money, was the same as now a-days: alas ! cry they, what a great scarcity of money must have been among us in those days, when things, so dear now, might have been bought for fo small a price. But from what has been above set forth, it is clear, that things were quite otherwise ; and, particularly, that the penny, the thilling, and the pound, in the time of David I. and for a long time there. after, was thirty-fix times, in James I's time, eighteen times, in James Il's time nine times, in queen Mary's time double the valus almost, that the same denominations are of intrinsic value at this day, or did exceed in that proportion the weight of bullion. To make this more clear to the reader, he has given another table, in which the ancient prices of some things are reduced to their value in modern money.

On the whole, we think, there are several entertaining and inAtructive observations in this performance, which may not only amose the antiquary, but prove of some real use in regard to hiftory-parti. cularly the history of the Scottish coinage. Art. 35. The Winter Medley: Or, Amusement for the Fire

Side. Containing a curious Collection of entertaining Scories, interesting Novels, remarkable Tales, curious Anecdotes, Essays, Allegories, Vifions, and select Pieces of Poetry, &c. 12mo. 23. Snagg. 1774.

Good, wholesome kitchen literature. Art. 36. A Letter to Governor Pownal ; fhewing, paft a Poffi

bility of bring refuted, whence tbe continued high Price of Bread it tbe Metropolis arifes, and pointing out a Remedy. The whole founded upon Truth, and worthy the Attention of the Public. By one in the Secret. 8vo. 18. Pridden. 1774. It is well known that there are secrets in all profeflions; and the affertion may be hazarded, that these secrets do not relate to the moft honourable practices in any profession. Every market is governed by its corn-jobbers, and these juntos have their secrets as well as stockjobbers. The secrets betrayed in this pamphlet, are the arts made use of by the contractors who supply the government with corn, to keep up the price of wheat at London. The connections of the gentleman to whom the letter is addressed, and the peculiar attention he has bestowed on the subject; will enable him to judge of, and profit by, the hints contained in it.

SCHOOL BOOKS. Art. 37. A Practical Introduction to Arithmetic ; containing

Arithmetic of Whole Numbers, with Vulgar, Decimal, and Duodecimal Fractions. To which is added an Appendix of Dire&ions and Examples for Receipts, Promissory Notes, Bills of Exchange, Bills of Parcels, Bills of Book Debts, and Letters; with various Exercises on the same. By Charles Marshall, Master of Aldersgate Ward School, and Author of a new Spelling Book, under the.

Title of, An Introduction to the Engliih Tongue, 12mo. 15. : Wilkie, &c.

Except two or three books of arithmetic of superior note, the rest, of which there are many, can scarcely be thought objects of literary attention : nor indeed does there appear to be any

call for aew publications

on the common rules, which are the fame in all of them, beyond the circumstance of their being advertisements in character from schoolmasters, In course, it will suffice to declare, that there is nothing in this Practical Introduction that will discredit Mr. Marshall's abilities in his profeflion. Art. 38.

A new Dictionary of French Idioms : being a select Collection of several thousand Idiomatical Phrases, molt usual in the best French Writers, with the Englith adapted. Equally necessary for all who are learning the French Language, whether in a School or by private Application. By A, De Treitorrens, Teacher of the French Language at Mr. Cotton's Academy, ac Enfield. 12mo.

1s. Harris. 1773. In ftudying any language much more is required than learning merely the words of which it confills. There are peculiar modes of combining and adapting them, which are termed the idioms, and which are characteristical of the language. Collections of fuch phrases are of great use in facilitating the understanding of Writers, and in acquiring that style which is necessary to a free and intimate knowledge of any congue: and this consideration is sufficient to recommend the present little manual of French idioms. Art

. 39. The Practical Grammar; or an eafy Way to underfand English. In which the Rules are laid down in a Manner entirely new; and the whole rendered so easy, familiar, and entera taining, that a Child of only eight Years of Age may be perfectly initiated into a Knowledge of the English Tongue, with the greatef Expedition and Pleasure. To which is added, A Poecical Epitome of Grammar, for the Help of Memory. With a Supplement, containing Examples of bad English, to be turned into goed, . with the good opposite, in order to illustrate every Rule of Syntax. or the Composition of Sentences; and a short English Grammar on the Plan of the Latin, for the Use of such as are designed for the Study of that Language. By Thomas Smetham, Master of the Academy at Southgate, and late Master of the Boarding School at Ponder's End. 12mo. 15. 6d. bound. J. Cooke. 1774.

