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ORDER OF APRIL 13, 1945 (DISPLAY OF FLAGS AT HALF-STAFF ON PUBLIC BUILDINGS)
APRIL 13, 1945. By order of the President, flags will remain at half-staff on all public buildings of the United States until the close of Monday, May 14.
This order shall be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER.
EDWARD R. STETTINIUS, Jr.
ORDER OF APRIL 13, 1945 [CLOSING OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND
APRIL 13, 1945. By order of the President, all Executive Departments and Agencies will be closed on Saturday afternoon, April 14.
This order shall be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER.
EDWARD R. STETTINIUS, Jr.
has taken part, will hereafter be designated in all oficial communications and publications as 'The World War'."
As a matter of simplicity and to insure uniform terminology, it is recommended that “World War II” be the officially designated name for the present war covering all theaters and the entire period of hostilities.
The term "World War II" has been used in at least seven public laws to designate this period of hostilities. Analysis of publications and radio programs indicates that this term has been accepted by common usage.
If this recommendation is approved it is further recommended that the title "World War II" be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER as the official name of the present war. Respectfully yours,
HENRY L. STIMSON,
Secretary of War. JAMES FORRESTAL,
Secretary of the Navy. Approved: September 11, 1945.
HARRY S. TRUMAN.
DESIGNATION OF WORLD WAR II APPROVAL OF RECOMMENDATION OF WAR AND
10 SEPTEMBER 1945. The PRESIDENT
The White House DEAR MR. PRESIDENT:
President Wilson, under date of July 31, 1919, addressed a letter to Secretary of War Baker which read, in part, as follows:
“It is hard to find a satisfactory 'officiaľ name for the war, but the best, I think, that has been suggested is “The World War', and I hope that your judgment will concur."
Subsequently, under date of October 7, 1919, War Department General Orders No. 115 directed:
“The war against the Central Powers of Europe, in which the United States
DIRECTIVE OF AUGUST 15, 1945 DIRECTIVE FOR THE DIRECTOR OF
CENSORSHIP In accordance with the recommendation submitted by him on June 27, 1945, the Director of Censorship shall on Aug. 15, 1945:
1. Declare voluntary censorship of the domestic press and radio at an end.
2. Direct that the Office of Censorship cease at once the censorship of all international communications.
3. Give 30 days' notice to all employees of the Office of Censorship, except for a small group needed for liquidating the Agency.
HARRY S. TRUMAN AUGUST 15, 1945.
PRESIDENTIAL DIRECTIVE OF
JANUARY 22, 1946 COORDINATION OF FEDERAL FOREIGN INTEL
THE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, January 22, 1946. To The Secretary of State, The Secretary of War, and The Secretary of the Navy.
1. It is my desire, and I hereby direct, that all Federal foreign intelligence activities be planned, developed and coordinated so as to assure the most effective accomplishment of the intelligence mission related to the national security. I hereby designate you, together with another person to be named by me as my personal representative, as the National Intelligence Authority to accomplish this purpose.
2. Within the limits of available appropriations, you shall each from time to time assign persons and facilities from your respective Departments, which persons shall collectively form a Central Intelligence Group and shall, under the direction of a Director of Central Intelligence, assist the National Intelligence Authority. The Director of Central Intelligence shall be designated by me, shall be responsible to the National Intelligence Authority, and shall sit as a nonvoting member thereof.
3. Subject to the existing law, and to the direction and control of the National Intelligence Authority, the Director of Central Intelligence shall:
a. Accomplish the correlation and evaluation of intelligence relating to the national security, and the appropriate dissemination within the Government of the resulting strategic and national policy intelligence. In so doing, full use shall be made of the staff and facilities of the intelligence agencies of your Departments.
b. Plan for the coordination of such of the activities of the intelligence agencies of your Departments as relate to the
national security and recommend to the National Intelligence Authority the establishment of such over-all policies and objectives as will assure the most effective accomplishment of the national intelligence mission.
c. Perform, for the benefit of said intelligence agencies, such services of common concern as the National Intelligence Authority determines can be more efficiently accomplished centrally.
d. Perform such other functions and duties related to intelligence affecting the national security as the President and the National Intelligence Authority may from time to time direct.
4. No police, law enforcement or internal security functions shall be exercised under this directive.
5. Such intelligence received by the intelligence agencies of your Departments as may be designated by the National Intelligence Authority shall be freely available to the Director of Central Intelligence for correlation, evaluation or dissemination. To the extent approved by the National Intelligence Authority, the operations of said intelligence agencies shall be open to inspection by the Director of Central Intelligence in connection with planning functions.
6. The existing intelligence agencies of your Departments shall continue to collect, evaluate, correlate and disseminate departmental intelligence.
