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to the church of Notre Dame, to return thanks for the happy change in affairs. He was welcomed, according to the authorised account, with the most loyal acclamations, and received a congratulatory address from the municipal body of Paris, presented by the prefect of the department of the Seine. But before we proceed farther in recording the events of France, pacified and renovated, it is proper to wind up the narrative of its warlike transactions, unhappily not yet brought to a conclusion. Lord Wellington, under the date of March 26th, communicated the

intelligence of the retreat of the

French, after the affair near Tarbes, with such celerity, that they arrived at Toulouse on the 24th, offering no other opportunity of action to their pursuers, except one attack of cavalry upon their rear-guard, in which they sustained some loss. The approach of the combined army on the 28th, caused the French to withdraw into the city of Toulouse, and the swoln state of the Garonne from rain and melted snow, would not permit Lord Wellington for some days to throw a bridge over it, below the town. It was not till April 8th, that he was enabled to move any part of his army across the river, at which time, no information had reached either army of the great events that had taken place in Paris. The defences of Toulouse, which on three sides is surrounded by the canal of Languedoc and the Garonne, consisted chiefly in a fortified suburb, on the left of that river, forming a good tâte de pout, works at each bridge of the canal, and strong redoubts on a height between the canal and the river Ers. Of these

positions every advantage had been made by the diligence of marshal Soult; and the roads from the Ariege to Toulouse being impracticable for cavalry and artillery, it became necessary at all hazards to make the approaches on this quarter. The 8th and 9th were chiefly occupied in preparatory movements; and on the morning of the 10th, a general attack was made, the particulars of which cannot be rendered intelligible without a plan. The result was, that after a day spent in sanguinary conflicts at various points, at its close the allied troops were established on three sides of Toulouse, and the light cavalry was dispatched to cut off the communication by the only road for carriages, which remained to the enemy. Arrangements were making for a further advance; but on the night of the 11th, the French retired, leaving three generals and 1,600 men prisoners. This success was not ob

tained without a loss to the troops

of the three nations of about 600 killed, and 4,000 wounded. Lord Wellington entered Toulouse on the following morning, where he was received with general acclamations, and the town hoisted the white flag. It was not till the evening of that day, that his lordship received from Paris intelligence of the events which had occurred in that capital on the 7th. It was brought by col. Cooke, who was accompanied by a French officer, directed by the provisional government to convey the same information to marshals Soult and Suchet. The former did not at first consider it to be so authentic as to induce him to send his submission to the new government; but proposed to Lord Wel

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lington a suspension of hostilities, for the purpose of giving him time to ascertain the real state of affairs. To this, his lordship refused his consent, and marched his troops forward on the 15th and 17th, to Castelnaudary; in the mean time he concluded a suspension with the commandant at Montauban. On the 16th another officer arriving from Paris was forwarded to Soult, who, on the following day, gave information of his having acknowledged the provisional government of France. Lord W. in consequence authorized an English and a Spanish general to arrange with the French general Gazan, a convention for a suspension of hostilities between the allied armies under his command, and those under marshals Soult and Suchet. This was not the only unnecessary bloodshed, which the delay of intelligence for a few days occasioned. Early on the morning of April 14th, a sortie in force was made from the French camp in front of the citadel of Bayonne, upon the position of the allies at St. Etienne, opposite the citadel chiefly on its left and centre. At the beginning of the attack, Major gen. Hay, the commanding officer of the out-posts for the day, was killed, and the assailants gained temporary possession of St. Etienne. They also drove in the picquets of the centre, where major-gen. Stopford was wounded. On the right, lieut. gen. Hope bringing up some troops to support the picquets, came suddenly in the dark upon a party of the *nemy, when his horse was shot under him, and himself wounded and taken prisoner. After a time,

