDEPENfine ourselves solely to the events, which, DENT STATE. That it is disenthralled from peculiar to this province, have taken place all submission, vassalage, and obedience, only since the epoch of the Spanish revolu- and absolved from every bond from whattion. At its perusal, the most decided ever nature that formerly attached it to partisan of Spain shall not refrain from the throne of Spain. That, as such, ab180wing, that in proportion as our con- solute, free, and independent, it may do duct has been liberal and disinterested whatever any other free and independent with respect to the governors of the Pen- nation can. And for the better securing


and effecting this our Declaration, we experience which I have had of your hig& pledge our lives and properties--swearing rectitude and capacity ; and by these preto spill the last drop of our blood in sup- sents, with my free will and consent, I port of this so sacred and solemn a De- constitute and appoint you Vicar-General claration.

in this my kingdom of Sicily, in the same Done in the place of the Government way as you have been already twice Vicar

of Carthagena of the Indies, on the General in my other kingdom of Naples ; 1lth day of November 1811, and and I yield and transfer to you with the the 1st of our independence.

ample title of Alter Ego, the exercise of (Here follows the signatures.) all the rights, prerogatives, pre-eminencies,

and powers, which could be exercised by myself; and that this my determination

may be known to all, and obeyed by all, I SICILY.

order that this my letter, signed by my.

self, and sealed with the Royal seal, be Dispatches received from Lord W.Ben

preserved in the archives of the kingdom, tinck, at Palermo, announce the abdica- and that you direct a copy of it to be sent tion of the throne by the King of Sicily, in to all Councillors and Secretaries of State favour of the hereditary Prince, whom he for their information, and that they may has also appointed Vicar-General. Lord communicate the same to all persons inW. Bentinck is invested with the chief terested. Given in Palermo, this 16th command of the Sicilian army, and Gene- day of January, 1812. ral Macfarlane is' appointed second in

FERDINAND, command Every thing, it is said, has

THOMAZ DE SOMA. been arranged to the complete satisfaction of the British ambassador. The exiled princes have been recalled; and the Queen has retired altogether from the Court, and

DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. gone to reside at a private villa in the coun. • try. The abdication of the King, and ap. pointment of the Prince, was published in the following

It was generally reported, that on the

removal of the restrictions, imposed on the Ferdinand by the grace of God, King of

Prince Regent by a bill of last session of the Two Sicilies, Jerusalem, &c. In

Parliament, which took place on the 18th fante of Spain, Duke of Parma, Pla

of last month, a new administration would centia, Castro, &c. Grand Hereditary

have been formed, consisting of those per. Prince of Tuscany, &c.

sons to whose opinions and principles his

Royal Highness had, during the course of My most esteemed son, Francis, heredi

his political life, professed an attachment. tary Prince of the Two Sicilies, &c.

On the 13th of February, however, the Being oblige', through bodily indispo

Prince, in a letter to the Duke of York, sition, and from the advice of the physi

intimated his resolution to retain in office cians, to breathe the air of the country, to withdraw myself from all serious applica

the persons who had conducted the gotion, I should esteem myself culpable be

vernment of the country during his re. fore God, if I did not make such provision

stricted Regency; at the same time cx. for the government of the kingdom, in

pressing his wish that some of his early

friends might strengthen his hands by a these most difficult times, that affairs of

junction with those in power; and request. the greatest importance should be prompt.

ing the Duke of York to cominunicate with ly dispatched, and the public weal suffer

Lords Grey and Grenville on the subject. no detriment through my infirmities,

This letter drew forth an answer from the Wishing, therefore, to disburthen myself two noble lords above mentioned, which, of the weight of government, as long

together with that of the Prince, are quoas it shall not please God to restore

ted below. The only alteration which has me to a state of health suitable for con

taken place in the Cabinet is the resigna. ducting it, I cannot more properly entrust it to any other than to you, my be

tion of the Marquis Wellesley, and the aploved son, as well because you are my le

pointment of Lord Castlereagh in his

room gitimate successor, as on account of the





spirit of resistance to a foreign yoke. In

the critical situation of the war in the " My Dearert Brother,

Peninsula I shall be most anxious to avoid " As the Restrictions on the Exercise every measure which can lead my allies to of the Royal Authority will shortly expire, suppose that I mean to depart from the when I must make my arrangements for present system. Perseverance alone can the future administration of the powers achieve the great object in question, and I with which I am invested, I think it right cannot withhold 'my approbation from to communicate to you those sentiments those who have honourably distinguished which I was withheld from expressing at themselves in support of it. I have no prean early period of the session, by my ear.' dilection to indulge, no resentments to gratify, nest desire that the expected motion on the

no objects to obtain BUT SUCH AS ARE COMaffairs of Ireland might undergo the deli

MÓN TO THE WHOLE EMPIRE. If such is berate discussion of Parliament, unmixed the leading principle of my conduct, and I with any other consideration.

can appeal to the past as evidence of what "I think it hardly necessary to call your the future will be, i fatter myself I shall recollection to the recent circumstances

meet with the support of Parliament, and under which I assumed the authority dele- of a candid and enlightened nation. gated to me by Parliament. At a moment

“ Having made this communication of of unexampled difficulty and danger, I was

my sentiments, in this new and extraordi. called upon to make a selection of persons nary crisis of our affairs, I cannot conclude w whom I should entrust the functions of without expressing the gratification I should the Executive Government.

feel, if some of those persons with whom “ My sense of duty to our Royal Father the early habits of my public life were solely decided that choice, and every pri- formed, would strengthen my hands and Fate feeling gave way to considerations constitute a part of my government. With which admitted of no doubt or hesitation.

such support, and aided by a vigorous and I trust I acted in that respect as the ge united administration, formed on the most nuine representative of the august person liberal basis, I shall look with additional whose functions I was appointed to disa confidence to a prosperous issue of the most charge; and I have the satisfaction of arduous contest in which Great Britain was knowing, that such was the opinion of

ever engaged. persons for whose judgement and honoura.