7. The Director of Central Intelligence shall be advised by an Intelligence Advisory Board consisting of the heads (or their representatives) of the principal military and civilian intelligence agencies of the Government having functions related to national security, as determined by the National Intelligence Authority,
8. Within the scope of existing law and Presidential directives, other departments and agencies of the executive branch of the Federal Government shall furnish such intelligence information relating to the national security as is in their possession, and as the Director of Central Intelligence may from time to time request pursuant to regulations of the National Intelligence Authority.
9. Nothing herein shall be construed to authorize the making of investigations inside the continental limits of the United States and its possessions, except as provided by law and Presidential directives.
10. In the conduct of their activities the National Intelligence Authority and the Director of Central Intelligence shall be responsible for fully protecting intelligence sources and methods. Sincerely yours,
HARRY S. TRUMAN
DIRECTIVE OF JANUARY 17, 1948 ORDER FOR CONSERVATION OF FUEL OIL,
GASOLINE, AND GAS To the Heads of All Departments and Independent Agencies:
I hereby direct that, effective immediately, each Department and agency of the Government observe and enforce the following rules, applicable to all property and equipment which is owned, operated, or controlled by the Government, and which wherever located uses fuel oil or gasoline, or which uses gas in areas where natural gas is not in abundant supply, except where full and rigid observance would impair or endanger health or safety.
1. Office buildings and other establishments shall not be heated above 68° at the start of work and shall be maintained at this temperature so far as practicable throughout the work-day. After work hours buildings shall not be heated above 60°. The only exception shall be those establishments whose operations require a higher temperature. Buildings without zone control and areas difficult to heat without raising the temperature of the entire building shall be studied to determine the necessary mechanical changes reasonably to meet the objectives stated.
2. Residences and residential quarters shall not be heated above 68° during waking hours or above 60° at other times.
3. No unused or unoccupied space shall be heated above the minimum temperature required to prevent damage thereto.
4. No equipment shall be installed for burning fuel oil or gas or liquefied petroleum gas, and no permanent building or establishment shall be converted to these fuels, without the prior approval of the Bureau of Mines, except where firm commitments for such installations or conversions have already been made.
5. If available funds permit, all buildings should be insulated, weatherstripped, and provided with storm sashes to the maximum practicable extent.
6. Lighting and other uses of electricity shall be kept at the minimum consistent with safety and working efficiency, and no hot water shall be wasted.
7. No vehicle shall be driven farther or more often than necessary, or be driven at a speed of more than 40 miles an hour except in emergency.
8. No vehicle shall use premium grade motor fuel unless specifically designed for and requiring a higher octane fuel than the regular grade.
9. Every means of conserving fuel oil, gasoline, and gas, including proper maintenance of heating equipment and motor vehicles, shall be adopted and observed.
The Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior, will advise, on request, those responsible for the heating of buildings and other establishments on proper methods to save fuel.
The head of each Department and Independent Agency will be responsible for the enforcement and observance of the foregoing rules. In addition, the head of each Department and Agency is directed to urge all employees, contractors, subcontractors, and others within his jurisdiction to observe the foregoing rules.
HARRY S. TRUMAN THE WHITE HOUSE,
January 17, 1948.
DIRECTIVE OF MARCH 13, 1948 [CONFIDENTIAL STATUS OF EMPLOYEE
LOYALTY RECORDS] MEMORANDUM TO ALL OFFICERS AND EM
PLOYEES IN THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH OF THE GOVERNMENT
The efficient and just administration of the Employee Loyalty Program, under Executive Order No. 9835 of March 21, 1947,' requires that reports, records, and files relative to the program be preserved in strict confidence. This is necessary in the interest of our national security and welfare, to preserve the confidential character and sources of information furnished, and to protect Government personnel against the dissemination of unfounded or disproved allegations. It is necessary also in order to insure the fair and just disposition of loyalty cases.
13 CFR, 1943 Cum. Supp.
For these reasons, and in accordance with the long-established policy that reports rendered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other investigative agencies of the executive branch are to be regarded as confidential, all reports, records, and files relative to the loyalty of employees or prospective employees (including reports of such investigative agencies), shall be maintained in confidence, and shall not be transmitted or disclosed except as required in the eficient conduct of business.
Any subpena or demand or request for information, reports, or files of the nature described, received from sources other than those persons in the executive branch of the Government who are entitled thereto by reason of their oficial duties, shall be respectfully declined, on the basis of this directive, and the subpena or demand or other request shall be referred to the Office of the President for such response as the President may determine to be in the public interest in the particular case. There shall be no relaxation of the provisions of this directive except with my express authority.
This directive shall be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER.
HARRY S. TRUMAN THE WHITE HOUSE,
March 13, 1948.
13 CFR, 1947 Supp.