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in their conduct. It has been seen that there is but little har. mony among them, that they are jealous of each other, bitter enemies to those who oppose their opinions, eager to form intrigues in order to increase and support their party; and now, to retard the utter ruin of their cabal, these haughty Philosophers are seen cringing to those in power, artfully calumniating merit whenever it appears in opposition to them, and oppreffing the vidims of their animosity in the most merciless manner. How natural is it, therefore, to cry out,---Are these the Guides we are to follow, these the Models we are to imitate, these the Idols we are to worship !
The interests of Society too have led to other reflections, To deny the immortality of the soul, to free the passions from every restraint, .to confound the ideas of right and wrong, to reduce every thing to self-love, to eradicate every virtue, to break every sacred tie, to attack the laws, to overturn the most sacred principles, to make human life, in a word, a mere composition of arbitrary motives, personal interests, sensual and irregular appetites, animal functions, to terminate it by an utter annihilation, to preach up suicide-what is this but insulting Society, and giving every member of it a fatal blow? What is this but depriving every mind of its vigour and energy, every soul of its principles and guide, and the most respectable prejudices of their advantages and their power? What can be expected from a Philosopher formed in such a school? Abandoned to himself, the sport of his own humours and caprice, the slave of his paffions, the constant victim of his own deplorable exiftence, wherein can he contribute to the happiness of others, being the most cruel enemy to himself?
Accordingly, as the fruit of this baneful, this comfortless doctrine, we see almost every where a general depravity, a narrowness of soul; an insensibility of heart; a corruption, or rather an utter annihilation of morals, and a total perverfion of the national genius. Little objects, little views, little motives, little inventions, little amusements, fucceed that warmth, that elevation of soul, which was the glory of our ancestors, who were superior to us in every thing, because they were not PhiLosophers. Alas! of what use would so much reafoning have been to them they had the talent of acting well! Is it not well known, that a passion for reasoning always supposes an imbecillity of soul? The Athenians, and all the other conquering nations were never subdued, till they knew better how to reason than how to live and to fight.
And have not letters a right to make the fame complaint ? This corrosive philosophy has destroyed talents in their very bud, has seduced them by mere chimeras, had bewildered them in their progress, turned them away from their proper objects, weakened the springs of genius, withered all its flowers, and baniched every sound principle of literature.
Has it not introduced among us those feeble, languid Dramas, which are only fit to lull the nation alleep, and to banish good Comedy from our Theatres ?-What walk of Literature has not felt the influence of its pestilential vapours ? Poetry, prose, eloquence, the pulpit, the bar, are all strongly marked with it; it is the head of Medusa, every thing is petrified at its approach.
It is the Philosophers who have placed Lucan above Virgil, Quinault above Boileau, Voltaire above Corneille and Racine, and Perrault, Boindin, and Terrasson above all the Writers of the last age.-It were easy to lengthen this picture, but all the follies and absurdities of the Philosophers Ihall be sufficiently exposed in the work which we now offer to the Public.
This is part of what our Author has advanced in a very spia rited preface. The work itself is of a piece with the preface, bold, spirited, and decisive; and though the Author's zeal against the Philosophers gets the better of his judgment and candour in some few instances, yet the warmth and earneftness wherewith he pleads the cause of sound literature and good morals, do honour to his principles and to his taste, and atone, in some measure, for the hafte, inaccuracy, and prejudice that appear in some of his articles.
The literary characters of the beft French Writers are, in general, strongly marked, particularly those of Corneille, Racine, Moliere, Fontaine, Boileau, Bossuet, Fenelon, both the Rourseaus, Voltaire, Montesquieu, Montagne, Pascal, Fontenelle, Flechier, D'Alembert, Bruyere, Crebillon, Buffon, Bayle, and some others. Meffrs. Diderot, Marmontel, Thomas, De la Harpe, Saint Lambert, and some others, appear to us to be treated with too much feverity; the work, however, upon the whole, muft be allowed to poffefs a very considerable degree of merit; and it is not merely a compliment to the Author, to say, that he is an agreeable Writer, and an able Critic.
ART. XIV. Horia D'Inghilterra, &c.—The History of England, written by Vin
centio Martinelli, and addressed to Sig. Luke Corfi. 4to. 3. Vols.
London. 1774. THIS Italian History of England is an abbreviated transla
tion of Rapin ; it will facilitate to the learner the acquisifion of the language in which it is written.
Frustabirbe to Sig. Antonio Sacchini, Master of the Chapel. 8vo.
N insignificant quarrel between Baretti and Badini, the
former of whom had abused the opera called La Veftale of
in all appearance, equally respectable.
from Pekin on the Genius of the Chinese Language, and the Na-
of amusement ; for this work contains not only an essay on
an explicit account of this performance, we should infringe
Two different English translations are published: see our
Ι Ν D E X
To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
* For the remarkable Passages in the Foreign Articles, see the
Second Alphabet of this Index, in the last Leaf of the Sheet.
Arts, obf. on the origin and pro.
gress of in England, &c. 443.
ASHMOLE, Elias, some account
and the consequent dispersion
tions from, 439-441.
rigations relating to, 134, 270, improving the theory of Jupi-
ter's satellites, 353.
neficial or hurtful to commerce,
lute, 197. Difficulty of acquir- BARRINGTON, Daines, his essay
rabbit and hare, 285.
the E. Indies, poetically de- curious problem relating to,
pounded and applied, 346. Sea lents, 369. His political wri-
using the Micrometer, 29.
nilhaent of, 19.
BRYDONE, Mr. his account of a for altering the flyle, 462. :
remarkable fiery meteor, 478. ther confession of his errors, 4
Of some electrical exper. ib. His obs. on the knowledge of
form of an epitaph, 314. CHETAH, a kind of leopard en
hibiting nemlock, for the cure hunting the Antelope, 312,
CHILPERIC, K. of France, bis
short way of converting a Jew,
and character of, 86–92.
his bad character, 428.
IV. his heroic cha-
racter, and wise conduct, 429.
- V. short account of,
VI. his great quali-
antwer of the Brihops, ib. ceptionable passages in our lic
his character, 258. General Amendment of, ib.
His advice on the subject duce the most wholesome food
culars relative to, 497.
excellence displayed, 455.