prosecutions in various forms, and barring the door of justice againk the Appellant."-" Wretched Victim ! his quiet annoyed, his cha, racter aspered, his property invaded, - covered with shame, surrounded with difficulties; without remedy, without hope!! -If these are the consequences of keeping a girl, a man may e'en as well marry, and live honestly. Art. 36. One more Proof of the iniquitous Abuse of private Mad,

houses. By Samuel Bruckshaw, late of Stamford, Lincolníhire, 8vo. 16. 6 d. Kearlly, &c. 1774. '

Mr. Bruckshaw states the circumstances of his arbitrary and cruel continement, under an ill-supported charge of lunacy; and he tells his affecting tale in the ftyle of a man whose mind has been greatly irritated by his sufferings, but he does not fall into any of those incoherencies which are the usual indications of mental derangement.

if there really was no jult foundation for such treatment as the un. fortunate Author hath met with, he must be considered as one of the most injured of mankind. Art. 37. A Letter to the Right Rru. Father in God, William

Lord Bijhop of Chesler; on Occasion of his Sermon preached be. fore the House of Lords, Jan. 31*, 1774. By Andrew Henderfon, Author of the History of the Rebellion, 1745, and 1746, Svo. 6d. Henderson.

Some reflections thrown out by the Bishop of Chester, on the conduct of the Nobility and Clergy of Scoriand, in the time of the Grand Rebellion,' have provoked the nationality of Mr. Henderson to call the learned Prelate to account for his sermon. He defends the conduct of his countrymen ; enters at large into the merits of the civil war ; thews himself to be a staunch Whig; and creats, che Bishop as an high-flying Churchman, whose sentiments, on the subject in question, tend to rekindle the embers of unnatural antipathy, blow the coal of diffention between the two kingdoms--and poison the mind of his Royal Pupil, &c. &c. All of which, tremendous. as it , is, had escaped us when we read the discourse to which Mr, Henderson refers; and will probably elude the discernment of most others, even with the help of this penetrating Writer's exposition.

AMERICAN AFFAIRS. Art. 33. Seleat Letters on the Trade and Government of America,

and the Principles of Law and Polity applied to the American Colonies. Written by Governor Bernard, at botton; in the Years" 1763, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8. Now first publiiled. To which are added, the Petition of the Assembly of Massachufett's Bay againt the Gover-. nor, his Answer thereto, and the Order of the King in Council thereon. 8vo. 25. Payne. 1774

These letters appear to be made public by the proper authority, and will certainly contribute to ) ghten the load of obloquy heaped on the Governor for the discharge of his duty as the supream crown officer in the province of Maflachusete's Bay: a character that we ought not to lose light of, while we attempt to form an opinion of his conduct there.

See Review for March, p. 239.



I 3.

From several circumstances it appears, that before the palling the American ftamp act, Sir Francis Bernard held a distinguished place in the opinion of that colony; but “ this unfortunate act rendered him from a very popular, a very unpopular Governor. He was known to disapprove the act, and ready to join in any legal measures to get rid of it; yet he thought it an inexcusable duty, and his orders were peremptory to support it, while it remained an act of liament. This was an unpardonable crime at that time, and, with its consequences and the improvements made of them by the enemies of government, was the whole cause of the great change made in the people with regard to him.” p. 116.

To all the reader in discriminating between private opinion and official acts, the 5th and the oth letters, of early date, may be recommended to his particular notice; and it is but an act of justice to Governor B. to pay due attention to them.

Those who wish to acquire a competent idea of the principles of American law and policy, will meet with a great degree of satisfaction in the perufal of this pamphlet ; which deserves to be distinguished from the rubbish with which every political question that arises in this land of statesmen is usually overwhelmed. Art. 39. A Letter to Doctor Tucker, on his Propofal of a Separa:tion between Great Britain and her American Colonies. 8vo. Becket. 1774

We are forry that the argument in this letter, which we think a good one, is not fupported by better talents than those of this Writer.

