who will hear of sheep and goats, and myrtle bowers and parling rivulets, through five acts ? Such scenes please barbarians in the dawn of literature, and children in the dawn of life ; but will be for

; the most part thrown away, as men grow wise, and nations grow learned.“

41 What can be prettier than Gay's ballad, or rather Swift's, Arbuthnot's, Pope's, and Gay's in the 'What d'ye call it'_" 'Twas when the seas were roaring?" I have been well informed that they all contributed.- COWPER to Unwin, 4th Aug., 1788.

The Duchess of Queensberry told me that Gay could play on the fute, and that this enabled him to adapt so happily some airs in the 'Beggar's Opera.'-JOSEPH WARTON: Pope, vol. 1., p. 159, ed. 1797.

Mr. Pulteney and Mr. Pope were lo the pit at Covent Garden playhouse on Saturday last at the representation of the opera of 'Achilles,' writ by the late Mr. Gay. They were in the house before any one else was admitted - The Daily Courant, Feb. 12, 1782-8.

It is well known that you have passed many a social evening with Steele and Addison ; you have joined in the rich humour of Arbuthnot; you have read the comedies of Congreve (my brother-student of the law) in manuscript ; you have corresponded with Pope and Swift; and Gay Uved and wrote in your house. -COLMAN: Dedication to Pulteney, Earl of Bath, of The Joulous Wife,' 1761.

The best edition of Gay'ı 'Worla' is that in six vols. 12mo., 17786





Birth-Educated at Cambridge-Is commended by Waller–His Dramatic Pieces-His · Mira'

-Made Secretary of War and a Peer-Encourages Pope-Death and Burial in St. Clement's Danes-Works and Character.

OF GEORGE GRANVILLE, or, as others write, Greenville, or Grenville, afterwards Lord Lansdown, of Bideford, in the County of Devon, less is known than his name and rank might give reason to expect. He was born about 1665, the son of Bernard Greenville, who was entrusted by Monk with the most private transactions of the Restoration, and the grandson of Sir Bevil Greenville, who died in the King's cause at the battle of Lansdown.'

His early education was superintended by Sir William Ellis ; and his progress was such that before the age of twelve he was sent to Cambridge,' where he pronounced a copy of his own verses to the Princess Mary d'Estè of Modena, then Duchess of York, when she visited the university.

At the accession of King James, bring now at eighteen, he again exerted his poetical powers, and addressed the new monarch in three short pieces, of which the first is profane, and the two others such as a boy might be expected to produce ; but he was commended by old Waller, who perhaps was pleased to find himself imitated in six lines, which, though they begin with nonsense and end with dulness, excited in the young author a rapture of acknowledgement :

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1 The poet's mother was Anne, sole daughter and heir of Cuthbert Morley, of Hawnby in Cleveland, in the county of York. The poet was the second son. * To Trinity College. He was admitted to his Master's degree in 1679. • In dumbers such as Dorset's self might use.

ADDISON to Sacheverell.

It was probably about this time that he wrote the poem to the Earl of Peterborough, upon his accomplishment of the Duke of York's marriage with the Princess of Modena, whose charms appear to have gained a strong prevalence over his imagination, and upon whom nothing ever has been charged but imprudent piety, an intemperate and misguided zeal for the propagation of popery.

However faithful Granville might have been to the king, or however enamoured of the Queen, he has left no reason for supposing that he approved either the artifices or the violence with which the King's religion was insinuated or obtruded. He endeavoured to be true at once to the King and to the Church.

Of this regulated loyalty he has transmitted to posterity a sufficient proof in the letter which he wrote to his father about a month before the Prince of Orange landed.


St. James's.

“Mar, Dear Doncaster, Oct. 6, 1688. “SIR, —Your having no prospect of obtaining a commission for me can no way alter or cool my desire at this important juncture to venture my life, in some manner or other, for my King and my country.

“I cannot bear living under the reproach of lying obscure and idle in a country retirement, when every man who has the least sense of honour should be preparing for the field.

" You may remember, Sir, with what reluctance I submitted to your commands upon Monmouth's rebellion, when no importunity could prevail with you to permit me to leave the Academy : I was too young to be hazarded; but, give me leave to say, it is glorious at any age to die for one's country, and the sooner the nobler the sacrifice.

“I am now older by three years. My uncle Bathe was not so old when he was left among the slain at the battle of Newbury; nor you yourself, Sir, when you made your escape from your tutor's, to join your brother at the defence of Scilly.

“The same cause is now come round about again. The King has been misled; let those who have misled him be answerable for it. Nobody can deny but he is sacred in his own person; and it is every honest man's duty to defend it.

“You are pleased to say, it is yet doubtful if the Hollanders are rash enough to make such an attempt; but, be that as it will, I beg leave to insist upon it

, that I may be presented to his Majesty, as one whose utmost ainbition is to

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