“ You are authorised to communicate ble principles I entertain the highest re these sentiments to Lord Grey, who, I spect.

have no doubt, will make them known to " In various instances, as you well Lord Grenville. know, where the law of the last session

" I am always, &c. left me at full liberty, I have waved my

“ George, P. R. personal gratification, in order that his Majesty might resume, on his restoration “ Carletonhouse, Feb. 13, 1812. to health, every power and prerogative

66 P.S. I shall send a copy of this letter belonging to his crown. I certainly am

immediately to Mr Perceval." the last person in the kingdom to whom it can be permitted te despair of our royal

REPLY OF LORDS GREY AND GRENVILI T. " A new era is now arrived, and I cannot but reflect with satisfaction on the

February 15, 1912. events which have distinguished the short

SIR, period of my restricted Regency. Instead “ We beg leave most humbly to express of suffering in the loss of any of her pos to your Royal Highness our dutiful acsessions, by the gigantic force which has knowledgments for the gracious and conbeen employed against them, Great Bri- descending manner in which you have had tain has added most important arquisitions the goodness to communicate to us the lei. to her empire; the national faith has been ter of his Royal Highness the Prince Represerved inviolate towards our allies; and gent, on the subject of the arrangements if character is strength applied to a nation, to be now made for the future administrathe increased and increasing reputation of tion of the public affairs; and we take the his Majesty's arms will show to the na liberty of availing ourselves of your giren Lions of the Continent how much they may cious permission to address to your Royal still achieve when animated by a glorious Highness in this form what has occurred

Father's recovery.

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to us in consequence of that communica- empire ;, but his Royal Highness has beert tion. The Prince Regent, after expressing pleased to advert to the deliberations of to your Royal Highness in that letter his Parliament on the affairs of Ireland;" a sentiments on various public matters, bas, subject above all others important in itself, in the concluding paragraph, condescend- and connected with the most pressing daned to intimate his wish that some of those gers. Far from concurring in the senti.' persons with whom the early habits of his ments which his Majesty's ministers have, public life were formed, would strengthen on that occasion, so recently expressed, his Royal Highness's hands, and consti. we entertain opinions directly opposite : tute a part of his government; and his we are firmly persuaded of the necessity Royal Highness is pleased to add, that of a total change in the present system of with such support, aided by a vigorous and that country and of the immediate repeal united administration, formed on the most of those civil disabilities under which so liberal basis, he would look with addition- large a portion of his Majesty's subjects al confidence to a prosperous issue of the still labour on account of their religious most arduous contest in which Great Bri- opinions. To recommend to Parliament tain has ever been engaged. On the other this repeal, is the first advice which it parts of his Royal Highness's letter we do would be our duty to offer to his Royal not presume to offer any observations; Highness, could we, even for the shortest but in the concluding paragraph, in so far time, make ourselves responsible any as we may venture to suppose ourselves further delay in the prospect of a measure, included in the gracious wish which it ex- without which we could entertain no hope presses, we owe it, in obedience and duty of rendering ourselves useful to his Royal to his Royal Highness, to explain ourselves Highness, or to the country. We have with frankness and sincerity. We beg leave only further to beg your Royal Highness most earnestly to assure his Royal High- to lay before his Royal Highness the Prince ness, that no sacrifices, except those of Regent, the expression of our humble duty, honour and duty, could appear to us too and the sincere and respectful assurance great to be made, for the purpose of heal- of our carnest wishes for whatever may ing the divisions of our country, and unit- best promote the ease, honour, and ading both its government and its people. vantage of his Royal Highness's governAll personal exclusion we entirely dis- ment, and the success of his endeavours claim; we rest on public measures; and for the public welfare. it is on this ground alone that we must “ We have the honour to be, &c. express, without reserve, the impossibility

“ GREY. of our uniting with the present govern

“ GRENVILLE." ment. Our differences of opinion are too “ To his Royal Highness many and too important to admit of such the Duke of York.". an union. His Royal Highness will, we are confident, do us the justice to remem

IRELAND. ber that we have twice already acted on this impression ; in 1809, on the proposi- On the 19th February, John Keegan, the tion then made to us under his Majesty's schoolmaster, with four others, who were authority; and last year, when his Royal apprehended in January, (see page 12 of Highness was pleased to require our ad- this volume) were brought before a Comvice respecting the formation of a new mission of Oyer and Terminer, and, upon government. The reasons which we then becoming bound to prosecute James Fihumbly submitted to him are strengthened sher and Michael Glynn, when found, they by the increasing dangers of the times; were all discharged. nor has there down to this moment, ap

On the 21st, John Magee, Esq. propriepeared even any approximation towards tor of the Dublin Evening Post, was found such an agreement of opinion on the guilty of a libel, at the prosecution of the public interests, as can alone form a basis police magistrates of Dublin. The Jury for the honourable union of parties pre- bronght in a verdict of “ Guilty, but with viously opposed to each other. 'Into the out a malicious intention ;" but the Court detail of those differences we are unwilling refused to take the verdict, and they retito enter ; they embrace almost all the red a second time, about ten minutes, and leading features of the present policy of the then brought in a verdict of “Guilty."


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