There is thus a continual growth, notwithstanding the fresh churches that have been built, of spiritual destitu

and one clergyman for every 14,000. The subscriptions which have been received for the general objects of the appeal, amount to no less a sum than £158,173. A separate fund was not long afterwards formed for the erection and endowment of ten additional churches, with parsonage-houses and schools, in the single parish of Bethnal-green, containing more than 70,000 inhabitants. The contributions to this fund amount to £59,694., so that altogether a sum of £217,867. has been subscribed for the purpose of supplying, in some degree, the spiritual destitution of this vast metropolis. To this, however, is to be added the amount of local subscriptions which have been aided by grants from this fund. Provision has thus been made for the erection of fifty new churches, thirty-six of which are completed, two are in course of erection, and twelve will be proceeded with as soon as the sites are duly conveyed. These churches will contain, altogether, about 57,000 persons, and will, therefore, afford the means of attending divine worship to 114,000. But how inadequate is this supply to the actual wants of the metropolis, even as they existed at the time when the first appeal was made ! Even if we suppose that onethird only of the population will attend public worship at the same time, there ought to have been church-room for more than 400,000 in the parishes containing an aggregate population of more than 1,380,000, whereas, in fact, there was only room for 140,000, leaving a deficiency of 260,000 to be supplied. Supposing 57,000 to be contained in the new churches, there will still remain 213,000 wholly unprovided with church-room ; so that we have been far, very far, from accomplishing the object in view of making a complete provision for the spiritual wants of the great metropolitan parishes—such as they were eight years ago. But what is the case now? The population of the parishes within the bills of mortality has continued to increase at the rate of about 30,000 per annum; and, consequently, there are at this moment some hundreds of thousands of souls to be added to the number of those which are in need of such provision.'—The Church and State Gazette, March 29, 1844.

tion. The want of church accommodation may be seen in the following list of parishes published by “ The Church Extension Fund” Committee :

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The number of IGNORANT ATTENDANTS UPON PUBLIC WORSHIP, should also be considered in taking a just view of the spiritual state of London. The building of churches, the gift of Bibles, the distribution of tracts, the labours of visitors, all are so far of worth as they lead men to the worshipping of God in spirit and in truth ; as they bring us into that communion with him which is the only source of man's happiness and of his truly glorifying God. There is great danger of a mistake here, and especially in London, where there is so much outward activity in religion. Are the worshippers of God, true lovers of God ? or lovers of money, and this world's honour, and the pleasures of this life? Is their chief object the enjoyment of God, or the enjoyment of this world ? Oh when we look thus closely, we seem almost to comprehend the vast mass of human beings, in one all-inclusive character of worldliness and secularity. Supposing that there are 500,000 attend


ants upon public worship, out of the two millions of our metropolis, are all these crucifying the flesh ? are all these spiritual worshippers ? are all these truly converted to God? Is there not among them too, vast ignorance, hypocrisy, alienation from God, mere formality and self-righteousness ? Their case indeed may justly give us more apparent hope than entire neglecters of worship can give us, but many a painful drawback must be made. If we consider, as some have done, the parable of the sower as the criterion of the spiritual state of places where the good seed is sown, and one fourth as the proportion which receives it into a good heart, we are compelled to have yet deeper and more humbling views of the vast number of those in spiritual ignorance in this metropolis.

But let us notice THE NATURE of this ignorance. It is not an ignorance of arts and of science, of trade and of commerce. We are here at the very fountain-head of all science and arts, of all trade and commerce. The skill of the artist and the investigations of the learned are here carried to their highest attainments ; her mer. chants are princes, her traffickers are the honourable of the earth. We may address London as the prophet does Tyre, With thy wisdom and with thy understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures. By thy great wisdom and thy traffic thou hast increased thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up because of thy riches. This kind of knowledge may


carried to a wonderful extent, and yet the soul be full of darkness and misery ; a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.

The ignorance of London is of a far worse and more dangerous character than ignorance on the ordinary things of this world. It is an ignorance of God as our Father, our Redeemer, and our Comforter ; an ignorance of that clear and full manifestation which he has made to man of his own character and glory in the face of Jesus Christ. It is an ignorance of that sure and full revelation of the mind of God in his inspired word, which gives to sinful and immortal beings true light on all that is dearest and most precious to their best interests for time and for eternity. It is an ignorance of the cross of Christ, and the complete atonement thereby made for the sins of all men, so that they are in this day of grace not imputed to us, and men are now everywhere called to be reconciled to God. It is an ignorance of our spiritual necessities, as in ourselves poor and wretched, and blind and naked, lost and undone, hopeless and helpless, and thence infinitely needing that full provision of grace, which the everblessed God has in his glorious Gospel made for our salvation. It is an ignorance in this accepted time, in this day of salvation, of that continued calling which our God is constantly making to us, by his forbearance, long-suffering, and goodness; by afflictions and by blessings, by his word, his ordinances, and his ministers, ever beseeching men to believe the word of reconciliation, and be reconciled to God. And in consequence of all this ignorance, we see at our very doors myriads of immortal beings despising their only Saviour, trifling with the day of grace, neglecting the great salvation, hasting in dense masses along the broad road to destruction, and continually falling down the precipices of eternal ruin.

One proof of this ignorance is afforded by the state of the PUBLIC PRESS. Were we duly alive to our highest interests, the public press might indeed be a blessing beyond all calculation to our country and to the world; nor am I undervaluing the real benefits received through it even in its present state. Though it gives such a painful evidence of the general worldliness of the public mind, the number of those taking right views of Christian truth is happily increasing, and that among journals which have large influence. There are about thirty millions of newspapers issued each year from the London press alone. The general character of them must be what is needful for circulation and gratification of the public, and this, alas, is, with happy exceptions, worldliness, the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, the pride of life ; some openly favour Popery and infidelity, others are contaminated by evil speaking and slander, strife and insubordination, licentiousness and abomination. Some would overturn all things long established, others resist every change ; how few of them

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