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from the space that a third word intervened originally between the two latter titles. The plate is copied from one in Edmonstone's Heraldry, and proves beyond doubt that QUEBEC was a Town, Castle, Barony or Domain, which the powerful Earl of SUFFOLK either held in his own right, or as Governor for the King in Normandy, or some other of the English possessions in France. The orthography of the name, corresponding literally with the present, renders its identity with that of the capital of British America indisputable. The date of the seal, as given in Edmonstone, is the 7th Henry V., or 1420, the year of that King's nuptials with Catharine of France, daughter of Charles VI., who by her second marriage was grandmother of Henry VII. of England.
ACCOUNT OF THE DUKE OF SUFFOLK.
WILLIAM DE LA POLE, Earl, Marquess and Duke of Suffolk, one of the most conspicuous personages of the time of Henry V. and VI., was grandson of Michael de la Pole, first Earl of Suffolk, Lord High Chancellor of England, during the reign of Richard II., 1386. The first Earl presents a remarkable instance, in the days of feudal and baronial splendor, of an individual rising from comparatively humble life to the highest office of the state. He was the son of Michael de la Pole, an eminent merchant in Hull, who had been ruined by lending money to King Edward III. during the French wars. WILLIAM DE LA POLE, the subject of this notice, is spoken of by Hume as a person of the greatest capacity and the firmest character ; and is classed among the many renowned generals who distinguished themselves in
the French wars. He was constantly employed in enterprises of the greatest trust; and was equally efficient in the cabinet and in the field. It was his elder brother, who is introduced, as having fallen in the glorious battle of Agincourt together with the Duke of York, in the beautiful episode of SHAKSPEARE, King Henry the fifth, Act fourth, Scene sixth :
From helmet to the spur, all blood he was.
And gave me up to tears. In 1423, WILLIAM DE LA POLE, in a fierce and well disputed action, defeated the Scottish and French army commanded by John Stuart, Constable of Scotland, and the Count de Ventadour, before Cre
vant in Burgundy, taking those generals prisoners, and leaving Sir William Hamilton and a thousand men dead on the field. This victory was of the greatest importance to the successful issue of the war, and the operations of the Regent, Duke of Bedford. In 1428, he commanded the English forces at the famous siege of Orleans, where he displayed, under difficult circumstances, talents and qualities of the highest order. At this siege he had a train of artillery with him, which about that time was first considered of military importance. It was here that the celebrated JOAN OF ARC, commonly called the Maid OF ORLEANS, made her first appearance upon the scene; and effected by means of superstition what the arms of France had in vain attempted. She succeeded in raising the siege in 1429, and SUFFOLK was compelled to retreat with his panic-stricken army to Jergeau, where he was besieged by the irresistible Joan ; and after a gallant defence forced reluctantly to capitulate. SUFFOLK was obliged to yield himself prisoner to a Frenchman named RENAUD; but before he submitted, he asked his adversary whether he were a gentleman ? on receiving a satisfactory answer, he demanded whether he were a Knight? RENAUD replied, that he had not yet attained that honor. “ Then I make you one,” replied SUFFOLK : upon which he gave him the blow with the sword, which dubbed him into that fraternity; and he immediately surrendered himself his prisoner.
SUFFOLK's disgrace and misfortune were soon compensated. Having effected his liberation by the payment of a large ransom, he was again at the head of an army; and in conjunction with the powerful ally
of England, the Duke of Burgundy, he laid siege to Compiegne in 1430, the garrison of which was
commanded by the MAID OF ORLEANS in person. Here the fortune of Joan of Arc deserted her; or, according to common opinion, she was, through jealousy on the part of some French officers, purposely left unprotected in a sally which she had ordered, and was taken prisoner by the Burgundians. Her subsequent fate was a foul blot upon the character of the age:
after some time passed in prison and in fetters, she was burned as a sorceress in the market place of Rouen, in 1432.
At the Congress held at Arras, in 1435, SUFFOLK was one of the English Commissioners, together with the Cardinal of Winchester, to whose party in the state he had attached himself, in opposition to the Good Duke Humphrey of Glocester. The Cardinal's party were desirous of peace with France, at almost any sacrifice ; and as they prevailed at court, SufFOLK was despatched to Paris, in 1443, and concluded a truce for two years with the French King. One of the consequences of this truce, the marriage of Henry VI.with Margaret of Anjon, became so unpopular with the nation, that it ultimately caused the ruin of the Minister by whom it had been brought about. SurFOLK, who was the agent in this affair, is generally supposed to have had a tender interest in the regards of Margaret ; and his influence became paramount in the state, bringing with it all the ills which encompass the perilous station of a royal favorite in rude and factious times. After the King's marriage he was created Marquess, and first Duke of Suffolk, and he even received a vote of thanks from the Parliament. The entire loss of France a few years afterwards, which was commonly attributed to the treachery of the Duke of SUFFOLK, on account of his supposed attachment to the Queen and the
French interest, exasperated the minds of the people and he was impeached by the Commons, in 1450. The charges against him, which are to be found at full length in the Rolls of Parliament of that reign, 28th Hen. VI. would not probably bear any strict scrutiny; but as he was besides suspected by the people of having
been implicated in the cruel murder of the Good Duke Humphrey, the favorite of the nation, the tide of unpopularity was too powerful for him to stem. Then, as now, there were few to aid a falling Minister. The Duke, indeed, faced his accusers with great constancy, and made a bold and manly defence in the House of Peers, insisting upon his innocence, and even upon his merits, and those of his family in the public service. He stated that he had served his country in thirty-four campaigns—that he had been employed for the King in France for seventeen years without once returning to his native land—that he had been himself a prisoner, and had only regained his freedom by the payment of an exorbitant ransom. His father had died of fatigue at the siege of Harfleur-his eldest brother had been killed at the battle of Agincourt-two others had perished at Jergeau where he had been taken prisoner-and his fourth brother, who had been his hostage while he was employed in procuring ransom, had also died in the hands of the French. He complained that after his long services, after having repeatedly received the thanks of his sovereign, and of the Commons, after having been for thirty years an unspotted Knight of the Garter, he should at length be suspected of having been debauched from his allegiance by that enemy, whom he had opposed with the utmost zeal and fortitude ; and of betraying his royal master, who had rewarded his services by the highest honors and greatest offices