We wilh Mr. Smctham had been lefs prolix in setting out his bill of fare, as such tedious encomiums from a Writer's own pen, do not gencrally convey the moft favourable opinion of an Author.“ Beside, his book appears to us to have some merit, and therefore not to need the aid of such boasting. He speaks highly indeed of our native language, when he says, In the English are happily united the emphatical expresion of the Hebrew, the fublimity of the Greek, the majesty of the Latin, the softness of the Icalian, the nobleness of the Spanish, and the politeness of the French. Besides it is not to confined as the Hebrew, so irregular as the Greek, so unequal as the Latin, so effeminate as the lialian, fo precise, as the Spaniih, nor so volatile as the French.'

Our language has, without doubt, great excellencies and advantages, but whether it fully answers to the above panegyric, let the learned determine.

The rules here laid down appear to us, pertinent, useful, and easy; they differ from the methods observed in oiher gramma's, and in some respects seem to have an advantage over them. But the com.


mitting micting these or other rules to memory, will not be greatly beneficial to a child, unless those who have the care of his education will see that they are fo understood as to be explained and applied: And for this purpose. the examples of bad English to be turned into good, may prove a beneficial exercife,

We shall only observe farther, that Mr. Smetham has taken considerable pains in compiling the grammar before us; and that, on the whole, it seems calculated to be of use.

POLITICAL, · Art. 40. The American Crisis ; a Letter addressed, by Per.

million, to the Earl Gower, Lord President of the Council, &c. &c. &c. on the present alarming Disturbances in the Colonies. Wherein various important Points relative to Plantation Affairs are brought into Discussion; as well as several Persons adverted to, of the moft diftinguished Characters. And an Idea is offered toward a complete Plan for reftoring the Dependance of America upon Great Britain to a State of Perfection. By William Allen, Esq. 8vo.

15. 6d. Cadell. 1774. « Authors, before they write, should read"-was once deemed not an unnecessary piece of advice; and we think it may not impertinently be extended to Patrons : who, if they would take due care of their own fame, shoald read the Book before they permit the Dedication.

Here is an infance of the ill consequence of not adhering to this rule. Lord G. certainly did not peruse Mr. Allen's trcatile before he granted permission for the public mention of his name, as the Patronizer of the performance. His Lordfhip's nobler sentiments, we well know, are by no means compatible with the arbitrary prirciples of this hot-headed Author; whose cavalier manner of attack. ing his fellow- subjects of America, reminds us of the threwd politi. cian in the news papers, who proposed that we mould fell che Colonits, with all their lands, &c. to the French or Spaniards, who he supposed would give at least two millions sterling for them; a fum which, as he wisely and well observed, would go an hundredth part of the way toward a discharge of the national debt.

There is an unhappy affectation of fine writing in this pampblet ; and it contains many illiberal paffages : but any particular attention to them would be doing honour to a performance which will reflect none upon its Author. Art. 41. A Brief Review of the Rise and Progrefs, Services and

Sufferings, of New England, especially the Province of Massachufet's Bay. Hümbly submitted to the Confideration of both Houses of Parliament.' 8vo. 6d. Bucklandı : 1774• *

Contains a very decent, and; to all appearance, a very fair and impartial state of facts, that ought to have due attention paid to them. Art. 42. Coloni fing, or a plain Investigation of that Subject;

with a Legislative, Political, and Commercial View of our Colonięs. 4to. 1$. Brotherton," &c. 1774.

We cannot discover any new thoughts or principles in this fort performance that may tend to decide the question of right between


the mother country and her colonies ; or that may add strength to the pretensions of either fide by valid arguments. The Writes indeed is above arguing; he dictates and affirms, where he fhould reason and • provę ; and stamps the positions he lays down with italics and capitals, to ftare his Readers into assent. That these charges may not be retorted, a specimen of his matter and manner is fabjoined:

