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and which no army can itself solely supply; the immense labour in artillery, stores, and provisions; the long watchings and attendance in boats; the drawing up our artillery by the seamen, even in the heat of the action; it is my duty, short as my command has been, to acknowledge, for that, how great a sbare the navy has had in this saccessful campaign.
I have the honor to be, &c.
Articles of Capitulation agreed on between General TOWNSHEND
and M. DE RAMESAY, Commander of Quebec,
ARTICLE I. M. De Ramesay demands the honours of war for bis garrison, and that it shall be conducted back to the army in safety by the shortest road, with their arms, baggage, six pieces of brass cannon, two mortars or howitzers, and twelve rounds.
The garrison of the town, composed of land forces, marines, and sailors, shall march out with their arms and baggage, drums beating, lighted matches, with two pieces of cannon, and twelve rounds, and shall be embarked as conveniently as possible, in order to be landed at the first port in France.
II. That the inhabitants shall be maintained in the posses. sion of their houses, goods, effects and privileges,
Granted, provided they lay down their arms.
III. That the said inhabitants shall not be molested on account of their having borne arms for the defence of the town, as they were forced to it, and as it is customary for the inhabitants of the colonies of both crowns to serve as militia. Granted,
IV. That the effects belonging to the absent officers, or inhabitants, shall not be touched. Granted,
V. That the said inhabitants shall not be removed nor obliged to quit their houses until their condition shall be settled by a definitive treaty between their most Christian and Britannic Majesties. Granted.
VI. That the exercise of the Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman religion shall be preserved, and that safeguards shall be granted to the houses of the Clergy, and to the monasteries, particularly to the Bishop of Quebec, who animated with zeal for religion, and charity for the people of his diocese, desires to reside constantly in it, to exercise freely and with that decency which his character and the sacred mysteries of the Catholic, Apostolic,
and Roman Religion require, his Episcopal authority in the town of Quebec, wherever he shall think it proper, until the possession of Canada shall have been decided by a treaty between their most Christian and Britannie Majesties.
The free exercise of the Roman Religion, safeguards granted to all religious persons, as well as to the Bishop, who shall be at liberty to come and exercise freely and with decency the
functions of his office wherever he shall think proper, until the possession of Canada shall have been decided between their Britannic and Most Christian Majesties.
VII. That the artillery and warlike stores shall be delivered up bona fide, and an inventory taken thereof. Granted.
VIII. That the sick, wounded, commissaries, chaplains, physicians, surgeons, apothecaries, and other persons employed in the hospitals, shall be treated agreeable to the cartel, settled between their Most Christian and Britannic Majesties, on February 6, 1759. Granted.
IX. That before delivering up the gate, and the entrance of the town, to the English forces, their General will be pleased to send some soldiers to be placed as safeguards at the Churches, Convents, and chief habitations. Granted.
X. That the commander of the City of Quebec shall be permitted to send advice to the Marquis De Vaudreuil, Governor General, of the reduction of the town; as also that this General shall be allowed to write to the French Ministry to inform them thereof. Granted.
XI. That the present capitulation shall be executed according to its form and tenor, without being liable to non-execution under pretence of reprisals, or the non-execution of any preceding capitulation. Granted.
The present treaty has been made and settled between us, and duplicates signed at the Camp before Quebec, September 18, 1759.
C. SAUNDERS, G. TOWNSHEND, DE RAMESAY.
Killed in the Battle of the 13th.-One General, one Captain, six Lieutenants, one Ensigo, three Serjeants, forty-five rank and file.
Wounded—One Brigadier General, four Staff Officers, twelve Captains, twenty-six Lieutenants, ten Ensigns, twenty-five Serjeants, four Drummers, five hundred and six rank and file. Missing, three rank and file.
Artillery.—One Engineer wounded, one Gunner killed, one Bombardier, one Gunner, five matrosses, wounded.
An Account of the guns, &c. found in Quebec on its surrender
to His Majesty's troops: Brass guns 6 pounder ). Brass mortars 13 Inches . 4 3. Do, howitzers 8
3. 2 2. Iron mortars 13
9. Iron guns 36 10.
). 24 45.
3. 18 18.
13. Shells 13 Inches 770
7. Brass petards 2 2
3. With a considerable quantity of powder, ball, small arms and intrenching tools, &c. the number of which cannot be ascertained.
There have been also 37 guns and one mortar found on several batteries between St. Charles and Beauport.
Letter from Vice-Admiral SAUNDERS to the Right Honorable
Mr. Secretary Pitt, September 20, 1759.
I have the greatest pieasure in acquainting you, that the town and citadel of Quebec surrendered on the 18th instant, and I enclose you a copy of the articles of capitulation. The army took possession of the gates on the land side, the same evening, and sent safeguards into the town to preserve order, and to prevent any thing being destroyed; and Captain Palliser, with a body of seamen, landed in the Lower Town, and did the same.
The next day, our army marched in, and near a thousand French officers, soldiers, and seamen, were embarked on board some English catts, wbo shall soon proceed for France, agreeable to the capitulation.
I had the honor to write to you the 5th instant, by the Rodney cutter: The troops mentioned in that letter, embarked on
board the ships and vessels above the town, in the night of the 6th instant, and at four in the morning of the 13th, began to land on the north shore, about a mile and a balf above the town. General Montcalm, with his whole army, left their camp at Beauport, and marched to meet him. A little before ten both armies were formed, and the enemy began the attack. Our troops received their fire, and reserved their own, advancing till they were so near as to run in upon them, and push them with their bayonets; by which, in a very little time, the French gave way, and fled to town in the utmost disorder, and with great loss; for our troops pursued then quite to the walls, and killed many of them upon the glacis, and in the ditch ; and if the town had been further off, the whole French army must have been destroyed. About 250 French prisoners were taken that day, among whom are ten Captains, and six Subaltern officers, all of whom will go in the great ships to England.
I am sorry to acquaint you, that General Wolfe was killed in the action; and General Monckton shot through the body ; but he is now supposed to be out of danger. General Montcalm, and the three next French officers in command, were killed; but I must refer you to General Townshend (who writes by this opportunity) for the particulars of this action, the state of the garrison, and the measures he is taking for keeping possession of it. I am now beginning to send on shore the stores they will want, and provisions for 5000 men ; of which I can furnish them with a sufficient quantity:
The night of their landing, Admiral Holmes, with the ships and troops, was about three leagues above the intended landing place : General Wolf-, with about half his troops, set off in boats, and dropped down with the tide, and were, by that means, less liable to be discovered by the French centinels, posted all along the coast. The ships followed them about three quarters of an hour afterwards, and got to the landingplace just in the time that had been concerted, to cover their landing ; and considering the darkness of the night, and the rapidity of the current, this was a very critical operation, and very properly and successfully conducted. When General Wolfe, and the troops with him, had landed, the difficulty of gaining the top of the hill is scarce credible: It was very steep in its ascent, and high, and had no path where two could go a-breast; but they were obliged to pull themselves up by the stumps and boughs of trees, that covered the declivity.
Immediately after our victory over their troops, I sent up all the boats in the fleet with artillery, and ammunition ; and on the 17th went up with the men of war, in a disposition to attack the Lower Town, as soon as General Townshend should be ready to attack the upper ; but in the evening they sent out to the camp, and offered terms of capitulation.
I bave the farther pleasure of acquainting you, that, during this tedious campaign, there has continued a perfect good un. derstanding between the army and navy. I have received great assistancc from Admirals Durell and Holmes, and from all the Captains; indeed every body has exerted themselves in the execution of their duty; even the transports bave willingly assisted me with boats and people on the landing the troops, and many other services.
I have the honor to be, &c.
THE BATTLE OF THE PLAINS-DEATH OF WOLFE.
Any one who visits the celebrated Plains of ABRAHAM, the scene of this glorious fight-equally rich in natural beauty and historic recollections—will admit that no site could be found better adapted for displaying the evolutions of military skill and discipline, or the exertion of physical force and determined valor. The battle-ground presents almost a level surface from the brink of the St. Lawrence, to the St. Foy road. The Grande-Allée, or road to Cape Rouge, running parallel to that of St. Foy, passed through its centre,—and was commanded by a field redoubt, in all probability the four-gun battery on the English left, which was captured by the light infantry, as mentioned in General TowNSHEND'S letter. The remains of this battery are distinctly seen near to the present race-stand.
There were also two other redoubts, one upon the rising ground,