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517

...... 434

ACRON THE STAND..

65

AFRICAN PROVERBIAL PHILOSOPHY. 362
ASLAYI....

361
AMERICAN WINES..

504
AXERICAN WINES (Second Article).. 506
AMERICAN DESPOTISMS.

... 524

AT LAST.....

550

AUF WIEDERSEHEN

570

BATHING AND BODIES—A DISSERTATION 532

BIOGRAPHY OF PLANTS.

PART II.-Later Years ..

89

CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF THB

RUSSIAN WAR
! L Past and Present
L. Present and Future

687

COCKFIGHT IN MEXICO..

310

CONFUCIUS ..

146

COSMOPOLITE-HISTORY OF.

325

COSAS DE ESPANA....

14

COSAS DE ESPANA...

COUNT STEDINGE.

PaxT L-Early Legend of the Family of Stedingk-

Parentage and Birth-Ensign at Stralsund-Arri.

val at Stockholm-Education at Upsula - State of

Ereden-Enters French Army--Baron Trenck-

Stedings at Versailles-Marie Antoinette--Person-

al Appearance of Stedingk--Letter to Gustavus

TIL., describing Birth and Baptism of the Dauphin

-Character of Gustavus-Voltaire and Charles

XII-American Campaign-Newport-Granada-

Stedingk's Letter to Gustavus III., describing

Assault upon Savannah-Reflections -- Return to

France-Efforts to be re-employed in America

Disappointment-Honors conferred upon Stedingk

- Forbidden to wear the Cincinnati-Consequent

Correspondence with Gustavus-Reflections upon

the Conduct of Gustavus-His Disingenuousness-

The Cincinnati worn in Stockholm at the present

845

PART IL-Stedingk returns to Sweden-Parting with

Marie Antoinette-Swedish Invasion of Russia-

Stedingk's Military Exploits in Finland-Gustavus

III. and the Battle of Swenskund-Swedish Navy

in 1790 and 1854Alarm in St. Petersburg-Cathe-

rine's Preparations for Flight-Stedingk Ambassa-

dor to Russia-First Dispatch-Prince of Nassau-

Bulletin Qnarrel with Gustavus III.-Satires

Court of Catherine-Stedingk's Presentation-

Russian Rewards and Decorations--Ball at the

Hermitage-Imperial Family-Diplomatic Conver- .

sation upon the Execution of Stestesko--Ivan-

Extravagant Ideas of a Russian Ambassador-

Stedingk's Success Sketch of Czars-Accession

of Catherine-Her Character, Talents and Per-

sonal Appearance-Murder of Gustavus III. at a

Fancy Ball-Death of Marie Antoinette-History

and Murder of Count Fersen-Effects upon Ste-

dingk-Accession of Gustavus IV.-Adolphus. 492

PART III.-His Wedding Disappointment-Death of

Catherine-Accession of Paul-Stedingk negotiates

the Armed Neutrality of 1800—Dinner at the Swed-

ish Embassy-Private Treaty between Paul and

Stedingk-Project of Russian and French Con-

quest of India-Character of Paul-Anecdotes of

Stedingk and Paul-Murder of Paul-Grief of the

Emperor Alexander as privately shown to Ste-

dingk-M. Thiers-Russian Invasion of Finland-

Stedingk in the

Swedish Regency-Misfortunes of

Gustavus IV.-Loss of Finland-Stedingk's Remon-

strances-The King draws his Sword upon Ste-

dingk-His Deposition and Banishment-Charles

XIII. Stedingk negotiates the Peace of Fred-

erickshama-Cession of Finland and Aland-

Stedingk returns to the Embassy in Russia--His

Honors and Dignities-He is made a Count and

Field-Marsha Dispatches Napoleon disappoint-

ed in a Russian *ncess-Marriage Gossip-Elee-

tion of Bernadotte to the Swedish Throne-Ste-

dingk's Surprise-Baron Mörner first Projector of

this Event- Sketch of Mörner's Narrative-First

Interview with Bernadotte-Intrigues at Paris

Mörner threatened and driven from Stockholm-

Arrest-His Fearlessness and Activity--Portrait

of Prince Oscar-Vote of the Diet-Triumph. 471

CUPID AND THE WASP...

470
DAY ON THE DANUBE.

397
EDITOR AT LARGE...

331

EDITOR AT LARGE...

ETHIOPIAN NIGHTS ENTERTAINMENTS

(Illustrated)

200

Famous QUARRIES OF THE WORLD. ... 404
FIRST DISCOVERERS OF AMERICA..... 457
FOWL AND FAIR (By one of the Latter) 101
FRANZ LIST AND THE PRODIGIOUS
SCHOOL OF Music.....

