tion is, in some places, much debafed, partly through the prevalence of northern idioms, and partly throagh the want of power, or taste, to elevate his expreffiony suitably to the dignity of his subject. Thus, p.7. A habit of confinement is the belt mean of curing young people of that rambling, gadding disposition which is, fo natural to them. P. 18, Reading, no doubt, is a good mean of acquiring knowledge; but living examples, &c. P. 32. ! A virtuous pride, or a due respect for ourselves, is often a happy mean of preserving us from doing any thing that is unworthy.-P.43: ? Communication with the Deity has been ftrangely perplexed by fome, and misrepresented, or totally denied by others. Though, from all the evidence of which it is capable, the thing appears to be abundantly: clear, yet, &c.' P.62, ' They complain, with a very bad grace, if she want of truth, public virtue, and good order among us, who discover, by their own practice, an habitual contempt of the moft effe&tual means of promoting these,'. This last is a provincial mode of expression from which only the most elegant of the Scotch writers are free : an Enge lishman would have said, “ these virtues," or "these good ends," &c. He would nëver have suffered the plural these, to terminate the period.,

Bus, it would be injufice to this Writer were we to take notice only of his defects in point of languages. If we attend rather to bis sentiments, his work will appear to greater advantage. The follow. ing passage will give our Readers a favourable opinion of his, understanding:

.: It is good, in all cases, to think soberly, but especially in religious matters; because our-zeal here is apt to be intemperace. Your lex very often err in this point; and therefore ought never co indulge a zealous concern for institutions merely human ; left they should come, at length, to subllitute them in the place of religion itself, and make them of equal importance with it, Hence the rigid attachment of many to forms and usages, and other ordinances of man; pot aware that blind zeal begets keenness, hatred, and an uncharitable difpofition; which, in a bigocted mind, may encrease into fierceness and cruelty. But how opposite are all these to that mildnefs and forbearance which ought invariably to poffefs a female, breaft!

• In order to encourage a moderate temper, consider that there is no such thing as a perfect church in this world; that, while men are men, an uniformity in opinion is impossible ; that there are valuable perfons, persons of great understanding and integrity, of every Chriftian denomination, and that, as to the matter in hand, you yourself may be wrong ;- for one time or other all of us are wrong in some things. Besides, is it not repugnant to common sense, as well as to good manners, to judge har hly of others, and reprobate whole lo cieties, nay whole itates and kingdoms, on account of some trilling differences merely about the adjunets, as they are called, of religion; seeing, in these, they have as good a title to differ from you, as you have to differ from them; and perhaps an equal chance of being in the right? And pray what is it that makes fome people of one perfuasion, and some of another ? Mere accident, just their having been born and bred in the communion of this or the other church; for very few are of any persuasion from deliberate choice only. For my


4 vols.

own part, I think myself very safe where I am ; though I could wish to see a reformation in fome things; and what church does not stand

in need of it? When we indulge ourselves in hot and uncharitable e disputes, about doubtful and uneffential points, we are no better than cluildren fighting in great wrath for toys and trifles.

In the prefatory advertisement to this Letter we are assured, that it, e is really what the title-page declares it to be; that it was written

about seven or eight years ago, in separate letters from the Author to one of his daughters at a boarding school ; and that her mother defiring to haverhefe methodized, and properly arranged for the use of the

reft of their children, they were accordingly thrown into their present, Ś form. Since that we are farther informed, several of the Author's

friends, particularly fome of his female acquaintance, having seen the performance, induced the Author to send it to the press, in the very laudable perfuasion that the publication would produce the fame good

effe&ts upon other readers, as they had, themselves, experienced on i perusing the manuscript. Art. 23. The Way to the Temple of True Hongur and Fame, by the

Paths of Heroie Virtue, exemplified in the Lives of the most emia nent Persons, of both Sexes; on the Plan laid down by Sir William Temple, in his Efay of Heroic Virtue. By W. Cooke, A. B. Fellow of New College Oxford, and Chaplain to the Marquis of Tweedale. 12mo. 12's, boond. Devizes printed ; and fold by Davis in London. 1773..

The lives of the ancient gods, heroes, and legislators, are here given, in chronological fucceflion, from Jupiter, Hercules, Nimrod, &c. down to Marcus Antoninus, and Queen Zenobia. The real history of these illuftrious personages is Atripped, as much as possible, of the fabulous circumitances in which they have been enveloped and difguised by the poets and priests of antiquity, and their characters and conduct are held up, for our emulation and imitation.

