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Description of COILSFIELD HOUSE, feet, formed into groin arches above,

the Seat of the Right Hon. Lord and enriched with composite mouldMontgomery.

ings. The breakfast parlour and bil

liard room, 32 feet long by 20 feet COILSFIELD HOUSE, which wide each, are in the back projection

has been recently erected by or bow; and the upper story is formLord Montgomery, is situated in the ed into sixteen bed rooms, with dressCounty of Ayr, about six miles to ing closets to each. the east of the county town, and on A wing, 50 feet by 20, is added the north bank of the water of Ayr. to each end of the house. That on Though there are in Ayrshire one or the north is formed into a place of two mansions larger in size, there are business, apartments for a principal none superior to it in point of ele- servant, &c. and that on the south gance. The principal house is 120 into an orangery, on the end of the feet long and 60 feet wide. The drawing room; the orange trees and main eniry is under a portico in the other plants being seen from it thro' centre, which is supported by six a glass door and two large windows. massy columns. The entrance hall, At the opposite end of the drawing which is circular, is 25 feet diameter, room, a reflecting mirror rises from and 16ų feet bigh; the ceiling sup- the floor 13 feet, and 5 feet broad, ported by eight pillars of stone, beau- which shows the room and orangery tifully polished and varnished. The double. When day light is excluded, dining room on the left, and drawing and the room and orangery lighted room on the right are each, 40 feet by two superb crystal lustres in each, long, 22{ wide, and 16 feet high. hung from the ceiling, and the brilThe saloon in the centre of the house liancy of the room and orangery reis an octagon 20 feet diameter, with flected double in the mirror, the 8 pillars supporting a balcony, from whole seems to be an enchanted grove, which the rooms in the attic story or corner of the Elysian fields. The enter. The capitals are doric enta. whole furniture, and every thing blature, with enriched mouldings.- about this delightful residence, is most The whole height of the saloon is 47 superb.



Monthly Memoranda in Natural His- others which were in flower in the tory

beginning of this month, we may

mention two, which we have never July. DURING the first half of before seen in this country; viz. Sa

the month the weather was gittaria lancifolia, introduced from generally dry and warm, and much the East Indies about ten years ago, hay was made, in this neighbourhood, and Zizania aquatica, or Canada Rice. without a shower. After the 18th a This last has been recommended to good deal of rain fell, at intervals, the Board of Agriculture under the till near the close of the month. - title of Canadian Marsh Corn ; and The different kinds of crops have because Mr Pinkerton, (who is evicome on pretty rapidly, but must un. dently no botanist,) bas eulogized avoidably be later than usual. Straw. this " cereal gramen probably berries were more than a fortnight intended by nature to become, at behind the ordinary time; the middle some future period, the bread-corn of of the strawberry season being so the north *, it has been concluded, late as 23d or 24th July, when straw- in a recent Agricultural Report, that berries were sold at 10d. a Scots it “promises to be an object of impint. Roses have this year been portant interest in the cold and moist nearly a month later than they com- climate of Scotland, where oats and monly are. The cabbage-rose is only barley cannot be advantageously culnow (27th July) in perfection. tivated.” The Zizania is an annual

Botany. The Royal Botanic Gar- plant; and, we fear, requires, to bring den here still remains in the depress- it to perfection, a degree of steady ed state, for want of funds, which we warmth not to be expected from a have formerly, more than once, ta

Scottish summer.

We are aware,

that ken occasion to describe; with one a few plants have, for several years het-house absolutely in ruin, and past, annually ripened their seeds in another verging to it; and scarce- a pond in Sir Joseph Banks's garden ly a sufficient command of hands to at Hounslow ; but the seeds have been throw water on the flower-pots. In regularly saved with care, kept in these most unfavourable circumstan- jars of temperate water over winter, ces, it is certainly very creditable, and sown in the pond in spring, when both to the botanical Professor and to the severe frosts were over ; and it the practical Superintendant, that must be allowed, that there is a consithe garden should still maintain a re- derable difference of climate between spectable character. The personal Hounslow, west from London, and exertions of the superintendant, or the Highlands of Scotland. The Zihead gardener, Mr MACNAB, we be- zania has now flowered for the first lieve to be unremitting; and it seems time in Scotland in the stove of the a public disgrace that they should not Botanic Garden. be better rewarded, and that his abi. To the list of rare native plants to lities and zeal should not be seconded, be found within a day's excursion by a small grant of the public money from Edinburgh +, may be added a for the improvement of the garden. new species of Orobanche, O. rubra,

Notwithstanding this discouraging or Red fragrant Broom-rape, first destate of matters, Mr Macnab has late- scribed by Dr Smith about four

years ly introduced many new or very rare ago I, as having been found near plants into the garden. He has, in

Belparticular, carried the culture of ex

Modern geogrophy, iii. 380. otic aquatics to a pitch hitherto un

+ Memoirs of Wernerian Society, vol. 1. known in Scotland. Amung several Sowerby's English Botany, t. 1786.

Belfast in sreland. It grows on dry applied were taken off, but the others banks, where the rocks are basalt and were suffered to remain. The pasamygdaloid, by the sea-shore near sage of the sap upwards was in conthe ruins of Seafield Tower, between sequence much obstructed, and the Kinghorn and Kirkcaldy in Fife.- inserted buds began tovegetate strongBoth the stamina and pistillum in ly in July; and, when these afforded this species are set with glandular shoots about four inches long, the rehairs. In the former, the hairs are maining ligatures were taken off, to numerous at the base of the filaments, permit the excess of sap to pass on, and nearly pellucid; in the latter, and the young shoots were nailed to they abound at the summit of the the wall. Being there properly exgermen and style, and are purplish, posed to light, their wood ripened The flower smells somewhat like ho- well, and afforded blossoms in the neysuckle. It was in bloom on 18th succeeding spring." Julv,

N. Arthur Young, Esq. secretary of Canonmills, 27ih July 1812. the Board of Agriculture, lately pub

lished a letter recommending an extended cultivation of potatoes. Half

an acre in every hundred, added to Memoirs of the Progress of Manu- the present space under this crop, factures, Chemistry, Science, and the would (he says) produce human food Fine Arts.

suflicient to answer the purpose of all

the foreign corn imported into this 'HOMAS ANDREW KNIGHT, Esq. country, at an expence, for the last

has published a New and Ex- twelve years, of above thirty millions peditious Mode of Budding. “ The sterling; one acre of potatoes being luxuriant shoots of peach and necta- estimated as equal to two of wheat. rine trees,"

are generally This rout being also applicable to the barren; but the lateral shoots emitted use of horses, cattle, and hogs, no by them in the same season, are often farmer need be apprehensive of the productive of fruit. The bearing culture proving disadvantageous at wood is afforded by the natural buds any time, should the price of wheat of the luxuriant shoots; but I thought happen to be cheap, and potatoes conit probable that such might as readily sequently low in price. In regard be afforded by the inserted buds of to those landlords who consider the another variety under appropriate ma- culture of potatoes as detrimental to nagement. I therefore, as early as the land, he recommends that they June 1808, as the luxuriant shoots of should permit their tenants to plant my peach trees were grown suffi- a certain portien of ground with pociently firm to permit the operation, tatoes, on condition that the latter inserted buds of other varieties into lay on each acre so planted, a certain them, employing two distinct liga- quantity of manure or lime. tures to hold the buds in their places. Sir Joseph Banks, observing lately One ligature was first placed above the motion of a snake along the floor, the bud inserted, and upon the trans- discovered that it was assisted by its verse section through the bark; the ribs, which served the purpose of other, which had no further office feet, the points of them touching the than that of securing the bud, was ground, and by those means facilitaapplied in the usual way. As soon ting its motions. as the buds (which never fail under Lord Dunmore, who resides at the preceding circumstances) had at- Dunmore Park, on the Firth of Forth, tached themselves, the ligatures last has thirteen acres laid out in garden.


says he,

During his absence on the public the spirit of the inhabitants of the service, his son, Lord Fincastle, ob- vice-loyalty, and excited in them a -served an old pear tree, which had degree of vigour and energy of which long discontinued bearing, with fruit they had never before been conscious. on one branch only. He pointed it The royal authority exercised by the out to the gardener, who, on exami- viceroy, under whose government the nation, found that this branch, which country had been lost at the period of was about the thickness of a man's Major - General Beresford's expediarm, had been cut round, and the tion, could not but sink into contempt incision had been so deep as to go to before the eyes of a people who had the heart of the bough. As there of themselves re-conquered the counappeared to be no other cause for the try, and had afterwards successfully fecundity of this branch, another proved their valour against the Engbough was cut in a similar manner, Jish arms. A viceroy incapable, if and the operation produced a similar not pusillanimous, who had done norevivification. Afterwards a deep thing more than passively witness the incision was made in the trunk of an loss of two important places belonging old pear tree, which had been five or to the Spanish crown in these territosix years without bearing, and the ries, and who, by his feeble measures, whole tree was soon in full blossom. was bringing on other misfortunes, at