all the lost ground was recovered, and the picquets were re-established in their former posts, but a serious loss was incurred, both of officers and men. These actions, however, were the conclusion of a war now without an object. On April 23rd, Monsieur ratified, with the allied powers, a convention for the suspension of all hostilities. In the preamble, it is said, that “the allied powers, united in the determination to put a period to the calamities of Europe, and to found its repose on a just distribution of power, among the states which compose it; wishing to give France, replaced under a government whose principles offer the necessary securities for the maintenance of peace, proofs of their desire to resume amicable relations with her; wishing also to cause France to enjoy as much as possible, the benefits of peace, even before all the terms thereof have been settled, have resolved to proceed conjointly with his Royal Highness Monsieur,” &c. Of the articles, the first declares, that all hostilities by land and sea are suspended between the Allied Powers and France, as soon as the French generals and commanders shall have made known to those opposed to them, that they have acknowledged the authority of the lieutenant-general of the kingdom. By the second, the Allies agreed to cause their armies to evacuate the French territory, such as it was on Jan. 1, 1792, in proportion as the places beyond those limits, still occupied by French troops, should be evacuated and given up to the allies. The blockade of fortresses in France by the allied armies was immediately to be raised; and the French troops forming part of the army of Italy, or occupying its strong places, or those on the Mediterranean, were to be recalled. Blockades by sea were also to be raised, and liberty to be given to the French fisheries and coasting trade. All prisoners on both sides were to be sent back without ransom. There were other articles relative to time and matters of regulation which need not here be specified. We now return to a review of some of the more important transactions which took place at Paris. On April 14th, Monsieur received the senate and the legislative body, the former being presented to him by its president, the prince of Benevento. The senate passed a decree conveying the provisional government to Monsieur, under the title of Lieutenant-general of the kingdom, “ until Louis Stanislaus Xavier of France, called to the throne of the French, has accepted the Constitutional Charter.” It is worthy of observation, how carefully this body in its lauguage avoids any recognition of indefeasible hereditary right, and

inculcates the ideas of election, or

contract. When the decree was presented to Monsieur, he made a reply, in which he said, “I have taken cognizance of the Constitutional Charter, which recalls to the throne of France, the king my august brother. I have not received from him the power to accept the constitution; but I know his sentiments and principles, and I do not fear being disavowed, when I assure you in his name, that he will admit the bases of it.” He afterwards nominated

nine persons to be the provisional council of state, the prince of Benevento standing first. The marshals Moncey and Oudinot were of the number. The duke of Berri, son of Monsieur, made his entrance into Paris, on the 21st, escorted by a detachment of horseguards, and with a marshal of France on each hand. He was welcomed by the acclamations of the public. On the 22nd, Monsieur issued a decree, by virtue of which an extraordinary commis

sioner of the king was deputed

to each of the military divisions of the kingdom, for the purpose of disseminating an exact knowledge of the events, which have produced the restoration of the legitimate sovereigns of France; of insuring the execution of all the acts of the provisional government; of taking the requisite measures for facilitating the establishment of the government; and of collecting information relative to all branches of the public service. They were invested with powers to command the assistance of all the civil and military authorities; to suspend those whose conduct had been faulty, and appoint provisional successors; to set at liberty all persons under arbitrary arrests; to put a stop to all prosecutions and punishments, consequent upon military conscription, and to suspend all requisitions, levies, works, &c. ordered by the late government on account of the war, On April 20th, Buonaparté, whose departure had been delayed by various causes, left Fontainbleau for the island of Elba. Though his fall from the highest rank of sovereignty, and the real power of wielding the first sceptre in Europe, to the station of lord of a petty island, was one of the greatest that history records, yet the alleviations by which it was attended might in some degree flatter his pride, and support his ideas of self-consequence. The circumstances of the parting scene are thus described in a French paper. To the officers and subalierns of the old guard, who were still with him, he spoke in nearly the following words: “I bid you farewell. During the twenty years that we have acted together, I have been satisfied with you : I have always found you in the path of glory. All the powers of Europe have armed against me: a part of my generals have betrayed their duty : France itself has betrayed it. With your assistance, and that of the brave men who remained faithful to me, I have for three years preserved France from civil war. Be faithful to the new king whom France has chosen; be obedient to your commanders; and do not abandon your dear country which too long has suffered. Pity not my fate: I shall be happy when I know that you are so likewise. I might have died: nothing would have been easier to me: but I still wish to pursue the path of glory. What we have done I will write. I cannot embrace you all; but I will einbrace your general. Come, general. , Let the eagle be brought to me, that I may also embrace it. Ah, dear Eagle! may the kisses which I bestow on you resound to posterity Adieu, my