" Who then hath maintained or doubted that Taxation and Representation go not together? The fhortness of the sentence and the alliteration after Tax and reprefent hath brought it into vogue; but, in truth, it is no more, than one of those problems, in the beginning of a Scholar's book, which he, who reads, allows. Touching the fubjects of North America being, or not being represented among us. Should a more specific reprefentation be thought necessary to the people, let it take place. But, fuppofing the present representation not fufficiently ample to exterior idea, it cannot follow from thence that there is NO subftantial representation at all. Can it be faid that any individual of the realm, which the Laws defend (and they defend every subject in every part of it) is NOT represented in the (at any time) formally and duly collected body of the people assembled in Parliament here ! - It cannot without an equal degree of folly and treachery. The Laws of England are ftanding Laws for all the subjets of this Empire, and, as long as Parliament holds the guardianship of those Laws, it represents all the people, whom they rule! They, who affert that there is NO Representation of the Americans in Parliament here, are not aware of what they say: For, were it to, our brethren subjects there can never now be represented, without à violation of the Constitution, in its most tender part-the people. But the fact is, THE SUBJECTS of chis Empire, from Minorcá to Otaheitee, ARE ALL virtually represented, asserted, fupported and defended (among the British People) IN PARLIAMENT.

If we are wise, national virtue will do the work of self.prefervation on all hands : and, when a more {pecific, or equal mode of election takes place for the people, sensible and honeft men will remember that when forty-five Members were added to a great Council, the tone of that body was debilitated by its extension,

How much is the nation indebted to this Alexander, who can fo cafily optie those Gordian knots that have puzzled our Statesmen for some years past! Art. 43. America vindicated from the high Charge of Ingratitude

and Rebellion : with a Plan of Legiflation, proposed to the Confia deration of both Houses, for establishing a permanent and folid Foundation, for a juft and conftitutional Union between Great Britain and her Colonies. By a Friend to both Countries. 8vo. is. Devizes printed, and sold by Ridley, &c. in London. 1774

Written by a warm advocate for the Americans, who proposes that a free constitution should be confirmed to North America Timilar to that of Ireland ; that the claim of taxation over it should be renounced ; and that their freedom Mould be guarantied against all foreign invaders. He recommends that a Lord Lieutenant hould represent the King there, and reside in a central province; and chat a Parliament Tould be formed there, for the general purposes of


Y 3

legislation and taxation, composed of Deputies from the feveral Provincial Assemblies. Indeed, taking all circumstances into view, it might be happy if mutual harmony could be restored by uniting thole separate governments, firit formed for the regulation of fmail bodies of adventurous settlers, on some durable plan, to operate for the reciprocal Atrength and prosperity of the very difant parts of the British empire.


leiana Verfione, Scholiis a, b, (et y ineditis) ampliffimisque variorum Notis ; quibus fuas adjecit, necnon Scholia de Metro, ac Anglicanam

Interpretationem 7. Morell, S.T.P. S.S. R, et A. S. Eschylus's Prometheus Captivus. By Dr. Morell,


10$, 6 d. sewed. Longman.. 177.3. The Prometheus Captivus of Eschylus is one of the most ftriking monuments of genius that has been transmitted to us from antiquity. The inimitable strength, and ardour, fo peculiar to the great father of the drama, never more gloriously appeared than in this tragedy; too much attention, therefore, cannot be paid to it, nor too much light thrown upon it.

For, founded on the deepest mysteries of the ancient mythology, it is difficult to draw it from its depth, and reduce it to the plan of a rational and systematic moral. This difficulty, on account of the Joss of two other tragedies, with which it was connected to make a whole, is rendered almost insuperable, and appears too hard a talk for the fagacity and abilities even of M. De Gebelin himself, to whose confideration, however, we recommend it.

Dr. Morell's care and diligence in what he has here done, merit our regard, and his blank verse translation, though not impregnated with the fire of Eschylas, may be useful to school-boys; but when lö is desired upon the addresses of Jupiter not to “ kick and wince, the good old gentleman feems to have forgot that she was a cow; for fuch are rather the properties of a mare. Art. 45. The South Briton; a Comedy of Five Acts : As it is

performed at the Theatre in Smock-Alley f, with great Applause. Written by a Lady. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Williams. 1774;

When we cannot, with a proper regard to truth, pay a compli., ment to a lady, we generally think it our duty to be filent,

NOVEL S and M E MO IR S. Art. 46. The Fortune-Teller. 1200. 2 Vols. 6s. Bew. 1774.

These little volumes are dilinguished by a vein of good fenfe and morality, which runs through the whole performance, and renders it far from being wanting either in entertainment or improvement. The just and fpirited observations which the Author makes, and the excellent advice which he gives to the different persons who seek to know their future deitiny, reminds us of Dodfley s Toyshop ; nor are the generality of his resections inferior to those which are found in that pleasing performance. In a word, our Fortune teller, at the fame time that he takes advantage of the weakness of those who are It was also acted one night, this month, at Covent Garden.

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