258

FORTY DAYS IN A WESTERN HOTEL.... 622

GREAT EXCURSION TO THE FALLS OF ST.

ANTHONY....

320

HARD UP.....

50
HERR REGENBOGEN'S CONCERT.. 23
HISTORY OF A COSMOPOLITE..

325
HYMN TO AIR....

63
ISRAEL POTTER
1.-His Birth-Place-Youthful Adventureg-Goes to

the Wars-Bunker Hill-Across the Water. 66
II.-Further Wanderings—Night at Brentford-
Israel in the Lion's Den-Friends of America
Horne Tooke-Israel sent across the Channel

Adventure on Pont Neuf-Dr. Franklin. 185
III.--Dr. Franklin again and the Latin Quarter-

Mysteries of Parisian Lodgings-Another Adven-
ture-Paul Jones in a Reverie Israel Returns to
Squire Woodcock's.
Iv.-His Escape from the House-Shosis-adven-

871

V. -Israel under two Plagi and three ships in one

Night.

481

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VI. -They call at the Earl of Selkirk's; and after RAMBLES OVER THE REALMS OF VERBS

wards Fight the Shlp-of-War Drake-The Expedi-
tion that sailed from Groix-They Fight the

AND SUBSTANTIVES...

472
Serapis.

692

RAMBLES OVER THE REALMS OF VERBS
IN THE LANE.

610 AND SUBSTANTIVES (Second Paper) 602
JEWISH CEMETERY AT NEWPORT 80 REPROOF-THE REPLY..

433

LAST POET Out....

213 SEA FROM SHORE......

41

LIGHTNING-ROD MAN..

131 SHADOW, THE...

421

LITERATURE OF ALMANACS..
270 SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTE......

121

LOST ONE FOUND....

330 SOME WESTERN BIRDS.

75

LIVING IN THE COUNTRY.

619 SONGS THAT NEVER WERE SUNG. 290

Man-Is MAN ONE OR MANY..

SPIRITUAL MATERIALISM.

158

MARIAN IN HER CELL...

262

STAGE Coach STORIES (Concluded)... 175

MY HUSBAND'S MOTHER..

296 ST. ANTHONY's Falls.....

35

Mrs. MACSIMUM'S BILL.
660 STORY OF AN OPERA SINGER.

512

NATURAL DIPLOMATISTS..

104 SEA..

666

NELLIE WATCHING......

387 THANKSGIVING........

421

NOVELS—Their MEANING AND MISSION 389 THREE GANNETS.....

536

NOTES PROM MY KNAPSACK.

THE VIOLET....

22

No. V.-Traders-Agave Americana-Vehicular To LYRA....

173

Curiosity--Church Interview-Grand Military Dis. TRIP FROM CHIHUAHUA TO SIERRA

play &c.

91

MADRE......

108

OUR PARTIES AND POLITICS...

233

THE ART OF EATING..

581

“OUR PARTIES AND POLITICS"-A SOUTH-

TO MY HERBARIUM...

632

ERNER'S VIEW OF THE SUBJECT..... 633

TITBOTTOM'S SPECTACLES.

649

PAINTER'S PORTFOLIO...

357
VESPERS ..

536
PICOMEGAN......

WALL STREET-A BROBDIGNAGIAN LOOK

PLURALITY OF WORLDS..

503

AT IT......

POPULAR SUPERSTITIONS AND BALLAD

WATERING-PLACE WORRIES.

551
LITERATURE OF ENGLAND IN THE

304
MIDDLE AGES......

WEEDER, THE.....
378

WEST POINT AND CADET LIFE.. 192
PRAIRIE LETTERS-TRAIL OF THE LOST

WILDS OF NORTHERN NEW YORK... ... 263

CHILD....

291

Woov NOTES.....

185

PROPER SPHERE OF MEN-A LETTER

THE FOREST-THE LAKE 247

OF

STRONG-

WINDHARP, THE.......

569

MINDED”

305

YANKEE DIOGENES..

483

PALINODE ...

570

YORKTOWN IN 1854...

37

POWERS' GREEK SLAVE.

666

American Literature.

Avalanche of Female Authors-Cookery Books

-Mrs. GlassMiss Leslie-The Master's

House, by Logan-Benton's Thirty Years'

View---Capron's History of California-Sar-

gent's Standard Reader-Photographic Views

of Egypt-Hammond's Hills, Lakes, and Forest

Scenes--Cummings' Scripture Readings--The

Tent and the Altar-Baker's School Music-

Falconer's Poems-Poems of Samuel Rogers--

Greece and the Golden Horn-Protestant

Church in Hungary.