“The knowledge of past transactions,' says the Compiler, 'is not a mere amusement, but a necessary and instructive {tudy.--In general, the real fentiments and designs of those we live among, and converfe with, are industriously concealed ; but in the accounts of for. mer ages, the facts themselves disclose to us the real views and genuine difpofitions of the actors: and the same causes will commonly produce the like effe&ts. By weighing well these truths, a fure resource may be obtained in every dangerous conjuncture ; and the road which leads to success and happiness discovered.'

In order to please the generality of readers, the Compiler profeffes that he has made it his business to mingle profit with delight, and that he has given the least common and moit entertaining lives that could be selected from history. Should these,' says he, * meet with a favourable reception from the public, they will pave the way to others, which though of later date, are yet less known. And when the plan on which we profefs to proceed is once completed, we should bope, that truth and virtue, disengaged from fourness and auiterity, which are not their natural attendants, may once more gain possesfion of the breafts of the humane and lovely; and shame the vicious. talle for lying and corruptive memoirs in generale',



Art. 24. Letters, by John Hughes, Efq; and several other emi.

nent Persons deceased. Published from the Original; by Joha Duncombe, M. A. one of the fix Preachers in Chrift Church, Canterbury. Vol. iii. 35. fewed. Johnson.

We have already * given fo ample an account of the two former volumes of this collection of Letters, that a very fort article will fuffice for the present publication.

The Editor has prefixed to this volume an account of the life and writings of Mr. Hughes. To these memoirs is fabjoined the Tbeatri, No. Isi By Sir Richard Steele; in which paper Sir Richárd took occafion to write a very warm encomiom on his deceafed friend, the author of the Siege of Damafcus; who died the night before the publication of the paper, and but a few hours after that celebrated play was acted, for the first time.

The letters here printed are thirty-one in number; and were written by Mr. Hughes, Mr. Say t, Dr. Bentley, Mr. W. Duncombe, Mr. Needler, Sir Richard Steele, Earl Cowper, Archbishop Herring, Mr. Welsted, Mr. Straight, (a very witry divine) Bishop Benson, Mr. Samuel Richardson, Lord Corke, Mr. Dyer, and Mr. Hirft I; whose last letter is dated from the Cape of Good Hope, and contains (we believe) the last account that ever came to Europe, of the unfortunate AURORA, on board of which the ingenious writer perilhed. To the Letters are added several small pieces by Mr. Hughes, which were omitted in the collection of his works; and a farther account of Mrs. Bendyjn, grand daughter to Oliver Cromwell. Of this extra. ordinary woman, many entertaining particulars are here given, beide those which were contained in the appendix to the second volume of this collection, and copied into our Review for January 1773, p. 29. Art. 25. An Appeal to the Public, from the Judgment of a certais

Manager, with original Letters : and the Drama of one Act, which was refused Representation. 8vo. 15. Bew. 1774.

A Mr. T. R. as we learn from this publication, having written a farce of one act, entitled "The Politician Reformed,' offered it to Mr. Garrick; who civilly expressed his apprehenfion that it would not succeed in the representation, as the subject had been already most successfully treated by the author of the Upbelterer. This refusal irritated the disappointed Author ; between whom and the manager two or three letters passed, on this important occafion. These letters are here printed; with some additions, which only ferve to evince the arrogance, peevishness, and weakness of the appellant: who thus takes his revenge on Mr. Garrick. It renaiss now to be seen what he will do with the Public.' Art. 26. The Canterbury Patriot: Or the late Mayor's new

Mode of defending Liberty, Property, and the Privilege of the Press : In a Narrative of a Law Suit commenced againf Mr. William Francis, for the Recovery of Money obtained at Gaming. By Thomas Rech. 8vo. Richardson and Urquhart.

Compaffion for a man who has had the vexation of a law fuit, and who appears, from his own account, to have been otherwise unjuftly

• See Review for January 1773.
f See Rev. above referred to, p. 27.

Ibid. p. 36.




harafled and oppressed, prevents us from treating this publication, merely as a Canterbury Tale ; for we do not see how the Author can expect that the Public in general should enter into the merits of such a piece of private history. We suppose Mr. Roch has been ill treated; but we know not what Mr. F. and his friends, on the other side, may have to offer. This Pamphlet, however, though not generally interesting to the Public, will have a very good effect, hould it deter any, or even but one person, from the pernicious and absurd practice of gaming, which is now become so prevalent among us. Art. 27. The improved French Grammar, in which, I, the Pro: nunciation is created in a clear and concise Manner, the Difficulties which usually Atrike Terror into the French Scholar, from the Prolixity and Ambiguity of former Methods, are removed, and the easy and expeditious Attainment of this essential Article is insured. II. The Principles are laid down in a plain and intelligible Method, free from that infinite Number of useless Observations, and Exceptions with which other French Grammars abound, and by which the Learner's Progress; is impeded. To the whole are added familiar Phrases, Stories, Dialogues, and Letters; with Exercises for the Pronunciation, and on the Parts of Speech On a new Plan. By John Caflelle, Teacher of the French in London. Harris, 1773

