rated, among the means of immortality to illustrious persons


It was reserved for the Earl of DALHOUSIE, then GOVERNOR-IN-CHIEF of these Provinces,-a noble.. man whose generous spirit and munificent patronage had already been evinced in the foundation of the Literary and Historical Society—to bring this interesting subject before the public, and set the example in raising a fit monument to the memory of Wolfe and MONTCALM in the Metropolis of British North America, the stake for which these gallant soldiers contended. A subscription list for the purpose was accordingly circulated among the gentry of QUEBEC, under the auspices of His ExcELLENCY ; and the call for so laudable an object was promptly responded to. Not only the inhabitants of British origin, but the Canadian public, headed by the Roman Catholic Bishop and several of the Clergy, liberally contributed to the erection of this Monument.

This praiseworthy design was not improbably suggested to the mind of the Earl of Dalhousie, by a perusal of the letter of Monsieur DE BOUGAINVILLE to the great Earl of CHATHAM, then Secretary of State, inclosing a copy of an inscription for an intended Monument to be erected at Quebec to the memory of MONTCALM by the French Government. The answer of Lord CHATHAM, speaking no doubt the sentiments of the youthful Monarch, was con. ceived in the most generous spirit. The marble slab with the inscription was engraved, and shipped

for CANADA ; but the vessel never reached her destination.

A general meeting of the subscribers to the intended Monument was held at the Castle of St. Lewis on the 1st November, 1827, His ExcELLENCY the Earl of Dalhousie in the chair, who addressed the meeting in a speech, of which the following is an extract:

“ GENTLEMEN, I feel it peculiarly my duty to address this meeting to-day, as having taken the lead in proposing for consideration a subject chiefly interesting to the public in and near Quebec.

“ When I first notified the proposal of raising a monument to the memory of Generals Wolfe and MONTCALM, I did not presume to offer any advice, nor did I urge feelings that had prompted to my own mind the undertaking of such a workthese I was sure would come far better at a General Meeting from individuals infinitely better qualified than I am ; and it is therefore my principal object in calling this meeting to-day, to hear the opinions and suggestions of all who may be disposed to express them.

“ In the first place, however, 1 beg permission to present to you two drawings, or designs, which are the performance and composition of Capt. Young, of the 79th Regiment. I think, I may take the liberty with him to say, that these are produced from repeated conversations he and I had on this subject, during our daily walks last winter : they are subject to revisal, to alteration, and even to a total abandonment of them for others, if other suggestions shall be made, or larger means than we have calculated upon shall be found. But on this point, I would particularly impress upon your consideration, that I do not propose any splendid trophy equal to the great names, the subject of it. A monument worthy of General Wolfe, and worthy of England, has been placed in Westminster Abbey: Mỹ only object is to remove a subject of general regret, that in Quebec, nothing is found to honor the memory of Wolfe, nothing more than if his great achievements had been effected in other countries distant or unknown to us.'—Thus limiting our views, I think a plain Columo, simple and unpretending in its architecture, the most fit, and

the least obnoxious to public criticism ; I think it the most becoming a private subscription, and above all, most likely to be immediately accomplished-these designs, however, are vow submitted to you.

“I ought, here, to state, that a most handsome offer has been made at New York, to contribute to the subscription list; and although it had not been intended to go beyond

the limits of Canada on the subject, yet I have accepted the offer as the expression of these liberal feelings.

« There remains only one point more for me to remark upon, but it is one which I feel as peculiarly calling for an explanation. It is the idea, that it may, by some, be thought great presumption in any individual to stir and act upon a matter of such high public interest as this is, without having previously shown that the public, (I mean the Legislature of this Province) has not chosen to undertake the work ; to this, Gentlemen, I have only to say, that it is my intention to submit the subject, and also our progress in it, to the consideration of the Legislature; but I would also prepare the means of working upon the smaller funds, should my public recommendation of it fail on the greater scale.

“ I shall, by and by, beg leave to propose a small Committee of Management in all minor details, but always with the idea of renewing my calls for General Meetings, as our progress shall advance.

