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Gradations in Euclid : books i. and ii., with an explanatory preface [&c ...
Uten tilgangsbegrensning - 1858
ABCD added Algebra angle equal applied Arithmetic ascertain Axioms base bisect called centre circle circumference common Concl Cons construct contained demonstration describe diagonal diameter difference distance divided draw drawn Euclid extremity fall figure four Geometry give given point given st greater half inch intersect join length less magnitude means measure meet method object opposite sides parallel parallelogram perpendicular plaintiffs plane practical principles PROB problem produced Prop proposition proved radius reasoning Recap rectangle rectilineal representative respect right angles scale segment sides similar square straight line surface taken term thing third triangle truth twice units Wherefore whole
Side 175 - In obtuse-angled triangles, if a perpendicular be drawn from either of the acute angles to the opposite side produced, the square of the side subtending the obtuse angle, is greater than the squares of the sides containing the obtuse angle, by twice the rectangle contained by the side upon which, when produced, the perpendicular falls, and the straight line intercepted without the triangle, between the perpendicular and the obtuse angle. Let ABC be an obtuse-angled triangle, having the obtuse angle...
Side 178 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the squares of the whole line, and of one of the parts, are equal to twice the rectangle contained by the whole and that part, together with the square of the other part. Let the straight line AB be divided into any two parts in the point C ; the squares of AB, BC are equal to twice the rectangle AB, BC, together with the square of AC.
Side 95 - If two triangles have two sides of the one respectively equal to two sides of the other, and the contained angles supplemental, the two triangles are equal.
Side 159 - If a straight line be bisected, and produced to any point ; the rectangle contained by the whole line thus produced, and the part of it produced, together with the square...
Side 102 - IF a straight line fall upon two parallel straight lines, it makes the alternate angles equal to one another; and the exterior angle equal to the interior and opposite upon the same side; and likewise the two interior angles upon the same side together equal to two right angles...
Side 182 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.
Side 230 - IF a straight line be divided into two equal, and also into two unequal parts ; the squares of the two unequal parts are together double of the square of half the line, and of the square of the line between the points of section.
Side 18 - Pythagoras' theorem states that the square of the length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides.