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also planned as a Lying-in Hospital, only, for thirtyfour patients, and the attics will contain sixty, making a total of accommodation for three hundred and sixty-two persons. Each story is fitted up with hot, cold and vapor baths ; and each ward has from one to three ventilating flues to convey the foul air to the roof of the building by machinery. The water used is drawn from the River St. Charles, filtered, and conveyed to the top of the Hospital. In the basement story are extensive cellars, kitchens, laundry, and other domestic conveniences.
The exterior of the MARINE HOSPITAL is of the Ionic order; and the proportions are taken from the Temple of the Muses on the Ilissus near ATHENS. With the wings it measures two hundred and six feet from east to west. The wings are one hundred feet in depth; and the whole premises contain an area of about six acres, to be laid out in gardens and promenade grounds for the convalescents.
The ceremony of laying the first or centre stone took place amid a large concourse of respectable citizens on the anniversary of the King's birth day, 28th May, 1832. It was laid by His Excellency the Lord AYLMER, GOVERNOR-IN-CHIEF, and a plate, commemorating the occasion, with the date, and name of the Architect, Mr. BLAIKLOCK, and of the Commissioners, was deposited with the usual forms.
The centre and west wing are completed, and the building was opened as an Hospital in July, 1834.
In St. Helen's Street, in the Upper Town, a few yards from St. Patrick's CHURCH, is the residence of Mr. CHASSEUR, formerly Carver and Gilder in
this city; who with a love of science that cannot be too much applauded, commenced, in 1824, to employ bis leisure in making a collection of the indigenous animals of CANADA, chiefly, however, limited to birds and quadrupeds. His collection of birds amounts to about five hundred, among which several very curious ornithological specimens will be found. His exertions have so far met with the approbation of the Legislature, that a few years ago a pecuniary aid was voted to this enterprising zoologist, who has cer. tainly made the best collection of natural curiosities extant in the Province. He intends to complete the Museum with an enlarged collection of all our native animals ; and is daily making progress in his laudable updertaking,
In this MUSEUM is to be seen the brass cannon, koown as the Canon de bronze, which was found a few years ago in the River St. Lawrence, nearly opposite the Parish of Champlain. It is to be lamented that there is upon it an inscription, erroneously stating it to have been found at the River Jacques Cartier, and to have been once in the possession of the discoverer of New FRANCE, being thereby adduced as a proof that Jacques CARTIER had been wrecked at the mouth of the River, which bears his name.
This subject has been treated in pages thirty-one, and sixty-eight, of this work.
PLACES OF EDUCATION.
Besides the QUEBEC Seminary, these are the Grammar School of the Royal INSTITUTION, conducted by the Reverend R. BURRAGE : the Classical School of the Reverend D. WILKIE : The
NATIONAL SCHOOL, already mentioned: the School of the QUEBEC EDUCATION SOCIETY, and the British and Canadian School. The three last are chiefly elementary. There are also several private Schools for both sexes, Sunday Schools, and the useful establishment of Infant Schools has lately been successfully introduced into this city. In the Esplanade, is the highly valuable establishment of Mr. McDONALD for the instruction of deaf and dumb children. In the Parish of St. Roch there is also a School supported by the Roman Catholic Bishop ; and in the Suburbs of St. Lewis is the meritorious foundation of J. F. PERRAULT, Esquire, the venerable and consistent promoter of elementary instruction in his native city.
CHAPTER THE THIRTEENTH.
MONUMENT TO WOLFE AND MONTCALM-CEREMONY
ON LAYING THE FIRST STONE-INSCRIPTIONS.
That nearly seventy years should have elapsed, without this well merited tribute to the military virtue and devotion of these Heroes having been paid in the country of their fame, can only be attributed to the circumstances of a gradually rising Colony, whose attention to the Arts and to architectural embellishment could only be expected after years of prosperity, peace, and the accumulation of riches. Pericles, having enriched his country by years of prosperous administration, civil and military, betook himself to the embellishment of his native city. ROME had been long victorious over every enemy, before her heroes and patriots had leisure from the camp to adorn the FORUM with edifices, whose magnificent remains are the admiration of all beholders. The family De' Medici did not excel in the Arts, or contribute to the classic riches of FLORENCE, until a long course of commercial enterprise and success had elevated them from merchants to the rank of Princes. So it has been in all ages, that the Arts, as well as the Laws, have been silent during periods of war and commotion; nor has their voice been listened to, except under circumstances when the human mind, withdrawn from the turmoil
of active collision, has sought repose in the charming studies which elegant ease alone enables men to pursue with steadiness and effect. Amongst the people of the UNITED STATES, it is only within a few years that any public tribute, or classic memorial, has testified the common admiration of the world directed towards the memory of WASHINGTON. The chisel of Canova, and the hand of CHANTREY have still more recently been employed on national monuments to his honor. Indeed, there is somewhat of morbid feeling in this propensity of mankind to neglect the offering of public tokens of gratitude to great men, during the age which witnessed their deeds, and benefitted most from their services. It is the consciousness of this fact, which has directed the views of illustrious men rather to the certainty of posthumous fame, than to the rewards of présent celebrity and popular applause
Sui memores alios fecêre merendo.
And this feeling is part of the divine inspiration, of that immortal breath, which more or less is the animating principle of great souls ;- but which the grosser impressions of mankind, in the main envious and detracting, have derogated by calling it ambition. Memorials, therefore, of a purely classical nature have generally been the works of posterity; and the experience of time demonstrates, that as there is nothing more honorable to the age which confers them, so there is nothing more lasting and perennial than the fame, which is handed down by such monuments. Well, indeed, did the Poet feel this truth, and it must be given in his own language to have its full effect, when he prophetically enume