The question, says he, seems to require that we should confider the injury that Britain may receive from this separation ; and here I will beg leave to confider the subject in a fomewhat different light; I would wish rather to confider the advantages that may accrue to Britain, and, indeed, to every part of her empire, from an union supported by a proper conftitution. And this way of confidering the question, amounts to pretty much the same thing; as whoever de- , prives us of an advantage we have a right to expect, does us a real injury. It is requisite here to consider the conftitution on which this union is founded; and as it is imposible, at least with me, to confder the various claims of the respective colonies resulting from their different charters, I muft take the liberty to confider it as one conftitution common to them all; and indeed if Britain is still to postess these colonies, and your peo is not fated to destroy the British empire in America, I believe it will be found necessary to have them formed under one confitution.'

We hope the Author will now add one other confideration to the foregoing number, and then we shall never have the trouble of confidering any more of his inconsiderable productions.

POLITIC A L. Art. 40. Literary Liberty considered ; in a Letter to Henry

Sampson Woodfall. 8vo. 25. Johnson. 1774. Contains some very just, and seasonable, and spirited animadver: fions on the licenciouiness of the press'; particularly the licentiour: ness of the News-papers. The Author professes (and he writes with the. greatest appearance of fincerity) that he is no enemy to welldirected satire. He declares that there is no man who would with


greater chearfulness, or in livelier colours, expose a real knave, how. erer rich or elevated; but, at the same time, he is extremely and justly offended with that during spirit of detra&tion, and that confident infolence, which fo frequently appear in the news papers and pam. phlets of the times.

These are evils of which everv body complaios, but for which no one has yer prescribed a remedy that we think so likely to prove effectual as the following, proposed by our Author ; we ihall give it in his own words. I move, Mr. Printer, that as it has been hitherto the custom to farve your authors into detraction, you endeavour, for the future, to starve them into morality.'-If this hint Mould not be clear to any of our Readers, they will find it fully explained in the pamphlet ; , which is written in a vein of pleasantry, as well as with a great degree of solid and convincing argument.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 41. Queries relating to the Book of Common Prayer, &c. with

proposed Amendments. Addressed to those in Authority, and fubmitted to their consideration. By Francis Wollafton, LL.B. F. R.S. 8vo. 1S. Wilkie. 1774.

When applications have been made to those in authority for amendments in some of our ecclesiastical forms, the reply has often been, and, we are told, is still repeated, that the request was too general, and that particulars were not pointed out to their confideration. The Author of the performance now before us, in a very modeft and respectful manner, and at the same time with that seriousness and earneftness that becomes a minister of the Gospel, points out several important particulars to his fuperiors; whether they will pay any attention to them or not, they themselves best know; as for us, we fall only fay, that, if they do not, religion and their own characters may be the sufferers. Art. 42. An Attempt to state in a short, plain, and impartial Manner,

the principal Arguments which have been used in the Controversy betwixt the Church of England and Protestant Diflenters. 400. is. Dilly. 1774.

This attempt is conducted with decency and a becoming spirit; but the Protestant Dislenters, we apprehend, will not allow that the Author has placed their objections to the Church of England in a clear and strong light. He reduces their chief objections to the eight following particulars, viz Baptism, Confirmation, kneeling at the Sacrament, Athanasius's Creed, Burial Office, Episcopacy, cane. nical Obedience, and the Twentieth Article. There are other obe jections, however, which he has omitted, and on which the Protestant Diffenters Jay great (tress. Art. 43. The true Nature and infinite Importance of Religion and Christianity opened and vindicated.

12mo. 35 Pages. Printed at Dublin, by S. Powell. 1774.

A plain and rational account is here given of religion, natural and revealed ; and both are displayed in that engaging view, which may serve to allure mankind to practise the duties which they inculcate.

This little tract may be very useful where greater books could not be purchased, or might not be perused. It is written, we are in, formed, by a worthy clergyman of Dublin, who hath printed a numerous impreslion, at his own expence, in order to distribute the copies among those to whom he had any expectations of doing good, by lo well intended and suitable a present.

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S E R M O N S. 1. Preached before the President, Vice-Presidents, and Governors, of

the Marine Society, at St. Andrew's Church, Holborn, on occasion of their Anniversary Meeting, on Thursday icth February 1774. By Samuel Glase, D.D. F. R. S. late Student of Christ Church, Oxon, and Chaplain in' Ordinary to his Majesty. To which is added, a List of the Governors, and an Abstract of the Proceedings of the Marine Society, from its first Inftitution; including the general Account of Receipts and Disbursements, to the present Time : with the State of the Subscription. 4to. 6d. Dodíley, &c.