110

Ford's History of Illinois-Mrs. Stephen's

Fash-
ion and Famine-Arnold's Philosophical His.
tory of Free-Masonry-Abraham Mills's Poets
and Poetry of Ancient Greece-Atherton-
Life and its Alms-Protestantism

in Paris
Replies to the Eclipse of Faith-The Money.
Maker-Discourses of Abiel Abbot Liver-
more Essays on the Formation of Opinions-
Pycroft's Course of Reading. :

217
Mrs. Stowe's Sunny Memories --Horace Mann's

Address at Antioch College--Bayard Taylor's

Journey to Central Africa-Miles's Rambles in
Iceland.

838
Na-Motu, or Reef-Roving in the South Seaga

Ballou's History of Cuba-Dr. Elder's Peri-
scopics-Moore's Encyclopædia of Music-
Mr. Bungay's Off-takings and Crayon Sketches
The Youth of Jefferson-Bertha and Lily, by
Mrs. E. Oakes Smith-Hoppin's Notes of a
Theological Student-Professor Koeppen's
World of the Middle Ages.

451
Apocatastasis, or, Progress Backwards-Captain
Canot's Twenty Year's of African Slavery-
Lives of the Chief Justices of the United
States-Party Leaders-Whittier's Literary
Recreations-Baskerville's Translations of
the German Poets-Hermit's Dell Simms's
Scout-Raymond's Rochester Address-Gan
Eden, or Pictures of Cuba-Shakspeare's
Scholar-Birds of the Bible--Afraja-Fredet's
Modern History-The Abbé Ségur's Short and
Familiar Answers-Old Redstone-Kansas
and Nebraska-Evans' and Dickersons' Books
for Children-Fry's Treatise on Artificial Fish-
Breeding-Ida Norman.

Professors Mahan, Wayland and Hickock's

Metaphysics-Spooner's Organic Christianity
- The Dramatic Works of Beaumont and
Fletcher-Taylor's Poems of the Orient-Bry-
ant's Poems-Napoleon, nis Court and Family
-Parables of the New Testament-The Ele-
ments of Character-Comte's Philosophy-
Miss Cooper's_Rhyme and Reason of the
Country-The Knickerbocker Gallery-Gems
by the Wayside-Lily Gordon, the Young
Housekeeper-Mrs. Southworth's Lost Heiress
--The Westminster Review's Notice of Mrs.
Stowe's Sunny Memories--Lyteria

Cousin-Clande the Colporteur-Aubrey
Counterparts, or the Cross of Love-Nanette
and her Lovers-Radcliffe's Friends, Ghosts,
and Sprites.

222
Lord Mahon's History of England–Major An-

dré's Capture and Execution-Erroneous
Views of his Condemnation--His Judges Vin-
dicated-Patmore's Friends and Acquaint

ances-Hazlitt's Manners.
Bohn's Publications-Professor Maurice's Eccle-

siastical History of the First and Second Cen-
turies-Feuerbach's Essence of Christianity-
A Memoir

of the Life and Scientific Researches
of John Dalton-Irvingism and Mormonism
tested by Scripture-Professor Ansted's
Scenery, Science, and Art-Ainsworth's Flitch
of Bacon-Wilkie Collins' Hide and Seek
Hannay's Satirists..

565
Roger's English Prisoner in Russia-The En-

glish Publishing Trade-Autobiography of
Wm. Jay.

671

• 667

Reprints and New Editions.

Professor Childs' Edition of the Poems of Sir

Thomas Wyatt, the Earl of Surrey and Tho-
mas Campbell-Redfield's Edition of the Noctes
Ambrosianæ, with Dr. Mackenzie's Notes-
Derby's Edition of Massey's Poems. . 451

III. French Literature.

Arago's Memoirs and Works-A History of

Turkey, by Lamartine--Geoffrey St. Hilaire's
Natural History-Oriental Works in the
French Press.

119
Amadee Pichort's Charles Quint-Les Mormons

Life of Joseph Bonaparte-M. Grasset and
J. J. Rousseau-Lamartine's Memoirs of
Celebrated Characters-Cossacks the
Bourse.

228

II. English Literature.
Dove's Theory o! Human Progression-Elements

of Social Science-Talfourd's Literary Re-
mains-Supplement to Vacation Rambles-
Dr. Lee's Last Days of the Emperor Alexan-
der and the First Days of Nicholas--Ivan
Golovin's Nations of Russia and Turkey-In-
stitutions of St. Petersburg-Talfourd's Cas.
tillan-Dr. Waagen's Treasures of Art in
Great Britain-New Works in the English
Press-The Working Women of the last Hall
Century-Bulwer's New Novel-History of
England in Rhyme--Dr. Solger's States Sys-
tem of Europe--Phemie Millar.

