iii. 12.) for every simple-minded Christian. God himself speaking as the wisdom of his people, says all the words of my mouth are in righteousness, there is nothing froward (intricate) or perverse in them. They are all plain to him that understandeth, and right to them that find knowledge. Prov. viii. 8, 9.

Let us consider then those properties which mark the sufficiency of the Scriptures.

It is THE GREAT FOUNTAIN HEAD OF SAVING TRUTH, Nothing is of any value as a doctrine for our salvation, but what is taken from the inspired volume. God gives men varied gifts and capacities for drawing from this fountain ; but unless it can be shown to be drawn from the fountain, it is of no worth as a divine doctrine. Scribes well-instructed to the kingdom of heaven will bring from this treasure things new and old, but whether it be new or whether it be old, it is worthless if it be not taken from this divine treasure. Here is God's own appointed and freely opened well-head of life, from which flow all the living streams that water and refresh and fructify the whole earth.

It is THE GRAND TEST OF TRUE OR FALSE DOCTRINE OR TEACHING. Nothing can be plainer than the testimony of the Church of England here ; Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation, so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor proved thereby, is not to be required by any man that it should be believed as an Article of faith, or be thought requisite or

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necessary for salvation.” Though the primitive Church applied the term Rule of faith to the early creeds, it was only because they viewed them as drawn distinctly from the Scriptures; all the articles being expressly contained in Scripture. Our Church in maintaining those creeds takes care to make this clear, by stating that 'they ought to be received : for they may be proved by most certain warrants of Holy Scripture.' To make the fathers or any human writers, instead of the word of God, the test of sound doctrine, is to lean upon an arm of flesh instead of trusting in the Lord, and to magnify man's word above God's word. There is infinitely more danger of our being misled by mere human words however ancient and venerable, than by God's word which is altogether pure, and for the most part far more clear to the poor and unlearned than


human writings. The Holy Scriptures are also THE PRIVILEGE AND BIRTH-RIGHT OF EVERY CHRISTIAN. They were possessed by Timothy long before he was ordained to the Ministry, and even though he was the child of a Greek. Let the papacy put restrictions on their use ; keep them from the people, to multiply difficulties in the way of their being read : but it is and shall be the glory of Protestantism to give to all the clear and full exhibition of Christ and his word. In that passage of Revelation which foretells the Reformation, Christ is represented as appearing as an angel from heaven with the open

book in his hand. The sacred volume was

then laid


before the Church. The progress of the Reformation is again represented under the character of an angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people. And thanks be unto our God that he is so at this time using our country. Most remarkably was England blessed among the nations with the full light of divine truth at the Reformation, and then had given to it a prominent greatness and glory on the earth, in order to convey this glorious privilege and birth-right to every part of the world. The Lord prosper all such efforts, and give us willing and glad hearts to join Bible and Missionary Societies in them with our respective flocks and parishes. It is a daring insult to God to withhold his word from any one who would gladly receive it, * whether Greek or Jew, barbarian, Scythian, bond, or free. It is an unspeakable privilege to be honoured of God, both in the national power and the disposition in some degree to shine as lights in the world, holding forth the word of life.

The Holy Scriptures are THE TRUE GUIDE OF ALL CHRISTIAN EDUCATION. Let this 2 Tim. iii. 15–17,

* The Pope, filling up his iniquity, on the 8th of May 1844, issued an Encyclical Letter against the free circulation of the Holy Scriptures, reciting all the acts of his predecessors. It has recently been republished in this country in Latin, Italian, and English, by Sir Culling Smith.

solve all questions on this head. Timothy from a child knew the Holy Scriptures ; and so Timothy, under a careful education from pious ancestors, grew up to be that devoted and faithful servant of God, who was counted as a son and a brother, and a like-minded workfellow by the Apostle Paul himself. It is the glory of education in England that the Bible is the governing book. It is the glory of our Universities that they are fountains for diffusing the Scriptures. We dare not join in any modern systems of education like those pursued in our sister country of Ireland, which would mutilate or withhold the sacred volume : or alter so as to deteriorate that noble translation which our Church has given to our country in the authorized version.

But it is not merely in these views that we see the real sufficiency of the Holy Scripture, one more im. portant truth must be added.

The Bible is THE INEXHAUSTIBLE TREASURY OF THE FAITHFUL MINISTER. Here is his peculiar and increasing study from which he is continually receiving fresh riches light and knowledge. The Apostle speaks very plainly, in the words following my text, of the divine and unequalled fulness and glory of this treasury : AU Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. With a solemn allusion to the return of our Lord, and the future judgment then to take place, he powerfully then exhorts Timothy, preach the word.

It contains every thing to perfect the man of God. The more we search

he Holy Book, the more we find the mine of divine truth exhaustless : the richest ore is that which is discovered and attained after the most lengthened, prayerful, and patient research : pondering over and considering with closest thought each part of the expressions of the Divine Spirit. Let us compare one part with another, not only in its immediate connexion, but in the general scope of each book and of the whole sacred volume, (1 Cor. ii. 13.) ; we shall find it one great whole, given by inspiration of God ;* and each word in the original is the word of the Holy Ghost ; not the mind of individual writers and thence of private interpretation ; but having only one author-the Eternal Spirit, and one mind—the mind of the Infinite One that inhabits eternity, running through the whole. 2 Peter i. 20, 21.

Yes, here we have found, and I feel assured I speak

* The author cannot but fully concur in the doctrine of the verbal inspiration of the original Scriptures and thinks it important to maintain it.

The reader is referred to Haldane on the Verbal Inspiration of the Scripture, and Carson's Theories of Inspiration; and to Gaussen's Theopneustie. They are calculated to meet the Neologian leaven of Continental writers; and the latter with much wisdom, piety, and truth considers various objections, and fully establishes the verbal inspiration. It is now translated for English readers.

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