For a fhort book this title-page is very long, and, what is more extraordinary, it is very true. Art. 28. A Description of England and Wales. Containing a

particular, Account of each County, with its Antiquities, Curiofities, Situation, Extent, Climate, Rivers, Lakes, Mineral Waters, Soils, Plants and Minerals, Agriculture, Civil and Ecclefiaftical Divisions, Cities, Towns, Seats, Manufactures, Trade, Sieges, Battles; and the Lives of the illustrious men each County has produced. Embellished with 240 Copper-plates, of Palaces, Castles, Cathedrals; the Ruins of Roman and Saxon Buildings ; and of Abbeys, , Monasteries, and other Religious Houses. Belide a Variety of Cats of Urns, Inscriptions, and other Antiquities. 12mo. 10. vols. il. 10 s. sewed. Newberry and Carnan.

As the Authors, who profeffedly treat of the antiquities and natural history of particular, counties, have commonly swelled their works to fuch an enormous size and price, as to place them quite out of the reach of all, but opulent, readers ; a judicious compendium of whatever tends to give a clear view of the ancient and present state of our own country, must doubtless be an acceptable present to every man who wishes not to be totally ignorant of the remarkable persons and things, which even his own neighbourhood may, probably, have contributed to produce. The Work before us promises to do this; and it appears to be executed with a greater degree of accuracy and . precision, than is usually to be met with in compilations of this na. ture. The copper-plates in general, are also, to say the least of them, as good as they could be expected to be, in a work fo contracted in respect to size, and so limited in point of expence to the purchaser. Rev, Mar. 1774.


Art. 29. The Circuit of Human Life; a Vifion. In which are

allegorically described the Virtues and Vices. Taken from the Tablature of Cebes, a Disciple of Socrates. For the Instruction of Youch. 12mo.

I $. T. Carnani. 1774.
The Tablature of Cebes has been long and jafly

, esteemed as one of the moft beautiful and valuable remains of antiquity – This imitation of it is by no means destitute of merit, though not free from defects. The form in which this Writer has chosen to recommend wisdom and virtue, is generally acceptable and pleasing, especially to young minds. But human life is so diversified; its windings are so numerous, its opinions, prejudices, propensities and passions so multifarious; that it must be very difficult to prevent confusion, or form an allegory with any considerable degree of regularity and perfpicuity. The little publication now before us, is, however, certainly adapted to entertain and improve the youthful heart. Happy that youth who is so influenced and guarded as to direct his early steps in the path that leads to true happiness, and to persevere in iç!

L A w. Art. 30. Abflraft of an Aa for Amendment of the Highways,

13th of George III. chap. lxxviii. With the Schedule of Forms, Table of daily Duty, Composition, and Penalty from scol. per Ann. to 50l. Form of Surveyor's Account, and a Summary of respe&tive Duties and other Matters. By a Surry Justice. Folio.

1 s. 6 d. Payne. 1773. • The utility of this Abitract will sufficiently appear from what we have said of a similar publication. See our account of Mr. Scott's Digeff, Review for December laft, p. 498. Art. 3r. The Modern Parifo Officer ; or the Parish Officer's

Complete Dury. Brought down to the present Period. Containing all the Statute Laws now in Force, together with the adjudged Cales relating to every Kind of Parish Business, placed in alphabetical Order. A Work effentially necessary for Conftables, Church. wardens, Overseers of the Poor, Surveyors of the Highways, Juftices of the Peace, Attornies, Headboroughs, Tithingmen, Sidesmen, Vestrymen, Scavengers, &c. who would with to execute their respective Offices with Šafety and Satisfaction. It is also a neceffary Companion for every Iohabitant of a Parish, who may not be a Parith Officer; as it will enable him to judge whether the Parish Duties are properly executed by others, and to defend him. self against the Ignorance of those who are unacquainted with their Duty, as well as the arbitrary Measures of those who too frequently want to exercise an Authority which they are not warranted to do by Law. By a Gentleman of Lincoln's Inn.

12mo. 3 s. 6d. Kearsley, &c. !774.

Had this Gentleman of Lincoln's inn, or elsewhere, found it predent to avow this publication by fixing his name to it, he would in all probability, out of respect to himself, have given it a title less ver

See a particular analyfis of this fine piece of ancient allegory, in the 11th volume of our Review, p. 502, &c. :'


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