The delign and institution of the Marine Society, entitle it to rank among the most laudable and useful of our public charities. The generous and truly patriotic view with which it was originally planned, and fince established, by an act of incorporation, is, as Dr. Glaffe well expresses it, ' to preserve fuch (poor friendless boys, &c.] as, in all appearance, were utterly lost to themselves and to the Pubs lic; and by a change of circumstances fimilar almost to enchante ment, to substitute cleanliness of person, decency of apparel, and chearfulness of countenance, for filthiness and nakedness, and dejection of spirit.'-'We raise them from the depths of indigence and necessity, by furnishing them with the comforts of life, and enabling them to support themselves by honett industry : we rescue them from the darkness of ignorance, and place them within the reach of inFormation and knowledge :-and, lastly, we remove them from the contagion of evil examples, and by gradually inuring them to a course of diligence, we wean them from that habitual idlenefs which is the fruitful parent of all manner of vice.'

Those who are desirous of farther information, with respect to the nature, utility, and ftate of this very peculiar charity, mut be re, ferred to the publication before us ; in which they will meet with full satisfaction as to the particulars required, -and an excellent. fermon into the bargain. II. Preached at the Chapel in Great Queen-ftreet, Lincoln's Inn

Fields, March 20, 1774, for the Benefit of unfortunate Persons confined for small Debes. By Thomas Francklin, D.D. Minister of Queen-ftreet Chapel, and Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty. 4to. 15. Sold for the Benefit of the Charity, by Davies, &c.

The design of that charity which this sermon recommends, ap: pears to be truly valuable and praise-worthy, "The distinguihing chara&eritic, Dr. Francklin obferves, of this excellent plan, and which seems to gild it with a superior luftre, is, that it is at once 'an act both of justice and of mercy; whilft it imparts its welcome bounties to the unfortunate debtor, it satisfies the legal claims of the creditor also :-not only doth the unhappy prisoner recover his freedom when assisted by us, but, whenever it happens, as it frequently doth that, on a fri& and.careful investigation of every circumstance, the creditor is himself found to be in an indigent and distressful condition, the whole debt is generously discharged ; thus the relief of one is made subservient to the happiness of both, and the blessing is doubled by the mutual participation of it.' The sermon is fen&ible and perfuafive, and well fitted to enforce the exercise of that particular kind of charity it is intended to recommend. From the account printed at the end of the discourse, it appears that 1722 debtors have been discharged since the commencement of this institution on the 23d of February 1772. IlI. Preached at W n, in the Diocese of Winchester, May 24, 1772, By the Rev.

Humbiy inscribed to the Audience, 4to. I S. Kearsly. 1774. A trifle, ftruck off at a heat, in that a-la-volér fort of way, often mistaken by authors for the impetuohty of inspiration. This minikin fermon was written in three hours; it might have been written in one, and the Writer have no reason to glory in his exploit. IV. Occasioned by the Death of Elizabeth Stafford, who departed this

Life March 29, 1774, in the 15th Year of her Age together with fome Anecdotes concerning her, both previous cd and during her

last Illness. By John Stafford. 6d. Buckland. V. Before the Incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel

in Foreign Parts, Feb. 18, 1774. By Edmund Lord Bifhop of Carlise. 4to.


I s.

done. He says, amongst other things, that “ Dr. Fothergil escaped the censure of the Society, (meaning through partiality) Leeds was deemed the aggreffor, and disowned. On this circumstance (says Impartial) I make no comment.'

But the circumstance is not true ; Leeds was not disowned: it admits not, therefore, of the comment suggested, That Leeds was condemned unjustly, and the Society guilty of gross partiality.

AMICUS. CANTIANUS informs us that Mr. Lewis, whom we supposed to have been the Translator of the Antiquities of Richborough, has been dead these twenty years ; that Mr. L. was only the Author of the Differtation annexed ; and that the Translator of Dr. Battely's Latin work is (as our Correspondent has been informed, one of the fix preachers at Canterbury cathedral.

• See Review for April, p. 318.

• The Gentleman who sent the Plan for public Examinations, at Cambridge, defiring that it might be inserted in the next Review, feems to have mistaken the nature and design of our work.

ERRATUM in our last. P. 304, par. 3, l. 9, for de not, read does not.

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