111
The Plurality of Worlds—Sir David Brewster-

Whewell - Memorials of Amelia Opie-Alison's
History of Europe-Constantinople-Russian
Campaigns in Turkey-Barker's New Transla-
tion of the Iliad-Oenschlager's Correggio
Sam Slick's Americans at Home-Recent En-
glish Novels–Mrs. Cowden Clarke's Iron

IV. Fine Arts.

Ruskin's Lectures in Edinburgh-Quixotic at

tacks on Greek Architecture-Pre-Raphael-
itism-Ruskin wanted in New York-Stones
of Venice---What Men should spend their
money for, &c.

281
The New York Academy of Music--Qrisi and

Mario-Leutze's New Picture of Washington
at the Battle of Monmouth.

567

PORTRAITS OF CONTRIBUTORS.

The author of the “ POTIPHAR PAPERS."-GEO. WM. CURTIS.)
The author of the “Visions of HASHEESH.”—(BAYARD TAYLOR.)
The author of "SWALLOW Barn.”—(Hon. JOHN P. KENNEDY.)
The author of " OUR New PRESIDENT.”—(PARKE GODWIN.)
The author of " MOOSEHEAD JOURNAL"—(J. RUSSELL LOWELL.)

PUTNAM'S MONTHLY.

A Magazine of Literature, Science, and Art.

VOL. IV.-JULY, 1854.—NO. XIX.

IS MAN ONE OR MANY!

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Types of Mankind. By J. C. Norr, M. D., and science, is that which derives the immense GEORGE R. GLIDDOX, Philadelphia: Lippincott, variety of nations now on the globe from Grainbo & Co. 1854.

the Adam and Eve of Genesis, or rather

from Noah and his three sons, Shem, important work, to enter upon any Ham and Japhet, who were saved from extended criticism of its merits and de the deluge, in which all the rest of manfects, both of which are obvious enough, kind perished, and which, as the common nor to undertake to settle the controversy chronology estimates it, occurred in the to which it relates, but simply to al 1656th year of the world, or 2318 years belude to its contents, with such inciden fore the birth of Christ. It assumes that tal remarks as may occur to us in the the statements of Moses are simple historcourse of the review. It is an original, ical facts, and that all the distinctive differelaborate, and, we may say, quite revo ences which we at this day observe among lutionary presentation of its principal sub the different families of men, are the results ject, and we owe it to the authors, as well not of an original diversity established by as to our readers, whom we try to keep the Creator, at the time of the respective informed of all the leading movements in appearances of those families upon the the world of letters, to make some state globe, but of climate, food, habits of life. ment of the nature and bearing of its ar civilization, intermarriage, and other ex"guments.

ternal agencies, which have since been, Its general purport, and that of its and for centuries, at work. The Caucaseveral parts, are both best described

sian, the Malay, the American, the Nein the complete title, which runs in this gro, the Mongol, in short, all the tribes wise : “ Types of Mankind, or ethno of the earth are held to be the lineal delogical researches, based upon the an scendants of Noah, or at furthest of Adam; cient monuments paintings, sculptures, and it is inferred, consequently, that they and crania of races, and upon their natural, all belong to the same species as well as geographical, philological and biblical his to the same genus of animals. tory ; illustrated by selections from the Those who maintain this theory rest unedited papers of SAMUEL GEORGE Mor their arguments mainly upon the words TON, M. D. (late President of the Academy of Scripture, though they endeavor to conof Natural Sciences at Philadelphia), and firm it by many impressive considerations by additional contributions from Prof. drawn from the analogies of natural sciLouis AGASSIZ, LL.D., W. Usher, M. D., ence, from the affinities of language, from and Prof. H. S. PATTERSON, M.D. By the remarkable traditions of various peoJ. C. Nort, M. D. and George R. GLID ple, and from the authentic records of Dox, formerly U. S. Consul at Cairo.” It history. Nearly all the Christian sects, will be seen that we are offered rather, a how manifold and conflicting soever their formidable array of subjects as well as interpretations of Scripture in other reof names and titles.

spects, are singularly unanimous in conThe theory, in respect to the origin and sidering that the first book of Moses distribution of the human races, generally teaches the identical origin of the human accepted both by theologians and men of race: nearly all the most eminent sci

VOL. 1V.--1

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