# Dictionary of the Mathematical and Physical Sciences, According to the Latest Improvements and Discoveries

James Mitchell
Sir Richard Phillips, 1823 - 576 sider

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Side 438 - A sphere is a solid bounded by a curved surface, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.
Side 508 - In higher works on trigonometry, it has been demonstrated that, in any triangle, the sines of the angles are proportional to the lengths of the sides opposite to them. In other words, sin A : sin B :: BC : AC; or, sin A : sin C:: BC : AB, and sin B : sin C::AC : A B. Hence, we have sin 44° 40' : sin 56° 20
Side 292 - A law presupposes an agent ; for it is only the mode, according to which an agent proceeds : it implies a power ; for it is the order, according to which that power acts. Without this agent, without this power, which are both distinct from itself, the law does nothing ; is nothing. The expression, ' the law of metallic nature...
Side 203 - ... winch, with as little labour as it takes to wind up a jack, though the weight of the iron, tin, and wooden circle, is about 1000 pounds.
Side 76 - In foul weather, when the mercury rises much and high, and so continues for two or three days before the foul weather is quite over, then expect a continuance of fair weather to follow.
Side 209 - Specific Gravity of a body is the relation of its weight, compared with the weight of some other body of the same magnitude. A body immersed in a fluid will sink if its specific gravity be greater than that of the fluid; but if it be less, the body will rise to the top, and will be only partly uncovered.
Side 476 - ... the object he views. There is no small speculum, but the magnifiers are applied immediately to the first focal image. From the opening of the telescope, near the place of the eye glass, a speaking-pipe runs down to the bottom of the tube, where it...
Side 396 - Multiply the numerators together for a new numerator, and the denominators together for a new denominator.
Side 457 - And in measuring any of these station-distances, mark accurately where these lines meet with any hedges, ditches, roads, lanes, paths, rivulets, &c ; and where any remarkable object is placed, by measuring its distance from the station-line ; and where a perpendicular From it cuts that line. And thus as you go along any main...
Side 13 - ... of the motion seemed to be from the upper part downwards. It appears also that they were in some danger of having the balloon burnt altogether; as the Marquis observed several round holes made by the fire in the lower part of it, which alarmed him considerably, and, indeed, not without reason.