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THE

SCOTS MAGAZINE.

MDCCLXXXI I.

V OLUM EXLIV.

Ne quid falli dicere audeat, ne quid veri non audeat,

EDINBURGH:

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XVAL REGISTER 1780. Retrospective || Memoirs of the late Lord HAWKE 7. rier of affairs ja 1979. State of the bel- | AMERICA. Letter to Lord Srirling, giving ligerent powers in Germany 1. Pacific an account of an expedition in Canada 27. news of the Empress-Queen, seconded by Troops sent to the southern colouies 28, Roffia and France 3. Treaty of peace Maj. Craig leaves Wilmington ib. Propochided 4. Differences between Russia clamation by Gen. Lenie ib. Counter and the Porte ib. New convcation con- || proclamations are issued by the American caded 7.

generals ib. Accounts of the caking of St PARLIAMENT. Mr For's motion for an || Eustatius 29. Convoy arrives at Barbadoes

ingoiry into the conduct of the Firft Lord 31. State of French fleet at Martinico 32. of the Admiralty .. Speeches of Capt. J./ Adm. Hood arrives in the West Indies Luttrell and Lord Mulgrave 11. Papers from America ib. nared for 12. Joquiry postponed ib. en- Fabricius on the AMERICAN WAR. Leto tered upon ib. Speeches, of Mr Fox sa.| ter V. 32. Lord Molgrave 16. Lord Howe 19. Mr Fictitious penitential LETTER to M. ArWebb 20. Divifion ib.

saud 34. Answer 35. Stiance of ADMIRALTY-PAPERS laid || POETRY. Prologue and Epilogue to the before the House of Commons 20.

Miniature Picture 44. Ode to the Sun ARECDOTE, from a Philadelphia newspaper | 45.

HISTORICAL AFFAIRS. Foreiga 46.-30. New Books. Falcoper on the influence Domestic 30.54.

dimate 36. Religion 40. History, || Ligts. Marriages, Births, &c. 54. 36. . Lar, Politics ib. Medicine 42. Miscel. || TABLES. Linea, Aberdeen Tofirmary, &c. lazacops 44. Plays and Poetry ib.

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ambition, are so eminently calculated to ANNUAL REGISTER for 1780.

excite, Peblished in the end of January 1982.] · We have heretofore thewn, that this HISTORY.

was not so much a war of choice, as of

· prudence, foresight, and political necelRetrospective view of affairs in 1779. fity, on the side of the King of Prussia,

HE little effect produced by He made no claims; he had no immes the contention of the greatert diate object of enlarging his dominions in leaders, and of the greatest view ; nor if he had, was the present state

armies in the world, during of public affairs in any degree favourable campaign of 1978, in Bohemia, if to such a design. Neither his time of

entirely fufficient to produce an actual life, his great experience in war, nor the szre of peace on both sides, could not, full knowledge he had of the power and serer, fail to induce a kind of languor ability of his adversary, were at all cal.

wearifomeness, and in some confi. culated to excite a fpirit of enterprise. On sable degree to wear away that quick the contrary, the defire of fettling, immm, and keen appetite for war, which proving, and consolidating with his anHand untried force and talents, acting cient people and dominions, the new at the fanguine hopes of yet unfoiled subjects and acquisitions he had gained

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ticas of a fon, who was in the highest grand and capital objects, the neceflity degrer deservedly dear to her, who was' of keeping her force whole, her attention to y her fole and immediate succesfor, undivided, and of restoring peace upon

wbo scarcely tood higher in her af. the continent, were all equally obvious, fation than in her esteem. It was pro- and were all mutually dependent. No bably this reluctance to the war, on the wisdom could foresee, or venture to prefeite of the Empress. Queen, which pro: scribe, what unexpected connections and aced those various appearances of fuc- alliances might spring up, and what new nation in the councils, or of irresolution collifions of interests might take place, and indecision in the conduct, of the court under a further progress of the war. of Vienna, of which we have formerly ta., France could not recollect the ruin ken notice. [vol. 42.]

brought upon her in the late war, withThe ineffectiveness of the campaign, out shuddering at the thoughts of Gerthe equal fortune of the war, and the many. It is not then to be wondered, cetation of action occasioned by the win- that she was equally fincere and zealous ter, ferved, all together, to produce a in her endeavours to restore tranquillity fate of temper and difpofition, which on the continent. was far more favourable to the pacific The court of Petersburg had from the riers and wishes of the Empress, than beginning shewn and expressed the strongthat waich had bitherto prevailed. She eft disapprobation of the conduct, and perceived, and seized the opportunity; paid no favourable attention to the and immediately applying her powerful claims, of that of Vienna; and had earinfluence to remove the obstacles which ly avowed a full intention of effectually tood in the way of an accommodation on supporting the rights of the Germanic the one fide, had foon the fatisfaction of body; at the same time that preparations discovering that her views were well fe-were actuaily made for the march of a coaded, by the temperate dispolition large body of Russian troops. Her #bich prevailed on the other.

powerful interpofition, through the meIt is, however, to be observed, that the dium of her minister Prince Repnin, had mediation of the court of Versailles, and no small effect in facilitating the negotia the powerful interposition of the court of tions for peace. Petersburg, contributed eflentially to fur- Uoder such circumstances, and the ofther the work of peace. France was fices of such mediators, little doubt was bound, by the treaty of 1756, to affift to be entertained of the event. Whethe court of Vienna with a considerable ther it proceeded from a view of giving body of forces, in case of a war in Ger weight to their claims in the expected many; and the had been called upon treaty, or from any jealousy in point of Early in the present contest to fulfil that arms or honour, which might have lain engagement. The court of Versailles bebind from the preceding compaign, was likewise disposed to wish well to the however it was, the Auitrians attacked house of Autria from private motives; with extraordinary vigour, and with no as well as to cultivate and cement the small degree of success, several of the new friendship and alliance from public. Pruffian posts on the fide of Silefia and But France being likewise a guarantee of the county of Glatz, roon after the com the treaty of Westphalia, her old engage. mencement of the year. The liveliness ments militated totally with her new in of thele infults did not induce the King the present instance; the being thereby to any eagerness of retaliation. Points bound to relist all such infractions and of honour of that nature weighed but invasions of the rights of the Germanic. little with him. He foresaw that an aca body, as those which the was now called commodation would take place; and he upon by the court of Vienna to support. knew that no advantages which could She mult therefore, in any situation in now be gained would teil in the account wbich she was not disposed to become an upon that rettlement; whilft a number absolute party in the contelt, with to be of brave men would be idly lost without Telieved from this dilemma. But ber object or equivaleni. An armistice on war with England, and her views with all Gides was, however, publithed on the respect to America, operated more furciroth of Marcb 1779, before the season bly upon her conduct on this occasion could have admirteet the doing of any than any German treaties or connections. thing effential, if firch bad even been the la the coatemplation and pursuit of these intention,

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