7 Draw an outline map showing the overland route to India. 8 Name the highest mountains in the four continents, with their heights. 9 What are the principal uses of mountains ? 10 Mention seven colonial possessions of Great Britain, speci fying wherein their political and commercial importance to this country consists. 11 Describe the trade-winds, and explain their cause. 12 Describe the form of the various continents of the globe, and show how it has influenced the national character and history of their inhabitants. ENGLISH GRAMMAR. 1 Write down the plurals of the following substantives : penny, staff, grief, die, sheep, wharf, spoonful, chimney. 2 Write down the past tenses and past participles of the follow ing verbs : arise, bid, drive, load, smite, work. 3 What is meant by “ government” in grammar ? What parts of speech govern objective cases ? Give examples of each. 4 Construct sentences, exemplifying the use of the relative pronouns in the possessive and objective cases. 5 Explain the grammatical construction of the following sentences, pointing out and correcting any errors ; parse “ It was me who they wished to see.” the most vulgar thing to sense, Take it to heart?” “That remarkable man, one of the few eastern sovereigns in ancient times who has earned for himself an enduring place in history, had succeeded at a very early age to the throne of Pontus.” 6 From what languages is English derived ? Mention the classes of words principally taken from each, with examples. 7 To what general family of languages do those alluded to in the preceding questions belong; what others in Europe belong to the same ? CORRESPONDENCE, With a view to establishing a branch business at Glasgow, a person is sent to make inquiries. Write a letter of instructions directing him to inform himself on the spot whether there is a demand for the class of goods [name any articles of merchandise you please]; whether there is much competition in the trade; whether other houses have succeeded, or otherwise, in it; as to home and export trade respectively; as to terms, length of credit, and mode of settlement; and any other points which may suggest themselves to you. B. Competitive Examination for Junior Situa tions in the Department of the Committee of Council on Education. ARITHMETIC. PAPER I. 1 Reduce 15 lbs. 10 ozs. 14 grs. troy to grains, and 34,677 square yards to acres, &c. 2 The length of a French metre being 39:37 inches, find the number of solid feet and inches in a cube the length of whose side is 2 metres. 3 If 1 cwt. be worth 141, 6s., what will be the value of 1 of a ton ? 4 If31.=20 thalers, 25 thalers 93 francs, and 62 francs= 25 gulden : find how many gulden are equivalent to one pound sterling 5 The population of Great Britain in 1851 was 21,121,967 ; and the increase during the previous half century had been 93.5 per cent. What was the population in 1801 ? 6 Find by the method of practice the price of 8 cwt. 1 qr. 12 lbs. at 41. 12s. 5 d. per quarter. 7 A person who has 2,9541. in the 3 per cents. at 803, transfers his capital into the 4 per cents. at 98 : find the alteration in his income. 8 A person's average annual expenditure from the year 1833 to 1853 inclusive is 2931. 17s. 4d. He finds that in 1833 he spent 2831. 17s. 10d., and in 1854 365l. 14s. 1d. ; what was his average annual expenditure from 1834 to 1854 inclusive ? 9 If 20 horses and 196 sheep can be kept 18 days for 1511. 10s., what sum will keep 15 horses and 72 sheep for 8 days, supposing 5 horses to eat as much as 76 sheep ? 10 Find how many yards of paper, s of a yard wide, will paper a room whose length is 26 ft. 4 in., its breadth 18 ft. 8 in., and its height 12 ft. 3 in. 11 If 20 lbs. 4 ozs. of tea at 5s. 10d. per pound be mixed with 46 lbs. 6 ozs. at 4s. 3d., and 35 lbs. 6 ozs. at 6s. 8d., and the mixture be sold at 6s. per pound, what will be the gain or loss, and what the gain or loss per cent. ? 12 Find the amount of 13,3331. 6s. 8d. for 4 years at 5 per cent. compound interest. 13 At what rate per cent. wiil 6511. 13s. 4d. amount to 7481. 12s. Odd. in 34 years, at simple interest ? 14 Find the discount on 1261. 13s. 4d. due 8 months hence at 4 per cent. simple interest. What would be the amount of error in this case if interest were taken instead of discount, and in whose favour would the error be? (a) +$++13+ . 121 116 16 Find the sum of •375 of a guinea +2:1875 of a crown + :3 of 73. 6d. -17-(a) Múltiplý 2.7 bý •27 and their product by :027, (6) Divide 17•28 by .0144, and 42:0463 by 136. 7 18• 18 Extract the square roots of 531441 and of 324. 19 Mention the advantage of a decimal coinage. If 11.=10 florins=100 cents=1,000 mils.; show how the addition of 8961. 5f. 4c. 7m., 3911. 5f. 7m., 231. 9c. 6m., would be performed. 20 Explain the nature and use of logarithms, and the advan tages of selecting the number 10 as the base of tabular logarithms. 21 Having given log. 6.234 = •794767 and log. 6•235 •794836, find log. 623472, and the number whose logarithm is 2:794800. PAPER II, N.B. It is strongly recommended that no candidate who finds that he can employ his time advantageously on the other paper should attempt any question in this. 1 Multiply 47511. 178. 4}d by 34. 2 Multiply 16471. 8s. 2}d. by 635. 3 Divide 106397320524 by 12. 4 Divide 8740431091488 by 876. 5 Divide 759191. 11s. 7d. by 7. 6 Divide 6113601. 5s. 8d. by 623. 7 Write in figures (1) ninety thousand and forty, (2) three hundred and four million forty thousand and four. 8 There are two mountains such that if 126 feet are added to four times the height of the lower one, the sum is half the difference between their heights; given that the lower one is 441 feet high, find the height of the other. 9 What is the length of the longest day at a place where the sun rises on that day at 3h. 49m. 51s. ? 10 How many entire days have elapsed since the opening of the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park ? CALCULATION OF AVERAGES. The two Tables annexed give :(1) The total number of contributors to the Income Tax under Schedule D, arranged in 17 Classes. (2) The Aggregate amount of Incomes in each Class. £ £ Under 150 150 to 200 200 to 300 300 to 400 400 to 500 500 to 600 600 to 700 700 to 800 800 to 900 900 to 1,000 1,000 to 2,000 2,000 to 3,000 3,000 to 4,000 4,000 to 5,000 5,00) to 10,000 10,000 to 50,000 50,000 and upwards 3 5 7 5 1 7 2 2 7 8 7 7 5 3 0 2 1 5 3 9 7 4 5 4 2 1 7 9 6 3 7 4 20 £ 8 1 5 9 2 6 Totals Calculate : (1) The Average Income of Persons in each Class. buting to the Income Tax under Schedule D. BOOK-KEEPING. ELEMENTARY. 1 What is the meaning of the terms “debit” and “ credit”? 2 Which side of an account book is allotted to debit accounts, and which to credit accounts ? 3 What is the balance of an account? |