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SYSTEM OF PRACTICAL

MATHEMATICS,

PART I.

CONTAINING

SOLUTIONS OF ALL THE EXERCISES IN THAT WORK.

BY THE

SCOTTISH SCHOOL-BOOK ASSOCIATION.

Published for the Association, by
WILLIAM WHYTE AND CO.,

BOOKSELLERS TO THE QUEEN DOWAGER, EDINBURGH. HOULSTON AND STONEMAN, LONDON; W. GRAPEL, AND G. H. AND J. SMITH, LIVERPOOL; ABEL HEYWOOD, MANCHESTER;

J. ROBERTSON, DUBLIN.

MDCCCXLV.

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PREFACE.

This Key is intended partly for the convenience of Teachers, and partly for the use of those who do not enjoy the advantages of an instructor. It has therefore been deemed requisite to give every solution at full length, and in several instances to introduce explanatory Notes, and even general Theorems, when they flowed naturally from the subject under consideration. With such a guide, united to moderate application, it is hoped that even the solitary student will be able to make his way through the FIRST Part of the System of PRACTICAL MATHEMATICS with great benefit and satisfaction.

KEY.

ALGEBRA

ART. 20.

1. 8x3+(4-2)15_4x3x2=

24 +30-24–30. 2. 8(12+15)-2(4 x 15-3)=

8x27—2 x 57=216_114=102. 3. (8-1)(4-1)(3-1)(2+3)=7x3x2x5=210. 4. 8/3

x 15+4—3/3 x 15+4= 8.49—3./49=8x7–3x7=

56—21=35. 5. 64(4x 15-3x15)-0(2x8x2+4)=

64(60—45)_0=64 x 15=960. 6. 83(2x4+15+4)3+43(15+3–2))=

2x (27)$+2(16)}=6+8=14.
7. Let x=8, y=4, then 22=512, and ys=64,

22—43 512-64 448
X-Y

8—4
and x2 + xy + y2=64+32 +16=112.
8. Let a=7, x=3, then (a+x)=7+3=10,

and (a-=7—3=4,
:: (a+x)(a—)=10 x 4=40,

also a --=49-9=40. 9. Let a=4, b=3, and c=2, then a +64=4+3–2=5,

and (a6+c)=4–3+2=3,
:: (a +6–c)(a-b+c)=5 X3=15,

and a2_62-02 +2bc=16—9—4+12=15. 10. Let x=4, y=3, then 4-y4=256-81=175,

and (2—y) (2x3 + x2y+xy + yo)=64+48 +36+

27=175. In the last four Examples, equal values will always be obtained by taking the same values on each side, whatever these values may be.

==112,

B

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