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any profit from it.”
" I will keep,” said he, “ an exact account of my expences these I doubt not you will discharge, and that is all I desire.” At the close of the war, he produced his accounts for the eight years it had lasted, all in his own hand. writing, and with the same exactness that was required of coinmissaries and contractors the whole amounted to f. 14,479 185. gd. 3-4, sterling. Of this sum, about one-seventh was for secret services. The amount paid, the time when, and the occasions on which monies were advanced for secret services, were all carefully noted, but for obvious reasons no receipts were produced. For every other item of the account the most regular vouchers were exhibited. The whole at the request of general Washington was minutely examined by the proper accounting officers, and regularly passed. . A tin box, containing these accounts, remains in one of the offices of the United States. It is a monument of the disinterestedness of general Washington. Bring your children, and your children's children to examine its contents. Shew them the hand-writing of the father of their country--teach them thereon lessons of economy, of order and method in expencesteach them to love their country, and to serve it on liberal terms.
I Call upon antiquity-upon modern Europe, and especially on the recent republic of France, to produce one of their heroes or statesmen, that can surpass, or even equal our disinterested patriot.
Had I a voice that would reach across the Atlantic, I would address the nations at war, and propose to their emperors, their kings, their directors, their generals, and their statesmen, the example of our Washington for their imitation ; and call upon them, if not too much abashed by the splendor of his virtues, to learn from him to put far away avarice and ambition-and like him to pursue nought but their country's good. If they would thus copy after the great example of our American hero, they would soon sheath their swords, and let the world have peace.
But chiefly do I call on my fellow-citizens, to cherish the remembrance of the virtues of the dear deceased. To learn
from him to be all eye-all ear- -all heart and hand in the ser. vice of your country to think no sacrifice too great--no labor too hard, which public good requires at your hands. Rehearse to your children, and instruct them to rehearse to theirs, the noble deeds of your common father, and inspire them with a holy resolution to go and do likewise, His great example, thus improved, will be a germ of virtuous actions through succeed. ing generations, 'till time shall be no more.
But to return the same reasoning will apply with still greater force to general Washington's acceptance of the office of president of the United States. No motives, but those of the purest kind, could have induced him, loaded with honors, and possessed of a reputation that had carried his name to the remotest corners of the globe, to quit his beloved retirement for the second time, and embark on the perilous sea of civil life.
WHERE shall we find words sufficient to do justice to his self-denying acceptance of his recent appointment to the supreme command of the army that yis now raising. View him in the possession of all that his heart could wish in the sixty, seventh year of his age, when repose and retirement must have been not only desirable but even necessary.--View him under all those circumstances, plédging himself to take the field when. ever the situation of his country required it. How ardent must have been his patriotisn! How great is the loss which we have sustained.
In losing him our people have lost their guide-our country has lost its father-its sword and shield-its greatest benefac, tor and ornament, Rome with all her heroes-Greece with all her patriots, could not produce his equal. Not one who trod the stage of life with equal dignity, and who departed from it in old age with a reputation so brilliant, and at the same time so spotless.
His virtues and example are an invaluable legacy to his country to Europe to the world. His councils are engraven on the table of our hearts his deeds are written with a pen of iron and with the point of a diamond. His fame is a sea without a shore-His counsels his deeds, and his fame will live forever. But, alas ! those eyes which have watched so many nights for the safety of the United States, are now closed in deaththat tongue, and those hands, which have so often, so long, and so successfully been exerted for our benefit, are now mouldering in the dusti
No more will he enlighten our councils by his wisdom-no more will he lead our armies to victory-no longer will his name prove a hulwark of defence, by giving us one mind and one heart, and by striking terror into our enemies. For these things our hearts are faint-our eyes are dim and run down with wa
This day is a day of trouble and distress--a day of darkness and gloominess-a day of clouds and thick darkness But I check myself—Washington's worth, and our sorrows, exceed all speech. I am therefore silent, that we may muse on his merits and indulge our grief.