“ I now leave the subject, Gentlemen, to yourselves.”
His ExcELLENCY then named the following Committee ;

The Honorable the Chief JUSTICE,— Chairman,
Major General DARLING,
Lieut. Colonel COCKBURN, R. A.
Capt. Young, 79th Highlanders,

On Thursday, the 15th November, 1827, the very imposing and interesting ceremony, of laying the first stone of the Monument, took place in the presence of a large and most respectable assemblage of spectators. The troops of the garrison, consisting of the 66th and 79th Regiments, under the command of Colonel Nicol, 66th Regiment, paraded

at eleven o'clock, and formed a double line, facing inwards, their right reaching to the foot of the Glacis, and the left resting upon the Castle Guard-House. The Masonic procession, with CLAUDE DENECHAU, Esquire, Right Worshipful Grand Master, at their head, the Officers composing the Grand Lodge in full Masonic costume, the Merchants and Frères du Canada, the Sussex and St. Andrew's Lodges, reached the Castle of St. Lewis, preceded by the Band of the 66th Regiment; and entering the lower garden through the Castle yard, lined each side of the principal walk, through which the COUNTESS OF DALHOUSIE, and a party of ladies, reached the spot where the ceremony was to be performed. In the mean time His ExcELLENCY the EARL OF DalHOUSIE, attended by the Chief Justice, the Lord Bishop, his Staff, and the Committee, passed through the avenue of troops from the Castle, receiving the usual honors. His ExceLLENCY, having first conducted the COUNTESS, and the other ladies, to a station most convenient for witnessing the ceremony, placed himself in front of the stone, and in a clear and audible voice, spoke as follows :

“ Gentlemen of the Committee, we are assembled upon an occasion most interesting to this courtry—if possible more so to this city—We are met to lay the Foundation of a Column in honor of two illustrious men, whose deeds and whose fall have immortalized their own names, and placed Quebec in the rank of cities famous in the history of the world.

“ Before, however, we touch the first stone, let us implore the blessing of Almighty God upon our intended work.”

The Rev. Dr. Mills, Chaplain to the Forces, then offered up the following

PRAYER. O Almighty Lord of Heaven and Earth! without whose blessing no work of man can prosper, look down, we beseech


Thee, with an eye of favor upon this our undertaking. We know, O Lord ! that, unless Thou buildest the fabric, their labour is but lost that build it; and therefore we humbly pray, that this Column, which we are about to erect in honor of those distinguished Warriors, whose names it is destined to bear, may transmit their Fame to distant ages, uninjured by flood or by flame, unscathed by the Thunder's rending bolt, or the mining shock of the Earthquake. May no assault of fo

reign foe, 'no dangerous division within our walls, loosen one : stone from the structure ; but may it long-long rear its head in simple majesty, the brightest gem and ornament of our city.

Tt hath pleased Thee, O Lord ! in thy good Providence, in a great degree to tranquillize the world : there is a great calm in the Universe: Thou hast said to the desolating tide of human Warfare—“ Peace, be still ; hitherto shalt thou come, but no further, and here shall thy proud waves be stayed !”

pray, O Lord !-most humbly and heartily do we pray,– that this happy state of things may continue and abound more and more, till every source of discord dried up-every jarring interest harmonized--the heavenly influence of the glorious Gospel-that Charter of Love and Mercy to the whole human race—be universally felt and acknowledged ; till the glad strain of “ Peace on earth, good will toward men,” which ushered in the Nativity of the Saviour, find a ready echo in every bosom; and the blessed time at length arrive, when the sword shall be turned into the plough-share, and the spear into the pruning-hook-when nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. But of this hour,-now seen afar off only in indistinct vision, knoweth no man : in the mean time, O Lord ! the wrath of man shall praise Thee, while the remainder of wrath it is—and will be thy province to restrain.

Meanwhile also, O Lord ! we humbly hope and trust, that We are not forbidden to pray, even amidst all the pomp

and glitter of military parade, by which we are surrounded, in behalf of these our Brethren—with an anxious concern for their honor as Soldiers, while we feel for their salvation as Menthat the great examples of the illustrious dead, whom we this day hold out as patterns for their imitation, may now and ever be regarded by them with an ardent desire to emulate their worth. Yes! Soldiers, Friends and Brethren! we implore the God of Armies, that should the battle once more be set in atray against you, you may-each of you-buckle on your har

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