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other profe-wricios, this abuse of contraction, seems to para take only of the affected style or a mincing milliner, or a coxcomb valer. We were, therefore, furprifed to fee such barbarism introduced in, otherwise, so genteel a play as this School for Wives, but not for language. For here we meet with mul. titudes of such ill-looking abbreviations as is'n't, wou'dn', couldn't, fou'dn't, didn't, hau'n't, hadn't, won't, darn't, with many more, equally uncouth, barbarous, and vulgar; and which, too, are put into the mouths of people who are supposed to have enjoyed the advantages of education. By this means the jargon comes recommended to the audience, as the very bon ton of polite conversation. But we hope Mr. A. will proht of this not unfriendly admonition, and that, in the next edition of his play, he will honeftly restore the vowels belonging to every word, which he has thus licentiously plundered of their rightful property. ART. IX. A Neru Inquiry into the Causes, Symptoms, and Cure, of pu

trid and inflammatory Fevers; with an Appendix on the He&tic Fever, and on the ulcerated and malignant Sore Throat. By William Fordyce, M, D. 8vo. 35. fewed. Cadell. 1773

E are at a loss to determine on what account our Au

thor has called this a New Inquiry; as we find, after an attentive perusal of the work, that it contains more of the parade of science, than any new matter of information, either with respect to the nature or the cure of fevers. . ,

The Appendix treats of the hectic fever, and the ulcerated and malignant sore throat. In the first of these, Dr. Fordyce very judiciously recommends repeated small bleedings; à ftria antiphlogistic diet, and change of air.

In the management of the malignant sore throat, our Author condemns the use of aromatic cordials, blisters, and anodyne aftringenis.

The following is Dr. Fordyce's method of cure in this disease.

• It is agreed on all hands, that the body must be very plethoric indeed, and in adults only, to require bleeding: I never saw it necessary even once. I believe the repetition of it to be in general deadly.

Neither do hæmorrhages from the nose relieve the patient : they have indeed been reckoned dangerous here, as in other putrid distempers ; and yet I have seen them happen very often, without proving a mortal symptom. In the blood, if drawn away, the craftamentum is rather of a lax gelatinous texture, than dense or compact, fine and rich, florid as lamb's blood, and quite sofi.-See Doctors Fothergill ands Huxham.

• Emptying the stomach - by a gentle vomit will scarce ever fail to be of use; and there certainly appears to be a part of the putrid humours; that can only be discharged from the body by the stomach.

• Where there is a looseness, I generally correct the humours with my antiseptic wine-wbey, No. II. * by lemonade, tamarind tea, or imperiale. I never saw the looseness treated in this manner do hurt, though the purging is commonly dreaded as the greatest scarecrow in the malignant fore-throat, and therefore checked by every power of art. Jo did not hurt last summer in two young gentlemen, of noble families, though it went on after the fearlet and crimson eruption was complete : and where it has been stopped by opiates and aftringents, it has ftill proved fatal.

« We have seen cafes in which blisters did not mend the matter. Heredia seldom found any benefit from them ; and we have remarked above, that if made of cantharides, they are totally against the genius and character of the putrid fever. To look for any utility from the discharge they occasion, in a dif cafe where there foarcely exifts any purulency, and where there

too much stimulus every where, appears rather to be worthy of a doating nurse, than of a man of sense and fill.

• Dr. Fothergill has given us the history of two cafes where warm aromatic cordials and anodyne aftringents were adminifered affiduoudy, with suitable nourishment, and veficatories applied succedively to the neck, the back, and arms, but with put effect.

• There is not in this disease a more favourable symptom than a difpofition to sweat, with a soft and moift skin : nothing seems to fhorten it fo much, to take off the delirium sooner, or to promote so happily a good sediment in the water. Our forft and our seventh Formulat have the best effects in this way. How

II.
bo SERUM ANTISEPTICUM VINOSUM.
B. Lac, vaccin. Ibiß.

Aqua para toß. Simul ebolliant; dein admisce vini Rhenant veteris, vel vini albi cujufvis Hispanici, 3ij. fucc, limonior. Ži. ut fiat ferum.

† SERUM ANTISEPTICUM. B. Lact. vaccin. Ibiß.

Aquæ puræ toß: Simul ebulliant; dein admisce succ. aurantiorum Sevill; limonior, à 3iß. ut fiat serum.

VII.
HAUSTUS DIAPHORETICUS SEDATIVUS.
R. Spirit. Minderer.

Aquæ puræ i zvi.
Liquor. anodyn. miner. Hoffman. gutt. xv.

Syrop. e mecon. zi.
M. fiat haukus bis in die sumendus, aut 8và quâque hora.

seldom

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seldom does Peruvian bark perform any of these good offices for the patient !

. | never gave volatiles, except. Mindererus's fpirit, ralt of amber, or the anodyne liquor of F. Hoffman, which are ait antileptic, because I know that volatiles only dispose the juices to be more putrid, or quicken the putrid process whue it has already taken place too furely.

• Where cordials are wanted, or indicated, we can be at no Joss wbile currant jelly, orange and lemon, or wines dilated into what is called bithop or negus, or yet pure wine or o!! cyder, can be had. I am not acquainted with any better cordial draught than our seventh or eighth Formula *. I never did, nor ever do expect to see the strength supported, or che difeasc alleviated, by any poffible preparation of animal fubftances. After sweating has begun, I believe wine will never hurt, if given with moderation, either diluted as above, or mixed with panada, fago, rice, and other gruels, . Contralt with this kind of practice theirs who give draughts, composed of God knows what, fo often as every two or three hours day and night, for days and nights fucceffively, as if nature neither required other drinks, or foods, or repose.