Oration on the death of general George WASHINGTON; delia
mered in tbe Dutch church in New-Brunswick, New Jersey. By major-general FREDERICK Frelinghursen.
My countrymen and friends, OLEMN ! awfully solemn is the occasion, which this day
assembles us. We come not as 'heretofore, to commemo. rate the birth of a nation, or to celebrate the victories of our country :-we come not to proclaim the virtuous deeds of the living patriot, or the warlike atchievements of the existing hero : we come not to rejoice ; we come to mourn ! to mourn departed worth, and to pay a tribute of gratitude to unparallelled merit ; merit, once on earth, but now removed.
How gladly, my countrymen, would I resign the task as. signed me, into abler hands; but who is equal to such a task? Who can justly recount the praises of the hero, the statesman, and the Christian, whose loss we lament! The faithful page of history will make the attempt, and it will fail. The orator and the poet will unite their efforts, and they will inmortalize not half his worth. In the hearts, in the grateful hearts of his beloved countrymen, it is alone truly recorded: and who can press the feelings of those hearts, when the sad tidings are an. nounced, that WASHINGTON IS NO MORE !
It has been the custom of most nations to celebrate the actions, and to resound the praises of their renowned heroes and statesmen. They began it, impelled by affection and sorrow ; and they continued it from motives of duty and interest. But never, in any country, did all these so evidently unite, to call upon a people to deplore the loss, and to proclaim the virtues of an illustrious character, as on this mournful occasion. If ever affection and sorrow were sincere, such, Americans, must be your
affection and your sorrow, for the departed FATHER of your country. If ever duty prompted to a grateful remembrance of past and signal services, or interest recommended for the example of survivors to perpetuate the memory of great and virtuous actions, this sorrowful moment affords the most striking instance.
I WILL not, my countrymen, attempt a formal eulogy on this great and good man, beloved by his own country, and admired by all. For, besides, that his character is above all praise, should I attempt it, the abilities of my head (as a writer expresses it) would too little. conspire with the feelings of my heart. lt will be sufficient for our present purpose, in order to shew the greatness of our loss, to take a short and
summary view of our heroe's life, so nobly, so patriotically spent for the public good.
At a period, which others devote to mirth and dissipation, in his very youth, he was called by his native colony to perilous and interesting services : and such were the carly talents and
'heroism which he displayed, that all men foretold his future greatness if his life was prolonged ; and such were the extraor-, dinary interpositions of Divine Providence in his favor on several occasion's, that devout men were inspired to predict, that he was preserved for the future glory and defence of his country. He continued to be honored by Virginia with important appointments, civil and military. He continued to do much good ; in. war a hero, in peace a statesmau and a farmer. A statesinan, studying the good of his country, and with his brother patriots, adopting measures to promote it. A farmer, cultivating his lands, cultivating his mind, and cultivating every social and domestic virtue. Heaven was preparing him for more important scenes—and thy blood-stained soil, O Lexington! opened the glorious drama. The contest between the colonies of America and their mother country had not drawn to a crisis ; and the hostile fleets and hostile armies of the ill-advised Britain, had compelled the former to assert their rights, and to repel force by force. But who shall lead the troops of freedom! By impulse more than human, the American people cast their eyes upon the Cincinnatus of Mount Vernon, and he is elected the commander in chief of their armies.
His country calls. He hesitatęs not to resign the sweet delights of domestic life, but with a modest diffidence in his talents, and an bumble, but firm reliance on the god of armies, he at once obeys her call. To detail the various events of the bloody conflict, all of which, whether prosperous or adverse, evinced the greatness of his soul and the warmth of his patriotism, cannot now be expected; the historian will record them, and the present and future ages will read and wonder. With an undisciplined army, almost without arms or“ ammunition ; his country without military resources ; against an enemy, brave,, determined, and enured to war; and against a nation in the zenith of her power, he nobly took the field. Under his auspices, order sprang out of disorder; detachments of strangers were formed into a band of brothers, and the sons of freedon spread their embattled ranks around him, as the rock of our strength, and under God, our sure defence.