M. Itard, physician to the School the time when Sir Samuel Achmuty had for the Deaf and Dumb in Paris, already occupied Monte-Video, was iglately read to the Institute an Essay nominiously deposed by an extraordion the construction of the organ of nary Junta of the people, who assem. hearing, and the causes and cure of bled in the Cabildo, to treat of measures deafness ; in which he gave an ac- fit to be adopted in circumstances so count of a cure performed by him on critical. I shall abstain from giving a deaf and dumb youth, by perfora- an opinion on this signal proceeding ting the tympanum of the ear, and of the people of Buenos Ayres, which injecting warm water.

was doubtless no good augury for the Three automatons are now exhibi. interests of the metropolis, and I ting at Paris—the first writes the know not whether, in respect to the names of persons ; the second, copies illegality of the measure, the colonists drawings; and the third, which is a ought to have waited for the resolu. chef d'euvre, speaks and articulates tion of the cabinet of Madrid, on a distinctly.

point which, although very urgent, was, in truth, delicate ; but certain it is, that had they not, on this occasion,

taken to themselves the privileges of Historical Sketch of the Origin of the the Sovereign, there was much risk

Revolution at BUENOS ÀYRES. By that his decisions, when they should a Native.

arrive, might be dispensed with.

This deposal, by a natural conse(From Mawe's Travels in Brasil.)

quence, gave the chair of the Viceroy IT T is necessary to direct our consi- Sobremonte to the naval captain, Don

deration to the period. anterior to Santiago Liniers, a French emigrant, the establishment of the present Junta who had headed the military expedition of government, and recur to the events which restored the place to the Spawhich took place among the people, niards on the 12th of August 1806, subsequent to the invasion of the and who occupied the same rank English. The military exertions oc. when it was invaded by General casioned by that enterprise, awoke Whitelocke in 1807. It may with


truth be said, that accident alone ef- administration, during the uncertain fected the elevation of this man; de- state of the Spanish monarchy. Of void of morals, and a victim of dissi- all these projects, among which I pation and gaming, he was sunk into should be at a loss to distinguish the a humiliating obscurity, whence he favourite one, the basis and indispenrose from the condition of a subal- sable condition was, the permanency tern to the high rank of chief of these of his own command in the provinces, provinces, of which he had just been which is indeed the end and motive of the restorer and defender, not by the all the public functionaries of Ameri, effect of his military talents, but ca ; and, as it was to be feared, that through the favour of fortune alone. the disorder in the metropolis might Vain of success, equally unexpected give rise to commotions in the coloand glorious, he devoted himself en- nies, which are ever to be dreaded by tirely to the most ambitious projects, the constituted authorities, the Viceand finished by uniting himself with roy Liniers thought proper to conceal the revolution of Spain, which, leav- the real state of affairs, at least for ing the monarchy without a head, some time, until he might be able, and dismembering all the parts of with greater security, to fix his views that great edifice, presented to him on a certain point. Conformably to the most favourable field for the exe- this safe line of policy, he contradictcution of the various plans he was ed all the rumours which had been continually forming. At one time spread, respecting the disastrous forit appeared to be his intention to keep tunes of the house of Bourbon in all these parts of the kingdom inac- Europe, and constantly gave the lie tive, until the fate of the metropolis to all the varying accounts concerning should be decided, and he might join them which were received through the victorious dynasty, as was done private channels, so that whoever by his predecessors in the war of the dared to doubt the sincerity of the Succession ; at another time, he openly French towards Spain, was accused of favoured the cause of the French, treason and blasphemy. The magiand, as if he distrusted the result of strates (Oidores) would have entered the contest, seemed desirous of precipi. into the plan, had it been merely for tating these countries into the power the sake of continuing in their offiof the Usurper. He even ventured ces; and the Cabildo, at that time to issue cautionary proclamations of composed of European Spaniards, faan insidious nature, in which he in- voured these artifices without seeing voked the name of His Imperial and their drift ; for, from the remarkable Royal Majesty, a name hitherto never ignorance which notoriously characrecognized in these regions, and sent terized every individual among them, out einissaries with letters for Napo. we have not the smallest scrupie in leon, giving an account of the state impeaching their judginent; but, as a of the colony, as he had done even in voluntary concession to their sense of the time of Charles IV., when he ad- honour, we would rather allow, that dressed to Paris the accounts of the the sole intention which actuated late defeat of the English in the river them, was a rage for suppressing bad Plata, suing, by this

plausible pretext, news, From these different elements the favour of the Regulator of the of authority, cunningly combined by Destinies of Europe, for such he styled Liniers, was formed an extraordinary him. Lastly, he was disposed to up- Junta, (convoked and presided over hold the pretensions of the Infanta by himself,) to determine on all pubCarlota to the internal government of lic concerns which presented them-' that territory, by way of a provisional selves; this establishment, however,


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