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Bul. 22, 1921.

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BULLETIN

WAR DEPARTMENT,
No. 23.

WASHINGTON, May 29, 1920. The following instructions previously published in War Department numbered circulars for the month of May, 1920, are published for the information and guidance of all concerned :

Section.
Care, use, and storage of property to be used for vocational training I
Policy of the War Department with reference to vocational training
of men in special service organizations-----

--- II I__Care, use, and storage of property to be used for vocational training (Cir. No. 181, W. D., 1920).-1. A relatively large amount of surplus property is being sent to various posts, camps, and stations for use in connection with the educational and vocational training program of the Army. This equipment and these supplies are, in many cases, in excess of immediate requirements and are a part of the estimated amount required for carrying out the educational and vocational training program of the Army, when fylly developed, over a period of two (2) years.

2. Much of this equipment is extremely valuable, and requires expert care in handling, in storing, and in use. Many millions of dollars may be lost through waste or deterioration of this material if those responsible do not exercise due care and diligence in seeing that the equipment is properly stored and intelligently and economically used. The mere fact that there are large quantities of this material on hand, and that it will not be immediately needed, provides fa temptation for waste and improper use, against which care must be exercised.

3. The Secretary of War desires that department commanders, chiefs of services, and others responsible for the proper housing, handling, and use of this property, by inspection or other necessary action, insure that the property is properly handled and stored, and is economically and intelligently used in the Army program for educational and vocational training.

[353.9, A. G. 0.] II__Policy of the War Department with reference to vocational training of men in special service organizations (Cir. No. 200, W. D., 1920).–1. The question has been raised as to

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whether or not vocational training for special troops should be limited to subjects allied to their specialty. It is not intended by the War Department that vocational training for special troops should be thus limited. It is the intention that men should be permitted to take vacational training in the several courses which are available at each particular post, camp, or station, in accordance with the following limitations:

a. The capacity of the respective courses.

b. The choice of each man fof a particular course, after the requirements of the respective courses and his qualifications therefor, and all other pertinent matters pertaining to a choice of vocation, have been considered by those responsible for vocational guidance as a part of the Army program for vocational training.

c. The military efficiency of the command to include proper care of sick personnel, animals, and matériel,

2. Men who enlist in special services will, in general, it is believed, desire to be trained in vocations allied to the work of those special services, but where a man elects to be trained for a vocation not allied to the special training of the service to which he is assigned he should be permitted, in so far as circumstances will permit, under the limitations stated above, to receive the training which he elects. Where it is considered desirable to direct men into vocations allied to the special training of the service to which they are assigned, this should be accomplished, not by tiniting men to a choice of these courses, but by establishing efficiently and attractively conducted courses of training in these particular yocations and by organizing, in connection therewith, an efficient system of vocational guidance, so that each man may be informed as to the value of the respective courses and as to his adaptability to a particular one. Where a man is not adapted to a course allied to the special military training of his branch of the service he should be directed by the system of vocational guidance to some course to which he is adapted.

3. Where only troops of a special service are located at a post, camp, or other station, the courses established at such post, camp, or station will, in general, be only such as apply to the training of that special service. Under such circumstances it will be necessary for men being vocationally trained at such places to take courses (allied to their special military

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training, except for courses that may be offered outside of regular hours.

4. It is plainly to the interest of each man or service to make available to its personnel such educational opportunities as may be possible under the circumstances.

5. The question has also been raised as to whether the carrying out of the War Department program of educational and vocational training is practicable under the conditions stated therein. The care of sick animals, the necessary police, and other similar work must be carried on. This conflict of requirements is a question similar to many problems which will confront a commanding officer, in which it is not practicable to meet all the conflicting demands of a situation and it is necessary to make an adjustment between them.

(353.9, A. G. 0.] BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY EF WAR:

PEYTON C. MARCH,

General, Chief of Staff. OFFICIAL: P. C. HARRIS,

The Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1920

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