• If the circumftances of the case require it, Peruvian bark is hurried down with the same haste and follicitude ; and bark must be given in our times, whether indicated or not, Where this belt and only true febrifuge drug is necessary, (and it has often the happy power of triumphing over malignicy in this disease, as well as in other putrid fevers, given as in our twelfth Formula +) let it in God's name be given in sufficient quantity to put them in a state of safety, but not persevered in for days and nights together, without any respite to the poor persecured patient, when either the difficulty no longer exists, or the fate of the skin, or the increased dryness, blackness, and bardness of the tongue, so strongly and fully point out the impropriety of perlifting longer in its use; or as if it were, even in such a Situation, our last and sole resource, though in fact we have fo znany other aids from fruits, wines, and strong antiseptics both

VIII.
HAUSTUS CARDIACUS DIVITUM.
R. Vini Burgundic.

vel Burdegalenf.

aut Rhenani veteris, 3ij.
Sextâ quâque horâ fumendus, aut pro re nata.

XII.
+ FEBRIFUGUM ANTISEPTICUM.
R.

Decoct. (fortior.) cortic. Peruvian. Zij.,

Spiritûs falis marin. gutt. v.
M. fiat hauftus pro se natá sumendus & repetendus.'

vegetable vegetable and mineral. These last remarks are equally applicable to the putrid fever at large, and to the malignant forethroat under confideration.

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ART. X. A Treatise on the Kinkcough. With an Appendix, contains

ing an Account of Hemlock, and its Preparationsin By William Butter, M. D. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh. 8vo.' 3.5. sowed. Çadell.. .1773.

HE following are Dr. Butter's principal conclusions with

respect to the nature, feat, and occational cause of the Kinkcough.That it is 'an epidemic contagious disease of the spasmodic kind; that the primary affection, is a morbid irrita bility of the mucous glands; that it is not feated either in the lungs, the top of the gullet, or ftomach, but in the intestinal canal, and that an infectious miasma is the occafional caufe.

There is one very obvious objection to what our Author adyances concerning the seat of the disease. If the chincough be a disease of the mucous glands, whence is it that the glands of the intestinal canal thould be first affected ? Infe&ious miasmata floating in the air, and repeatedly inspired with the breath, Mould primarily affect the glands of the trachea and lungs, rather than those of the intestines.

But the most valuable part of this publication is the method of cure, provided further experience confirins the Author's observations.

Hemlock, according to this Writer, is specific in this dir. ease; and the following Corollaries are the result of Dr. Butter's experience of the effects of this powerful medicine :

COROLLARIES. 1. As hemlock bath not disagreed with any one of the foregoing patients, we may conclude that it will very seldom be contraindicated in the kinkcough, through what is called idiosyncraly, or pecularity of temperament.

• Il. This medicine cures the kinkcough even in the last month of pregnancy, and in the firft months o: infancy; and is absolutely safe both for mother and child.

• III. Hemlock is so far from occafioning spasms in children, that it is a certain cure for a spasmodic dreafe, which hath hitherto relifted all other medicines. Besides, it certainly pre. vented spalıns, and probably fatal convullions, in the child, cale fisch; notwithstanding a constitutional tendency, a rapid dentition, and an obstinate kinkcough, al! .confpired io bring them on.

• IV. It is a good incdicine in dent.tion.

V. It cures the symptoms attending the sound worns, are even expels these verinin. 2

• VI. Is VI. It takes off fever in some inftances.

VII. It Atops immoderate excretions. « VIII. It sometimes promotes sweat.

. IX. It frequently keeps the body open, and fometimes even purges.

• X. It often does not sensibly affect any fecretion of excretion. • XI. It immediately procures better nights in the kinkcough.

XII. It immediately abates the vomiting, and generally carries it off in a few days.

6XIII. The phlegm is daily diminished during the use of this medicine; for less and less is thrown up while the vomiting continues.

• XIV. The kink daily abates in force and frequency, and is generally removed, together with all its concomitant fymptoms, except a flight cough, in the space of a week: and this is often the case, even in fome inftances of complication with other diseases; as dentition, or worms.

• XV. Thus hemlock is a specifick in the kinkcough according to the most proper interpretation of that word; for it acts on all the symptoms at once, or rather on the proximate cause: and so by diminishing the irritation, all the symptoms muft of course diminish in the same proportion, till at length they are entirely removed, that is, till the disease is cured.

XVI. Hemlock is not only a successful and expeditious cure for the kinkcough, but it is a medicine that can always be administered; for we cannot suppose an inftance where the most froward child will refuse it, as it can be disguised in fo many shapes, on account of the fmallness of the quantity requisite, as well as the mildness of its sensible qualities.

« XVII. Finally, hemlock cures the kinkcough safely, certainly, expeditiously, and pleasantly: which are all the requifites of the most desirable and complete cure.'

Dr. Butter's general manner of exhibiting the hemlock, was as follows: "Take of spring water, two ounces and a half; fyrup of pale roses, half an ounce ; hemlock-pill, one grain: mix them. This mixture was taken at feveral doses, so as to be finished in the 24 hours : and the quantity of hemlock was gradually increased from one grain to ten or twelve grains, according to the age of the patient, or the effects of the medicinc.

But for these and other particulars, we must refer out Readers to the treatise itself.

ART.

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