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PREDOMINANT RANGE OF RETAIL PRICES OF COMMODITIES IN TOWNS OF
ENGLAND AND WALES AND OF FRANCE, COMPARED, OCTOBER, 1905.
In the United Kingdom report the price levels of different towns were compared by the amount required to purchase the groceries, meat, and coal in an approximate average workman's budget. In order to furnish a similar comparison in the present case the following table is given showing relatively how much the average British workman would have to pay if he went to live in France and purchase the same kinds of food in the same quantities as he had previously used in England. The table shows that his expenditure would be increased in the ratio of 100 to 118. This is the same as found in the German report. If the cost of coal be left out of consideration, however, the ratio would be only 100 to 111.
COST OF THE AVERAGE BRITISH WORKMAN'S WEEKLY BUDGET (EXCLUDING
CERTAIN ARTICLES FOR WHICH COMPARATIVE PRICES CAN NOT BE CITED) AT THE PREDOMINANT PRICES PAID BY THE WORKING CLASSES OF ENGLAND AND WALES AND OF FRANCE, OCTOBER, 1905.
On the other hand, the French workman going to live in England would not reduce his expenditures for food in as high a ratio as 118 to 100, for his purchases as shown in the following table are entirely different in quantity from the British workman's. The table shows that his expenditure would be decreased in the ratio of 106 to 100. Coal is not included, because wood is the principal fuel in many French towns.
COST OF THE AVERAGE FRENCH WORKMAN'S WEEKLY BUDGET (EXCLUDING
FUEL AND CERTAIN ARTICLES FOR WHICH COMPARATIVE PRICES CAN NOT BE CITED) AT THE PREDOMINANT PRICES PAID BY THE WORKING CLASSES OF ENGLAND AND WALES AND OF FRANCE, OCTOBER, 1905.
14 pounds.. $0.041 per pound. $0.056 to $0.061 per pound.
$0.129 per pound.. $0.142 to $0.198 per pound.
. 129 . 122
. 449 . 170
The differences in the amounts consumed and the sums spent for the chief commodities by workmen's families receiving certain specified weekly incomes are brought out in the two following statements:
RATION OF THE QUANTITIES OF CERTAIN ARTICLES OF FOOD CONSUMED BY
WORKMEN'S FAMILIES IN FRANCE, RECEIVING SPECIFIED WEEKLY INCOMES, TO THE QUANTITIES OF THE SAME ARTICLES CONSUMED BY WORKMEN'S FAMILIES IN GREAT BRITAIN WITH CORRESPONDING INCOMES.
[Quantities in Great Britain=100.]
RATIOS OF THE AMOUNTS SPENT ON CERTAIN ARTICLES OF FOOD CONSUMED
BY WORKMEN'S FAMILIES IN FRANCE, RECEIVING SPECIFIED WEEKLY INCOMES, TO THE AMOUNTS SPENT ON THE SAME ARTICLES BY WORKMEN'S FAMILIES IN GREAT BRITAIN WITH CORRESPONDING INCOMES.
[Expenditure in Great Britain=100.]
An inquiry was made into the rates of wages prevailing in October, 1905, in the various towns canvassed. In order to facilitate comparison, four industries were selected which were represented in all the towns with few exceptions, and in which the standard rates of wages could be ascertained with accuracy. These industries were the building trades, engineering, printing, and municipal employment; and the rates in Paris were again taken as the base for the index numbers. The rates referred to are in all cases weekly rates.
The following table shows the predominant range of weekly wages for each of the occupations in the selected standard industries in towns of France:
PREDOMINANT RANGE OF WEEKLY WAGES IN CERTAIN OCCUPATIONS IN
FRANCE, OCTOBER, 1905. [As the number of towns included in this table is stated to be 30 for several occupations, the figures of the table apparently relate to all the French towns covered by the report, including the city of Paris.]
In the following table is shown the predominant rate of weekly wages for skilled men for each of the specified occupations in the building, engineering, and printing trades in 12 towns of France, selected as to certain geographical districts:
RATES OF WEEKLY WAGES IN 12 SELECTED TOWNS OF FRANCE, OCTOBER, 1905.
5. 25- 5. 58
6. 43- 7.02
5. 25- 5. 84
RATES OF WEEKLY WAGES IN 12 SELECTED TOWNS OF FRANCE, OCTOBER,
In the table following index numbers are given comparing (with Paris as the base 100) the weekly rates of wages of workmen in the four specified industries in the different towns of France, the towns being arranged in geographical groups: RELATIVE LEVEL OF WEEKLY WAGES IN SPECIFIED TOWNS OF FRANCE AS
COMPARED WITH PARIS.
Bordeaux Marseille Toulouse.