children Adieu, my brave companions ! Once more encompass me.” The staff, accompanied by the commissioners of the four allied powers, formed a circle round him, and Buonaparté got into his carriage, manifestly affected with the scene, and dropping some tears. He was followed by fourteen carriages, and his escort employed sixty post-horses. The four commissioners accompanied him, and four officers of his household were part of his suite. Few of the military attended him. Thus France was quitted by its late ruler, it may be hoped never to return. A very different scene was soon after witnessed by the shores of England. Lewis XVIII, who had first been received as a sovereign, with the greatest respect and cordiality, in the British capital, See the Chronicle, proceeded to over, the place of embarkation for his kingdom, attended by the Prince Regent, and a company of persons of rank, English , and French. From that port he sailed on April 24th, in the Royal Sovereign yacht, convoyed by the Duke of Clarence in the Jason flag ship, and in the view of an immense concourse of applauding spectators; and after a passage of three hours, anchored in Calais roads. He was welcomed in that town with all the demonstrations of loyal affection, and by slow stages took his journey towards his capital, where vast preparations were making for his reception; and with this memorable event we close the present chapter. THE deposition of Buonaparté, and the restoration of the Bourbons, being the great crisis to which every other civil and military occurrence on the European continent was subordinate, we shall now bring up to that period, the events which had been taking place in other parts. In Holland, after the unfortumate failure at Bergen-op-Zoom, no military operation of consequence was undertaken, both parties probably waiting for the issue of the grand contest in France. A civil transaction of the greatest importance, however, rendered memorable the close of March. It is previously to be mentioned, that on the 3rd of that month, there was issued by the Prince of Orange, a public paper giving an account of the measures he had adopted, for obtaining the sentiments of the inhabitants of the Netherlands respecting the constitutional code which had been drawn up pursuant to his directions, “We (said he] after a careful examination, have given it our approbation; but this does not satisfy our heart. It respects the

CHAPTER III.

Holland,-Mode of referring the new Constitutional Code to the Decision of the Nation.—Its Acceptance, and the Oath taken by the Prince Sovereign.—Appointments made by him.—Catholic Netherlands.—Carnot's Conduct at Antwerp.–Military Operations in Italy.—Armistice. —Occupation of Genoa by the Forces under Lord W. Bentinck.-Affairs of Spain.—Treaty between Napoleon and Ferdinand.—Transactions of the Cortes.—Reyna.-French Gurrisons surrendered.— Arrival of Ferdinand in Spain.—The Pope returns to Italy.

concerns of the whole Netherlands; and the whole Dutch people must be recognized in this important work.” Thinking it right therefore that the code should be submitted for maturer consideration, to a numerous assembly of the principal and best qualified persons in the country, he states that he has appointed a special commission, who are to choose, out of a numerous list given in to him, six hundred persons in due proportion to the population of the now existing departments, who are to assemble at Amsterdam, on the 28th inst, each person having received, with his letter of convocation, a plan of the constitution on , which they are to decide. In order to ascertain that the persons thus chosen are possessed of the general confidence, a list of those nominated for each department is to be made public, and all the inhabitants of the same, being housekeepers, shall have an opportunity, by signing their names without any addi

tion, in a register lying open for

that purpose for eight days, to testify their disapprobation of such

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